foreshorten

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v foreshorten reduce in scope while retaining essential elements "The manuscript must be shortened"
    • v foreshorten shorten lines in a drawing so as to create an illusion of depth
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Foreshorten Fig.: To represent pictorially to the imagination. "Songs, and deeds, and lives that lie Foreshortened in the tract of time."
    • Foreshorten (Fine Art) To represent on a plane surface, as if extended in a direction toward the spectator or nearly so; to shorten by drawing in perspective.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • foreshorten In perspective, to represent (a figure) in such a manner as to convey to the mind the impression of the entire length of the object, though only a part of this length is actually shown, as when the object is viewed in an oblique direction; represent (any object, as an arm, a weapon, the branch of a tree) as pointing more or less directly toward the spectator standing in front of the picture, or as in a plane more or less nearly parallel to the spectator's line of sight. The projecting object is shortened in proportion to its approach to the perpendicular to the plane of the picture, and in consequence appears of a just length. Often used figuratively.
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Usage

In literature:

He is also supposed to have been the first who used a variety of colors, and to have introduced foreshortening.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
The neck of the femur may appear to be fractured if a foreshortened view is taken.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
She sees the top of a hat first, and the person necessarily foreshortened.
"The Limit" by Ada Leverson
Approach to the edge of the disk also causes a foreshortening which sometimes entirely alters the aspect of a marking.
"Pleasures of the telescope" by Garrett Serviss
The little foot is admirably foreshortened, and the wrinkled sole a bit of inimitable painting.
"Holbein" by Beatrice Fortescue
Most of the windows had either six-or nine-paned upper and lower sashes with third-story windows foreshortened in various ways.
"The Colonial Architecture of Philadelphia" by Frank Cousins
We saw her foreshortened; then end on; then foreshortened again as her other side swung into view.
"The Red Hand of Ulster" by George A. Birmingham
De Boer's projector was levelled: the huge, foreshortened muzzle of it blotted out half our image.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
The Baptist is twisting round, to display the foreshortening which Pordenone particularly affects.
"The Venetian School of Painting" by Evelyn March Phillipps
In such terms, then, let me speak of it as, foreshortened by time, it now presents itself to my memory.
"Memoirs of Life and Literature" by W. H. Mallock
Simply life in the South Seas foreshortened.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 24 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
One leg is extended towards the spectator, the foreshortening of which is a marvel of execution.
"The Pictureque Antiquities of Spain;" by Nathaniel Armstrong Wells
He took to drawing at a very early age, imitating his father, and developed great aptitude for foreshortening.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 1" by Various
Foreshortened like this it looks like a fillet of veal with a pound of sausages tied on to it for a hand.
"Man and Maid" by E. (Edith) Nesbit
The positions and foreshortenings of the figures are diversified and complete beyond those practised by Paolo Uccello.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Vol. 1 (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
Life has such a strange way of foreshortening its longest plots with a startling, snapped-off ending.
"The Sick-a-Bed Lady" by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
He can even see the foreshortening of the shadows on the road.
"More Tales by Polish Authors" by Various
He felt rather proud of the bull: a fine solidity in the foreshortened barrel body; grandeur and melancholy.
"The Trial of Callista Blake" by Edgar Pangborn
Subsequently he became expert in foreshortening, and all the intricacies of the art, more particularly in point of invention.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Vol. V (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
And then right and left, according to the point of vision, there is the further expansion or foreshortening of the sides.
"The Letters of a Post-Impressionist" by Vincent Van Gogh
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In news:

It's not just a foreshortening of his names, but a description of his calm demeanor, his way of doing business.
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In science:

The face-on orientation would therefore tend to foreshorten the radio emission on the sky.
An Investigation into the Geometry of Seyfert Galaxies
But meanwhile, such foreshortening may cause Seyfert 1 galaxies to fall out of the sample, since the radio emission must be linear to be included in the sample.
An Investigation into the Geometry of Seyfert Galaxies
One example of such an effect is the probability that small values of φ are likely to be ruled out of the sample, because severe foreshortening of the jet means that it is impossible to measure δ with any precision.
An Investigation into the Geometry of Seyfert Galaxies
Of course, methodologically the change of the foreshortening means the change of the search of similarity between the concrete and the abstract ob jects (the search of homomorphism of the least into the first) to the analysis of a possibility of a representation of the least by the first.
q_R-conformal symmetries in 2D nonlocal quantum field theory, categorical representation theory, and Virasoro algebra
The X-ray properties of PKS 0521−365 are consistent with it being a foreshortened, beamed, radio galaxy.
The X-ray jet and halo of PKS 0521-365
However, this requires that the observation has enough angular resolution to measure a foreshortened jet feature close to the Doppler-enhanced X-ray core.
The X-ray jet and halo of PKS 0521-365
Because of foreshortening, the integrands (equations B3 and C7) are strong functions of the position on the disk plane for θ close to 90o – they reach a maximum close to the point Dm , (rm , 90o , 0o ), wherein rm is defined relative to r by nr = 0 for θ = 90o and φ = 0o (see Appendix A).
Radiation driven winds from luminous accretion disks
Also, if the predominant radio emission is from jets, radio jets from Seyfert 1 would be foreshortened as they are viewed closer to end-on.
Radio Emission from AGN detected by the VLA FIRST Survey
An expectation from the unified scheme is that radio source sizes of Seyfert 1’s should be systematically smaller than those of Seyfert 2’s due to foreshortening effects.
Radio Emission from AGN detected by the VLA FIRST Survey
Similarly, an array with both east–west and north–south baselines has foreshortened uv coverage for low elevation sources, so many observations have strongly elliptical dirty beams that distort the appearance of their features.
Smear fitting: a new deconvolution method for interferometric data
If the unresolved features are bright their ma jor axes will be strongly affected by the baseline foreshortening, but if they are faint enough for the Fourier transform of their smearing beams to be enclosed by the envelope of where there are visibilities, they also experience the rounding effect.
Smear fitting: a new deconvolution method for interferometric data
One of the reasons for doing so was to reduce foreshortening effects.
Interpreting Helioseismic Structure Inversion Results of Solar Active Regions
The pro jection of the spherical solar surface onto a flat map introduces some foreshortening that depends on the distance of the region from the disc center, which can cause systematic errors in determining the mode characteristics.
Interpreting Helioseismic Structure Inversion Results of Solar Active Regions
By selecting comparison regions at the similar latitudes and tracking both in time intervals symmetric about their central meridian passages (CMP), the authors assured that the foreshortening effects in both regions are nearly identical, and, hence, the effect is eliminated to a large degree by taking the difference.
Interpreting Helioseismic Structure Inversion Results of Solar Active Regions
For more accurate observations, full Stokes polarimetry for the polar regions has been carried out (Lites 1996), but because of the strong intensity gradient and the foreshortening effect at the solar limb, the spatial resolution of the ground-based measurements has been compromised.
Is the Polar Region Different from the Quiet Region of the Sun?
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