frost

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v frost damage by frost "The icy precipitation frosted the flowers and they turned brown"
    • v frost cover with frost "ice crystals frosted the glass"
    • v frost provide with a rough or speckled surface or appearance "frost the glass","she frosts her hair"
    • v frost decorate with frosting "frost a cake"
    • n Frost United States poet famous for his lyrical poems on country life in New England (1874-1963)
    • n frost weather cold enough to cause freezing
    • n frost the formation of frost or ice on a surface
    • n frost ice crystals forming a white deposit (especially on objects outside)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Frosted Flakes mascot "Tony the Tiger" has a wife, son (Tony Jr.) and daughter (Antoinette) that were used in early advertising commercials
    • Frost Coldness or insensibility; severity or rigidity of character. "It was of those moments of intense feeling when the frost of the Scottish people melts like a snow wreath."
    • Frost Frozen dew; -- called also hoarfrost or white frost. "He scattereth the hoar frost like ashes."
    • Frost The act of freezing; -- applied chiefly to the congelation of water; congelation of fluids.
    • Frost The state or temperature of the air which occasions congelation, or the freezing of water; severe cold or freezing weather. "The third bay comes a frost , a killing frost ."
    • Frost To cover with hoarfrost; to produce a surface resembling frost upon, as upon cake, metals, or glass; as, glass may be frosted by exposure to hydrofluoric acid. "While with a hoary light she frosts the ground."
    • Frost To injure by frost; to freeze, as plants.
    • Frost To roughen or sharpen, as the nail heads or calks of horseshoes, so as to fit them for frosty weather.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Some frogs like the wood frog and some turtles can stop their heart and frost their tissues during winter and defrost after that
    • n frost The act of freezing; congelation of fluids; formation of ice.
    • n frost That state or temperature of the air which occasions freezing or the congelation of water; severe cold or freezing weather.
    • n frost A covering of minute ice-needles formed from the atmosphere at night upon the ground and on exposed objects when they have cooled by radiation below the dew-point and the dew-point is below the freezing-point. Also called hoar frost, white frost, and rime.
    • n frost The state or condition of being frozen: said of the surface of the ground: as, the frost extends to a depth of ten inches.
    • n frost Figuratively, coldness or severity of manner or feeling.
    • frost To injure by frost.
    • frost To cover with hoar frost; hence, to cover with something resembling hoar frost, as cake with a crust of white sugar; give the appearance or color of hoar frost to; lay on like hoar frost.
    • frost To sharpen the front and hind parts of (a horse's shoes): also applied elliptically to the horse itself. It is done to enable the horse to travel on ice or frozen roads.
    • frost To freeze; hence, to become like frost through alteration of structure, as glass.
    • n frost A spiked sole put on shoes to enable one to walk on ice without slipping.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: 69% eat the cake before the frosting.
    • n Frost frost the state of the atmosphere in which water freezes: state of being frozen: frozen dew, also called hoar-frost:
    • v.t Frost to cover with hoar-frost or with anything resembling hoar-frost: to sharpen (the points of a horse's shoe) that it may not slip on ice
    • v.t Frost to affect with frost
    • v.t Frost to put in such nails
    • n Frost frost (slang) a disappointment, a cheat
    • ***

Quotations

  • Theodore Parker
    Theodore%20Parker
    “Wealth and want equally harden the human heart, like frost and fire both are alien to human flesh.”
  • Gloria Steinem
    Gloria%20Steinem
    “America is an enormous frosted cupcake in the middle of millions of starving people.”

Idioms

Jack Frost - If everything has frozen in winter, then Jack Frost has visited.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. frost, forst, AS. forst, frost,. fr. freósan, to freeze; akin to D. varst, G., OHG., Icel., Dan., & Sw. frost,. √18. See Freeze (v. i.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. frost, forstfréosan; cf. Ger. frost.

Usage

In literature:

In autumn the first sharp frosts appear to be particularly efficacious in starting the plants to heading.
"The Cauliflower" by A. A. Crozier
Sometimes the staminate blooms are destroyed by frost while the pistillate ones escape.
"The Pecan and its Culture" by H. Harold Hume
A very slight frost will destroy the Peanut.
"The Peanut Plant" by B. W. Jones
Still keener grew the winter frosts, and the misery of the four white swans was greater than ever before.
"Boys and Girls Bookshelf (Vol 2 of 17)" by Various
In spite of whirling snow, and gale, and frost, they had grown slowly to an impressive stateliness.
"The Greater Power" by Harold Bindloss
Little or nothing can be done to protect grapes from frost.
"Manual of American Grape-Growing" by U. P. Hedrick
So cold it forms frost inches thick on pipes and tanks.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Beautiful, still weather; 13 degrees of frost last night.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
It was as if the frosted windows had gradually cleared and let in the light of the stars.
"The Peace of Roaring River" by George van Schaick
They passed out, closing the front door after them, and side by side paced the frost-white pavement to and fro.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
I'm goin' to take you over to Bill Frost's and turn you over to the law.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
And as they never cease to bite till killed by the frost, the pest here is perennial.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
She shrank slightly, and shuddered as if at a touch of frost.
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
Do not cook frosting.
"Stevenson Memorial Cook Book" by Various
In low-lying open meadows the frost has spoken.
"Old Plymouth Trails" by Winthrop Packard
Frost is another foe.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
It did not begin with snow, but with dry, cold weather and heavy frosts.
"The Conscript" by Émile Erckmann
Indeed, it is more than water that runs then: it is frost subdued; it is spring triumphant.
"A Year in the Fields" by John Burroughs
He reached swiftly and wiped his hand over the frosted pane.
"Whispering Wires" by Henry Leverage
Disentangling dog-traces in this temperature with one's bare, frost-bitten, almost skinless hands is desperate work.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
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In poetry:

All day the darkness and the cold
Upon my heart have lain,
Like shadows on the winter sky,
Like frost upon the pane;
"On Receiving An Eagle's Quill From Lake Superior" by John Greenleaf Whittier
One talks of mildew and of frost,
And one of storms and hail,
And one of pigs that he has lost
By maggots at the tail.
"The Yearly Distress; Or, Tithing-Time At Stock In Essex" by William Cowper
Once more, frost will trace its patterns,
I'll be haunted once again
By my last year's melancholy,
By that other wintertime.
"There'll be no one in the house..." by Boris Pasternak
Or all the moonbeams that were lost
On summer nights the world forgets
May here be prisoned by the frost
With souls of violets.
"The Shepherd Wind" by Virna Sheard
And now, with autumn’s moonlit eves,
Its harvest-time has come,
We pluck away the frosted leaves,
And bear the treasure home.
"The Corn Song" by John Greenleaf Whittier
And now, with autumn’s moonlit eves,
Its harvest - time has come,
We pluck away the frosted leaves,
And bear the treasure home.
"Heap High the Golden Corn" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

Stacy Keach , who stars as the former president in the national tour of "Frost/Nixon," has been hospitalized after having experienced a mild stroke.
Margarita cupcakes with key lime buttercream frosting.
Tammie Nestor of Hagerstown submitted a recipe for margarita cupcakes with key lime buttercream frosting for The Herald-Mail's second annual Cupcake Contest in April.
This genre-bending bio-novel views Frost's life through the lens of his last year and his 1962 trip to Russia.
We Still Have Nixon to Kick Around —and Frost.
Ag officials say frost and hail hurt the crop earlier in the year.
In this photo released by Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks, Garrett Frost from Kalispel, Mt holds a largemouth bass he caught in Rose Creek Slough on July 16, 2011.
Late-blooming Frost wins Hagan.
Watch How to Frost a Layer Cake in the Better Homes and Gardens Video.
Lespedeza , a drought-tolerant annual legume, will soon be evaluated as an alternative forage for frost seeding in Ohio.
Elijah Allen " Lige " Frost, 85, died Sunday, March 29, 2009, at St Andrew's Place in Conway, Ark.
He was born Aug 5, 1923, in Cassville, to Mary and Owen Frost.
In addition to his parents, his wife of 65 years, Marguerite Hurt Frost, preceded him in death.
The Ball Jar Pendant is available with or without a base in clear or frosted glass.
Ahhhh mornings have the cold snap of fall, frost is on the ground, the leaves are beautiful in yellow, orange and red and I am thankful.
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In science:

Schroeder T, John B, Frost R (2002) Geologic implications of seawater circulation through peridotite exposed at slow-spreading mid-ocean ridges.
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
Frost, R. A. 2006. “Realization of natural language interfaces using lazy functional programming” ACM Comput.
On challenges and opportunities of designing integrated IT platforms for supporting knowledge works in organizations
Kosakovsky P, Posada D, Stawiski E, Chappey C, Poon A, Hughes G, Fearnhill E, Gravenor M, Leigh B, Frost S: An evolutionary model-based algorithm for accurate phylogenetic breakpoint mapping and subtype prediction in HIV-1.
pplacer: linear time maximum-likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic placement of sequences onto a fixed reference tree
The error is rectified in Saunders et al. (2009). 2 Exchange of letters between RE Peary & EB Frost, held at Yerkes Observatory, Wisconsin, USA and reproduced in the newsletter of the Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica (CARA), Yerkes Observatory (#5, January 1994).
Astronomy in Antarctica
Frost replied largely in the negative, and the subject was not pursued further.
Astronomy in Antarctica
Some debate exists about how to apply the Schwarzschild criterion (eg see Mowlavi (1999b)) and the details of the numerical implementation (Frost & Lattanzio, 1996).
AGB Stars: Summary and Warning
Div.), 57 Peary, R. E. & Frost, E. B. 1912, private communication with J. W.
The History of Astrophysics in Antarctica
Furthermore, this is the only field for which a 5+year baseline of mid-IR periodic observations exists(see Frost et al. 2009, for more inforrmation on the time-series data).
The IRAC Dark Field; Far- Infrared to X-ray Data
The inside of the telescope tube was filled by pure nitrogen to avoid ice and frost formation on the internal optical surfaces.
Testing and Data Reduction of the Chinese Small Telescope Array (CSTAR) for Dome A, Antarctica
That is, if one “zooms in” on a QCD jet, one will find a repeated self-similar pattern of jets within jets within jets, reminiscent of fractals such as the famous Mandelbrot set in mathematics, or the formation of frost crystals in physics.
QCD for Collider Physics
Mandelbrot set in mathematics, or the formation of frost crystals in physics.
Introduction to QCD
Both require water-free atmospheric chambers to prevent frost, which restricts access to the focal plane.
Classical Spectroscopy
Some results from these models have been published (eg Frost et al 1998, Lattanzio & Forestini 1998) but this paper presents the first of a series examining the detailed results.
Nucleosynthesis in intermediate mass AGB stars
Our present approach is to use the detailed stellar models of Frost (1997) as the basis of synthetic models, using the synthetic code of Forestini & Charbonnel (1997).
Nucleosynthesis in intermediate mass AGB stars
Io’s atmosphere arises from sublimation of surface SO2 frost, sputtering of the surface by Jovian magnetospheric particles, and volcanic activity, with the latter perhaps being the dominant contributor.
Discovery of Soft X-Ray Emission from Io, Europa and the Io Plasma Torus
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