fundamental

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj fundamental serving as an essential component "a cardinal rule","the central cause of the problem","an example that was fundamental to the argument","computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure"
    • adj fundamental being or involving basic facts or principles "the fundamental laws of the universe","a fundamental incomatibility between them","these rudimentary truths","underlying principles"
    • adj fundamental far-reaching and thoroughgoing in effect especially on the nature of something "the fundamental revolution in human values that has occurred","the book underwent fundamental changes","committed the fundamental error of confusing spending with extravagance","profound social changes"
    • n fundamental the lowest tone of a harmonic series
    • n fundamental any factor that could be considered important to the understanding of a particular business "fundamentals include a company's growth, revenues, earnings, management, and capital structure"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The board game Monopoly was originally rejected by Parker Brothers, who claimed it had 52 fundamental errors.
    • n Fundamental A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part, as, the fundamentals of the Christian faith.
    • a Fundamental Pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation. "The fundamental reasons of this war.""Some fundamental antithesis in nature."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • fundamental Pertaining to the foundation; serving as or being a component part of a foundation or basis; hence, essential; important; original; elementary: as, a fundamental truth or principle; a. fundamental law.
    • fundamental See fundamental, n., 2.
    • fundamental The low tone generated by the tones of a chord. Also called fundamental note.
    • n fundamental A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; an essential part: as, the fundamentals of the Christian faith.
    • n fundamental In music: The root of a chord.
    • n fundamental The generator of a series of harmonics. Also called fundamental bass, note, or tone.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Fundamental fun-da-ment′al essential, basal, primary: important
    • n Fundamental that which serves as a groundwork: an essential
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Quotations

  • John A. Hannah
    John A. Hannah
    “Higher education must lead the march back to the fundamentals of human relationships, to the old discovery that is ever new, that man does not live by bread alone.”
  • John F. Kennedy
    John%20F.%20Kennedy
    “Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource.”
  • John F. Kennedy
    John%20F.%20Kennedy
    “The human mind is our fundamental resource.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin%20D.%20Roosevelt
    “No democracy can long survive which does not accept as fundamental to its very existence the recognition of the rights of minorities.”
  • Sir John Egan
    Sir John Egan
    “The absolute fundamental aim is to make money out of satisfying customers.”
  • Arthur Schopenhauer
    Arthur%20Schopenhauer
    “The fundament upon which all our knowledge and learning rests is the inexplicable.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. fondamental,

Usage

In literature:

The policy of silence showed an instinctive understanding of this fundamental situation.
"Psychology and Social Sanity" by Hugo Münsterberg
So ancient is it that it was the fundamental principle of the Indian Vedanta, as Sir William Jones points out.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
Their ideal of wifehood and motherhood is fundamentally wrong.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol. 3 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
Method and Fundamental Conceptions of Natural Science.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
This is the fundamental fallacy in the whole business of preventive medicine.
"Eugenics and Other Evils" by G. K. Chesterton
No breeder doubts how strong is the tendency to inheritance; that like produces like is his fundamental belief.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
In the midst of a life limited to fundamental needs, their literature deals with fundamentals.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
The church of England was thoroughly subjugated by the state, and neither Whig nor Tory wished for a fundamental change.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
Neither with Nations that become miserable is it fundamentally otherwise.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
We notice the same general movement in the Telemachiad and in the Ulyssiad; the same fundamental scheme underlies both.
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
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In poetry:

In everything I seek to grasp
The fundamental:
The daily choice, the daily task,
The sentimental.
"In everything I seek to grasp..." by Boris Pasternak
You smile, and call this sentimental;
You will not smile in later times!
For cruelty, so fundamental,
Already breeds the worst of crimes.
"Bird Slaughter" by John Lawson Stoddard
Then toward our fundamental laws
They bent their hearts in zealous toil,
And thereunto affixed a clause
Which banished slavery from our soil.
"The Triumph Of Liberty" by James Madison Bell
Given that is his 'fundamental passion',
This urge to convey the relation
Of eye-lid and cheek-bone
By verbal manifestations;
To present the series
Of curious heads in medallion
"MAUBERLEY" by Ezra Pound

In news:

Jerry Colangelo and I have a fundamental disagreement.
Re "Cheap Justice," Bob Herbert's March 1 column: Attorneys' fees and the inequities of the legal system threaten the fundamental rights of the middle class as well as the poor.
Sooner or later, Astros owner Drayton McLane must ask why the Astros aren't able to execute the fundamentals.
Robert Baker Speaker Tribology & Lubricants Fundamentals Column, TLT.
THIS CAMPAIGN hasn't cleared up the fundamental mysteriousness of Obama very much.
There's been a fundamental change in family life, and it has played out over the years in Patricia Dalton's office.
There's been a fundamental change in family life, and it has played out over the years in my office.
Group Show Dances In The Physical And Emotional Spaces In Between Artists' Fundamental Marks.
I have a 'role' to play, but fundamentally I am a loner.
Michael Waldman is the president of the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law, a law and policy institute that focuses on fundamental issues of democracy and justice.
Until recently, Keynesian principles were accepted as fundamental economics by virtually everyone in the political class.
Getting off to a good start, particularly in playoff games, is a fundamental rule of thumb in athletics.
Without significant, sustained improvement in economic fundamentals — particularly job growth — the US office market will no doubt continue to languish .
There's nothing wrong with that: Obama and Romney have fundamentally different approaches to Medicare and they deserve attention.
Will yet another formerly off-the-wall argument become embedded in our nation's fundamental law.
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In science:

VµVν is a geometric ob ject called the first fundamental form of a onedimensional surface, which can also be though of as the tangent vector to the path of a point particle; in general the first fundamental form of a p + 1 surface and metric and pro jection tensor are equated by hµν ≡ g µν − ℵµν , h = d − 1 − p.
A Fluid Generalization of Membranes
Let the largest fundamental degree of Wi,1 be greater than or equal to the largest fundamental degree of Wi,2 .
Arithmetic of algebraic groups
Let n be the highest fundamental degree of W (H1) which is the same as the highest fundamental degree of W (H2).
Arithmetic of algebraic groups
Since eΓ is the orientation preserving index 2 subgroup in Γ∗ and T is a fundamental polyhedron for Γ∗ , a fundamental polyhedron P for eΓ consists of two copies of T (see Figure 2(a)).
Discrete RP groups with a parabolic generator
In exceptionally good cases, for example when X = P3 and g = 0, the virtual fundamental class is the usual fundamental class.
Random surfaces enumerating algebraic curves
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