foulness

Definitions

  • "Choked and strangled by the foul breath of the chimneys over there."
    "Choked and strangled by the foul breath of the chimneys over there."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n foulness the attribute of having a strong offensive smell
    • n foulness (of weather) the badness of the weather "they were wearied with the foulness of the weather"
    • n foulness a state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse
    • n foulness disgusting wickedness and immorality "he understood the foulness of sin","his display of foulness deserved severe punishment","mouths which speak such foulness must be cleansed"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Basketball great Wilt Chamberlain never fouled out of a game
    • n Foulness The quality or condition of being foul.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The blow of a whale has a strong, foul odor. It apparently smells like a combination of spoiled fish and old oil. Because whales have such terrible breath, sailors believed at one time that a whiff of it could cause brain disorders.
    • n foulness The quality or state of being foul or filthy; impurity; filthiness; defilement; pollution; corruption: as, the foulness of a cellar or of a well; the foulness of a musket: the foulness of a, ship's bottom.
    • n foulness Ugliness; deformity.
    • n foulness Unfairness; dishonesty; atrociousness; villainy; treachery; abusiveness; scurrility: as, the foulness of a blow or a scheme; the foulness of a slander or crime.
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Quotations

  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “For nothing can seem foul to those that win.”
  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore%20Roosevelt
    “Don't foul, don't flinch. Hit the line hard.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “Interest works night and day in fair weather and in foul. It gnaws at a man's substance with invisible teeth.”
  • Samuel Butler
    Samuel%20Butler
    “Evil is like water, it abounds, is cheap, soon fouls, but runs itself clear of taint.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make it beautiful.”
  • Frances E. Willard
    Frances E. Willard
    “Temperance is moderation in the things that are good and total abstinence from the things that are foul.”

Idioms

Foul play - If the police suspect foul play, they think a crime was committed.
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No harm, no foul - There's no problem when no harm or damage is done, such as the time my sister-in-law stole the name we'd chosen for a boy and we both ended up having girls.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. fūlnes,

Usage

In literature:

You that have fouled the purple, broke your vow, And sowed the wind of death, the whirlwind you shall reap.
"Raemaekers' Cartoons" by Louis Raemaekers
He muffed foul flies and missed thrown balls.
"The Young Pitcher" by Zane Grey
Fulsome word nor foul dishonour could their truthful utterance taint, And they cursed Duhsasan's action, when they heard Draupadi's plaint!
"Maha-bharata" by Anonymous
Why, the police would fix you quick enough if you'd run a-foul of them.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
A foul-smelling something gripped over my mouth.
"The Door Through Space" by Marion Zimmer Bradley
The foul odors which ought to pass out through the bowels find their way into the blood and escape at the lungs.
"Plain Facts for Old and Young" by John Harvey Kellogg
Feeder foul and obscene!
"Recreations of Christopher North, Volume 2" by John Wilson
In went the foul burden.
"The Yotsuya Kwaidan or O'Iwa Inari" by James S. De Benneville
The foul breath filled his lungs.
"Bakemono Yashiki (The Haunted House)" by James S. De Benneville
A foul hit is one which falls without the foul lines.
"Base-Ball" by John M. Ward
Foul play, foul play, Sire!
"Alroy The Prince Of The Captivity" by Benjamin Disraeli
Foul thief, 163, 207.
"The Witch-cult in Western Europe" by Margaret Alice Murray
Finally, it is a foule and fierce beast of countenance and forme of bodie.
"The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation, Volume XIV (of 16)" by Richard Hakluyt
Vaguely apprehensive of foul play, he pulled aside the overcoat, and placed his hand upon the heart of the prostrate man.
"The Temptress" by William Le Queux
Delay may mean the escape of the assassin if there really has been foul play.
"The Pauper of Park Lane" by William Le Queux
What was said was a foul lie.
"Whatsoever a Man Soweth" by William Le Queux
Never have I seen a blow more foul.
"Legends of Longdendale" by Thomas Middleton
He is a greedy, foul buzzard!
"The Wolf Cub" by Patrick Casey
Sunshine and Tempest, Dawn and Dusk, fair and foul weather had been his portion in common with the rest of the wayfaring world.
"The Drunkard" by Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
I have been forced, yes compelled, to do these foul, hateful things.
"The Broken Thread" by William Le Queux
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In poetry:

Nor heed the shaft too surely cast,
The foul and hissing bolt of scorn;
For with thy side shall dwell, at last,
The victory of endurance born.
"The Battle-Field" by William Cullen Bryant
Why is the uptending reason kept
In some foul prison, dreary, dark?
Why must we sleep as those who slept,
Stark-blinded, to the heavenly spark?
"Hopes of Futurity" by John Bowring
In the foul market-place I stood,
And saw the Christian mother sold,
And childhood with its locks of gold,
Blue-eyed and fair with Saxon blood.
"Astræa at the Capitol" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Foul snake and speckled adder with their young
ones crawl from stone to stone
For ruined is the house and prone the great
rose-marble monolith!
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
Let not a thought thy mind possess,
How thou the orphan may'st oppress:
Before th' Almighty such a thought
Is a foul wrong, and grievous fault.
"Advice, Concerning The Government Of Our Thoughts" by Rees Prichard
Is Merit from his right debarr'd;
Or guiltless charg'd with foul offence?
A Knave but speaks the perjur'd word,
And laughs at injur'd Innocence.
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield

In news:

The Knicks are asking the NBA to review J.R. Smith's flagrant foul from Friday night, when the shooting guard went up to challenge Tony Allen's layup attempt.
The rookie plays his best game of the young season and also receives his first flagrant foul, sparking a small melee.
' Flagrant Foul' and 'No Foul' on Prop 5 ads.
Celtics guard Rajon Rondo, right, and Heat guard Dwyane Wade squared off after a hard foul by Rondo in Tuesday's season opener, a 120-107 Heat win.
Flagrant foul for Hoekstra.
Attempt to link teachers to Detroit-Windsor bridge earns flagrant foul from Truth Squad.
Flagrant Fouls on bridge TV ads.
Kobe Bryant's flagrant foul didn't look intentional.
Blake Griffin given flagrant foul 1 for shove on Pau Gasol.
Cleveland coach Byron Scott said the foul that led to Ryan Hollins' ejection would have been "just a hard foul" in the NBA in the 1980s.
Get Ready for Ted, the Foul-Mouthed Plush Toy (Photo).
Teach foul-mouthed bird a new vocabulary.
Gov Chris Christie's foul-tempered, foul-mouthed ways show disrespect.
Your dog's bad breath might be from eating something foul-smelling but it can also indicate infection, disease, trauma and more.
If it wasn't for the Portland premiere of "The Runaways" tonight I'd be really foul.
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In science:

To do this, however, it will be necessary to devise some scheme for treating these very small scales that does not fall foul of the Courant time constraint discussed previously.
The First Stars
One particular setting is a referee deciding whether a player has committed a foul using his or her noisy observation as well as prior experience.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
Players commit fouls at different rates; some players are dirtier or more aggressive than others.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
It is this rate which is the prior probability for the ‘foul committed’ state.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
Let us consider the particular setting for human decision making mentioned in Section I: a referee determining whether a player has committed a foul or not using both his or her noisy observation and prior experience.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
The fraction of plays in which a player commits a foul is that player’s prior probability for h1 .
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
There are similar own-race bias effects in the decision by police to search a vehicle during a traffic stop , in the decision of human resource professionals to not hire , and in the decision of National Basketball Association (NBA) referees to call a foul .
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
The rate of searching, the rate of not hiring, and the rate of foul calling are all greater when the decision-maker is of a different race than the driver, applicant, and player, respectively. A major difficulty in interpreting these econometric studies, howe ver, is that the ground truth is not known.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
Since ground truth is lacking in econometric studies, it is not clear how to interpret a finding that white referees call more fouls on black players and that black referees call more fouls on white players.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
Looking at the average performance of a white referee over the populations of black and white players, we compare the expected foul rates on whites and blacks (Kb < Kw ): ∆ = E hPr[ ˆHKb = h1 ] − Pr[ ˆHKw = h1 ]i .
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
If this discrimination quantity ∆ is greater than zero, then the white referee is calling more fouls on blacks.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
If ∆ is less than zero, then the referee is calling more fouls on whites.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
If the prior distribution and measurement model are fixed, an d the MBRE-optimal quantizer used, we find that the regions in the c10 -c01 plane where a white referee would call more fouls on blacks and where a white referee would call more fouls on whites are half-planes.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
The choice of Bayes costs with c01 greater than c10 implies that a referee can tolerate more instances of calling fouls on plays that are not fouls rather than the opposite.
Quantization of Prior Probabilities for Hypothesis Testing
However, as discussed earlier, any such choice will necessarily fall foul of the spacetime problem whose resolution requires an internal time to be a functional of the conjugate momenta pcd(x) as well as the metric variables gab (x).
Canonical Quantum Gravity and the Problem of Time
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