garnet

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n garnet any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Tom Thumb golf course was the first miniature golf course in the United States. It was built it 1929 in Chattanooga, Tennessee by John Garnet Carter.
    • n Garnet (Min) A mineral having many varieties differing in color and in their constituents, but with the same crystallization (isometric), and conforming to the same general chemical formula. The commonest color is red, the luster is vitreous, and the hardness greater than that of quartz. The dodecahedron and trapezohedron are the common forms.☞ There are also white, green, yellow, brown, and black varieties. The garnet is a silicate, the bases being aluminia lime (grossularite essonite, or cinnamon stone), or aluminia magnesia (pyrope), or aluminia iron (almandine), or aluminia manganese (spessartite), or iron lime (common garnet melanite allochroite), or chromium lime (ouvarovite, color emerald green). The transparent red varieties are used as gems. The garnet was, in part, the carbuncle of the ancients. Garnet is a very common mineral in gneiss and mica slate.
    • n Garnet (Naut) A tackle for hoisting cargo in or out.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n garnet “(Webster); cf. garnet-apple. The ult. source is the same; granat and grenade are doublets.] A common mineral species embracing many varieties, which, while conforming to the same general formula, differ in composition and hence also in color, specific gravity, and fusibility. It generally occurs in distinct embedded crystals belonging to the isometric system, the rhombic dodecahedron and trapezohedron being the commonest forms. There are also massive granular varieties. It is hard, brittle, and more or less transparent. The red varieties are most common, but white, yellow, green, brown, and black also occur. The prominent varieties are: the lime-alumina garnet, including the grossular garnet, succinite, and cinnamon-stone or hessonite; the magnesia-alumina garnet, including pyrope; the iron-alumina garnet, including the almandin or the precious garnet and much common garnet; the manganese-alumina garnet or spessartite; the lime-iron garnet, sometimes called in general andradite, including haplome, colophonite, topazolite, demantoid, and melanite; the lime-chrome garnet or ouvarovite. Garnets are commonly found in gneiss, mica schist, granite, and hornblende rocks. Eclogite is a rock consisting largely of garnet. The precious garnet is transparent and deep-red, includes some pyrope, and is prized as a gem, as is also the brilliant bright-green demantoid from Siberia.
    • n garnet Nautical:
    • n garnet A sort of tackle fixed to the mainstay, and used to hoist in and out the cargo.
    • n garnet A clue-garnet.
    • n garnet A pendant rove through a hole in the spar-deck, hooked to a pendent tackle, and used in mounting or dismounting guns on the gun-deck. Also called gurnet.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Garnet gär′net a precious stone belonging to a group of minerals crystallising in the cubical system.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gernet, grenat, OF. grenet,grenat, F. grenat, LL. granatus, fr. L. granatum, pomegranate, granatus, having many grains or seeds, fr. granum, grain, seed. So called from its resemblance in color and shape to the grains or seeds of the pomegranate. See Grain, and cf. Grenade Pomegranate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. grenat—Low L. granatum, pomegranate; or Low L. granum, grain, cochineal, red dye.

Usage

In literature:

Hessonite is rather a soft stone, its hardness being about that of quartz or 7, whilst the hardness of most garnet reaches 7.5.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
A necklace and gold bracelets inlaid with garnets ornamented her arms and neck, whiter than the driven snow.
"The Gold Sickle" by Eugène Sue
Necklace, a string of garnets and gold coins.
"The Wine-ghosts of Bremen" by Wilhelm Hauff
I particularly don't like those two red garnets on the sides.
"The Ego Machine" by Henry Kuttner
This was Doctor Gifford Garnet, the family physician.
"When the Cock Crows" by Waldron Baily
X is silver wire joined in the middle with a raw garnet.
"Just So Stories" by Rudyard Kipling
Garnet, John, buys 600 acres, 50.
"The Planters of Colonial Virginia" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
With the first money I earn I'm going to redeem your ring and my garnets.
"Black Forest Village Stories" by Berthold Auerbach
It seems therefore that a holocrystalline pyroxene-garnet rock may be one source of the diamond found in blue ground.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
On the 15th General Sir Garnet Wolseley, with the brigade of Guards under H.R.H.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
When Sir Garnet Wolseley arrives he will no doubt have work for you.
"With Wolseley to Kumasi" by F.S. Brereton
Sir Garnet Wolseley attacked Secoceni's mountain.
"The Young Colonists" by G.A. Henty
A fringe of the garnet beads, with gold points, is the prettiest trimming.
"My Knitting Book" by Miss Lambert
That's All Sir Garnet, and don't you make no mistake.
"Sinister Street, vol. 1" by Compton Mackenzie
It is on this garnet-coloured ground that was shadowed forth the figure of Cecily, which we will now attempt to paint.
"The Mysteries of Paris, Volume 5 of 6" by Eugène Sue
There are three stones only mentioned, amber, loadstone, and garnet.
"On the magnet, magnetick bodies also, and on the great magnet the earth" by William Gilbert of Colchester
Various precious stones are found, as the garnet, ruby, topaz, sapphire, and even the diamond.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
Some fine gems of peridot, garnet and turquoise have been found.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
On March 6, Garnet confesses that Mrs. Anne Vaux, alias Perkins, he, and Brookesby bear the expenses of White Webbs.
"Francis Beaumont: Dramatist" by Charles Mills Gayley
Garnets in altered rock, 382.
"A Manual of Elementary Geology" by Charles Lyell
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In poetry:

Eternal sunset pours,
Around its warlock towers,
A glowing urn where garnets burn
With fire-dripping flowers.
"Death In Life" by Madison Julius Cawein
Good men are like garnets and rubies,
Not often to be found,
While other common, worthless men,
Like common stones, abound.
"As I Look On" by Khoshal Khan Khattak
Now since the Egyptian war is at an end,
Let us thank God! Who did send
Sir Garnet Wolseley to crush and kill
Arabi and his rebel army at Kebir hill.
"The Battle of Tel-el-Kebir" by William Topaz McGonagall
Ye sons of Great Britain, come join with me,
And sing in praise of Sir Garnet Wolseley;
Sound drums and trumpets cheerfully,
For he has acted most heroically.
"The Battle of Tel-el-Kebir" by William Topaz McGonagall
My auntie says, 'Wear thi white and pink
An' thi garnet pendant.' (I don't think!)
'Remember thi faither's a well-to-do man . . .'
(Ay, but my mother was Gypsy Nan).
"The Daughter Of Gypsy Nan" by Dorothy Una Ratcliffe
Then Sir Garnet Wolseley with his men entered Coomassie at night,
Supported by half the rifles and Highlanders- a most beautiful sight,
And King Coffee and his army had fled,
And thousands of his men on the field were left dead.
"The Ashantee War" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Nov 7, 2012 Mary C. Young Powertech Inc, Garnet Valley, Pa.
"There are consequences to doing stupid things," state Rep Garnet Coleman, D-Houston, was saying Thursday afternoon as he waited at the Miami airport for a ride home to Houston.
Born Aug 15, 1936, in Cumberland, MD, she was a daughter of Garnet (and the late Michael) Bilyi of Cumberland, MD, and the late Omar Vance.
Florida State's Dagny Brynjarsdottir and Kelsey Wys were honored for their performances last week as the Seminole duo led the Garnet & Gold to road victories over No.
He is the son of the late Gene Beaver and Garnet Beaver .
The concentrated light would then strike a two-layer ceramic disk known as a Neodymium and Chromium co-doped YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) laser material.
He was born March 27, 1936, in Kokomo, the son of Garnet and Catherine (Finley) DeWitt .
He was born Dec 23, 1952, in Belpre, Ohio, to the late Donald David Dye and Garnet L White Dye .
He was born Dec 23, 1952, in Belpre, Ohio, to the late Donald David Dye and Garnet L White Dye.
Anne Stokes/Placer HeraldA hand-crafted piece by mixed media artist Connie Omans features a locally mine quartz stone and garnet beading.
Folk music performer Garnet Rogers will play a concert at Foundry Hall, 422 Eagle St, South Haven, at 6 pm Jan 20.
Haddon Heights' Jesse Weick celebrates his goal, giving the Garnets a 2-1 lead… (DAIVD M WARREN / Staff Photographer ).
The Garnet School Preschool would like to thank TW Hall company for the gracious donation of gravel for our play area.
Allyson Heavens , Garnet Valley.
Garnet Octavie Mills , 96, of Effingham, Ill.
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In science:

As noted by Sawlowicz (2000), the framboidal texture is seen in a number of different minerals other than pyrite, i.e. copper and zinc sulphides, greigite, magnetite, magnesioferrite, hematite, goethite, garnet, dolomite, opal, and even in phosphoric derivatives of allophane.
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
We show that the linear-response formulation provides us with a qualitative as well as quantitative understanding of the spin Seebeck effect observed in a prototypical magnet, yttrium iron garnet.
Linear-response theory of spin Seebeck effect in ferromagnetic insulators
In this experiment, an ensemble of ∼ 4.5× 1016 spins in gallium-doped yttrium iron garnet was strongly coupled to the cavity mode of the CPW resonator.
Hybrid quantum circuits: Superconducting circuits interacting with other quantum systems
We insert a terbium gallium garnet (TGG) crystal into the bore of our coil and monitor the rotation of a linearly polarized HeNe laser beam which we focus tightly (spot size 80 µm) into the TGG crystal as we pulse the current in our coil.
Stopping Supersonic Beams with an Atomic Coilgun
Tierno et al (2008) achieved this on the surface of a ferrite garnet film with a magnetic domain pattern forming a periodic array of stripes with magnetization alternating up and down, and applying time-dependent external magnetic field pulses.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
The imaging is based on the large Faraday effect in the garnet film, which is mounted in direct contact with the sample.
Direct Observation of Coexistence of Ferromagnetism and Superconductivity in RuSr2(Gd0.7Ce0.3)2Cu2O10
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