gap

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v gap make an opening or gap in
    • n gap an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity "it was presented without commercial breaks","there was a gap in his account"
    • n gap a narrow opening "he opened the window a crack"
    • n gap a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures "gap between income and outgo","the spread between lending and borrowing costs"
    • n gap a difference (especially an unfortunate difference) between two opinions or two views or two situations
    • n gap a pass between mountain peaks
    • n gap an open or empty space in or between things "there was a small opening between the trees","the explosion made a gap in the wall"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "diastema" is the word for having a gap between your teeth
    • Gap An opening in anything made by breaking or parting; as, a gap in a fence; an opening for a passage or entrance; an opening which implies a breach or defect; a vacant space or time; a hiatus; a mountain pass. "Miseries ensued by the opening of that gap .""It would make a great gap in your own honor."
    • Gap (Aëronautics) The vertical distance between two superposed surfaces, esp. in a biplane.
    • Gap To make an opening in; to breach. "Their masses are gapp'd with our grape."
    • Gap To notch, as a sword or knife.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Elton John and The Beach Boys are tied for the record for the longest gap between number one hit singles in the United States. Both waited 21 years, 11 months.
    • n gap A break or opening, as in a fence, a wall, or the like; a breach; a chasm; a way of passage, as between rocks or through a mountain; a vacant space.
    • n gap Specifically A deep sloping ravine, notch, or cleft cutting a mountain-ridge. The term is especially common in the central portion of the Appalachian range, where such openings are of frequent occurrence and are important features in the topography. The principal gaps have specific names, as Manassas Gap and Thoroughfare Gap in Virginia. Where such a gap is a through cut, penetrating to the mountain's base, and giving passage, as it then usually does, to a stream, it is called a water-gap, as the Delaware Water-gap in Pennsylvania; when it indents only the upper part of the ridge, it is called a wind-gap. See notch.
    • n gap In general, any hiatus, breach, or interruption of consecutiveness or continuity: as, a gap in an argument.
    • n gap See the extract, and break-lathe.
    • gap To notch or jag; cut into teeth like those of a saw.
    • gap To make a break or opening in, as a fence, a wall, or any mass of matter.
    • gap To cause a hiatus of any kind in; cause to lose consecutiveness or continuity.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: For every degree of longitude there is a time gap of four minutes.
    • n Gap gap an opening made by rupture or parting: a cleft: a passage: a deep ravine in a mountain-ridge: any breach of continuity
    • v.t Gap to notch: to make a gap in
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Quotations

  • Naomi Wolf
    Naomi Wolf
    “The beauty myth moves for men as a mirage; its power lies in its ever-receding nature. When the gap is closed, the lover embraces only his own disillusion.”
  • Hadas In A Review.
    Hadas In A Review.
    “This book fills a much-needed gap.”
  • L. A. Coulson
    L. A. Coulson
    “Either God is in the whole of nature, with no gaps, or He's not there at all.”
  • Nadine Gordimer
    Nadine%20Gordimer
    “The gap between the committed and the indifferent is a Sahara whose faint trails, followed by the mind's eye only, fade out in sand.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Spare minutes are the Gold-dust of time; the portions of life most fruitful in good and evil; the gaps through which temptations enter.”
  • John Pierpont Morgan
    John Pierpont Morgan
    “The wise man bridges the gap by laying out the path by means of which he can get from where he is to where he wants to go.”

Idioms

Bridge the gap - If you bridge the gap, you make a connection where there is a great difference.
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Mind the gap - Mind the gap is an instruction used on the Underground in the UK to warn passengers to be careful when leaving the tube or train as there is quite a distance between the train and the platform.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gap,; cf. Icel. gap, an empty space, Sw. gap, mouth, breach, abyss, Dan. gab, mouth, opening, AS. geap, expanse; as adj., wide, spacious. See Gape

Usage

In literature:

Then close up any gaps along this side of the valley.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
Four or five miles from the great Water Gap we began to see the formation which gives that name.
"The Lightning Conductor Discovers America" by C. N. (Charles Norris) Williamson and A. M. (Alice Muriel) Williamson
Grogan sat the favourite like a statue, apparently unmoved by the gap widening in front of him.
"Old Man Curry" by Charles E. (Charles Emmett) Van Loan
Beyond lay a widening gap of water.
"Billy Topsail & Company" by Norman Duncan
The pines roared as he struggled on and at times a blinding haze of snow filled the gap.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
There was a gap beyond it, and the Germans were forcing their way around its flank.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
The demoralized troops fled from the trenches, leaving the gap between forts Cognelee and Marchovelette open.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
In the north, in the meantime, the Germans had received reenforcements filling the gap that Von Mackensen's Galician operations had caused.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
Death makes gaps that Time fails to fill.
"Creatures of the Night" by Alfred W. Rees
Morgan's Gap opens south of Music Mountain, less than ten miles west of Calabasas.
"Nan of Music Mountain" by Frank H. Spearman
Great gaps were torn in that mass of mounted men, but the rents were quickly closed.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
He saw Stanley steadily closing the gap that separated him from his fleeing enemy.
"The Mountain Divide" by Frank H. Spearman
The "Bloody Gap," another noted site in the castle, is between the Ravine and Round Towers.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
The path was just beyond the clearing, and she had fixed her gaze upon a narrow gap in the foliage.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
The clear gap between the hills where he knew Old Forge nestled was gone.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
Ahead, on the left shore, a gap gouged out of the forest and a number of boats at the water's edge.
"The Pathless Trail" by Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
That makes a gap of course.
"The Passionate Friends" by Herbert George Wells
They went through Manassas Gap in the neighborhood of Front Royal.
"Legends of the Skyline Drive and the Great Valley of Virginia" by Carrie Hunter Willis
When Lee reached the Blue Ridge he crossed it at three different places, Chester Gap, Ashby's and Snickersville Gaps.
"From Bull Run to Appomattox" by Luther W. Hopkins
There was a gap of about thirty feet between the first detachment of Rutgers's marching advertisements and the next.
"H. R." by Edwin Lefevre
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In poetry:

The zeal of Nature never cools,
Nor is she thwarted of her ends;
When gapped and dulled her cheaper tools,
Then she a saint and prophet spends.
"Kossuth" by James Russell Lowell
Spike and near beer
Have bridged more gaps
Than one temporarily I observe that there
Is gold in the ringlets
Of your hair
And must smell sweet.
"Adumbration" by Norman MacLeod
See yon solitary star!
What a world of blackness wraps
Round it! Unimagined gaps!
Let it be! Content thy car
With the voyage to things that are!
"The Hawk and the Babe" by Aleister Crowley
Brave lads are these on whom we may rely.
They go uncalled, content the gaps to fill,
And in their places fall, if God so will,
For they fear not to die.
"England's Brave Sons" by Joseph Horatio Chant
Two lives wreck'd by a zephyr!
Two hearts crush'd by the fall,
When that most precious missive, that love laden letter,
Flutter'd down thro' the gap in the wall.
"The Lost Letter" by Henry Clay Work
Oft pausing on his white-eyed inward look,
Some undermountain narrative he tells,
As gapped by Lykian heat the brook
Cut from the source that in the upland swells.
"Bellerophon" by George Meredith

In news:

Bridging a gap: Agreement could hasten oil field work in the NPRA.
Flagpole 's demise leaves gap in skyline.
Edwin Fleck Brown, 80, Homers Gap, died Saturday afternoon at his residence.
It was conceived during the gap between the third and fourth series of their popular BBC television program.
Welcome to Rocky Gap Lodge and Golf Resort.
To bridge the generation gap, you might want to drop references to Mrs Robinson, car radio, and even, perhaps, Bill Clinton.
Mississippi is still the fattest, but Alabama's closing the flab gap fast.
Betsy, Oviedo, Florida Because climbing the dressage levels becomes so difficult at Third Level, where collection starts, do you think there is a way to bridge this gap of understanding.
The second part of our three-part series details the gap between the US government's obligation to care for troops and the medical care actually extended to them after wounded soldiers return from war.
Free People , a high-end women's retailer, will open Friday in the former Gap space at The Shops of Saddle Creek in Germantown.
SAN FRANCISCO — Gap Inc will open its first standalone store in Mexico, part of the retailer's previously announced global expansion strategy.
The new store, to be located at Interlomas Mall outside Mexico City, expands on Gap's store-in-store concepts in Liverpool Department stores in the region.
Walking on stilts to fundraise for Pond Gap Elementary.
Pond Gap Elementary circus teachers Jake Weinstein and Lissa McLeod walked on stilts from the school the Sunsphere on Tuesday to raise money for the program on Tuesday, June 19, 2012.
Gap Announces New Creative Director.
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In science:

Analogously, one can prove that for any ν ≥ 3 the skyrmion gap found from Eq. (3.25) is larger than the quasiparticle gap.
Activation Energy in a Quantum Hall Ferromagnet and Non-Hartree-Fock Skyrmions
In this phase, the excitations are a gapped charge-1/2 chargon, a gapless linear dispersing “photon”, and a gapped topological point defect (the “monopole”).
Exotic order in simple models of bosonic systems
FIG. 7: Probability distributions of the first gap obtained from initial rectangular distributions of couplings with a gap G and different systems sizes L.
Phase diagram of the random Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin-1 chain
IV, it is demonstrated that the gap anisotropy at H = 0 can be detectable via the dHvA oscillation in the vortex state based on both numerical and analytic calculations for three-dimensional systems with various gap structures.
Theory of de Haas-van Alphen Effect in Type-II Superconductors
For a finite value of the electric field, which is comparable to the Mott gap, we expect a collapse of the local charge gap due to the interaction.
Anderson Localization and Polarization
The solid line marks the position of the gap γgap . (b) The distribution of resonance widths P (γ ).
Statistical properties of resonance widths for open Quantum Graphs
Although the absence of a gap in a strict sense is apparent in all the Neumann graphs that we have studied, still one can speak about a gap in a “probabilistic” sense.
Statistical properties of resonance widths for open Quantum Graphs
In HF all excitations are above the gap between the Fermi level and the first unoccupied orbital (the HOMO-LUMO gap) which for N = 6 takes the value ≈ 1.8E0 .
Symmetry breaking and the random-phase approximation in small quantum dots
In Figure 3 we show the first gap distributions for different degrees of disorder as characterized by different gaps G in the initial distribution of interactions.
Spin-3/2 random quantum antiferromagnetic chains
FIG. 3: Probability distributions of first gap for initial rectangular distributions of couplings with gaps G and different systems sizes L.
Spin-3/2 random quantum antiferromagnetic chains
In , gap representations are constructed for various partitions, including CRP(θ), for which the gap representation has P (Yn = 1) = θ/(n − 1 + θ) and the Yn are independent.
Increments of Random Partitions
Since the local susceptibility is proportional to the inverse of the excitation gap, it diverges in the gapless phase and it converges to a finite value in the gapful phase.
Uniform Magnetic Order in a Ferromagnetic-Antiferromagnetic Random Alternating Quantum Spin Chain
In particular, large gaps in the sampling can lead to cycle-count ambiguity since n unobserved transits may have occurred during the gaps.
Results from the Wide Angle Search for Planets Prototype (WASP0) I: Analysis of the Pegasus Field
Gas amplification is provided by a triple GEM structure with two 2 mm transfer gaps and a 3 mm induction gap.
High Magnetic Field Performance of a GEM-TPC
Furthermore, the filled bands below the gap are shifted down by ∆E = −0.011 Ryd (which is also larger than in ref.10) relative to the bands above the gap.
Calculation of Optical Conductivity of YbB$_{12}$ using Realistic Tight-Binding Model
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