fracture

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v fracture fracture a bone of "I broke my foot while playing hockey"
    • v fracture break (a bone) "She broke her clavicle"
    • v fracture become fractured "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"
    • v fracture violate or abuse "This writer really fractures the language"
    • v fracture break into pieces "The pothole fractured a bolt on the axle"
    • v fracture interrupt, break, or destroy "fracture the balance of power"
    • n fracture the act of cracking something
    • n fracture (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other "they built it right over a geological fault","he studied the faulting of the earth's crust"
    • n fracture breaking of hard tissue such as bone "it was a nasty fracture","the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Russian I.M. Chisov survived a 21,980 plunge out of a plane with no parachute. He landed on the steep side of a snow-covered mountain with only a fractured pelvis and slight concussion
    • Fracture The act of breaking or snapping asunder; rupture; breach.
    • Fracture (Surg) The breaking of a bone.
    • Fracture (Min) The texture of a freshly broken surface; as, a compact fracture; an even, hackly, or conchoidal fracture.
    • v. t Fracture To cause a fracture or fractures in; to break; to burst asunder; to crack; to separate the continuous parts of; as, to fracture a bone; to fracture the skull.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If you sneeze too hard, you can fracture a rib. If you try to suppress a sneeze, you can rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die
    • n fracture A breaking or a break; especially, a partial or total separation of parts of a continuous solid body under the action of a force; specifically, in surgery, the breaking of a bone. The fracture of a bone is simple when the bone only is divided; compound when the breaking of the bone is accompanied by a laceration of the integuments; and comminute or comminuted when the bone is broken in more than one place. Fractures are also termed transverse, longitudinal, or oblique, according to their direction in regard to the axis of the bone.
    • n fracture A broken surface, with reference to texture or configuration, or to manner of breaking; specifically, in mineralogy, the characteristic breakage of a substance, or appearance presented on a surface other than that of cleavage: as, a compact fracture; a fibrous fracture; foliated, striated, or conchoidal fracture, etc.
    • n fracture Forcible separation or disunion; quarreling.
    • fracture To break; cause a fracture in; crack: as, to fracture a bone or the skull.
    • fracture Synonyms Cleave, Split, etc. See rend, and fracture, n.
    • fracture To break; undergo fracture.
    • n fracture In phonology, same as breaking, 2.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Fracture the breaking of any hard body: the breach or part broken: the breaking of a bone
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fractura, fr. frangere, fractum, to break: cf. F. fracture,. See Fraction
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. fraccion—L. fraction-emfrangĕre, fractum, to break.

Usage

In literature:

Aruna's left arm was broken above the elbow: a simple fracture, but it hurt a good deal.
"Far to Seek" by Maud Diver
The muck-bar made from the blooms was fibrous in fracture, and showed every appearance of good iron.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 441, June 14, 1884." by Various
It is said that the leg fractured is now shorter than the other.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents" by Grover Cleveland
The injury was a pretty bad one, though the bone was not fractured.
"Five Months at Anzac" by Joseph Lievesley Beeston
Maybe it 's a fracture.
"Susan Clegg and Her Friend Mrs. Lathrop" by Anne Warner
Whilst they were there, the surgeon arrived and, after examining his head declared that the skull was fractured.
"The Station; The Party Fight And Funeral; The Lough Derg Pilgrim Traits And Stories Of The Irish Peasantry, The Works of William Carleton, Volume Three" by William Carleton
He even instructed them in improvising splints and reducing fractures.
"Troop One of the Labrador" by Dillon Wallace
A young labourer had fallen off a scaffolding, and a compound fracture of the right arm had been the result.
"Uncle Max" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
Wounds of the head (f. 84 c) occur with or without fracture of the cranium, but always require careful examination and exact diagnosis.
"Gilbertus Anglicus" by Henry Ebenezer Handerson
It has a fine grain and a dull fracture.
"Roman Mosaics" by Hugh Macmillan
How to improvise splints and to diagnose and bind fractured limb.
"Outdoor Sports and Games" by Claude H. Miller
They said it was concussion of the brain, but no fracture anywhere.
"The Bread-winners" by John Hay
A fresh fracture shows the Throne to be a most beautiful white and gold onyx.
"Cave Regions of the Ozarks and Black Hills" by Luella Agnes Owen
A patient can just as much move his leg when it is fractured as change his thoughts when no external help from variety is given him.
"Notes on Nursing" by Florence Nightingale
He sang as usual through the opera, but discovered on examination afterward that the clavicle was fractured.
"Great Singers, Second Series" by George T. Ferris
The chauffeur had escaped with a fractured thigh.
"None Other Gods" by Robert Hugh Benson
The fracture will, as a rule, then be readily reduced.
"Old-Time Makers of Medicine" by James J. Walsh
That limiting stress for all steels so far investigated causes fracture below 10 million reversals.
"The Working of Steel" by Fred H. Colvin
Any current of cold air that strikes it will fracture it.
"The Story of Glass" by Sara Ware Bassett
This fracture in its purest type is, I believe, spoken of as the 'butterfly fracture.
"Surgical Experiences in South Africa, 1899-1900" by George Henry Makins
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In poetry:

Treading circus tight ropes
Of each syllable,
The brazen jackanapes
Would fracture if he fell.
"Verbal Calisthenics" by Sylvia Plath
Both Trap and bait were vanish'd
Through a fracture in the flooring;
Which though so trim
It now may seem
Had then—a dozen or more in.
"The Rape of the Trap. A Ballad" by William Shenstone
I am faithful, I do not give out,
The fractur'd thigh, the knee, the wound in the abdomen,
These and more I dress with impassive hand, (yet deep in my breast
a fire, a burning flame.)
"The Wound Dresser" by Walt Whitman
A bird full of bones, now I'm held by a sand bag.
The fracture was twice. The fracture was double.
The days are horizontal. The days are a drag.
All of the skeleton in me is in trouble.
"The Break" by Anne Sexton
But thou wilt sinne and grief destroy; That so the broken bones may joy,
And tune together in a well-set song,
Full of his praises
Who dead men raises.
Fractures well cur'd make us more strong.
"Repentance" by George Herbert
And in that knock down she fractures her head,
And perhaps the poor wife she is killed dead,
Whereas, if there was no strong drink to be got,
To be killed wouldn't have been the poor wife's lot.
"The Demon Drink" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Vitamin D, Calcium, and Dairy Intakes and Stress Fractures Among Female Adolescents.
King James I wanted a Bible that would unite his fractured realm.
Kansas' Thompson Fractures Kneecap .
Our cat, Frogger, all 35 pounds of him, came to us grievously injured, which included spiral fractures, a ruptured spleen, damage to his bowels.
I conversed with my trees the other day, hauling the fractured limbs, plot lines from the recent windstorm, and engulfing myself in a dusty encyclopedia of leaves.
Alex Rodriguez had an X-ray on his fractured left hand Thursday and said it was healing properly.
A-Rod fractures left hand after being hit by pitch.
Alex Rodriguez is scheduled to DH tonight for Single-A Tampa as he continues his rehab from a fractured left hand, according to general manager Brian Cashman and the third baseman could rejoin the.
Just 15 months after a huge election victory, members of a fractured conservative movement gathered on Thursday to agree on one thing: If they don't get their act together soon, the country will really be in trouble.
Lehigh Regional Medical Center is partnering with Life Line Screening, the nation's largest provider of preventive screenings to stop stroke and hip fractures in their tracks.
Accessory ossicles in the foot are abundant, making it difficult to assess whether or not there is a fracture.
Since her separation, she had begun developing fractures.
Infected nonunion of the tibial shaft fracture with pintract osteomyelitis .
Be proactive about paring risk of a hip fracture.
An intergenerational schism is fracturing society.
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In science:

Both these fits imply that in the limit of large lattices the fraction of broken bonds prior to fracture vanishes.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
The fracture strength of such a system is defined as the stress corresponding to the peak load of the lattice system response.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
In order to verify the universality of fracture strength distribution, the fracture strength distributions from corresponding to random thresholds fuse model (RFM) using triangular lattice systems with uniform disorder are presented in Fig. 11(a) along with those corresponding to random thresholds spring model.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
In all, there are 13 plots in Fig. 11(a), and the excellent collapse of the data for various spring and fuse lattices clearly indicates the universality of the fracture strength density distribution.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
In all, there are about 16 curves (7 for triangular spring lattices and 9 for triangular fuse lattices) in Fig. 11(b), and the excellent collapse of the data suggests universality of fracture strength distribution.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
This indicates that neither modified Gumbel nor Weibull distributions may represent the fracture strengths distribution accurately for the RSM.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
In the Ref. , similar conclusion has been drawn for the fracture strengths distribution of RFM.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
On the other hand, in Fig. 12(c), we test the Lognormal description for fracture strengths by plotting the inverse of the cumulative probability, Φ−1 (P (σf )), against the standard Lognormal variable, ¯ξ .
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
Once again, this figure clearly indicates that the fracture strength distribution obtained for different lattice system sizes collapses onto a single curve, albeit minute deviation from straight line behavior is evident.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
We have also used the normal distribution to collapse the fracture strength data of triangular spring and fuse lattice systems.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
Fig. 13 presents a power law fit µf ∼ L− sistent with a Weibull distribution for fracture strengths.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
From the nonlinearity of the plots in the inset of Fig. 13, it is clear that the mean fracture strength does not follow a simple power law scaling that is consistent with a Weibull distribution for fracture strengths.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
FIG. 11: Universality of fracture strength distribution in the random thresholds spring and fuse models.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
The collapse of the data in random spring and fuse models suggests universality of fracture strength distribution.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
Since the data for different lattice system sizes does not collapse onto a single curve, Weibull distribution may not be an adequate fit for representing fracture strengths in the RSM.
Statistical properties of fracture in a random spring model
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