fold

Definitions

  • Two-Foot Rule. Two Fold
    Two-Foot Rule. Two Fold
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v fold incorporate a food ingredient into a mixture by repeatedly turning it over without stirring or beating "Fold the egg whites into the batter"
    • v fold become folded or folded up "The bed folds in a jiffy"
    • v fold bend or lay so that one part covers the other "fold up the newspaper","turn up your collar"
    • v fold confine in a fold, like sheep
    • v fold cease to operate or cause to cease operating "The owners decided to move and to close the factory","My business closes every night at 8 P.M.","close up the shop"
    • n fold the act of folding "he gave the napkins a double fold"
    • n fold a pen for sheep
    • n fold a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
    • n fold a group of sheep or goats
    • n fold a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church
    • n fold a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock
    • n fold an angular or rounded shape made by folding "a fold in the napkin","a crease in his trousers","a plication on her blouse","a flexure of the colon","a bend of his elbow"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Legs Fold on the Under Side of Top The Legs Fold on the Under Side of Top
Folding Kodak Folding Kodak
The Assyrian came down like the wolf on the fold The Assyrian came down like the wolf on the fold

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: No piece of paper can be folded in half more than 7 times
    • Fold A boundary; a limit.
    • Fold A doubling,esp. of any flexible substance; a part laid over on another part; a plait; a plication. "Mummies . . . shrouded in a number of folds of linen.""Folds are most common in the rocks of mountainous regions."
    • Fold A flock of sheep; figuratively, the Church or a church; as, Christ's fold . "There shall be one fold and one shepherd.""The very whitest lamb in all my fold ."
    • Fold An inclosure for sheep; a sheep pen. "Leaps o'er the fence with ease into the fold ."
    • Fold That which is folded together, or which infolds or envelops; embrace. "Shall from your neck unloose his amorous fold ."
    • Fold Times or repetitions; -- used with numerals, chiefly in composition, to denote multiplication or increase in a geometrical ratio, the doubling, tripling, etc., of anything; as, fourfold, four times, increased in a quadruple ratio, multiplied by four.
    • v. i Fold To become folded, plaited, or doubled; to close over another of the same kind; to double together; as, the leaves of the door fold .
    • v. t Fold To confine in a fold, as sheep.
    • v. i Fold To confine sheep in a fold. "The star that bids the shepherd fold ."
    • Fold To cover or wrap up; to conceal. "Nor fold my fault in cleanly coined excuses."
    • Fold To double or lay together, as the arms or the hands; as, he folds his arms in despair.
    • Fold To inclose within folds or plaitings; to envelop; to infold; to clasp; to embrace. "A face folded in sorrow .""We will descend and fold him in our arms."
    • Fold To lap or lay in plaits or folds; to lay one part over another part of; to double; as, to fold cloth; to fold a letter. "As a vesture shalt thou fold them up."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In a survey conducted in 2000 by Kimberly-Clark, it was found that men prefer to fold their toilet paper, and women like to wad it
    • fold To double over upon itself; lay or bring one part of over or toward another by bending; bend over: used of things thin and flexible, or relatively so, as a piece of cloth, a sheet of paper, a stratum of rock, etc.: often with up.
    • fold To bring together or place over each other, as two correlated parts: as, to fold together the ends of a piece of cloth; to fold one's arms or one's hands.
    • fold To inclose in a fold or in folds; wrap up; cover up or hide away.
    • fold To inclose in or as in the arms; embrace.
    • fold To throw down; overthrow; cause to yield.
    • fold To become doubled upon itself; become bent so that one part lies over upon another.
    • fold To infold; embrace.
    • fold To yield; give way; fail.
    • n fold A double or bend in a more or less flexible substance, as cloth; a flexure, especially one so extensive as to bring the parts on either side of the line of bending near together.
    • n fold The parts which are brought together by bending or folding, or one of them; specifically, a plait in a garment or in drapery: as, a broad fold of cloth.
    • n fold In entomology, a plica or ridge, generally inclined to one side, appearing as if the surface had been folded.
    • n fold plural Involved parts of a complex whole; windings: a complex arrangement or constitution; intricacy.
    • n fold A clasp; an embrace.
    • n fold A sheaf or bundle, as of straw.
    • n fold See the adjectives.
    • n fold A place of protection or inclosure for domestic animals, usually for sheep.
    • n fold Hence A flock of sheep.
    • n fold A limit; a boundary.
    • n fold A farm-yard.
    • n fold The inclosure of a farm-house.
    • fold To confine, as sheep, in a fold.
    • fold To confine sheep in a fold.
    • n fold The earth; earth.
    • n fold A multiplicative suffix, attached to numerals, as in twofold, threefold, fourfold, etc., in algebra n-fold, etc., signifying ‘two, three, four, etc., n, etc., times as much’; so in many-fold, of which the older form, with modified meaning, remains in manifold.
    • n fold In geology, a bend in strata varying from a monoclinal or a simple change in the inclination of the beds with a dip still in the same direction as before, through anticlinals and synclinals, which have respectively opposing and converging dips on each side of a central axis, to overturned, collapsed, and fan-shaped folds, with very irregular dips. Folds are believed to be due to the compressive strains in the earth's crust. Compare monoclinal, anticlinal, synclinal, isocline,dome, basin, 9, etc.
    • n fold In the Brachiopoda, a term applied with distinctive value to the median elevation of the shell, which is more or less pronounced in all except atrematous genera. Usually the fold extends along the longitudinal axis of the dorsal valve, accompanied by a corresponding sinus on the ventral valve, but in ontogeny this relation is sometimes found to be reversed in early stages, or it may manifest itself in either form only in the final stage of growth.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If you fold a piece of A4 paper in half 44 times it will reach the moon
    • n Fold fōld the doubling of any flexible substance: a part laid over on another:
    • v.t Fold to lay one part over another: to enclose in a fold or folds, to wrap up: to embrace
    • Fold in composition with numerals=times, as in Ten′fold
    • n Fold fōld an enclosure for protecting domestic animals, esp. sheep: a flock of sheep:
    • v.t Fold to confine in a fold
    • n Fold fōld (pl.) complex arrangements, intricacy
    • n Fold fōld (fig.) a church: the Christian Church
    • ***

Quotations

  • Kenny Rogers
    Kenny Rogers
    “You've got to know when to hold em, know when to fold em know when to walk away, know when to run.”
  • George Eliot
    George%20Eliot
    “Jealousy is never satisfied with anything short of an omniscience that would detect the subtlest fold of the heart.”
  • Kin Hubbard
    Kin%20Hubbard
    “The safest way to double your money is to fold over once and put it in your pocket.”
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Henry%20Wadsworth%20Longfellow
    “And the night shall be filled with music, and the cares, that infest the day, shall fold their tents, like the Arabs, and as silently steal away.”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas%20Jefferson
    “Question with boldness even the existence of a God; because, if there be one, he must more approve of the homage of reason, than that of blind-folded fear.”
  • Mike Conner
    Mike Conner
    “Life is like a hand of cards. You have to play the hand you're dealt, you can't win by folding, and sometimes you must take chances in order to win.”

Idioms

Above the fold - If a news story is important, it will be above the fold- in the top half of the page of a newspaper.
***
Below the fold - If a news story is not important, it will be below the fold- in the lower half of the page of a newspaper.('Beneath the fold' is also used.)
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. folden, falden, AS. fealdan,; akin to OHG. faltan, faldan, G. falten, Icel. falda, Dan. folde, Sw. fålla, Goth. falþan, cf. Gr. di-pla`sios twofold, Skr. puṭa, a fold. Cf. Fauteuil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. fald, a fold, stall.

Usage

In literature:

The ink poured out, dripping from fold to fold, and the stand thudded on the sheet and scattered the last drops.
"Shapes that Haunt the Dusk" by Various
Outside, the village, the Greenstream Valley, was folded in still, velvety dark.
"Mountain Blood" by Joseph Hergesheimer
Rebecca seated herself opposite Phoebe and looked severely straight before her with her hands folded in her lap.
"The Panchronicon" by Harold Steele Mackaye
Electra stood up beside her cousin and folded her arms together.
"Macaria" by Augusta Jane Evans Wilson
She stood up, shaking the sand-grams and grass-burrs from her dress and the folds of the white umbrella.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
He folded the note carefully and handed it to her.
"'Lizbeth of the Dale" by Marian Keith
At close of meal, fold napkin, that table may be left in orderly condition.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
Repeat folding and rolling, then set on ice half an hour, folding in three.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
Fold the paper on the lines scored.
"Construction Work for Rural and Elementary Schools" by Virginia McGaw
Urban folded the parchment and poured melted red wax from the black pitcher to seal it.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Only he saw her hands, ungloved, folded in her lap, and he noticed the wedding-ring on her finger.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
The only chair in the room was laid with carefully folded clothes.
"Mr. Wicker's Window" by Carley Dawson
Wolf Paw glowered at her, arms folded under a bright red blanket.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Square is the best form for folding, and each should contain a small thick piece of bread in its folds.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Fold them up in large parcels, and put them by carefully.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It differs from M. pelliculosa in not having a separable cuticule and the fold-like gills.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Shandon folded carefully this brief letter, put it in his pocket, and gave the order to cast off.
"The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Hatteras" by Jules Verne
Erect upon the deck of the shipwrecked vessel, he folded his arms, apparently enjoying that forlorn situation in the dark night.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
He folded the paper again and put it back in the envelope.
"The New Warden" by Mrs. David G. Ritchie
For ourselves, we must proceed on our way, for the sun was already high when we folded our tent.
"Travels in Tartary, Thibet, and China During the years 1844-5-6. Volume 1 [of 2]" by Evariste Regis Huc
***

In poetry:

Other warblers cease to sing,
And their voices rest,
And they fold their weary wing
In their quiet nest.
"Singing-Bird" by Abram Joseph Ryan
On the knees of the Blessed Mary
And in the fold of her arm,
Refuge and sanctuary
Where he shall take no harm.
"A Woman Commends Her Little Son" by Katharine Tynan
Fold her, O Father! in Thine arms,
And let her henceforth be
A messenger of love between
Our human hearts and Thee.
"Gone" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Fold her, O Father, in Thine arms,
And let her henceforth be
A messenger of love between
Our human hearts and Thee.
"Naples" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Fold her hands upon her breast,
And let her sweetly sleep.
She has found a perfect rest,
Beneath her winding sheet.
"Unfortunate" by Julia A Moore
And again o'er radiant Pindus
Rolls the shadow dark and cold,
And the sound of lamentation
Issues from its sable fold!
"Daphne" by George Meredith

In news:

Folded -Over Motorized Linear Rail System.
The Kerk® RGS/RGW linear rail platform by Haydon Kerk Motion Solutions now includes a 180 ° folded -over motorized design.
Cards folded after playing by the book.
We fold circles of dough over prune or poppy-seed or apricot filling, shaping glistening, buttery triangles, which are not bad at all.
Fold edges of circle in over the filling, forming a triangle-shaped cookie, with apricot center showing.
It requires a lot of trial-and-error to line up graphics across folds , making sure that something doesn't get out of line when the cuts are made.
Probably the most useful tool is the Distribute feature, which lets you match up art across folds .
Valleywag gets downsized and folded into Gawker.
With my right hand free, I reached back to check the position of the wing fold control handle.
DNA folded into a world of patterns.
Even with Smith going down on the home team's first possession, the Cats didn't fold , they fought.
Fold up one-third of a place mat to form a pocket large enough to hold maps.
In a recent survey it was determined that over half of the US population either folds or wads their toilet paper when people….well you know.
I don't at this point that you need to worry whether or not you are normal…it is just the plain fact that people wad or fold.
New approaches to roll, letter, gate and accordion folds.
***

In science:

In this paper, we consider the important and very natural case of recognizing crease patterns that arise as the result of flat foldings using simple foldings.
When Can You Fold a Map?
In this model, a flat folding is made by a sequence of simple folds, each of which folds one or more layers of paper along a single line segment.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Unsurprisingly, not every flat folding can be achieved by a simple folding.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Also, the hardness gadgets of require nonsimple folds which allow the paper to curve during folding .
When Can You Fold a Map?
This case is equivalent to a one-dimensional folding problem of folding a line segment (“paper”) according to a set of prescribed crease points (possibly labeled “mountain” or “valley”).
When Can You Fold a Map?
Two foldings are usually considered “different” in this context if they differ in the total order of the faces in the folding.
When Can You Fold a Map?
That is, a flat folding of a segment lies in R1 , and a flat folding of a polygon lies in R2 .
When Can You Fold a Map?
Problem: Simple Folding Given a mountain-valley pattern, is there a simple folding satisfying the specified mountains and valleys? If so, construct such a simple folding.
When Can You Fold a Map?
In general, a simple folding is a sequence of simple folds.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Each simple fold takes a flat-folded piece of paper, and folds it into another flat folding using additional creases.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Figure 5: Illustration of a simple fold in 1D, which is specified by a crease location, a notion of the “top side”, how many of the top layers are folded (here ranging from 1 to 3), whether the fold is mountain or valley, and whether the left or right side is folded.
When Can You Fold a Map?
An all-layers simple fold is the special case of folding all layers for each portion of the crease.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Figure 7 further illustrates the differences among the three models of simple folding, and their limitations with respect to general flat folding, by giving examples of crease patterns that can be folded with one model but not the others.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Figure 7: Crease patterns illustrating the unique power of each model of simple folding, and the limitations compared to general flat folding.
When Can You Fold a Map?
Thus, if we take a flat folding of the original pattern, remove that portion of the segment, and double up the number of layers for the adjacent portion of the segment, we have a flat folding of the new ob ject.
When Can You Fold a Map?
***