fluke

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n fluke parasitic flatworms having external suckers for attaching to a host
    • n fluke either of the two lobes of the tail of a cetacean
    • n fluke flat bladelike projection on the arm of an anchor
    • n fluke a barb on a harpoon or arrow
    • n fluke a stroke of luck
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Fluke (Zoöl) A parasitic trematode worm of several species, having a flat, lanceolate body and two suckers. Two species (Fasciola hepatica and Distoma lanceolatum) are found in the livers of sheep, and produce the disease called rot.
    • Fluke An accidental and favorable stroke at billiards (called a scratch in the United States); hence, any accidental or unexpected advantage; as, he won by a fluke .
    • Fluke An instrument for cleaning out a hole drilled in stone for blasting.
    • Fluke (Zoöl) Any American flounder of the genus Paralichthys, especially Paralicthys dentatus, found in the Atlantic Ocean and in adjacent bays.
    • Fluke (Zoöl) One of the lobes of a whale's tail, so called from the resemblance to the fluke of an anchor.
    • Fluke (Zoöl) The European flounder. See Flounder.
    • Fluke The part of an anchor which fastens in the ground; a flook. See Anchor.
    • v. t. & i Fluke To get or score by a fluke; as, to fluke a play in billiards.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n fluke The part of an anchor which catches in the ground. See anchor.
    • n fluke One of the barbs of a harpoon or toggle-iron; a flue: called by English whalemen wither.
    • n fluke Either half of the tail of a cetacean or sirenian: so called from its resemblance to the fluke of an anchor. The flukes of a large whale may be sometimes 20 feet between their extremities, though 12 to 15 feet is a more frequent measurement.
    • n fluke In mining, an instrument used to clean a hole previous to charging it with powder for blasting.
    • n fluke [⟨ fluke, verb] In billiards, an accidentally successful stroke; the advantage gained when, playing for one thing, one gets another; hence, any unexpected or accidental advantage or turn; a chance; a scratch.
    • n fluke Hence— To become refractory or mutinous; make a disturbance on board ship.
    • n fluke Hence— To go to bed; bunk or turn in.
    • fluke In whaling: To disable the flukes of, as a whale, by spading.
    • fluke To fasten, as a whale, by means of a chain or rope.
    • fluke In whaling, to use the flukes, as a fish or cetacean: often with an indefinite it.
    • fluke To gain an advantage over a competitor or opponent by accident or chance; especially, to make a scratch in billiards. See fluke, n., 5.
    • n fluke A name given locally in Great Britain to species of flatfish. In Northumberland, the common flounder, Pleuronectes flesus, called in Moray Frith fresh-water fleuk and bigger fleuk.
    • n fluke A trematoid worm; an entozoic parasitic worm of the order Trematoidea, infesting various parts of man and other animals, especially the liver, bile-ducts, etc.: so called from the resemblance of its hydatid to a fluke or flounder. There are numerous species, of several genera. The common fluke is Fasciola hepatica; the liver-fluke is Distoma hepaticum; the lancet-shaped fluke is D. lanceolatum; the broad fluke of China is D. crassum; the fluke infesting the blood is D. hæmatobium; the Egyptian fluke is D. heterophyes or Heterophyes ægyptiaca. Also called fluke-worm. See cuts under cercaria and Trematoda.
    • n fluke Waste cotton.
    • n fluke A lock of hair.
    • n fluke A result of accident or lucky chance rather than of skill.
    • n fluke A failure, as of a yacht-race for lack of wind.
    • fluke In shooting, to hit by a chance shot.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fluke flōōk a flounder: a parasitic trematoid worm which causes the liver-rot in sheep, so called because like a miniature flounder: a variety of kidney potato.
    • n Fluke flōōk the part of an anchor which fastens in the ground
    • n Fluke flōōk a successful shot made by chance, as at billiards: any unexpected advantage.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. LG. flunk, flunka, wing, the palm of an anchor; perh. akin to E. fly,

Usage

In literature:

Code threw over his little three-fluked anchor.
"The Harbor of Doubt" by Frank Williams
I never heard of such a fluke in my life.
"Is He Popenjoy?" by Anthony Trollope
FLUKES IN LIVER AND LUNGS.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
You got off by a fluke, but you did not learn your lesson.
"The Moving Finger" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
As he fell he twisted, and by a sheer fluke I caught his wrist.
"Gold" by Stewart White
There are no happy accidents or lucky flukes in his painting.
"Pot-Boilers" by Clive Bell
He got a fluke hit that started toward first.
"Jack Winters' Baseball Team" by Mark Overton
Only a fumble or some fluke could cause a score.
"The Upward Path" by Various
To one side he glimpsed several of the creatures fastening other rope strands to the whale's flukes.
"Seed of the Arctic Ice" by H. G. Winter
Just a fluke, putting it in his pocket in his hurry.
"Command" by William McFee
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In poetry:

A cusp still clasped him, a fluke yet fanged him, entangled him, not quite
utterly.
This was the prized, the desirable sight, unsought, presented so easily,
Parted me leaf and leaf, divided me, eyelid and eyelid of slumber.
"Moonrise" by Govinda Krishna Chettur
I use my head-piece here a bit to wriggle from the fix;
For the widow is a winner 'less I fluke a win by tricks.
An' I lets a reel mean notion (that I don't seek to excuse),
when I interrupts her rudely with, "But have you heard the news?"
"Red Robin" by C J Dennis

In news:

Sandra Fluke Is Today's Anita Hill.
Could Sandra Fluke be the Anita Hill of the early 21st century.
I caught most of Sandra Fluke 's speech to the DNC.
Attorney and women's rights activist Sandra Fluke speaks at the Democratic National Convention at Time Warner Cable Arena in downtown Charlotte, N.C. How Barack Obama won reelection.
Sandra Fluke 's Democratic National Convention speech.
Women's rights activist Sandra Fluke spoke at the 2012 Democratic National Convention describing two possible futures for women she has heard throughout the presidential campaign period.
Georgetown University law graduate and women's rights activist Sandra Fluke spoke at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, N.C. She said Mitt Romney and President Obama envision two entirely different futures for women's health.
Live tweeting Clinton, Warren and Fluke 's speeches.
Sandra Fluke 's speech at the Democratic National Convention (Full text).
Fluke AirMapper Brings Pro Tools to Mobile Devices--With a Catch.
Fluke goal becomes a part of forgettable Predators' playoff lore.
Monica Crowley tweets nasty about Sandra Fluke's engagement.
Golden State Warriors' start is no fluke.
Flower oddities often fluke mutations.
The criticisms of Denver miracle worker and occasional quarterback Tim Tebow have generally come in two varieties: One, he's a fluke whose success can't — and maybe even shouldn't — last.
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In science:

Fluke, Webster and Mortlock (1999) and Fluke, Webster and Mortlock (2000) have used a ‘ray-bundle’ method in which a discrete bundle of light rays is traced.
Significant effects of weak gravitational lensing on determinations of the cosmology from Type Ia Supernov\ae
Because of the high magnification tails in Fluke, Webster and Mortlock’s (2000) distributions, they discard those high magnification lines of sight which occur with low probability before defining the µlow and µhigh values.
Significant effects of weak gravitational lensing on determinations of the cosmology from Type Ia Supernov\ae
These magnification probability distributions are then used by Fluke and Webster (2000) to examine the effects of the weak lensing dispersion on measurements of q0 in both the empty beam (more appropriate for point particles) and full beam limits.
Significant effects of weak gravitational lensing on determinations of the cosmology from Type Ia Supernov\ae
To convert their empty beam magnification values to filled beam values, Fluke and Webster (2000) use a simple scaling relationship.
Significant effects of weak gravitational lensing on determinations of the cosmology from Type Ia Supernov\ae
Although Fluke and Webster (2000) use the median magnification values, the values are always close to unity and greater than, or equal to, unity for the empty beam case.
Significant effects of weak gravitational lensing on determinations of the cosmology from Type Ia Supernov\ae
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