gender

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n gender the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles "she didn't want to know the sex of the foetus"
    • n gender a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: An oyster can change its gender
    • Gender (Gram) A classification of nouns, primarily according to sex; and secondarily according to some fancied or imputed quality associated with sex. "Gender is a grammatical distinction and applies to words only. Sex is natural distinction and applies to living objects."
    • Gender Kind; sort. "One gender of herbs."
    • Gender Sex, male or female.
    • v. t Gender To beget; to engender.
    • v. i Gender To copulate; to breed.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The gender of Reptiles are determined not by the sex genes, but by the temperature in which the egg is incubated. A certain temperature will produce a male and vice versa for a female.
    • n gender Kind; sort; class; genus.
    • n gender Sex, male or female.
    • n gender In grammar, a formal distinction in words, apparently founded on and in part expressing differences of sexual character, as male and female, or as male, female, or of neither sex (neuter). In the languages of the Indo-European family the distinction originally is threefold, as masculine, feminine, and neuter (the first including principally male beings, the second female, and the third those of no sex), and appears in nouns, adjectives, and pronouns (except the personal pronouns), although among masculines and feminines are included (on grounds not yet made clear) many words designating things of no sex. In the Semitic languages the genders are only two, masculine and feminine, and the distinction is made also in the second and third persons of verbs. In the majority of languages distinction of gender is altogether wanting. In some tongues differences not of sex are made the ground of formal distinctions also called by some by the name gender: thus, that of animate and inanimate objects in American languages; a manifold distinction (of obscure origin) in South African languages, and so on. Some languages, like the modern French, have lost the neuter gender, and have masculine and feminine only; some, like English, have no gender except in a few pronouns, as he, she, it; some, like modern Persian, have no gender whatever.
    • gender To beget; procreate; generate; engender.
    • gender Hence To give rise to; bring out or forth.
    • gender To copulate; breed.
    • n gender A Javanese musical instrument of the xylophone class. It consists of a graduated series of eleven strips of metal strung together by two cords tied about them at their nodal points, and each provided beneath with a piece of bamboo for a resonator.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: You can only tell the gender of a Macaw through an operation. They lack exterior genetials.
    • v.t Gender jen′dėr to beget
    • v.i Gender (B.) to copulate
    • n Gender jen′dėr kind, esp. with regard to sex:
    • n Gender jen′dėr (gram.) the distinction of nouns according to sex.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Maya Angelou
    Maya%20Angelou
    “We allow our ignorance to prevail upon us and make us think we can survive alone, alone in patches, alone in groups, alone in races, even alone in genders.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. genre, gendre,with excrescent d.), F.genre, fr. L. genus, generis, birth, descent, race, kind, gender, fr. the root of genere, gignere, to beget, in pass., to be born, akin to E. kin,. See Kin, and cf. Generate Genre Gentle Genus
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. genre—L. genus, generis, a kind, kin.

Usage

In literature:

He couldn't even make out its gender until the figure was very near.
"The Pirates of Ersatz" by Murray Leinster
Some will notice that I have been using pronouns in the feminine gender.
"Have We No Rights?" by Mabel Williamson
Crossley (Francis) on the French genders, 245.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
You still make France a noun of feminine gender.
"L'Aiglon" by Edmond Rostand
In these circumstances, to remove one's clothes, and particularly that part that proclaims one's gender, is a problem.
"Westward with the Prince of Wales" by W. Douglas Newton
And he has memorized all the verbs of the feminine gender.
"Walter Pieterse" by Multatuli
Everybody is of the neuter gender.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
A second and far more sensational interruption came from a side street, and again of the feminine gender.
"Officer 666" by Barton W. Currie
Won't there be grumblings, Waterings of mouths and hunger-gendered rumblings!
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 98, 19 April 1890" by Various
The only ineradicable difference between men and women is gender.
"The Co-Citizens" by Corra Harris
You may distinguish a Frisian parish as the Eton grammar distinguishes nouns of the neuter gender.
"The Ethnology of the British Islands" by Robert Gordon Latham
A specimen of the masculine gender in the human being!
"Miss Cayley's Adventures" by Grant Allen
You, as a skilled motorist, understand that a car is of the feminine gender.
"Cynthia's Chauffeur" by Louis Tracy
It is not in human nature, at least in human nature of the "more honourable" gender, to be outdone, even by a king.
"The Art of Needle-work, from the Earliest Ages, 3rd ed." by Elizabeth Stone
Note agreement with grammatical gender of ~Menschenkind~.
"Aus meinem Königreich" by Carmen Sylva
His vocabulary was very meagre; his genders were all wrong, and he did not know one single verb, literally not one.
"The Intellectual Life" by =Philip Gilbert Hamerton
There are only the faintest traces of the case forms, the dual and the neuter gender.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
Another theory which has received considerable attention is that the ova, liberated from month to month, alternate in gender.
"What a Young Husband Ought to Know" by Sylvanus Stall
Unlike most of these, Armenian lost its genders long before the year A.D. 400, when the existing literature begins.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
How many more visitors of the masculine gender will there be, Miss Bedford?
"By Birth a Lady" by George Manville Fenn
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In poetry:

And thou treble-dated crow,
That thy sable gender mak'st
With the breath thou giv'st and tak'st,
'Mongst our mourners shalt thou go.
"The Phoenix And The Turtle" by William Shakespeare
Those that divide them cannot be
The friends of truth and verity;
Yet those that dare confound the two,
Destroy them both, and gender woe.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
The precious thing is tidings sweet
Of Christ a Saviour most complete,
To save from sin, and death, and wrath;
Which tidings tend to gender faith.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
His dray is no living, responsible thing,
But he gives it the gender of life;
And, seeing his fancy is free in the wing,
It suits him as well as a wife.
"Bill the Bullock-Driver" by Henry Kendall
The ladies took the hint, and all day were scraping lint,
As became their softer genders;
And got bandages and beds for the limbs and for the heads
Of the city's brave defenders.
"The Legend Of St. Sophia Of Kioff" by William Makepeace Thackeray
For that pink of female gender
Tall and shapely was, and slender,
Plump of neck and bust and arms;
While the raiment that invested
Her so jealously suggested
Certain more potential charms.
"Lydia Dick" by Eugene Field

In news:

4 points to keep in mind on the gender gap.
In his sophomore feature, Ben Younger ( Boiler Room ) attempts to reinvent himself as a young Woody Allen, reversing the Woodman's age and gender dynamics but yielding mortifying moments all the same.
The pundit looks at gender inequality in the games.
Here TV pundit, Jim Morris on , takes a look at how far we still have to go in terms of gender equality in sports.
More than gender politics, she is interested in human relationships.
Job type plays role in unemployment across gender, race.
Gender Jumble California Student Civil Rights Act ends gendered education.
The Gender Pay Gap Is Just So Over.
Sex On The Kitchen Table One author's half-baked gender gibberish.
Gay Frat Sues Gender-Neutral "Frarority" for Trademark Infringement.
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina – Adults who want sex-change surgery or hormone therapy in Argentina will be able to get it as part of their public or private health care plans under a gender rights law approved Wednesday.
UNC-CH's 'gender inclusive' policy a lightning rod .
UNC-CH's 'gender inclusive' policy a lightning rod.
Lina Abirafeh I am a gender & development practitioner and researcher with 12 years of experience in some incredibly interesting countries like Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Morocco, Bangladesh, Papua New Guinea--and now Haiti.
Spain's first female vice president, Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega, and the Socialist government are leading a cultural shift toward gender equity.
***

In science:

We report on analyses of properties of pairwise communications as a function of the selfreported gender of users in conversations in Table 1.
Planetary-Scale Views on an Instant-Messaging Network
Table 1(a) relays |Cg,h | for combinations of genders g and h.
Planetary-Scale Views on an Instant-Messaging Network
We find that male–male converthe gender of conversant, computed as |Cg,h | Pi∈Cg,h sations tend to be shortest, lasting approximately 4 minutes.
Planetary-Scale Views on an Instant-Messaging Network
The limits of standardisation – the case of gender Providing such an abstract model as the one presented before may not suffice to satisfy representational needs of scholars working on languages.
Stabilizing knowledge through standards - A perspective for the humanities
The definition of gender in relation to agreement can also be expressed over wider distances of texts when separate pronouns29 may be used anaphoricaly in relation to a preceding noun phrase of a given gender.
Stabilizing knowledge through standards - A perspective for the humanities
Using logistic regression along with features derived from the writing style, content, and metadata of the review, accuracy of up to 73.7% was achieved in determining the correct gender.
Exploring Linkablility of Community Reviewing
Inferring Gender of Movie Reviewers: Exploiting Writing Style, Content and Metadata.
Exploring Linkablility of Community Reviewing
Gender differences in peer reviews of grant applications: A substantive-methodological synergy in support of the null hypothesis model.
Caveats for using statistical significance tests in research assessments
Pilot Test The pilot test crowdsourced usability test was performed by 11 participants recruited directly from mTurk. We first requested they supply demographic information including age, gender, and highest level of education attained.
Crowdsourcing for Usability Testing
Final Test The final crowdsourced usability test was completed by 44 mTurk participants. We required workers’ to self-report demographic information including age, gender, and highest level of education attained.
Crowdsourcing for Usability Testing
The role and the influence of gender and related stereotypes in the processes of perception, acceptance and adoption of new technologies and information systems have been examined and discussed in a multitude of studies.
Are e-readers suitable tools for scholarly work?
We have also kept the gender variable as it will be useful for the varying mixing-weights mixture-model.
Testing means from sampling populations with undefined labels
The mixing-weights depend on the gender as illustrated in Table 12.
Testing means from sampling populations with undefined labels
Test items were different on account of students’ gender and geographic area.
Joint Assessment of the Differential Item Functioning and Latent Trait Dimensionality of Students' National Tests
The samples were highly imbalanced with respect to age and gender.
Describing High-Order Statistical Dependence Using "Concurrence Topology", with Application to Functional MRI Brain Data
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