Gastrostomy is an operation for establishing a fistulous opening in the stomach through the anterior wall.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
In aggravated cases, the gastrostomy opening must be retained in order to prevent death from starvation.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
In 1858 he performed practically the first gastrostomy in England for a case of cancer of the oesophagus.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 6" by Various