• WordNet 3.6
    • adj fundamental serving as an essential component "a cardinal rule","the central cause of the problem","an example that was fundamental to the argument","computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure"
    • adj fundamental being or involving basic facts or principles "the fundamental laws of the universe","a fundamental incomatibility between them","these rudimentary truths","underlying principles"
    • adj fundamental far-reaching and thoroughgoing in effect especially on the nature of something "the fundamental revolution in human values that has occurred","the book underwent fundamental changes","committed the fundamental error of confusing spending with extravagance","profound social changes"
    • n fundamental the lowest tone of a harmonic series
    • n fundamental any factor that could be considered important to the understanding of a particular business "fundamentals include a company's growth, revenues, earnings, management, and capital structure"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The board game Monopoly was originally rejected by Parker Brothers, who claimed it had 52 fundamental errors.
    • n Fundamental A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part, as, the fundamentals of the Christian faith.
    • a Fundamental Pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation. "The fundamental reasons of this war.""Some fundamental antithesis in nature."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • fundamental Pertaining to the foundation; serving as or being a component part of a foundation or basis; hence, essential; important; original; elementary: as, a fundamental truth or principle; a. fundamental law.
    • fundamental See fundamental, n., 2.
    • fundamental The low tone generated by the tones of a chord. Also called fundamental note.
    • n fundamental A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; an essential part: as, the fundamentals of the Christian faith.
    • n fundamental In music: The root of a chord.
    • n fundamental The generator of a series of harmonics. Also called fundamental bass, note, or tone.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Fundamental fun-da-ment′al essential, basal, primary: important
    • n Fundamental that which serves as a groundwork: an essential
    • ***


  • John A. Hannah
    John A. Hannah
    “Higher education must lead the march back to the fundamentals of human relationships, to the old discovery that is ever new, that man does not live by bread alone.”
  • John F. Kennedy
    “Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource.”
  • John F. Kennedy
    “The human mind is our fundamental resource.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    “No democracy can long survive which does not accept as fundamental to its very existence the recognition of the rights of minorities.”
  • Sir John Egan
    Sir John Egan
    “The absolute fundamental aim is to make money out of satisfying customers.”
  • Arthur Schopenhauer
    “The fundament upon which all our knowledge and learning rests is the inexplicable.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. fondamental,


In literature:

The policy of silence showed an instinctive understanding of this fundamental situation.
"Psychology and Social Sanity" by Hugo Münsterberg
So ancient is it that it was the fundamental principle of the Indian Vedanta, as Sir William Jones points out.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
Their ideal of wifehood and motherhood is fundamentally wrong.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol. 3 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
Method and Fundamental Conceptions of Natural Science.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
This is the fundamental fallacy in the whole business of preventive medicine.
"Eugenics and Other Evils" by G. K. Chesterton
No breeder doubts how strong is the tendency to inheritance; that like produces like is his fundamental belief.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
In the midst of a life limited to fundamental needs, their literature deals with fundamentals.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
The church of England was thoroughly subjugated by the state, and neither Whig nor Tory wished for a fundamental change.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
Neither with Nations that become miserable is it fundamentally otherwise.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
We notice the same general movement in the Telemachiad and in the Ulyssiad; the same fundamental scheme underlies both.
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
The fundamental reason seems to be the substitution of horse-drawn machinery for hand labor.
"The Young Farmer: Some Things He Should Know" by Thomas Forsyth Hunt
If the fundamental principles are all taken care of, green lumber can be better dried in the dry kiln.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
This principle is fundamental to solar chemistry.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
In this individualism, equality is fundamental.
"Liberalism" by L. T. Hobhouse
This difference in method is, however, fundamental.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
There are, as it were, small waves superimposed on the big fundamental waves.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
Otherwise they justified his reading of the fundamental non-morality of men, in bringing no condemnation to bear on anyone concerned.
"The Dust Flower" by Basil King
Keep that in mind as a fundamental principle in good work, whatever the kind.
"The Painter in Oil" by Daniel Burleigh Parkhurst
It is also a fundamental principle of every American political machine.
"Violence and the Labor Movement" by Robert Hunter
And this brings us to the fundamental analogy between Nietzsche and Montaigne.
"German Problems and Personalities" by Charles Sarolea

In poetry:

In everything I seek to grasp
The fundamental:
The daily choice, the daily task,
The sentimental.
"In everything I seek to grasp..." by Boris Pasternak
You smile, and call this sentimental;
You will not smile in later times!
For cruelty, so fundamental,
Already breeds the worst of crimes.
"Bird Slaughter" by John Lawson Stoddard
Then toward our fundamental laws
They bent their hearts in zealous toil,
And thereunto affixed a clause
Which banished slavery from our soil.
"The Triumph Of Liberty" by James Madison Bell
Given that is his 'fundamental passion',
This urge to convey the relation
Of eye-lid and cheek-bone
By verbal manifestations;
To present the series
Of curious heads in medallion
"MAUBERLEY" by Ezra Pound

In news:

Jerry Colangelo and I have a fundamental disagreement.
Re "Cheap Justice," Bob Herbert's March 1 column: Attorneys' fees and the inequities of the legal system threaten the fundamental rights of the middle class as well as the poor.
Sooner or later, Astros owner Drayton McLane must ask why the Astros aren't able to execute the fundamentals.
Robert Baker Speaker Tribology & Lubricants Fundamentals Column, TLT.
THIS CAMPAIGN hasn't cleared up the fundamental mysteriousness of Obama very much.
There's been a fundamental change in family life, and it has played out over the years in Patricia Dalton's office.
There's been a fundamental change in family life, and it has played out over the years in my office.
Group Show Dances In The Physical And Emotional Spaces In Between Artists' Fundamental Marks.
I have a 'role' to play, but fundamentally I am a loner.
Michael Waldman is the president of the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law, a law and policy institute that focuses on fundamental issues of democracy and justice.
Until recently, Keynesian principles were accepted as fundamental economics by virtually everyone in the political class.
Getting off to a good start, particularly in playoff games, is a fundamental rule of thumb in athletics.
Without significant, sustained improvement in economic fundamentals — particularly job growth — the US office market will no doubt continue to languish .
There's nothing wrong with that: Obama and Romney have fundamentally different approaches to Medicare and they deserve attention.
Will yet another formerly off-the-wall argument become embedded in our nation's fundamental law.

In science:

VµVν is a geometric ob ject called the first fundamental form of a onedimensional surface, which can also be though of as the tangent vector to the path of a point particle; in general the first fundamental form of a p + 1 surface and metric and pro jection tensor are equated by hµν ≡ g µν − ℵµν , h = d − 1 − p.
A Fluid Generalization of Membranes
Let the largest fundamental degree of Wi,1 be greater than or equal to the largest fundamental degree of Wi,2 .
Arithmetic of algebraic groups
Let n be the highest fundamental degree of W (H1) which is the same as the highest fundamental degree of W (H2).
Arithmetic of algebraic groups
Since eΓ is the orientation preserving index 2 subgroup in Γ∗ and T is a fundamental polyhedron for Γ∗ , a fundamental polyhedron P for eΓ consists of two copies of T (see Figure 2(a)).
Discrete RP groups with a parabolic generator
In exceptionally good cases, for example when X = P3 and g = 0, the virtual fundamental class is the usual fundamental class.
Random surfaces enumerating algebraic curves
Most of this review was ready before new results on the fundamental constants became available and through out the paper we compare the QED-related results on the fundamental constants with a previous set of the recommended constants .
Precision physics of simple atoms: QED tests, nuclear structure and fundamental constants
Yu., Goenner H.F., On the generalization of the fundamental field equations for locally anisotropic space-time, in Proceedings of XXIV International Workshop “Fundamental Problems of High Energy Physics and Field Theory” (June 27–29, 2001, Protvino, Russia), Editor V.A.
Subgroups of the Group of Generalized Lorentz Transformations and Their Geometric Invariants
But on almost every frontier in quantum gravity one finds the idea that continuum geometry is not fundamental, but will be replaced by something more fundamental.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Instead of looking at an effective theory as a restriction of a more fundamental one, we may look at the fundamental theory as a generalization of the effective one.
Generalizing Quantum Mechanics for Quantum Spacetime
Here the HΛ(J ) are appropriately normalized so that the exponential of a fundamental Weyl alcove is a fundamental domain of the AdG -action on G.
Finite level geometry of fractional branes
Since eΓ is an orientation preserving index 2 subgroup in Γ∗ and T is a fundamental polyhedron for Γ∗ , a fundamental polyhedron eT for eΓ consists of two copies of T .
Two-generator Kleinian orbifolds
As Fock and Rosly’s Poisson structure is defined on the extended phase space H n+2g where the constraint (62) from the defining relation of the fundamental group π1 (Sg ,n ) is not imposed, such functions are obtained from elements of the fundamental group π1 (Sg ,n\D ) of the associated surface with a disc removed.
Dual generators of the fundamental group and the moduli space of flat connections
The phase transition in the behavior of RWRS as d increases from 4 to 5 is due to a fundamental difference between the behavior of simple random walk in 4 and 5 dimensions, a difference that is less well known than the fundamental recurrence/transience dichotomy between 2 and 3 dimensions.
Random walk in random scenery: A survey of some recent results
We have focused our attention on three fundamental quantities central to BBN, namely Q, τn and BD , the variation of which was related to the one of the fundamental constants.
Coupled Variations of Fundamental Couplings and Primordial Nucleosynthesis
Let also {oi} be the set of fundamental weights, and { ˇoi} be the set of fundamental coweights.
Finite dimensional representations of DAHA and affine Springers fibers : the spherical case