germination

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n germination the origin of some development "the germination of their discontent"
    • n germination the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Germination The process of germinating; the beginning of vegetation or growth in a seed or plant; the first development of germs, either animal or vegetable.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n germination The act, process, or result of germinating; the evolution of a germ or seed; the formation of an embryo from an ovum.
    • n germination Specifically, in botany: The process of development of the embryo of a seed into a perfect plant. The conditions necessary for germination are the presence of moisture, free oxygen, as in atmospheric air, and warmth. Moisture softens the integuments of the seed and relaxes the tissues of the embryo, at the same time dissolving such nutrient matters in the seed as sugar, dextrine, etc., in readiness for their assimilation by the embryo. The absorption of oxygen is necessary for the chemical changes which always accompany growth. The degree of warmth needed to excite to action the vital forces of the plant varies in different species, some seeds, as those of wheat, being capable of germinating upon melting ice, while others require a temperature of over 60° F. During germination various chemical changes take place in the starch and other insoluble material stored up for the use of the embryo in the cotyledons or in the albumen of the seed, rendering them soluble and fit for assimilation, which changes are usually accompanied by an increase of temperature, as is seen in the process of malting. As an immediate result of the growing process thus excited and carried on in the seed, a root is produced which strikes downward, fixing itself in the soil and beginning to absorb thence nourishment for the new plant. At the same time the other extremity of the axis of growth is directed upward and develops a stem and leaves.
    • n germination The similar development of a plant from the spore in cryptogams.
    • n germination The early period of growth in a bud, as of a bulb or of a rhizome.
    • n germination The protrusion and growth of the pollen-tube from the pollen-grain.
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Quotations

  • Henri Frederic Amiel
    Henri%20Frederic%20Amiel
    “Analysis kills spontaneity. The grain once ground into flour springs and germinates no more.”
  • Tennessee Williams
    Tennessee%20Williams
    “Luxury is the wolf at the door and its fangs are the vanities and conceits germinated by success. When an artist learns this, he knows where the danger is.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. germinatio,: cf. F. germination,

Usage

In literature:

Seed from these Fayetteville trees planted at Baldwin have shown nearly 100% germination.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
The seeds are strong in germinating power and the plants are much able to grow, even under adverse conditions, when they do germinate.
"Clovers and How to Grow Them" by Thomas Shaw
Black walnuts are slow to germinate, sometimes laying in the ground two years before sprouting.
"Walnut Growing in Oregon" by Various
This year they have made a pretty fair start so I know it takes two years to germinate.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
In the writings of the Greek and Roman philosophers are found the germinal concepts of geological truths.
"The Necessity of Atheism" by Dr. D.M. Brooks
They soon come to rest, and germinate in the same way as those of the white rusts and mildews.
"Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany" by Douglas Houghton Campbell
The seed seldom germinates in less than two years.
"Handbook of the Trees of New England" by Lorin Low Dame
These rays preponderate at the time of ploughing, sowing, and germination.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 2, August, 1864" by Various
A fruitful decrepitude, under which germinates the new life.
"Napoleon the Little" by Victor Hugo
Nevertheless, let it go; the good seed yet shall germinate.
"The Complete Prose Works of Martin Farquhar Tupper" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
It will germinate at almost any season of the year even if it is very dry.
"Apple Growing" by M. C. Burritt
It seems to be the germinating point of both affection and virtue.
"Aims and Aids for Girls and Young Women" by George Sumner Weaver
But the seeds of discontent were germinating among the Brazilians.
"The South American Republics Part I of II" by Thomas C. Dawson
Good seed should germinate 85% to 90%.
"The Tomato" by Paul Work
The Act of 7 Germinal an XI.
"The History of Currency, 1252 to 1896" by William Arthur Shaw
They were germinating slowly in the hearts of the wretched; they were being watered by the tears of agony; blows began to bear interest.
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 3 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Lectures" by Robert G. Ingersoll
But all these results may be readily interpreted as due to selection of germinal variations.
"Herbert Spencer" by J. Arthur Thomson
Plant a grain of corn in midwinter: why does it not germinate and grow?
"Curiosities of Heat" by Lyman B. Tefft
Seeds to germinate require that the soil grains shall fit up closely against them.
"Farm Mechanics" by Herbert A. Shearer
Air also acts upon some materials in the soil and puts them in a form that the germinating seed can use.
"A Civic Biology" by George William Hunter
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In poetry:

If quick, sound seed be wanting where
The virgin soil feels sun and air,
And longs to fill a higher state,
There let my meanings germinate.
"A Prelude" by Maurice Thompson
Prince, I can hear the trumpet of Germinal,
The tumbrils toiling up the terrible way;
Even to-day your royal head may fall,
I think I will not hang myself to-day.
"A Ballade of Suicide" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
The blade that thrust dies down before the ear,
The ear is eaten of the leaf that thrust;
Even as courage germines up from fear,
And fear itself is monitor to trust.
"The Pendulum" by Dame Mary Gilmore DBE
FROM my last years, last thoughts I here bequeath,
Scatter'd and dropt, in seeds, and wafted to the West,
Through moisture of Ohio, prairie soil of Illinois—through Colorado,
California air,
For Time to germinate fully.
"From My Last Years" by Walt Whitman

In news:

This new lighting system is ideal for all stages of plant growth (seed germination, vegetation and flowering).
Lady Gaga has released the prelude to the long-germinating (make that "Germanotta-ating") video for 'Marry the Night.
This nonsense that it's not a baby soybean plant until it has germinated is ridiculous.
Improve the germination rates of your seeds.
Seeds remain dormant until a combination of moisture, temperature, air, and light triggers germination.
A New Seed Germinator A necessary part of the equipment of every modern seed store is a good seed germinator for determining the vitality of the seeds handled.
A germinator has recently been placed on the market by a Chicago firm that incorporates several new principles of construction.
Its warm there and the seeds will germinate faster.
A protective growing material in the product expands, surrounding and protecting grass seeds , improving contact with the soil, assisting germination and helping new roots grow into the soil.
The main advantage to seeding a lawn now is that many aggressive, warm-loving weeds are slow to germinate at this time of year.
The Vari- Slice seeder is designed for worked or no-till conditions, and where tight germination of grass seed is needed.
They need to find active roots within 24 to 48 hours of germination of their spores, so they should be added just before planting or to established plants with intact roots.
John Hogan mlive.com Sunflower seedlings will germinate from seeds dropped the previous year.
It is the natural time of year when grass seed is released and the weather is perfect for germination.
Increase germination rates by planting seeds at the correct depth.
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In science:

This paper germinated during author’s short stay in Manchester in August of 2002.
Very simple representations: variations on a theme of Clifford
Example 5 (A two-phase corn seed germination experiment).
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
Localization As discussed previously, exponential and dynamical localization are a consequence of the multiscale analysis with a Wegner estimate developed by Bourgain and Kenig in for the Bernoulli –Anderson model, and by Germin et, Hislop and Klein in for the model with Poisson potential.
Localization for random Schr\"odinger operators with low density potentials
D meson decays have germinated several new results .
New FOCUS results on charm mixing and CP violation
In fact no such tools were at Aristotle’s disposal and they were only germinated after two thousand years when the notion of limit emerged, Calculus was developed and Georg Cantor created his set theory.
Zeno meets modern science
During its life, and particularly during the period of its germination and growth, it seems that it evolves towards an increasing order.
Thermodynamics and Relativity: Possible Consequences of their Close Link
In section 3 this approach is developed to germinate a definition of quantum and classical systems.
Quantum observer and Kolmogorov complexity: a model that can be tested
This work germinated during a visit to Brandeis University in the Fall of 1999 and he would like to thank Fred Diamond for the invitation.
On isomorphisms between deformation rings and Hecke rings
MH thanks David Bernstein for germinating a deep interest in this and related problems in mathematical physics.
Rough solutions of the Einstein constraint equations with nonconstant mean curvature
Next we want to compute the holonomy groupoid of the Mobius band but before doing that let us briefly recall the key notion of holonomy for foliations and how these data can be organised to what is called the germinal holonomy groupoid of the foliation.
The Mobius Band and the Mobius Foliation
As we have already noted, the coherent vortices and hence the germination of the large monopole vortex is always embedded in this initial velocity field.
Direct Numerical Simulation of decaying two-dimensional turbulence in a no-slip square box using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
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