fume

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v fume be wet with sweat or blood, as of one's face
    • v fume be mad, angry, or furious
    • v fume treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
    • v fume emit a cloud of fine particles "The chimney was fuming"
    • n fume a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In New Hampshire it is illegal to inhale bus fumes with the intent of inducing euphoria.
    • Fume Anything vaporlike, unsubstantial, or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination. "A show of fumes and fancies."
    • Fume Exhalation; volatile matter (esp. noxious vapor or smoke) ascending in a dense body; smoke; vapor; reek; as, the fumes of tobacco. "The fumes of new shorn hay.""The fumes of undigested wine."
    • Fume Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control; as, the fumes of passion.
    • Fume (Metal) Solid material deposited by condensation of fumes; as, lead fumea grayish powder chiefly lead sulphate.
    • Fume The incense of praise; inordinate flattery. "To smother him with fumes and eulogies."
    • Fume To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied. "Keep his brain fuming ."
    • Fume To be in a rage; to be hot with anger. "He frets, he fumes , he stares, he stamps the ground.""While her mother did fret, and her father did fume ."
    • Fume To expose to the action of fumes; to treat with vapors, smoke, etc.; as, to bleach straw by fuming it with sulphur; to fill with fumes, vapors, odors, etc., as a room. "She fumed the temple with an odorous flame."
    • Fume To pass off in fumes or vapors. "Their parts are kept from fuming away by their fixity."
    • Fume To praise inordinately; to flatter. "They demi-deify and fume him so."
    • Fume To smoke; to throw off fumes, as in combustion or chemical action; to rise up, as vapor. "Where the golden altar fumed .""Silenus lay,
      Whose constant cups lay fuming to his brain."
    • Fume To throw off in vapor, or as in the form of vapor. "The heat will fume away most of the scent.""How vicious hearts fume frenzy to the brain!"
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: More than 100 years ago, the felt hat makers of England used mercury to stabilize wool. Most of them eventually became poisoned by the fumes, as demonstrated by the Mad Hatter in Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland. Breathing mercury's fumes over a long period of time will cause erethism, a disorder characterized by nervousness, irritability, and strange personality changes.
    • n fume Smoke.
    • n fume Incense.
    • n fume Any smoky or invisible vaporous exhalation, especially if possessing narcotic, stifling, or other marked properties; volatile matter arising from anything; an exhalation: generally in the plural: as, the fumes of tobacco; the fumes of burning sulphur; the fumes of wine.
    • n fume Any mental agitation regarded as clouding or affecting the understanding; excitement; especially, an irritable or angry mood; passion: generally in the singular.
    • n fume Anything comparable to fume or vapor, from being unsubstantial or fleeting, as an idle conceit, a vain imagination, and the like.
    • n fume The incense of praise; hence, inordinate flattery.
    • n fume One apt to get into a fume; a passionate person.
    • fume To smoke; throw off smoke in combustion.
    • fume To emit any smoky or invisible vaporous exhalation; throw off narcotic, stifling, pungent, fragrant, or otherwise noticeable volatile matter.
    • fume To be confused by emotion, excitement, or excess, as if by stupefying or poisonous fumes.
    • fume To pass off in vapor.
    • fume To be angered or irritated; be in a passion.
    • fume To fret, chafe, storm.
    • fume To smoke; dry in smoke; fumigate.
    • fume To treat with fumes, as of a chemical substance.
    • fume To perfume.
    • fume To disperse or drive away in vapors; send up as vapor.
    • fume To offer incense to; hence, to flatter excessively.
    • fume Smoked: as, verve fume (‘smoked glass’).
    • fume Smoky; having a smoky tint: as, quartz fumé.
    • fume That has been subjected to the process of fuming, as oak, in order to obtain an antique appearance.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fume fūm smoke or vapour: any volatile matter: heat of mind, rage, a passionate person: anything unsubstantial, vain conceit
    • v.i Fume to smoke: to throw off vapour: to be in a rage: to offer incense to
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Idioms

Running on fumes - If someone has used all their energy on something, but must continue, they are running on fumes. It is an expression used when driving a car when the needle is on empty but still running. We say it is 'running on fumes'.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fumus,; akin to Skr. dhūma, smoke, dhū, to shake, fan a flame, cf. Gr. qy`ein to sacrifice, storm, rage, qy`mon qy`mos, thyme, and perh. to E. dust: cf. OF. fum, smoke, F. fumée,. Cf. Dust (n.) Femerell Thyme

Usage

In literature:

The heavy fumes of Adresol were creeping through the woods about him.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
Allow the fumes to act on the wood for at least 15 hours.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
As the rocket-fume mist dissolved, the detonations were explained.
"Talents, Incorporated" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
He was fuming at the great window overlooking the street, and now burst impetuously into speech.
"A Tame Surrender, A Story of The Chicago Strike" by Charles King
The clock can be finished with a dark stain and waxed, or, as it is small, it can be easily fumed.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
It was the rocket-fumes and explosive gases spreading with incredible speed.
"The Aliens" by Murray Leinster
As he fumed, he swore.
"The Ambulance Made Two Trips" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
The Japanese are very skilful in keeping up fire in them without the least trace of fumes being perceptible in the room.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
He fumed in silence all the way to the hotel, through the lobby, up in the elevator and to the door of his room.
"Out Like a Light" by Gordon Randall Garrett
In 1639 Venner published a volume entitled "A Treatise" concerning the taking of the fume of tobacco.
"Tobacco; Its History, Varieties, Culture, Manufacture and Commerce" by E. R. Billings
The laboratory was next filled with the fumes of gunpowder.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
Is it caused by the fumes after the explosion?
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Fifth Annual Meeting" by Various
Such a heap is a good thing to keep away from, for the fumes of sulphur are very disagreeable.
"Diggers in the Earth" by Eva March Tappan
It is the Pit of Fumes!
"The Shadow Witch" by Gertrude Crownfield
Garth inwardly fumed, and there was a heavy weight of anxiety, too, for Natalie.
"Two on the Trail" by Hulbert Footner
Mike Murphy fumed, but held his peace.
"The Launch Boys' Adventures in Northern Waters" by Edward S. Ellis
She could feel his proximity, and the alcoholic fumes of his breath rose to her nostrils.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
Also, let the child breathe the fumes of the liniment.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
Know what to do in case of panic, understand the fireman's lift and drag, and how to work in fumes.
"Boy Scouts Handbook" by Boy Scouts of America
Papa sat fuming all evening.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
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In poetry:

High waved before, in crimson pride, The banner of the Cross;
The silver rood was then descried,
While deacon youths, from side to side,
The fuming censer toss.
"The Harp Of Hoel" by William Lisle Bowles
The worlds are breaking in my head
The fuming future sleeps no more
For their seeds are beginning to grow
To creep and to cry midst the
Rocks of the deserts to come
"Yves Tanguy" by David Gascoyne
In less than a minute the fumes caught her brain,
Hot and heavily felt her head;
Her eyes clos'd themselves, fire glow'd in each vein;
And stagg'ring, she reel'd on the bed.
"Edmund And Anna" by Charlotte Dacre
And no mad tyrant, with almighty ban,
Who in strong madness dreams himself divine,
But hears through fumes of flattery and of wine
The thunder of this blessing name him man.
"Alone" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
Thou, night and day, in trouble and in pain
Shalt fret and fume, and like a Miser moil —
Yet all thy labour shall be quite in vain,
And thou nought better, after all thy toil.
"Advice To Pray Earnestly, And On All Occasions, Supposed To Be Address'd To His Own Son" by Rees Prichard
If thou shalt let this venome lurk,
And in suggestions fume and work,
My soul will turn to bubbles straight,
And thence by kinde
Vanish into a winde,
Making thy workmanship deceit.
"Nature" by George Herbert

In news:

Long Islanders fume over utility's response to 'Frankenstorm' Sandy.
Long Islanders Fume Over Utility's Response.
Small businesses fume , now seeing 'Obamacare' as unavoidable.
Long Islanders fume over utility's Sandy response.
Long Islanders Fume Over Utility's Storm Response.
Fume Hood Protocols Are Critical for Student Safety.
The importance of chemical fume hoods cannot be understated, nor can the importance of safety protocols when dealing with these devices.
The industry says that the system is safe, but there also have been reports--and even lawsuits—filed by cabin crew and pilots who claim to have suffered serious health problems from toxic fumes .
Kansas lawmakers fume over state official's refusal to answer questions about waiting lists.
"They've had seven years to plan for this," he fumes , "and they've messed it up completely.".
Lincoln Electric offers a variety of robotic welding equipment, fume control technology and welding education innovations.
Robotic Welding Equipment with Central Fume Control.
Dust & Fume Collection 32-page catalog.
Tools/Machines New Products Dust & Fume Collection 32-page catalog.
CMAXX Dust and Fume Cartridge Collector.
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In science:

This means that decomposing of the waste has to be performed in appropriately equipped recycling facilities where the individual component materials of the waste can be separated from each other in a safe manner such that workers are never exposed to toxic fumes or liquids.
Modern consumerism and the waste problem
How far can the thermal limit be? This question was also addressed by Fuming Liu in a micro-canonical analysis of pp data and was shown that for pions the thermal model works well (not for heavy hyperons, however).
Strange Quark Matter Theory
All operating shafts have fresh, incoming air (fumes will not follow workers attempting to exit the mine).
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
Chlorine appears in high concentrations as yellow-green fumes.
Behaviour and Perception-based Pedestrian Evacuation Simulation
The present study aims to develop proposed injury thresho lds based on peak effective pressure and positive pulse 1 Toxic fume inhalation associated with blast exposure is an example of a non-mechanical TBI mechanism (Born, 2005).
Working toward exposure thresholds for blast-induced traumatic brain injury: thoracic and acceleration mechanisms
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