• WordNet 3.6
    • adv formerly at a previous time; "at one time he loved her","her erstwhile writing","she was a dancer once"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Former U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suffered a nervous breakdown in 1836
    • adv Formerly In time past, either in time immediately preceding or at any indefinite distance; of old; heretofore.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: When former Texas Governor James Hogg was on his deathbed he made a special request that a pecan tree be planted at the head of his grave instead of a tombstone. The governor passed away on March 2, 1906, which is Texas Independence Day. The pecan tree is now the state tree of Texas
    • formerly First; first of all; beforehand.
    • formerly In time past; at a certain point or through an indefinite period in the past; of old; here-to-fore.
    • formerly In time just past; just now; as aforesaid.
    • formerly Synonyms Once, anciently; Formerly, Previously. Formerly means before the present time, and perhaps a considerable time before; previously, before some particular event or time, and generally up to that point: as, the rates of postage were formerly much higher than now; they were reduced in 1845, having previously been at an average of about 12½ cents.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Former U.S. president Ronald Reagan worked as a lifeguard in his youth at a beach near Dixon, Illinois and saved over 77 lives
    • adv Formerly in former times: heretofore
    • ***


  • Christian Nevell Bovee
    “Formerly when great fortunes were only made in war, war was business; but now when great fortunes are only made by business: Business is war!”
  • Norman Cousins
    “The individual is capable of both great compassion and great indifference. He has it within his means to nourish the former and outgrow the latter.”
  • Blaise Pascal
    “Faith is different from proof; the latter is human, the former is a Gift from God.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The difference between great celebrities and the unknown is the former failed and yet went at it again; the latter gave up in despair.”
  • Ovid
    “What is now reason was formerly impulse or instinct.”
  • Emma Goldman
    “It is essential that we realize once and for all that man is much more of a sex creature than a moral creature. The former is inherent, the other is grafted on.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Formed late on analogy of M. E. formest by adding comp. suff. -er to base of A.S. forma, first, itself a superlative form.


In literature:

The removal was unacceptable to the colonists; the outrages of former years were remembered by many, as scenes of domestic mourning.
"The History of Tasmania , Volume II (of 2)" by John West
They were treated in the same way as the former had been.
"Notable Voyagers" by W.H.G. Kingston and Henry Frith
The former cases call for some intelligent reflection on experience.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
The former is gentler in its slopes, and more fertile.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
At his former visit in 1810, the population did not exceed 1,500.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
The former buy meal for bread from Irbit.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
Strickland was formerly Stirkland, Cripps is the same as Crisp, from Mid.
"The Romance of Names" by Ernest Weekley
This corroborates the correctness of the former remark.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
Lacustrine plains, the beds of former lakes, are also highly productive regions.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
Then aboute y^e oath, as in y^e former.
"Bradford's History of 'Plimoth Plantation'" by William Bradford

In poetry:

Her former triumphs all are vain
Unless new trophies still be sought,
And hoary Majesty sustain
The battles which thy youth has fought.
"An Ode - Presented To The King, On His Majesty's Arrival In Holland, After The Queen's Death" by Matthew Prior
The dew lies heavy, and its gems
Stud the luxuriant, grassy stems.
The happy night with wassail rings;
So feasted here the former kings.
"An Ode Appropriate To A Festivity" by Confucius
And then the Freedom-haters came
And questioned of my former song,
If now I held it right, or wrong:
And still my answer was the same:–
"In After Days" by George Frederick Cameron
My thoughts on former pleasures ran;
I thought of Kilve's delightful shore,
Our pleasant home when spring began,
A long, long year before.
"Anecdote For Fathers" by William Wordsworth
To-morrow comes: 'tis noon, 'tis night:
This day like all the former flies;
Yet on he runs to seek delight
To-morrow, till to-night he dies.
"To The Honourable Charles Montague, Esq." by Matthew Prior
And more than this I've brought to pass,
For I have made a lot of ground
Produce the second blade of grass,
Where formerly but one was found.
"To Miss Mary Bain" by David John Scott

In news:

Former Washington Redskins ' offensive tackle Joe Jacoby is one of the latest former playes to sue the NFL over the effects of concussions.
When Isaac Taggart was hired to serve as tmayor's re-entry specialist in the office of former Mayor Ron Dellums, many of those who advocate for the formerly incarcerated saw the move as a big step forward.
EC 7-2—Duty Attorney Owes to Former Client Whom Attorney Represented in Connection With Civil Investigation by Government Regulatory Agency —Attorney's File on Former Client Subpoenaed by Grand Jury.
Unknown Former St Peter's Prep star will be reunited with former teammates Savon Huggins and Keith Lumpkin.
In Oklahoma City, renovation of the former Braniff Airlines headquarters, now a part of the SandRidge Commons, is progressing with the installation of a modern glass wall on the building's former alley facade.
A former Texas college student from Saudi Arabia was sentenced to life in prison Tuesday for trying to make a bomb for use in a religious attack, possibly targeting a former US president.
NEWARK — Three former administrators and a former shop foreman from the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commissioners were indicted today on charges of using subordinates to help with home repairs while they were supposed to be at work.
Former QB's blunt views on the dismissal of his former head coach center on a style that "wasn't motivating.".
As former slaves demand wages and former masters strive to maintain profits, an inherently unfair system of sharing labor and land develops.
Former senator Rick Santorum (R-Pa.), who until last March worked as a Fox News Channel contributor, accused his former employer Tuesday of favoring his GOP primary rival, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney (R).
As the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia continues at The Hague , the UN war crimes tribunal president discusses the trial and the push to arrest former Bosnian Serb leaders such as Ratko Mladic.
Dismissing polls that show former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani ahead nationally, former Gov Tom Vilsack said Thursday he expects dark horses to emerge from the GOP presidential field.
On the one hand, there is not a typical post threat in the NIC-10 this year like former Freeport Pretzels star Austin Davis or former Rockford Boylan anchor Nick Bautch.
Former President George W Bush and his father Former President George H.W.
Former ADT President Mike Snyder and former GE Security President Dean Seavers to run new business, Red Hawk Fire & Security U.S. Wednesday, April 11, 2012.

In science:

The former is a C× -bundle over this affine space.
Compactifications defined by arrangements I: the ball quotient case
In the former process one removes vertices having a 1-hyperedge, in the latter one removes edges containing a vertex of degree one.
Structure of large random hypergraphs
The former one is responsible for the precalculation of the Z functions and the latter one is used to calculate the value for a specified graph and helicity combination.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
The former one will include the Yennie–Frautschi–Suura approach and the latter one a structure function scheme which makes it necessary to link parton distribution functions (pdf ).
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
To derive the latter, we have put xℓ = zℓ and yℓ = ¯zℓ in the former.
Eigenvalue correlations in non-Hermitean symplectic random matrices