fret

Definitions

  • 32. Fretted clavichord: Detail of fretting
    32. Fretted clavichord: Detail of fretting
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v fret wear away or erode
    • v fret remove soil or rock "Rain eroded the terraces"
    • v fret cause friction "my sweater scratches"
    • v fret be too tight; rub or press "This neckband is choking the cat"
    • v fret decorate with an interlaced design
    • v fret carve a pattern into
    • v fret be agitated or irritated "don't fret over these small details"
    • v fret gnaw into; make resentful or angry "The injustice rankled her","his resentment festered"
    • v fret cause annoyance in
    • v fret worry unnecessarily or excessively "don't fuss too much over the grandchildren--they are quite big now"
    • v fret become or make sore by or as if by rubbing
    • v fret provide (a musical instrument) with frets "fret a guitar"
    • n fret a small bar of metal across the fingerboard of a musical instrument; when the string is stopped by a finger at the metal bar it will produce a note of the desired pitch
    • n fret an ornamental pattern consisting of repeated vertical and horizontal lines (often in relief) "there was a simple fret at the top of the walls"
    • n fret a spot that has been worn away by abrasion or erosion
    • n fret agitation resulting from active worry "don't get in a stew","he's in a sweat about exams"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Fretted clavichord: 33. Full view Fretted clavichord: 33. Full view
Fretted clavichord: 43. Plan view Fretted clavichord: 43. Plan view

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Fret (Her) A saltire interlaced with a mascle.
    • Fret (Mus) A short piece of wire, or other material fixed across the finger board of a guitar or a similar instrument, to indicate where the finger is to be placed.
    • Fret Agitation of mind marked by complaint and impatience; disturbance of temper; irritation; as, he keeps his mind in a continual fret . "Yet then did Dennis rave in furious fret ."
    • Fret (Arch) An ornament consisting of small fillets or slats intersecting each other or bent at right angles, as in classical designs, or at oblique angles, as often in Oriental art. "His lady's cabinet is a adorned on the fret , ceiling, and chimney-piece with . . . carving."
    • Fret Herpes; tetter.
    • Fret Ornamental work in relief, as carving or embossing. See Fretwork.
    • n Fret frĕt See 1st Frith.
    • Fret The agitation of the surface of a fluid by fermentation or other cause; a rippling on the surface of water.
    • Fret The reticulated headdress or net, made of gold or silver wire, in which ladies in the Middle Ages confined their hair. "A fret of gold she had next her hair."
    • Fret (Mining) The worn sides of river banks, where ores, or stones containing them, accumulate by being washed down from the hills, and thus indicate to the miners the locality of the veins.
    • Fret To be agitated; to be in violent commotion; to rankle; as, rancor frets in the malignant breast.
    • Fret To be vexed; to be chafed or irritated; to be angry; to utter peevish expressions. "He frets , he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground."
    • Fret To be worn away; to chafe; to fray; as, a wristband frets on the edges.
    • Fret To devour. "The sow frete the child right in the cradle."
    • Fret To eat in; to make way by corrosion. "Many wheals arose, and fretted one into another with great excoriation."
    • v. t Fret To furnish with frets, as an instrument of music.
    • Fret To impair; to wear away; to diminish. "By starts
      His fretted fortunes give him hope and fear."
    • Fret To make rough, agitate, or disturb; to cause to ripple; as, to fret the surface of water.
    • v. t Fret To ornament with raised work; to variegate; to diversify. "Whose skirt with gold was fretted all about.""Yon gray lines,
      That fret the clouds, are messengers of day."
    • Fret To rub; to wear away by friction; to chafe; to gall; hence, to eat away; to gnaw; as, to fret cloth; to fret a piece of gold or other metal; a worm frets the plants of a ship. "With many a curve my banks I fret ."
    • Fret To tease; to irritate; to vex. "Fret not thyself because of evil doers."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • fret To eat up; devour.
    • fret To eat into; gnaw; corrode.
    • fret To wear away; fray; rub; chafe: as, to fret cloth by friction; to fret the skin.
    • fret To make rough; cause to ripple; disturb; agitate: as, to fret the surface of water.
    • fret To chafe painfully or vexatiously; irritate; worry; gall.
    • fret To be worn away, as by friction; become frayed or chafed; be wearing out or wasting.
    • fret To make way by attrition or corrosion.
    • fret To be worried; give way to chafed or irritated feelings; speak peevishly and complainingly.
    • fret To be in commotion or agitation, as water; boil, bubble, or work as in fermentation; hence, to work as angry feelings; rankle.
    • n fret A wearing away, abrasion, or corrosion.
    • n fret A place worn or abraded, as by friction.
    • n fret In med.: Chafing, as in the folds of the skin of fat children.
    • n fret Herpes; tetter.
    • n fret In mining, the worn side of a river-bank, where ores, or stones containing them, accumulate by being washed down the hills, and thus indicate to the miner the locality of the veins.
    • n fret A state of chafing or irritation, as of the mind, temper, etc.; vexation; anger: as, he keeps himself in a continual fret.
    • n fret The agitation of the surface of a fluid, as when fermenting or boiling; a rippling on the surface, as of water; a state of ebullition or effervescence, as of wine.
    • n fret A flurry.
    • n fret A glass composition, composed of silica, lime, soda, borax, and lead, used as a glaze by potters.
    • fret To adorn; ornament; set off.
    • n fret A caul of silver or gold wire, sometimes ornamented with precious stones, worn by ladies in the middle ages.
    • n fret A piece of interlaced or perforated ornamental work.
    • n fret A kind of ornament much employed in Grecian art and in sundry modifications common in various other styles. It is formed of bands or fillets variously combined, frequently consisting of continuous lines arranged in rectangular forms. Sometimes called key ornament.
    • n fret In heraldry, a charge consisting of two bendlets placed in saltier and interlaced with a mascle. Also called true-lover's knot and Harrington knot.
    • fret To ornament with or as if with frets.
    • fret To make a fret of.
    • fret To fasten; bind.
    • fret To strengthen; fill.
    • n fret In musical instruments of the lute and viol class, a small ridge of wood, ivory, metal, or other material, set across the finger-board, and serving as a fixed point for stopping or shortening the strings in playing, the fingers being applied just above it so as to press the string against it. Frets were originally used on all varieties of the lute and the viol; but they are now employed only in the guitar and zither and sometimes in the banjo.
    • fret To provide with frets.
    • fret Punningly, in Shakspere, to worry as if by acting upon the frets of.
    • n fret A frith.
    • fret Same as freight.
    • fret To form by fretting or corrosion.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Fret fret to wear away by rubbing, to rub, chafe, ripple, disturb: to eat into: to vex, to irritate
    • v.i Fret to wear away: to vex one's self: to be peevish:—pr.p. fret′ting; pa.p. fret′ted, (B.) fret
    • n Fret agitation of the surface of a liquid: irritation: the worn side of the banks of a river
    • n Fret peevishness
    • v.t Fret fret to ornament with raised work: to variegate
    • pr.p Fret fret′ting; pa.p. fret′ted
    • n Fret fret a piece of interlaced ornamental work: :
    • n Fret fret a short wire on the finger-board of a guitar or other instrument
    • v.t Fret to furnish with frets
    • n Fret fret (archit.) an ornament consisting of small fillets intersecting each other at right angles
    • n Fret fret (her.) bars crossed and interlaced
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Keats
    John%20Keats
    “O fret not after knowledge -- I have none, and yet my song comes native with the warmth. O fret not after knowledge -- I have none, and yet the Evening listens.”
  • Saying
    Saying
    “Loans and debts make worry and frets.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “A walking shadow, a poor player, that struts and frets his hour upon the stage, and then is heard no more.”
  • Persius
    Persius
    “We consume our tomorrows fretting about our yesterdays.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. freten, to eat, consume; AS. fretan, for foretan,; pref. for-, + etan, to eat; akin to D. vreten, OHG. frezzan, G. fressen, Sw. fräta, Goth. fra-itan,. See For, and Eat (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. frete, trellis-work.

Usage

In literature:

I nivver seed thee fretted, mysen.
"That Lass O' Lowrie's" by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Pauline had dark shadows under her eyes, and there was a fretful note in her voice.
"Girls of the Forest" by L. T. Meade
Let villains fret inside the inkpot!
"Chimney-Pot Papers" by Charles S. Brooks
But the powers that be were too used to handling perverse and fretful women.
"The Prairie Mother" by Arthur Stringer
How is poor father, does he look much older does he fret for me now?
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
This indifference fretted Lucy.
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Do not fret your tender heart about him, my darling girl!
"Her Mother's Secret" by Emma D. E. N. Southworth
Mrs. Farnshaw took it fretfully in hand.
"The Wind Before the Dawn" by Dell H. Munger
You fretted yourself to death.
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
Go help father; don't fret over me.
"From the Car Behind" by Eleanor M. Ingram
I will, truly, get up, and not fret a bit, if you'll only help me look.
"Aunt Jo's Scrap-Bag VI" by Louisa M. Alcott
As the weeks went heavily on, Constans, in spite of his philosophy, began to fret and chafe.
"The Doomsman" by Van Tassel Sutphen
And I don't think you need fret about it.
"Somehow Good" by William de Morgan
Oh, I dare say I shall have heaps of time to fret by and by, but I ain't agoin' to fret now; not I.
"Good Luck" by L. T. Meade
When she was a tiny, weeny thing she was always crying and fretful.
"Our Bessie" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
His niece, Beatrice, had died suddenly, and her boy was fretting sadly for his mother.
"Wee Wifie" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
The people fret, and so will the Congress.
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
And fretting with resentment, he went to shake the rug.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
And now something's fretting you.
"The Plow-Woman" by Eleanor Gates
Don't you fret about things you don't know nothin' about.
"Stories of the Foot-hills" by Margaret Collier Graham
***

In poetry:

Was I that child
Fretful, sick, wild?
Was that you moving soft and soft
Between the rooms if I but played at sleep?
"The Chair" by John Freeman
And splashed into a rain of spray,
And fretted on with daylight’s loss,
Because so many bluebells lay
Leaning across.
"The Letter L" by Jean Ingelow
Why should I fret unwilling ears
With old things sung anew,
While voices from the old dead years
Still go on singing too?
"All Sung" by Richard Le Gallienne
Too often have I sat alone
When the wet night falls heavily,
And fretting winds around me moan,
And homeless longing vexes me
"In Praise Of Solid People" by C S Lewis
Wind met wind in a garden green,
They began to push and fret:
A tearing whirlwind arose between:
There love lies bleeding yet.
"Lessons For A Child" by George MacDonald
Pardon! I will not mistake
These good thorns that make me fret!
Goads to urge me, stings to wake,
For my freedom they are set.
"Song of A Poor Pilgrim" by George MacDonald

In news:

Starbucks (NEW YORK) — Don't fret pumpkin spice latte fans, there is now plenty of your favorite fall java jolt to go around, Starbucks claims.
They're plenty delicious as is, straight out of the oven, so don't fret if you don't have time to make the sauce.
Watching Ana Popovic slide her fingers across the frets of a guitar and slink across a stage is becoming a regular part of the rhythms and blues that define living in Columbia.
No matter our ethnic makeup, we all fuss with it, fret over it, celebrate the good days, and mourn the put-a-cap-on-it bad days.
Imbalance of Supply To Demand Causes Greenspan to Fret.
Instead of fretting, their activist admirers are excited about a record number of gays vying to win seats in the next Congress - and to make history in the process.
Polamalu doesn't fret Madden box cover jinx .
Don't fret – we have you covered.
The Street continues to shows signs of the jitters over Apple shares, twiddling with their numbers for both this quarter and next, and fretting about demand, component supplies and competition.
Maestro Muti frets about culture 'crisis' because of strained government budgets.
AP Interview: Maestro Muti frets about culture 'crisis' because of strained government budgets.
BOSTON (AP) — When Boston College linebacker Steele Devitto looks at the Eagles' 1-4 record, he doesn't fret about their disappointing start.
When Boston College linebacker Steele Devitto looks at the Eagles' 1-4 record, he doesn't fret about their disappointing start.
I am fretting over the new mammogram guidelines.
Auto industry frets about more fuel mileage fiascos like Hyundai's.
***

In science:

Many years ago, Haas et al.4 also reported surprisingly small diffusion coefficients using similar polymer models (see also Ref. 5), but here the quenching mechanism of the terminal monomers of the peptides is through the longer range fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET).
Non-Gaussian dynamics from a simulation of a short peptide: Loop closure rates and effective diffusion coefficients
In Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) an excited donor can transfer its energy directly (nonradiatively) to an acceptor via dipole-dipole interaction.
Measurement of the separation dependence of resonant energy transfer between CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystallite quantum dots
Due to its strong separation dependence, FRET has been used as a molecular ruler to determine inter- and intra-molecular distances.11 Since FRET represents a transfer of energy, it can be detected by measuring the quenching of donor emission or the enhancement of acceptor emission.
Measurement of the separation dependence of resonant energy transfer between CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystallite quantum dots
To further enhance the argument that the change of PL signal in small NQDs is due to FRET, nonresonant small and large NQDs were brought close together.
Measurement of the separation dependence of resonant energy transfer between CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystallite quantum dots
For the case of a non-rotating BH, the profile of returning radiation is roughly a power law with the same exponent as the emission at r ≫ rISCO , i.e., Fret ∝ r−3 .
Slim accretion disks around black holes
As an acoustic instrument, it consists of a body with a long, rigid, fretted neck and a flat soundboard with incurved sides and a flat back to which the strings, normally six in number, are attached (see figure 2.2).
Music in Terms of Science
The frets are the raised metal strips embedded along the finger board and placed at points that divide the length of string mathematically, such that the string’s vibrating length becomes that from the fret and saddle when the string is pressed down behind a fret.
Music in Terms of Science
The twelfth fret is placed at the exact half of the scale length, dividing the string in two exact halves.
Music in Terms of Science
Thus, when pressed at the twelfth fret a string will produce a note one octave higher from that of the open string (without being pressed anywhere between the nut and saddle so its vibrating length equals the scale length).
Music in Terms of Science
A properly constructed guitar should guarantee that each of the six strings to vibrate as a stretched string with two fixed ends, one at the saddle and the other at the fret where the string is pressed (usually by a left-hand finger), for every fret.
Music in Terms of Science
Frets placed at fixed points allow the player to easily and consistently control the string’s vibrating length, without the need of fine adjustment of the exact point (between two frets) on fingerboard where the finger is pressing the string.
Music in Terms of Science
A common way to tune a guitar is to compare the frequencies of various combinations of pairs of the guitar strings that are supposed to produce the same tone when pressed at appropriate frets.
Music in Terms of Science
Thus, the B3 string pressed at the 5th fret should produce the E4 tone the same as that of the open high E string.
Music in Terms of Science
Because of its fretted fingerboard, the same musical note can be played on different strings at different fret positions on a guitar, unlike the keyboard instrument where a note can only be played on one unique key.
Music in Terms of Science
This offers a guitar player the choice of playing a note at different fret on a different string for achieving different tone color.
Music in Terms of Science
***