fraud

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n fraud something intended to deceive; deliberate trickery intended to gain an advantage
    • n fraud intentional deception resulting in injury to another person
    • n fraud a person who makes deceitful pretenses
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Lee De Forest, the inventor of the radio tube, was tried for fraud in 1913. He was accused of tricking the public into buying stocks in his company, the Radio Telephone Company, by making "absurd and deliberately misleading" claims about the possibility of transmitting the human voice across the Atlantic Ocean.
    • Fraud A trap or snare. "To draw the proud King Ahab into fraud ."
    • Fraud (Law) An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of obtaining some valuable thing or promise from another.
    • Fraud Deception deliberately practiced with a view to gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage; artifice by which the right or interest of another is injured; injurious stratagem; deceit; trick. "If success a lover's toil attends,
      Few ask, if fraud or force attained his ends."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n fraud An act or course of deception deliberately practised with the view of gaining a wrong or unfair advantage; deceit; trick; an artifice by which the right or interest of another is injured.
    • n fraud Specifically, in law, an artifice employed by one person for the purpose of deceiving another, to the prejudice of his right; the causing or making use of the error of another for the attainment of an illegal object. It includes the secreting or disposing of property with dishonest intent to impair the rights or remedies of its owner or of a creditor of its owner, and the unjust and unconscionable use of a technical legal advantage which equity forbids.
    • n fraud A position artfully contrived to work damage or prejudice; a snare.
    • n fraud A deceiver; a cheat; a pretender; also, a fraudulent production; something intended to deceive.
    • n fraud A person who talks piously, but is not pious at heart; a religious humbug.
    • fraud To cheat; defraud.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fraud frawd deceit: imposture: :
    • n Fraud frawd (Milt.) a snare: a deceptive trick
    • n Fraud frawd (coll.) a cheat: a fraudulent production
    • ***

Quotations

  • Otto Von Bismarck
    Otto%20Von%20Bismarck
    “With a gentleman I am always a gentleman and a half, and with a fraud I try to be a fraud and a half.”
  • Pearl Bailey
    Pearl Bailey
    “The first and worst of all frauds is to cheat one's self. All sin is easy after that.”
  • Charles Caleb Colton
    Charles%20Caleb%20Colton
    “There are some frauds so well conducted that it would be stupidity not to be deceived by them.”
  • Gaelic Proverb
    Gaelic Proverb
    “There is no greater fraud than a promise not kept.”
  • Publilius Syrus
    Publilius%20Syrus
    “It is a fraud to borrow what we are unable to pay.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “Men are not governed by justice, but by law or persuasion. When they refuse to be governed by law or persuasion, they have to be governed by force or fraud, or both.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. fraude, L. fraus, fraudis,; prob. akin to Skr. dhūrv, to injure, dhvṛ, to cause to fall, and E. dull,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. fraus, fraudis, fraud.

Usage

In literature:

Well, we must all live either by fraud or force; cunning or strength are the weapons put by nature into our hands.
"The Pirate of the Mediterranean" by W.H.G. Kingston
He has a right to his property inherited, earned, or however secured, except by fraud.
"Usury" by Calvin Elliott
It generates excessive competition, which of necessity generates fraud.
"Harvard Classics Volume 28" by Various
I feel sure that even her husband knew nothing about this mark, for I don't believe he was a party to the fraud.
"The Dash for Khartoum" by George Alfred Henty
The governess fraud was ingenious.
"Cornelius O'Dowd Upon Men And Women And Other Things In General Originally Published In Blackwood's Magazine - 1864" by Charles Lever
The married man who indulges in it is either a fraud or a rake.
"The Wedding Ring" by T. De Witt Talmage
The Northern press recorded the fraud.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
I am persuaded that a great deal of what is called 'fraud' arises from the suggestibility of the psychics.
"The Shadow World" by Hamlin Garland
If his, it had been obtained by fraud.
"Orley Farm" by Anthony Trollope
Fraud was absolutely out of the question.
"The Problems of Psychical Research" by Hereward Carrington
To warn you against acts of fraud, robbery, and violence, is not here my design.
"The Young Man's Guide" by William A. Alcott
If Lena the lovable was a pose, then the inspiration and ideals and joy of his life were frauds.
"Jewel Weed" by Alice Ames Winter
He could not respect a man who lived by fraud.
"The Telegraph Boy" by Horatio Alger, Jr.
Also he took the city of Gabii by fraud, as shall now be told.
"Stories From Livy" by Alfred Church
And if we do, we can easily prove that Link is a fraud.
"Dave Porter in the Gold Fields" by Edward Stratemeyer
If I take stock in the American Chemical Company I am a party to their methods, an heir to their frauds.
"The Root of Evil" by Thomas Dixon
Would it not then be evident that some fraud was being perpetrated?
"Cousin Henry" by Anthony Trollope
The criminal courts continually exhibited frauds, consequent on these small issues.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
Everything was done in the most legal and imposing way, but the whole thing was a fraud.
"Anna the Adventuress" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
As to the physical details of sample taking, every engineer has his own methods and safeguards against fraud and error.
"Principles of Mining" by Herbert C. Hoover
***

In poetry:

Why would'st thou seek the noisy town,
Where fraud and cunning dwell?
Alas! the heart that knows no guile,
Should choose the humble cell.
"A Ballad" by Jane Bowdler
The same old world of greed and hate,
Of selfish act and paltry aim,
Of private fraud and venal State,
Of deeds and doers steeped in shame!
"Dreamland" by John Lawson Stoddard
Ceaseless I roved the country round,
To win my bread by fraudful arts,
And long a poor subsistence found,
By spreading nets for simple hearts.
"The Hall Of Justice" by George Crabbe
Full faith the solemn Oath obtain'd,
Man's mind was aw'd by priestly rule;
Steady to Truth he still remain'd,
Unless to priestly fraud a tool.
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
Then banish ev'ry evil thought
At first, e'er it becomes a fault;
Lest Satan, full of craft and fraud,
Bad thoughts shou'd turn to deeds as bad.
"Advice, Concerning The Government Of Our Thoughts" by Rees Prichard
For peace or rest too well he saw
The fraud of priests, the wrong of law,
And felt how hard, between the two,
Their breath of pain the millions drew.
"The Chapel of the Hermits" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

Mortgage Fraud, Deflation Threat, Starkman Win.
New York businessman Paul Ceglia's arrest on suspicion of mail and wire fraud could bring to a close a contentious legal battle over the origins of Facebook.
Elliott, of Orangeville, Ontario, Canada, on Sept 18, with one count of conspiracy to commit mail fraud and three counts of mail fraud, United States Attorney Melinda Haag announced.
Federal agents have arrested two elderly doctors and six other people suspected in an alleged fraud ring that targeted Medicare and Medicaid to the tune of more than $12 million in phony reimbursement claims, the FBI announced Tuesday.
For a Fee, We'll Defraud You Excerpt from Fraud.
Defunct "recycler"in faces federal charges of environmental crimes and fraud.
Say 'Yes We Can' To Vote Fraud.
More Coupon Fraud Demonstrated on TLC's Extreme Couponing During Season Premiere.
Republican Party Overmatched By Soros Backed 'Vote Fraud Denier Industry'.
Despite recalls, a settlement over allegations of Medicare Fraud and illicit marketing of off-label drug use, a poll by research group Harris Interactive.
Robert Kolbusz of Oak Brook, who runs the Center for Dermatology & Skin Cancer Ltd in Lombard, was indicted In US District Court on Oct 3 on four counts of wire fraud and three counts of mail fraud.
Oakland Files New Fraud Charges Against "Wal-Mart of Weed" Exec Dhar Mann.
Richard ' Dickie ' Blossman Jr pleads guilty to bank fraud and false statements.
Nursing home residents are in the crosshairs of America's ongoing debate over how big is the problem of voter fraud and how best to address it.
This means that to avoid 10 cases of fraud, millions will be disenfranchised .
***

In science:

Without prior knowledge as to the magnitude of historical returns it is impossible to judge which process is real and which is a fraud.
A simple model of price formation
In particular, we focus on the “yard-sale” (winner gets a random fraction of the poorer players wealth) and the “theft-and-fraud” (winner gets a random fraction of the loser’s wealth) asset exchange models.
Stochastic Maps, Wealth Distribution in Random Asset Exchange Models and the Marginal Utility of Relative Wealth
Since the option to not agree on the transaction would leave the monopolist with a zero gain as well, even in this extreme market scenario “exploitation” is much more limited than in a world of “theft and fraud”.
Emergent Statistical Wealth Distributions in Simple Monetary Exchange Models: A Critical Review
While the ma jority of entrants in the Forbes list might fall into that category, a few are, in fact, rather suggestive of “theft and fraud” avenues to big fortunes.
Emergent Statistical Wealth Distributions in Simple Monetary Exchange Models: A Critical Review
MR2086452 Lensvelt-Mulders, G. J. L. M., van der Heijden, P. G. M., Laudy, O. and van Gils, G. (2006). A validation of a computer-assisted randomized-response survey to estimate the prevalence of fraud in social security. J.
Accounting for self-protective responses in randomized response data from a social security survey using the zero-inflated Poisson model
This “trust, but verify” approach should provide a strong degree of protection against both honest mistakes and actual academic fraud.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Data authentication is classifying data as true or fabricated and has been used in fraud detection and verification of data samples including financial data .
Properties of Quick Simulation Random Fields
In , a filtering method was applied to simplified fraud-detection problem, classifying coin flip sequences as either “faked” (i.e., generated by a person) or “real” (i.e., generated by perfect flipping of a true coin). A true coin flip sequence has the expected head counts approximating 1 2 of total flips.
Properties of Quick Simulation Random Fields
It followed that simulating fake coin flip sequences in real time became a fundamental step of solving the simplified fraud-detection problem.
Properties of Quick Simulation Random Fields
The malicious module can then erase itself after doing its damage so that there is no evidence to correct, or even detect the fraud. To illustrate, we focus the discussion on two particular malicious payloads that each exemplify the level of vulnerability faced by hosts.
Security Considerations for Remote Electronic Voting over the Internet
In the history of science, there are a number of examples of anonymous publication. Anonymity is not generally considered a conclusive indication of fraud [COC06a].
The Ballistic Pressure Wave Theory of Handgun Bullet Incapacitation
However, this approach too, suffers from a number of problems such as fraud prevention.
Learning an Interactive Segmentation System
The possibly large collection of data stored at an IdP can also be used to perpetrate identity fraud.
The Identity Crisis. Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management
The claim is made that the NBL is of “little use in fraud detection” for elections.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Benford's analysis: used to detect fraud from the pattern of digits where amounts have been invented.
Information and Data Quality in Spreadsheets
***