gerund

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n gerund a noun formed from a verb (such as the `-ing' form of an English verb when used as a noun)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gerund A kind of verbal noun, having only the four oblique cases of the singular number, and governing cases like a participle.
    • Gerund (AS. Gram) A verbal noun ending in -e, preceded by to and usually denoting purpose or end; -- called also the dative infinitive; as, “Ic hæbbe mete tô etanne” (I have meat to eat.) In Modern English the name has been applied to verbal or participal nouns in -ing denoting a transitive action; e. g., by throwing a stone.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gerund The name given originally by grammarians to a Latin verbal noun, used in oblique cases with an infinitival value: as, amandi, amando, amandum, ‘loving’; hence applied also in other languages to somewhat kindred formations: e. g., in Sanskrit to forms in tvā, ya, etc., having the value of indeclinable adjectives: as, gatvā, -gatya, ‘going’; in Anglo-Saxon to a dative infinitive after tō: as, gōd tō etanne, ‘good to eat’ (that is, ‘good for eating’). Abbreviated ger.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gerund jer′und a part of the Latin verb which has the value of a verbal noun—e.g. amandum, loving
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. gerundium, fr. gerere, to bear, carry, perform. See Gest a deed, Jest
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. gerundiumgerĕre, to bear.

Usage

In literature:

Drury must be gone back to Gerund Grinding.
"The Works of Lord Byron: Letters and Journals, Volume 2." by Lord Byron
A noun or a pronoun used before a gerund to denote the subject of the action should be put in the possessive case.
"Practical Exercises in English" by Huber Gray Buehler
The gerund is like the participle in form, and like a noun in use.
"An English Grammar" by W. M. Baskervill and J. W. Sewell
For the Gerundive as the equivalent of the Gerund, see Sec.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
Gerund or Gerundive of Purpose.
"Latin for Beginners" by Benjamin Leonard D'Ooge
Often used in a peculiar gerundive sense, as a verbal particle.
"The Annals of the Cakchiquels" by Daniel G. Brinton
The prefix "a" before the gerund is followed by a hyphen.
""Stops"" by Paul Allardyce
Gerunds, explanation of; confusion with participle; with noun or pronoun modifier; placing of gerund phrase.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
Next line, third word, gerund or gerundive?
"The Varmint" by Owen Johnson
Another example of the infinitive used as a gerund.
"The New Hudson Shakespeare: Julius Caesar" by William Shakespeare
When necessity is signified, the gerund in dum is used without a preposition, the verb est being added.
"The Comic Latin Grammar" by Percival Leigh
Gerund phrases and a few elliptical sentences are included in the list.
"The Century Handbook of Writing" by Garland Greever
Gerunds and supines, in languages where they occur, are only names for certain cases of the verb.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
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In news:

Gerunds also frequently form compound nouns —that is, nouns composed of more than one word.
Gerunds, however, act as nouns .
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In science:

In other words, gerunds, if treated as nouns in CCG, the sentence struggles to be parsed. After creating grammar rules and phrasal structures and adding them into the lexicon and morphology of the prototype, the parsing ability of the prototype increased to 31 percent (Table IV).
A Corpus-based Evaluation of a Domain-specific Text to Knowledge Mapping Prototype
Prohibits potentially confusing syntactic constructs, such as gerunds or complex tenses.
Automatic Generation of Technical Documentation
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