girder

Definitions

  • Navvy on girders
    Navvy on girders
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n girder a beam made usually of steel; a main support in a structure
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Additional illustrations & photos:

WALKING A GIRDER TWO HUNDRED FEET IN AIR WALKING A GIRDER TWO HUNDRED FEET IN AIR

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Girder (Arch. & Engin) A main beam; a stright, horizontal beam to span an opening or carry weight, such as ends of floor beams, etc.; hence, a framed or built-up member discharging the same office, technically called a compound girder. See Illusts. of Frame, and Doubleframed floor, under Double.
    • n Girder One who girds; a satirist.
    • Girder One who, or that which, girds.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n girder One who or that which girds, binds, or encircles. Specifically A main beam of either wood or iron, resting with each end upon a wall or pier, used to support a superstructure or a superincumbent weight, as a floor, the upper wall of a house, the roadway of a bridge, or the like. Wooden girders, when in two or more pieces, take the form of built-up beams, arched beams, or compound beams. When composed of upper and lower horizontal members, united by vertical and diagonal pieces, the girder is called a lattice-girder. When reinforced by iron rods a wooden beam may form a trussed girder. Iron girders are simple or compound, and are made of cast-iron or wrought-iron, or both combined. The most simple form is the common rolled or cast I- or T-beam. Compound beams are composed of plate- and angle-irons built together in various forms, the most simple having a plate-iron web united to upper and lower plate-iron members by means of angle-irons. More complicated forms include girders with two webs (the box-girder) or with three or more webs, or with groups of rolled beams united. Iron girders also appear in many latticed forms, and are largely used in bridge-building. (See bridge, girder-bridge.) A very notable and extensive use of girders is in the structure of elevated railroads. Also called girding-beam.
    • n girder one who girds or gibes; a satirist.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Girder one of the principal pieces of timber in a floor binding the others together: in engineering, any simple or compound beam of wood, iron, or steel used to support joisting, walls, arches, &c., in various kinds of bridges
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Gird to sneer at
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. gyrdan; cf. Ger. gürten, garden, Eng. yard.

Usage

In literature:

She saw nothing but a long girder made up of sections.
"The Cup of Fury" by Rupert Hughes
This is just putting in girders.
"Calumet 'K'" by Samuel Merwin
The main point is to have a sufficient thickness of concrete, and the iron joists and cross girders well buried therein.
"The Turkish Bath" by Robert Owen Allsop
He's using our invention to put up the steel girders.
"Holes, Incorporated" by L. Major Reynolds
Iff lay back and stared reflectively at the white-painted overhead girders.
"The Bandbox" by Louis Joseph Vance
Narrowly he eyed the trussed girders of the silver towers which supported the great ring, muttering to himself.
"Astounding Stories, July, 1931" by Various
This dam consists of eight girders or sections, 80 feet long, 3 feet wide and 6 feet high.
"The Industrial Canal and Inner Harbor of New Orleans" by Thomas Ewing Dabney
It consists of a metal girder having a T-shaped end.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
By hooking his arms and legs around the girders forming the underside of the ramp, he was able to lift himself clear of the ground.
"Call Him Savage" by John Pollard
A substantial iron girder roadway has lately been added to facilitate travel.
"The Pearl of India" by Maturin M. Ballou
During the brief struggle, Qanya had watched without making a sound, hands pressed against the girdered wall at her back.
"World of the Drone" by Robert Abernathy
Without the main girder and tie-ribs of principle, all was as nothing.
"Command" by William McFee
Girders clattered to the floor, stove it in, revealing black rock.
"Voyage To Eternity" by Milton Lesser
Someway or other, they make me think of steel girders.
"Seeds of Pine" by Janey Canuck
We stick a few steel girders into the earth; then we start at the top and work down.
"The Brightener" by C. N. Williamson
I think I could jump across on to that girder.
"The Great Keinplatz Experiment and Other Tales of Twilight and the Unseen" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
The main girders were to be nearly 59 yds.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 4" by Various
That's a long, narrow girder at the very highest point of the end-span.
"Careers of Danger and Daring" by Cleveland Moffett
What did he care if a girder fell and he was dashed to pieces below?
"By Right of Conquest" by Arthur Hornblow
It was held upright by a great cradle of girders and beams.
"The Secret of the Ninth Planet" by Donald Allen Wollheim
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In poetry:

A skyscraper may touch the blue
In a silver mold--
These houses had no girder
To make the ceiling hold.
"Stone Axe Ruins" by Norman MacLeod
“But if it fail, as fail it may,
Borne down with ruin and rout,
Another than I shall rear it high,
And brace the girders stout.
"Winstanley" by Jean Ingelow
The girders shrieked, the cables strained
And shuddered at the roar--
Yet, when the winds had passed, the bridge
Held firmly as before!
"The Bridge Builder" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
I dreamed my genesis in sweat of sleep, breaking
Through the rotating shell, strong
As motor muscle on the drill, driving
Through vision and the girdered nerve.
"I Dreamed My Genesis" by Dylan Thomas
Hour by hour the caissons reach down to the rock of the
earth and hold the building to a turning planet.
Hour by hour the girders play as ribs and reach out and
hold together the stone walls and floors.
"Skyscraper" by Carl Sandburg
So, one evening,
Talking with an old watchman, beside the first
Raw girders of the new Planetopolis Building
(Ten thousand brine-cooled offices, each with shower)
He saw a dark line creeping across the rubble
And turned a flashlight on it.
"Metropolitan Nightmare" by Stephen Vincent Benet

In news:

Rather than end in boring straight edges, the piers holding up the overpasses arch at the top, as do the steel girders supporting the overpasses' roadbeds.
Building TriMet's flyover 'Harbor structure' Using giant steel girders made in Tigard, crews are piecing together a winding flyover connector to TriMet's Portland-Milwaukie Light Rail transit bridge over the Willamette River.
Steel girders added at Highway 500/St.
The installation of large support girders at the intersection of state Highway 500 and St Johns Boulevard will be delayed until at least next week, the Washington State Department of Transportation announced.
Here's how to look good on a girder 30 stories up.
In the reaches of an old vaudeville theater in Brooklyn, where the balcony once hung, stands a three-story-high maze of girders and cables, intake pipes and exhaust ducts that nurse an incessant roar from four white-hot furnaces.
McCaw of Phoenix takes off blinkers that were placed under 120-foot concrete girders trucked last week from Phoenix to Marana for the Twin Peaks Interchange construction project across I-10.
The high iron girders in the ceiling are used by the soldiers who practise their rappelling technique for search and rescue missions.
Pierce-Arrow hails its 1936 offering as "The World's Safest Car," owing to an improved frame comprised of two box girders along each side, with five rigid crossmembers welded on at the front and rear with an X-brace in the middle.
The steeple , which was originally built in 1889, was completely rebuilt replacing wooden beams and corner posts with steel girders.
Repairing 844 damaged girders of the trestle took only 25 nights of shutdowns instead of the expected 65.
The main structural elements of the retractable skylight, each 10.5 tons, had to be lifted at night onto their rooftop rail girders, using three cranes.
Nesbitt tells us how the Wraith 's girder front end works, and why he thinks it's superior to a conventional fork assembly.
The Girder Front End Video.
Girder setting to continue closures of eastbound SR 16, Union Avenue ramp at night starting Monday.
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In science:

The new bunch compressor chicane has to be downstream of at least one girder of accelerating sections (i.e. one klystron) that would be appropriately phased to introduce a suitable correlated energy spread.
Parameters for a 30 GeV Undulator Test Facility in the FFTB/LCLS
Its design is based on a system of two vessels – cold inside and warm outside - each with walls composed by an array of SS (stainless steel) lattice girders whose triangular windows are closed, inside and outside, by a pair of SS thin plates.
A Concept for a Scalable 2 kTon Liquid Argon TPC Detector for Astroparticle Physics
But instead of using a sandstone block for optical and thermal rigidity, iron girders were used to increase the optical pa th. Miller (1933) has several diagrams and pictures of the apparatus.
An Explanation of Dayton Miller's Anomalous "Ether Drift" Result
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