fragment

Definitions

  • A few kitchen utensils and accessories excavated at Jamestown: a ladle, brass pan, knife blades, fork, kettle fragments, spout, colander fragments, and pot hooks
    A few kitchen utensils and accessories excavated at Jamestown: a ladle, brass pan, knife blades, fork, kettle fragments, spout, colander fragments, and pot hooks
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v fragment break or cause to break into pieces "The plate fragmented"
    • n fragment a broken piece of a brittle artifact
    • n fragment an incomplete piece "fragments of a play"
    • n fragment a piece broken off or cut off of something else "a fragment of rock"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Reconstructed wineglasses and wineglass fragments in the Jamestown collection Reconstructed wineglasses and wineglass fragments in the Jamestown collection
Note the makers’ marks or seals on the wineglass fragments. Only a few English wineglasses bearing 17th-century makers’ seals have been found in America Note the makers’ marks or seals on the wineglass fragments. Only a few English wineglasses bearing 17th-century...
Glass wine bottles unearthed at Jamestown ranging in date from 1640 to 1690. Thousands of fragments of these bottles have been recovered Glass wine bottles unearthed at Jamestown ranging in date from 1640 to 1690. Thousands of fragments of these bottles...
A few of many tools unearthed at Jamestown which were used for timbering: felling axes, a hewing axe, adze, hatchet, wedge, and saw fragment A few of many tools unearthed at Jamestown which were used for timbering: felling axes, a hewing axe, adze, hatchet,...
Artifacts found near the site of the Jamestown glasshouse which was in operation as early as 1608: a small melting pot, part of a working hole, fragment from large melting pot, cullet (broken or refuse glass shown in lower left corner), and green glass fragments (lower center and lower right) Artifacts found near the site of the Jamestown glasshouse which was in operation as early as 1608: a small melting...
Lead and copper pipes, kettle fragments, a brass spigot, and other items found which may have been used for brewing or distilling purposes Lead and copper pipes, kettle fragments, a brass spigot, and other items found which may have been used for brewing...
Earthenware milk pan, brass ladle, funnel fragment, and other items found which relate to dairying and cheesemaking Earthenware milk pan, brass ladle, funnel fragment, and other items found which relate to dairying and cheesemaking
A few items unearthed at Jamestown which were used by doctors and apothecaries. Included are drug jars, ointment pot, bleeding bowl, mortar and pestle fragments, glass vials, and portions of surgical instruments A few items unearthed at Jamestown which were used by doctors and apothecaries. Included are drug jars, ointment pot,...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The FDA allows an average of 30 or more insect fragments and one or more rodent hairs per 100 grams of peanut butter.
    • n Fragment A part broken off; a small, detached portion; an imperfect part; as, a fragment of an ancient writing. "Gather up the fragments that remain."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Seven people have been struck by meteorite fragments.
    • n fragment A part broken off or otherwise separated from a whole; a small detached portion; hence, a part of an unfinished whole, or of an uncompleted design: as, the fragments of a broken vase, of Anacreon's poems; this building is but a fragment of the original plan.
    • n fragment A rationalistic work on the Bible, by Reimarus, a German critic of the eighteenth century. Synonyms Bit, scrap, chip, remnant.
    • fragment To break up into pieces: said of a cell-nucleus or nucleolus that breaks up amitotically into two or more pieces of unequal size.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fragment frag′ment a piece broken off: an unfinished portion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Nadine Gordimer
    Nadine%20Gordimer
    “Exile as a mode of genius no longer exists; in place of Joyce we have the fragments of work appearing in Index on Censorship.”
  • Laurence Sterne
    Laurence%20Sterne
    “I am persuaded that every time a man smiles, but much more so when he laughs, it adds something to this fragment of life.”
  • Jean Baudrillard
    Jean%20Baudrillard
    “Every woman is like a time-zone. She is a nocturnal fragment of your journey. She brings you unflaggingly closer to the next night.”
  • Henry Miller
    Henry%20Miller
    “We live in the mind, in ideas, in fragments. We no longer drink in the wild outer music of the streets -- we remember only.”
  • Elizabeth Wilson
    Elizabeth Wilson
    “Postmodernism refuses to privilege any one perspective, and recognizes only difference, never inequality, only fragments, never conflict.”
  • Derek Walcott
    Derek Walcott
    “Break a vase, and the love that reassembles the fragments is stronger than that love which took its symmetry for granted when it was whole.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fragmentum, fr. frangere to break: cf. F. fragment,. See Break (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. fragmentum, frangĕre, to break.

Usage

In literature:

The cloud of fragments possessed the same trajectory as the missile originally had.
"Pushbutton War" by Joseph P. Martino
This is what remains of the castle of Mortemer, a fragment of considerably later date than the battle.
"Sketches of Travel in Normandy and Maine" by Edward A. Freeman
Our boat was knocked to fragments, and the davits carried away.
"A Yacht Voyage Round England" by W.H.G. Kingston
And fragments of history, such as covered wagons.
"The Planet Strappers" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
They also found fragments of arrows and broken bows.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
With several of the tell-tale fragments in his pocket Alex was about to leap to the ground when Construction Superintendent Finnan appeared.
"The Young Railroaders" by Francis Lovell Coombs
Small fragments of crushed ice, collected by wind or currents, near the shore; or such that the ship can easily force through.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
In the morning the storm had ceased; but of the ship not a single fragment could be seen.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
From one came the fragments of a pottery sarcophagus of the small type.
"El Kab" by J.E. Quibell
The scale of the story in these fragments forces us to doubt this identification.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
I walked over this extraordinary mass this morning and saw the fragments of thousands of articles.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
In the lower fragment, only one figure remains.
"Luca Signorelli" by Maud Cruttwell
In the case of limbs, sudden shortening of the broken member from overlapping of the fragments is a sure sign.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
In one of these Mazois found a fragment of glass.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
It was scarcely worth finding, and struck me as an odd, dislocated fragment.
"A Little Tour in France" by Henry James
The few extant fragments of this author have been collected in Ch.
"A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1" by Georges Perrot
The purely temporary interest of such publications accounts for their survival in unique examples and even fragments.
"The Book-Collector" by William Carew Hazlitt
Antique fragments were used in the foundations.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
The air seemed filled with the shrieking shells and whizzing fragments.
"In The Ranks" by R. E. McBride
At that time he had not the author's description, and had seen only a very poor fragment received with notes in a letter.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
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In poetry:

A fragment from a wreck I lie,
tossed by a cruel tempest frothing;
alone; I dare, and I defy:
all merely signifying nothing.
"Tumble Out Of The Flood: [Bukj föl az árból]" by Attila Jozsef
Go, seek his fragments on the moor and
wash them in the evening dew,
And from their pieces make anew thy mutilated
paramour!
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
In Pyrrha's rear (so poets sang
In ages past and gone),
The world from rocky fragments sprang—
Mankind from lifeless stone.
"The Triumph Of Love" by Friedrich von Schiller
There in her place she did rejoice,
Self-gather'd in her prophet-mind,
But fragments of her mighty voice
Came rolling on the wind.
"Freedom" by Alfred Lord Tennyson
Leave me some fragment of our love,
Some remnant of our bliss,
That I may drink the joy thereof
Through days more bleak than this.
"Parting" by Charles Hanson Towne
While she upon herself revolves,
He only her whole sphere can see,
And in that prism, his mind, resolves
The fragments of her unity.
"Nature And the Book" by Alfred Austin

In news:

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) experience episodes of oxygen desaturation during their fragmented sleep and many have related nightmares.
Stonehenge rock fragments linked to outcrop in Wales.
Stamford voters overwhelmingly voted in favor of a single fire department Tuesday, a critical first step toward the unification of the city's fragmented fire services.
In fact, you'd be hard-pressed to find a more fragmented, marginalized and ineffectual group.
They seemed oblivious to the camera and spoke in quick, disconnected sentence fragments.
RICH DISCOVERIES American and Syrian investigators at the site known as Tell Zeidan have already uncovered a tantalizing sampling of Ubaid artifacts, including painted pot fragments.
This eruption did, indeed, produce a small island that might have been as high as 75 meters tall, but wave action quickly destroyed the "island" of fragmental volcanic material into a pumice raft .
The FDA is investigating whether a porcine virus found in the GlaxoSmithKline vaccine is an intact virus or DNA fragments.
But the waterjet machining industry has remained fragmented with a multitude of operators.
Three composers experience disasters in their love lives in Tommy Smith's fragmented new drama of obsession.
Shoring Up Fragments The Fortunes of Permanence: Culture and Anarchy in an Age of Amnesia, by Roger Kimball (St. Augustine's Press, 360 pp.
Apple CEO Steve Jobs answered Google CEO Eric Schmidt's claims that Apple is closed by characterizing Google's Android ecosystem as a fragmented morass of disparate parts.
Daniel Libeskind's study in urban fragmentation is not, perhaps, the vision that the public was looking for at ground zero when it rejected the six plans originally presented by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation in July.
He thinks India is in no danger of fragmenting.
The crowded emergency department (ED): It has become a symbol for our fragmented, inefficient health care system and for one presidential candidate, an acceptable alternative to expanding health insurance under Obamacare.
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In science:

Fragmentation is a process whereby cuts are equivalent of seeds being sown on the fragmenting ob jects, thus producing two new segments.
Formation of a New Class of Random Fractals in Fragmentation with Mass Loss
With an appropriate coding of the fragments, one guesses that there should be a natural way to define a genealogy tree, rooted at the initial fragment, associated to any such fragmentation.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Bertoin has shown that a fragmentation that is somehow dual to the Aldous-Pitman fragmentation can be obtained as follows.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Then the sequence FB (t) of these sizes defines as t varies a self-similar fragmentation. A moment of thought points out that the notion of genealogy defined above precisely coincides with the tree we have fragmented in this way, since a split occurs precisely at branchpoints of the tree.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
There probably exists some notion of continuum random tree extending the former which would include fragmentations with erosion or with sudden loss of mass, but such fragmentations usually are less interesting.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Last, the integrability assumption in the theorem seems to be reasonably mild; its heuristic meaning is that when a fragmentation occurs, the largest resulting fragment is not too small.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
In our setting, for any fragmentation F satisfying the hypotheses of Theorem 1, the cumulative height profile has the following interpretation: one has ( ¯WTF (h), h ≥ 0) has the same law as (MF (h), h ≥ 0), where MF (h) = 1 − Pi≥1 Fi (h) is the total mass lost by the fragmentation at time h.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Last, we mention that most of our results extend to a more general class of fragmentations in which a fragment with mass x splits to give fragments with masses xs, s ∈ S, at rate ς (x)ν (ds) for some non-negative continuous function ς on (0, 1] (see for a rigorous definition).
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Cal l it a partition-valued self-similar fragmentation with index α ∈ R if moreover Π(t) admits asymptotic frequencies for al l t, a.s., if the process (|Π(t)|, t ≥ 0) is continuous in probability, and if the fol lowing fragmentation property is satisfied.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Bertoin has shown that any such fragmentation is also characterized by the same 3-tuple (α, c, ν ) as above, meaning that the laws of partition-valued and ranked self-similar fragmentations are in a one-to-one correspondence.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
In fact, for every (α, c, ν ), one can construct a version of the partition-valued fragmentation Π with parameters (α, c, ν ), and then (|Π(t)|, t ≥ 0) is the ranked fragmentation with parameters (α, c, ν ).
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Out of this “homogeneous” fragmentation, we construct the (α, 0, ν )-fragmentation by introducing a time-change.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
According to , the fragmentation property holds actually for G -stopping times and we shall refer to it as the strong fragmentation property.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
Applying the fragmentation property at time t, we may write τi as τi = t + |Πi (t)||α| eτi where eτi is a r.v. independent of G (t) that has same distribution as τ = inf {t ≥ 0 : Π(t) = O}, the first time at which the fragmentation is entirely reduced to dust.
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
In the case of TF , it was easy because, from the partition-valued fragmentation Π, it sufficed to look at the fragment containing 1 (or some prescribed integer).
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
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