• WordNet 3.6
    • n gillyflower Eurasian plant with pink to purple-red spice-scented usually double flowers; widely cultivated in many varieties and many colors
    • n gillyflower any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gillyflower A kind of apple, of a roundish conical shape, purplish red color, and having a large core.
    • Gillyflower A name given by old writers to the clove pink (Dianthus Caryophyllus) but now to the common stock (Matthiola incana), a cruciferous plant with showy and fragrant blossoms, usually purplish, but often pink or white.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gillyflower The clove-pink or carnation, Dianthus Caryophyllus, especially one of the smaller varieties. The name was thus applied by Chaucer, Spenser, Shakspere, and old writers generally. Also distinguished as the clove-gillyflower. See Dianthus, and cut under carnation.
    • n gillyflower The Cheiranthus Cheiri. This is the plant which now usually bears the name, distinguished as the wall-gillyflower. See Cheiranthus.
    • n gillyflower The wallflower, Matthiola incana, distinguished as the stock-gillyflower, but more frequently known as the stock.
    • n gillyflower A name of several other plants, as the cuckoo- or marsh-gillyflower, Lychnis Flos-cuculi; the feathered gillyflower, Dianthus plumarius; the queen′ s, rogue′ s, or winter gillyflower, Hesperis matronalis; the sea-gillyflower, Armeria vulgaris; and the water-gillyflower, Hottonia palustris.
    • n gillyflower The gillyflower-apple.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gillyflower jil′i-flow-ėr popular English name for stock, wallflower, &c., from its clove-like smell.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gilofre, gilofer, clove, OF. girofre, girofle, F. girofle,: cf. F. giroflée, gillyflower, fr. girofle, Gr. clove tree; nut + leaf, akin to E. foliage,. Cf. Caryophyllus July-flower
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. giroflée—Gr. karyophyllon, the clove-tree—karyon, a nut, phyllon, a leaf.


In literature:

The Poet knocked off the stiff heads of the dahlias, And his cane lopped the gillyflowers at the ground.
"Sword Blades and Poppy Seed" by Amy Lowell
Hot July brings cooling showers, Apricots, and gillyflowers.
"The Home Book of Verse, Vol. 1 (of 4)" by Various
By the way, I'm gong to learn riding, Gillyflower.
"The Lamp of Fate" by Margaret Pedler
What gillyflowers and what columbines!
"The Woman Who Did" by Grant Allen
I cannot talk to you any more, my Gillyflower, though I am leaving volumes unsaid.
"Beechcroft at Rockstone" by Charlotte M. Yonge
I might as well try to whiten a clove gillyflower!
"Love and Life" by Charlotte M. Yonge
One would think they were the same clove gillyflowers as when I went away.
"A Reputed Changeling" by Charlotte M. Yonge
From whatever source the popular ideas of heaven be derived, the mention of gillyflowers is not uncommon.
"Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, Vol. II (of 3)" by Walter Scott
By the aid of a microscope, a 'gillyflower' was seen protecting a chrysalis.
"Trifles for the Christmas Holidays" by H. S. Armstrong
The temples are overgrown with snapdragons and mallows, yellow asters and lilac gillyflowers, white allium and wild fig.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Vol III." by John Symonds

In poetry:

Take roses red and lilies white,
A kitchen garden's my delight;
Its gillyflowers and phlox and cloves,
And its tall cote of irised doves.
"The Choice" by Katharine Tynan
"Their beds are made in the heavens high,
Down at the foot of our good lord's knee,
Weel set about wi' gillyflowers;
I wot, sweet company for to see.
"Clerk Saunders" by Andrew Lang
And windflowers and yellow gillyflowers
Pierce the astonished earth with light:
And most-loved wallflower's bloody petal
Shakes over that long frosty battle.
"From Wear To Thames" by John Freeman
When someone says: "Alexandria,"
I see the white walls of a house,
a small garden row of gillyflowers,
an autumn evening's pale sunlight
and hear the music of distant flutes.
"When Someone Says:" by Mikhail Alekseevich Kuzmin