flexure

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n flexure act of bending a joint; especially a joint between the bones of a limb so that the angle between them is decreased
    • n flexure an angular or rounded shape made by folding "a fold in the napkin","a crease in his trousers","a plication on her blouse","a flexure of the colon","a bend of his elbow"
    • n flexure the state of being flexed (as of a joint)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Flexure A turn; a bend; a fold; a curve. "Varying with the flexures of the valley through which it meandered."
    • Flexure The act of flexing or bending; a turning or curving; flexion; hence, obsequious bowing or bending. "Will it give place to flexure and low bending?"
    • Flexure (Zoöl) The last joint, or bend, of the wing of a bird.
    • Flexure (Astron) The small distortion of an astronomical instrument caused by the weight of its parts; the amount to be added or substracted from the observed readings of the instrument to correct them for this distortion.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n flexure The act of bending, or the state of being bent; a bending; specifically, in mech., a strain in which certain planes are deformed into cylindrical or conical surfaces. There is a so-called neutral plane which is neither stretched nor compressed. The planes parallel to it on one side are compressed; those on the other side are stretched. In geometry flexure differs from curvature only in being always non-quantitative, while curvature is sometimes used quantitatively.
    • n flexure The part bent; a bend; a fold.
    • n flexure Obsequious bowing or cringing.
    • n flexure In geology, the folding or bending of strata under compression.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Flexure a bend or turning: :
    • n Flexure (math.) the curving of a line or surface: the bending of loaded beams
    • n Flexure (Shak.) obsequious bowing
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. flexura,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. flexibilis, flexilisflectĕre, flexum, to bend.

Usage

In literature:

Chapman mentions a case in which the liver was displaced by dilatation of the sigmoid flexure.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
In the siphon recorder script dots and dashes are represented by curves of opposite flexure.
"Heroes of the Telegraph" by J. Munro
His cloth of gold bursts at the flexures, and shows the naked poetry.
"Shelley An Essay" by Francis Thompson
Occasionally several lateral flexures of double curvature and of great amount were exhibited.
"The San Francisco Calamity" by Various
I fear no courtier's frown, should I applaud The easy flexure of his supple hams.
"Every Man Out Of His Humour" by Ben Jonson
Flexures and Faults common to the Chalk and Glacial Drift.
"The Geological Evidence of The Antiquity of Man" by Charles Lyell
I have spoken of these north-and-south faults as if they were fractures; and usually they are fractures, but in some places they are flexures.
"Canyons of the Colorado" by J. W. Powell
A path wound round it in spiral flexures, ever ascending, and communicating with all above and all below.
"Philothea" by Lydia Maria Child
The defect is most serious where wood is subjected to flexure, as in beams.
"The Mechanical Properties of Wood" by Samuel J. Record
The length of beam, for which we have to guard agains flexure, is the length between verticals in any panel.
"Instructions on Modern American Bridge Building" by G. B. N. Tower
The flexure and sinking of the crust are undeniable realities.
"The Birth-Time of the World and Other Scientific Essays" by J. (John) Joly
The common theory of flexure can no longer be used to calculate the web stresses.
"Some Mooted Questions in Reinforced Concrete Design" by Edward Godfrey
Will it give place to flexure and low bending?
"Shakespeare and the Modern Stage" by Sir Sidney Lee
In very large specimens there are five flexures in the horn, but generally four.
"Natural History of the Mammalia of India and Ceylon" by Robert A. Sterndale
Then the rivets were cut out similarly at the other point of contrary flexure and the joint opened.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
Now he straightened with a movement that was analogous to the flexure of a coiled spring.
"The Spinner's Book of Fiction" by Various
If these shift when the points of support of the lens are shifted, flexure may be suspected.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
No satisfactory explanation has ever been offered of the cranial flexure.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
St. Venant's solutions for the torsion and flexure of prisms.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
They are due to two causes: flexure of the tube, and sliding of the mirror on its bed.
"Photographs of Nebulæ and Clusters" by James Edward Keeler
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In news:

Cure Temporary Crown and Bridge Material is a dual-cure 10:1 bis-acrylic material with improved flexural strength.
Learn about the 5 key strength properties – flexural, tensile, shear, peel, and compressive – that make epoxies ideal for high-performance bonding, sealing, coating, potting, and encapsulation.
New Equine Flexural Deformities Treatment Technique Studied.
Flexural strength 5,724 psi (39.5 MPa).
Revision of C1341 - 06 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramic Composites.
WK39796 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramic Composites.
Revision of C1341 - 06 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Continuous Fiber -Reinforced Advanced Ceramic Composites.
Instron introduces its 1000HDX Universal Testing Machine that features a dual test space for tension, compression, bend, shear, and flexure testing on high-strength materials.
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In science:

Structural Flexure The pointing difference between encoders and accelerometers scales well with the angular acceleration.
Study of the Dynamics of Large Reflector Antennas with Accelerometers
Flexural phonons and thermal transport in graphene.
Nanoscale Heat Transfer: from Computation to Experiment
Flexural phonons and thermal transport in multilayer graphene and graphite.
Nanoscale Heat Transfer: from Computation to Experiment
This is presumably due to flexures induced by a nonuniform mercury distribution on the surface of the container.
Optical Tests of a 2.5-m diameter Liquid Mirror: Behavior under External Perturbations and Scattered Light Measurements
We also find that the level of the mirror changes after pump down 2, probably due to flexure of the container and the mount induced by a nonuniform distribution of mercury.
Optical Tests of a 2.5-m diameter Liquid Mirror: Behavior under External Perturbations and Scattered Light Measurements
Haberland R Flexure joint, particularly for connecting a gyroscope to its driving shaft U.S.
LISA technology and instrumentation
This application works in conjunction with The Sky4, which it is supplied with, to improve polar alignment and improve pointing by mathematically modeling all the various factors that contribute to pointing errors such as tube flexure.
Software architecture for an unattended remotely controlled telescope
Skull flexure from blast waves: a mechanism for brain injury with implications for helmet design (A). J Acoust Soc Am 125, 2650.
Working toward exposure thresholds for blast-induced traumatic brain injury: thoracic and acceleration mechanisms
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