gin

Definitions

  • He gin the nurse strict orders
    He gin the nurse strict orders
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v gin trap with a snare "gin game"
    • v gin separate the seeds from (cotton) with a cotton gin
    • n gin a form of rummy in which a player can go out if the cards remaining in their hand total less than 10 points
    • n gin a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers
    • n gin a trap for birds or small mammals; often has a slip noose
    • n gin strong liquor flavored with juniper berries
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

ROLLER-GIN ROLLER-GIN
SAW-GIN, 1794 SAW-GIN, 1794
Cotton gin Cotton gin

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Eli Whitney made no money from the cotton gin because he did not have a valid patent on it.
    • Gin A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.
    • Gin A machine for raising or moving heavy weights, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc.
    • Gin A machine for separating the seeds from cotton; a cotton gin.
    • n Gin jĭn A strong alcoholic liquor, distilled from rye and barley, and flavored with juniper berries; -- also called Hollands and Holland gin, because originally, and still very extensively, manufactured in Holland. Common gin is usually flavored with turpentine.
    • prep Gin Against; near by; towards; as, gin night.
    • Gin Contrivance; artifice; a trap; a snare.
    • conj Gin If.
    • v. i Gin gĭn To begin; -- often followed by an infinitive without to; as, gan tell. See Gan. "He gan to pray."
    • Gin To catch in a trap.
    • Gin To clear of seeds by a machine; as, to gin cotton.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • gin To begin (which see).
    • gin [In Middle English the preterit of this verb (gan, gon, can, con, etc.) was much used with a following infinitive, with or without to, as having, besides its regular inceptive meaning ‘began to,’ a merely preterit force, being equivalent to the simple preterit of the second verb: as, he gan go, equivalent to he did go or he went. This auxiliary was supplanted in the fifteenth century by did, though its use, as an archaism, continued much later.
    • gin Against (a certain time); by: as, I′ ll be there gin five o′ clock.
    • gin If; suppose.
    • n gin I. Contrivance; crafty means; artifice.
    • n gin A mechanical contrivance; a machine; an engine. Specifically — An engine of war.
    • n gin An engine of torture.
    • n gin A machine used instead of a crane, consisting essentially of three poles from 12 to 15 feet in length, often tapering from the lower extremity to the top, and united at their upper extremities, whence a block and tackle is suspended, the lower extremities being planted in the ground about 8 or 9 feet asunder, and having a windlass attached to two of them.
    • n gin In coal-mining, the machinery for raising ore or coal from a mine by horse-power. [Eng.] Generally called whim or whim-gin in the United States.
    • n gin A machine for separating the seeds from cotton, hence called a cotton-gin. See cut undercotton-gin.
    • n gin A machine for driving piles.
    • n gin A pump moved by rotary sails.
    • n gin A trap; a snare; a springe.
    • gin To catch in a trap.
    • gin To clear (cotton) of seeds by means of the cotton-gin.
    • n gin An aromatic spirit prepared from rye or other grain and flavored with juniper-berries. The two important varieties of gin are Dutch gin, also called Holland and Schiedam, and English gin, known often by the name Old Tom. Holland gin is almost free from sweetness, and is generally purer than English. Pure gin is an important medicament in many diseases, especially in those of the urinary organs.
    • n gin A contraction of given.
    • n gin An Australian native woman; an old woman generally.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gin jin Same as Geneva, of which it is a contraction
    • n Gin jin the name of a variety of machines, esp. one with pulleys for raising weights, &c.: a pump worked by rotary sails:
    • v.t Gin to trap or snare: to clear cotton of its seeds by a machine:—pr.p. gin′ning; pa.p. ginned
    • n Gin jin an Australian native woman.
    • v.i Gin gin to begin
    • Gin gin a prov. form of against.
    • Gin gin a Scotch form of gif=if.
    • n Gin jin (B.) a trap or snare
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. ginnen, AS. ginnan,in comp.), prob. orig., to open, cut open, cf. OHG. inginnan, to begin, open, cut open, and prob. akin to AS. gīnan, to yawn, and E. yawn,. √31. See Yawn (v. i.), and cf. Begin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Contr. from engine.

Usage

In literature:

My bottle was gone, so I drank gin out of the funny man's.
"Four Years in Rebel Capitals" by T. C. DeLeon
The man in black stretched his hand towards his gin and water.
"Lavengro The Scholar - The Gypsy - The Priest, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Borrow
But there is not another gin in the state.
"The New Land" by Elma Ehrlich Levinger
We done toted it all down to de cottin gin house an' hid it in de loose cotton piled on de floor.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Various
The way you hev gin him the bowie ur a caution to snakes, I reck'n.
"The War Trail" by Mayne Reid
I 'gin to think that the time wur come for this child to go under.
"The Scalp Hunters" by Mayne Reid
An' I gin him up an' lef him lonely, an' all fur you-uns.
"His "Day In Court"" by Charles Egbert Craddock (AKA Mary Noailles Murfree)
The gin-houses were yet full, tho' the gin had been running day and night.
"The Bishop of Cottontown" by John Trotwood Moore
But Mollie saw his difficulty, and slyly substituted a glass of water for the gin, which he drank.
"Work and Win" by Oliver Optic
I'll ghaist him, gin' he comes my way.
"Out in the Forty-Five" by Emily Sarah Holt
Could the gin-palace exist but for the worship of Mammon?
"Broken Bread from an Evangelist's Wallet" by Thomas Champness
That axe was gin to me by Squire Mosely.
"Down The River" by Oliver Optic
Lion did, dat w'en he do fine 'im, he gwine ter tu'n in en gin Mr. Man sech n'er larrupin' w'at nobody ain't never had yit.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
Their contents were gin, whisky, rum, and brandy, of various standards.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 2 No 4, October, 1862" by Various
No ginning apparatus being found there, I shall have it all taken to Beaufort for the steam-gins.
"Letters from Port Royal" by Various
The gin proved to be practicable, and it came into use very quickly.
"Stories Of Georgia" by Joel Chandler Harris
Gin'l Jackson mout ha' ben thar, but Gin'l Wash'tun, he hab a han' in it.
"Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 26, August, 1880" by Various
He thought it was real funny to call it Martian Gin.
"The Man Who Hated Mars" by Gordon Randall Garrett
Gin Foo King, Santa Barbara, Cal.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 1, March, 1898" by Various
So, in the gin-shop and the beer-shop.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
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In poetry:

Gin anybody speer at ye
For them ye took awa,
Ye may tell their wives and bairnies,
They're sleepin at Harlaw.
"Traditionary Version" by Andrew Lang
Gin ony body speer at you
For them ye took awa,
Ye may tell their wives and bairnies
They're sleepin at Harlaw.
"The Battle Of Harlaw" by Anonymous British
Who is the smiling stranger
With hair as white as gin,
What is he doing with the children
And who could have let him in?
"Innocent's Song" by Charles Causley
An' yit she gin her cheer a jerk
Ez though she wished him furder,
An' on her apples kep' to work,
Parin' away like murder.
"The Courtin'" by James Russell Lowell
"And fair Marg'ret, and rare Marg'ret,
And Marg'ret, o' veritie,
Gin ere ye love another man,
Ne'er love him as ye did me."
"Clerk Saunders" by Andrew Lang
An' yet she gin her cheer a jerk
Ez though she wished him furder,
An' on her apples kep' to work
Ez ef a wager spurred her.
"High-Worthy Mister!" by James Russell Lowell

In news:

A personal look back at the sweetest gin joint on South Lamar.
Sources tell us that residents of Southampton's tony Gin Lane and Meadow Lane are in.
Gin Palace Fall House Cocktails.
(CBS News) These recipes for Gin Palace Fall House Cocktails come from Cienfuegos and Gin Palace at 95 Avenue A, New York, N.Y. All measurements in ounces, unless otherwise noted.
Check out Gin 's first American TV performance.
Despite its country-club image, there's nothing stodgy about gin .
This week, the gelateria introduced a cucumber tarragon gin sorbetto using the hometown spirit.
'Joe Cool' hawks gin in Philly, but not autographs.
Gin -GRR-bread Habitat Contest at National Zoo.
Gin & Luck: The $395 backpack for carrying your cocktail shaker.
Robin Wilson, lead singer for the Gin Blossoms, performs at the Fox Performing Arts Center in Riverside on Nov 3, 2012.
Gin Blossoms, Tonic perform at the Riverside Fox.
The Gin Blossoms and Tonic performed at the Fox Performing Arts Center in Riverside on Saturday, Nov 3, 2012.
The master of schnapps, and gin too.
A Perfect Gin Martini, and a Hemingway, Highlight a Dinner for the OSS Society (Photos).
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In science:

In particular, when I is the ideal of distinct points in P2 , (gin(I m ) : mk ) = (gin(I m ))sat .
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
An ideal I of R is saturated if and only if no minimal generator of gin(I ) involves the variable xn .
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
In particular, when I ⊂ K [x, y , z ] is the (saturated) ideal of a set of distinct points of P2 , no minimal generator of gin(I (m) ) involves the variable z .
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
By a result of Herzog and Srinivasan relating the dimension of a Borel-fixed monomial ideal J to the variable powers that it contains, gin(I (m) ) contains a power of y (see Lemma 3.1 of [HS98]).
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
The generic initial system of a homogeneous ideal I is the collection of ideals J• such that Ji = gin(I i ).
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
The symbolic generic initial system of a homogeneous ideal I is the collection of ideals J• such that Ji = gin(I (i) ).
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
By definition, gin(I (i) ) is a monomial ideal.
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
We need to show that for all i, j ≥ 1, gin(I (i) ) · gin(I (j ) ) ⊆ gin(I (i+j ) ).
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
For any l ≥ 1, let Ul be the Zariski open subset of GLn such that gin(I (l) ) = In(g · (I (l) )) for all g in Ul .
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
Given monomials f (cid:48) ∈ gin(I (i) ) = In(g(I (i) )) and h(cid:48) ∈ gin(I (j ) ) = In(g(I (j ) )), suppose that f (cid:48) = In(g(f )) and h(cid:48) = In(g(h)) for f ∈ I (i) and h ∈ I (j ) .
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
Now f (cid:48) · h(cid:48) = In(g(f ))In(g(h)) = In(g(f ) · g(h)) = In(g(f · h)) ∈ In(g(I (i+j ) )) since f · h ∈ I (i+j ) .1 Thus f (cid:48) · h(cid:48) ∈ gin(I (i+j ) ) as desired.
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
By Corollary 2.9, the ideals gin(I (m) ) for such an I are generated in the variables x and y and contain a power of both x and y .
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
Therefore, we can think of the ideals gin(I (m) ) as zerodimensional in K [x, y ] and consider a two dimensional limiting shape P of the symbolic generic initial system.
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
The fact that gin(I (m) ) is generated in x and y (Proposition 2.8) together with a well-known relation between the generic initial ideals of J and φ(J ) (see Corollary 2.5 of [Gre98]) imply that gin(I (m) ) and gin(φ(I (m) )) have the same generators.
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
If I is the ideal of distinct points in P2 , the minimal generating set of each ideal gin(I (m) ) contains a power of x and a power of y , say xα(m) and y ζ (m) m and limm→∞ ζ (m) by Corollary 2.9.
The asymptotic behaviour of symbolic generic initial systems of points in general position
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