• WordNet 3.6
    • n gemma small asexual reproductive structure in e.g. liverworts and mosses that detaches from the parent and develops into a new individual
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gemma (Biol) A bud spore; one of the small spores or buds in the reproduction of certain Protozoa, which separate one at a time from the parent cell.
    • Gemma (Bot) A leaf bud, as distinguished from a flower bud.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gemma In botany and zoology, a bud; that which is budded; the result of gemmation. Specifically, in botany: A leaf-bud as distinguished from a flower-bud; the rudiment of a young branch.
    • n gemma [capitalized] In conchology, a genus of bivalve mollusks, of the family Veneridæ, containing a single small species, G. totteni or G.gemma (originally Venus gemma), about one eighth of an inch long, yellowish or rosy-white tipped with amethystine, found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. The young are retained inside the valves of the parent till their shells are formed.
    • n gemma In biology, one of the hypothetical units of living matter: similar to biogen, idioblast, pangen, plasome, etc.
    • n gemma A knoblike protuberance or nodule.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gemma a bud:—pl. Gem′mæ
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a bud
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. gemmāre, -ātum.


In literature:

Gemma does everything for me, at least everything that Elspeth will let her.
"We Two" by Edna Lyall
Gemma did not see it; she was looking straight before her with knitted brows and set mouth.
"The Gadfly" by E. L. Voynich
Now, then, he would do very well for 'Pippo' in La Gazza, or for Gemma in Wilhelm Tell.
"Gerfaut, Complete" by Charles de Bernard
Gemma was the pride of her aunt and the hope of the family.
"Olive in Italy" by Moray Dalton
By T. A. Trollope, author of "Gemma," 1 50 Gemma.
"Mabel's Mistake" by Ann S. Stephens
If you will walk home with me afterward, Gerald, I might tell Gemma she can go.
"Aurora the Magnificent" by Gertrude Hall
I think it was Gemma Belincioni, the Italian, who first conceived the idea of Salome dancing her own dance.
"Interpreters" by Carl Van Vechten
Gemma, Cornelius, 63. gems, electrick properties of, 48, 51.
"On the magnet, magnetick bodies also, and on the great magnet the earth" by William Gilbert of Colchester
He married a daughter of their house, Madonna Gemma.
"Dante. An essay." by R. W. Church
He was married before 1298 to Gemma Donati, and thus became related to one of the most powerful families in Florence.
"Studies in the Poetry of Italy" by Oscar Kuhns

In news:

Gemma Arterton to star in ' Hansel & Gretel'.
Russell Lewis and Gemma Ahern transformed their one-bedroom apartment in a fishing village in England, with a meager budget of £6,500 ($10,300) and the help of Ms Ahern's sister, Abigail, an interior designer.
Klahowya 's Krista Stewart and North Kitsap's Gemma Ferland battle for control of the ball during their game at Silverdale Stadium on Wednesday, October 31, 2012.
Do you have a question for filmmakers Gemma Cubero and Celeste Carrasco.
Gemma Cubero Director, Producer, Executive Producer, Writer.
Gemma's new duty: Root out corruption in RI.
Ian Redmond, 30, and his new bride Gemma Houghton, 27, were honeymooning in Anse Lazio, a beach in the north of Praslin Island, Seychelles .
Gemma Morea-Swift, Ineos Silicas Ltd.
Cicilline-Gemma II lands with a thud .
Katey Sagal as Gemma Teller Morrow in Sons of Anarachy on FX.
You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger Directed by Woody Allen Starring Josh Brolin, Naomi Watts, Anthony Hopkins, Gemma Jones, Lucy Punch Rated R Three stars.
On Season 5 of FX's hit Shakespearean motorcycle drama Sons of Anarchy - skidding to its high-octane finale tonight - that betrayal has been brought to vivid life by Katey Sagal as SAMCRO matriarch Gemma.
This image released by FX shows Katey Sagal as Gemma Teller-Morrow, left, and Ron Perlman as Clay Morrow in a scene from "Sons of Anarchy ".
Katey Sagal as Gemma Teller-Morrow, left, and Ron Perlman as Clay Morrow in a scene from "Sons of Anarchy ".
Oct 31, 2012 (Fresh Air from WHYY) — The actress plays Gemma, the fierce matriarch of the biker gang in the FX series.

In science:

This result was further improved upon by the GEMMA experiment19 with a similar design but at a closer location to the reactor core. A natural by-product of a detector with kg-mass, 100 eV threshold and 1 cpd background level would be to further enhance the sensitivities of µν -searches at reactors.
Ultra-Low-Energy Germanium Detector for Neutrino-Nucleus Coherent Scattering and Dark Matter Searches
Gemma Janssen We show that all long nulls in PSR B0818-13 are trains of rapidly alternating nulls and pulses (each shorter than one pulse per iod). Sometimes only the nulls coincide with our pulse window, resulting in one of the apparently long nulls seen occasionally.
Radio Pulsars
We would also like to thank Gemma Janssen for help taking the observations.
A Strong Upper Limit on the Pulsed Radio Luminosity of the Compact Object 1RXS J141256.0+792204
Ruiz, Julio Jos ´e Romeral Planell ´o, Gemma Delicado, Jes ´us Mart ´inez Fr´ias, Irene Schneider, Gloria Gallego, Carmen Gonz ´alez, Ramon Fern ´andez, Coronel Angel Santamaria, Carol Stoker, Paula Grunthaner, Maxwell D.
Field Geology with a Wearable Computer: First Results of the Cyborg Astrobiologist System