flat

Definitions

  • Flat-bottomed Vessel of Bronze Open-work Bearing The Cartouches of Pharaoh KhÎti I
    Flat-bottomed Vessel of Bronze Open-work Bearing The Cartouches of Pharaoh KhÎti I
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj flat commercially inactive "flat sales for the month","prices remained flat","a flat market"
    • adj flat not reflecting light; not glossy "flat wall paint","a photograph with a matte finish"
    • adj flat having a relatively broad surface in relation to depth or thickness "flat computer monitors"
    • adj flat lacking the expected range or depth; not designed to give an illusion or depth "a film with two-dimensional characters","a flat two-dimensional painting"
    • adj flat having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another "a flat desk","acres of level farmland","a plane surface","skirts sewn with fine flat seams"
    • adj flat lacking contrast or shading between tones
    • adj flat horizontally level "a flat roof"
    • adj flat stretched out and lying at full length along the ground "found himself lying flat on the floor"
    • adj flat sounded or spoken in a tone unvarying in pitch "the owl's faint monotonous hooting"
    • adj flat (of a musical note) lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone "B flat"
    • adj flat not modified or restricted by reservations "a categorical denial","a flat refusal"
    • adj flat having lost effervescence "flat beer","a flat cola"
    • adj flat lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting "a bland little drama","a flat joke"
    • adj flat lacking taste or flavor or tang "a bland diet","insipid hospital food","flavorless supermarket tomatoes","vapid beer","vapid tea"
    • adj flat flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)
    • adv flat in a forthright manner; candidly or frankly "he didn't answer directly","told me straight out","came out flat for less work and more pay"
    • adv flat with flat sails "sail flat against the wind"
    • n flat a suite of rooms usually on one floor of an apartment house
    • n flat scenery consisting of a wooden frame covered with painted canvas; part of a stage setting
    • n flat a deflated pneumatic tire
    • n flat a shallow box in which seedlings are started
    • n flat freight car without permanent sides or roof
    • n flat a musical notation indicating one half step lower than the note named
    • n flat a level tract of land "the salt flats of Utah"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Auger-Bit-File.  Single-Cut Blunt, Flat, Bastard File.  Three-Square Single-Cut File.  Open Cut, taper, Half-Round File.  Double-Cut File.  Cabinet Wood-Rasp.  File-Card Auger-Bit-File. Single-Cut Blunt, Flat, Bastard File. Three-Square Single-Cut File. Open Cut, taper, Half-Round...
Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles
Brushes.—Red Sable, Flat Brushes.—Red Sable, Flat
Brushes.—Flat Bristle Brushes.—Flat Bristle
How to use the paddle and a flat-bottomed rowboat How to use the paddle and a flat-bottomed rowboat
Work of Round-headed and Flat-headed Borers in Pine Work of Round-headed and Flat-headed Borers in Pine
A Flat Boat A Flat Boat

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The strike note of the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is e-flat
    • Flat A car without a roof, the body of which is a platform without sides; a platform car.
    • Flat (Mus) A character [♭] before a note, indicating a tone which is a half step or semitone lower.
    • Flat A dull fellow; a simpleton; a numskull. "Or if you can not make a speech,
      Because you are a flat ."
    • Flat A flat-bottomed boat, without keel, and of small draught.
    • Flat (Arch) A floor, loft, or story in a building;
    • Flat (Geom) A homaloid space or extension.
    • Flat (Mining) A horizontal vein or ore deposit auxiliary to a main vein; also, any horizontal portion of a vein not elsewhere horizontal.
    • Flat A level surface, without elevation, relief, or prominences; an extended plain; specifically, in the United States, a level tract along the along the banks of a river; as, the Mohawk Flats . "Envy is as the sunbeams that beat hotter upon a bank, or steep rising ground, than upon a flat ."
    • Flat A level tract lying at little depth below the surface of water, or alternately covered and left bare by the tide; a shoal; a shallow; a strand. "Half my power, this night
      Passing these flats , are taken by the tide."
    • Flat A platform on wheel, upon which emblematic designs, etc., are carried in processions.
    • Flat A straw hat, broad-brimmed and low-crowned.
    • Flat (Mus) Below the true pitch; hence, as applied to intervals, minor, or lower by a half step; as, a flat seventh; A flat.
    • Flat Clear; unmistakable; peremptory; absolute; positive; downright. "Flat burglary as ever was committed.""A great tobacco taker too, -- that's flat ."
    • Flat (Hort) Flattening at the ends; -- said of certain fruits.
    • Flat (Golf) Having a head at a very obtuse angle to the shaft; -- said of a club.
    • Flat Having an even and horizontal surface, or nearly so, without prominences or depressions; level without inclination; plane. "Though sun and moon
      Were in the flat sea sunk."
    • Flat In a flat manner; directly; flatly. "Sin is flat opposite to the Almighty."
    • Flat Lacking liveliness of commercial exchange and dealings; depressed; dull; as, the market is flat .
    • Flat Lying at full length, or spread out, upon the ground; level with the ground or earth; prostrate; as, to lie flat on the ground; hence, fallen; laid low; ruined; destroyed. "What ruins kingdoms, and lays cities flat !""I feel . . . my hopes all flat ."
    • Flat (Gram) Not having an inflectional ending or sign, as a noun used as an adjective, or an adjective as an adverb, without the addition of a formative suffix, or an infinitive without the sign to. Many flat adverbs, as in run fast, buy cheap, are from AS. adverbs in , the loss of this ending having made them like the adjectives. Some having forms in ly, such as exceeding wonderful true, are now archaic.
    • Flat (Mus) Not sharp or shrill; not acute; as, a flat sound.
    • Flat Something broad and flat in form
    • Flat (Phonetics) Sonant; vocal; -- applied to any one of the sonant or vocal consonants, as distinguished from a nonsonant (or sharp) consonant.
    • Flat Tasteless; stale; vapid; insipid; dead; as, fruit or drink flat to the taste.
    • Flat The flat part, or side, of anything; as, the broad side of a blade, as distinguished from its edge.
    • Flat To become flat, or flattened; to sink or fall to an even surface.
    • Flat To depress in tone, as a musical note; especially, to lower in pitch by half a tone.
    • Flat (Mus) To fall form the pitch.
    • Flat To make flat; to flatten; to level.
    • Flat To render dull, insipid, or spiritless; to depress. "Passions are allayed, appetites are flatted ."
    • Flat Unanimated; dull; uninteresting; without point or spirit; monotonous; as, a flat speech or composition. "How weary, stale, flat , and unprofitable
      Seem to me all the uses of this world."
    • Flat (Fine Arts) Wanting relief; destitute of variety; without points of prominence and striking interest. "A large part of the work is, to me, very flat ."
    • Flat (Stock Exchange) Without allowance for accrued interest.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Most toilets flush in E flat
    • flat Lying all in one plane; without rotundity, curvature, or other variation or inequality; plane; specifically, in mathematics, having no curvature; homaloidal; having the locus of infinitely distant points linear: applied to space of any number of dimensions. In the common use of the word, levelness or horizontalness is often implied.
    • flat Prostrate; lying the whole length on the ground; level with the ground; hence, fallen; laid low; ruined.
    • flat Having little or no relief; deficient in prominence or roundness of figure or feature; lacking contrast in appearance, whether physical or visual; smooth; even; without shading: as, flat tints; a flat painting; a flat face, nose, or head; flat cheeks.
    • flat Having no definite or characteristic taste; tasteless; stale; vapid; insipid; dead.
    • flat Having little or no interest or attractive quality; without briskness or animation; lacking activity; stupid; dull.
    • flat Not relieved, broken, or softened by qualifications or conditions; peremptory; absolute; positive; downright.
    • flat Not clear, precise, or sonorous: as, a flat sound or accent.
    • flat In music: Of tones, below a given or intended pitch.
    • flat Of intervals, minor; diminished: as, a flat fifth.
    • flat Of keys or tonalities, having flats in the signature: as, the key of F is a flat key.
    • flat In grammar, voiced or sonant: said of consonants, such as b, d, g, z, v: opposed to sharp (that is, breathed or surd) consonants, such as p, t, k, s, f.
    • flat On the stock exchange, without interest: applied to stocks when no interest is allowed by a lender of them on the sum deposited with him as security for their return when the purpose for which the stock was borrowed has been accomplished: such stock is said to be borrowed flat.
    • flat Synonyms Level, Flat. See level.
    • n flat A flat surface; a surface without curvature or inequality; especially, a level plain; a field.
    • n flat A level ground near water or covered by shallow water; a shoal or sand-bank; specifically, in the United States, a low alluvial plain near tide-water or along a river, as the Jersey (United States) or Mohawk flats; also, the part of a shore that is uncovered at low tide.
    • n flat The flat part or side of anything, as the extended palm and fingers of the hand, the broad side of a sword or knife, the part of a panel included by the beading or molding, etc.: as, to strike with the flat of the hand, or of a sword.
    • n flat Something broad and flat in form, or presenting a broad flat surface as a characteristic feature. A broad, fiat-bottomed boat without a keel, generally used in river navigation.
    • n flat A foolish person; a simpleton; one who is easily duped; a gull.
    • n flat In architecture: See flat.
    • n flat A horizontal or approximately horizontal roof, usually, in northern climates, covered with lead or tin.
    • n flat In music: A tone one half-step below a given tone: as, the flat of B—that is, B flat.
    • n flat On the pianoforte, with reference to any-given key, the key next below or to the left. The black keys are often called sharps and flats, because always named by reference to neighboring white keys, but B and E are also called C flat and F flat respectively.
    • n flat In musical notation, the character b, which when attached to a note or to a staff-degree lowers its significance one half-step. See B rotundum, under B.
    • n flat In ship-building, formerly, one of the midship timbers.
    • n flat In theaters, one of the halves of such scenes or parts of scenes as are formed by two equal parts pushed from the sides of the stage and meeting in the center.
    • n flat In mining, in the lead-mining districts of the north of England, a lateral branching of the vein, which gives rise to a deposit, as of ore, in flat masses. The excavations in these are sometimes several yards in breadth, and they are not unfrequently connected with caverns, the sides of which are incrusted with beautiful crystallizations of the veinstones peculiar to that region. Deposits of ore lying horizontally or nearly so are also, in other mining districts, called flats. This is the case in Denbighshire, Wales, and also in Cornwall, where the flat parts of the “pipes” and “carbona” are often designated as flats.
    • n flat A surface of size put over gilding.
    • n flat A continuum of any number of dimensions having no curvature: such are a straight line, a plane, and Euclidean space.
    • n flat Flat opposition or contradiction; a point-blank assertion or denial.
    • n flat On the pianoforte, a key next but one below or to the left of a given key.
    • n flat The character bb, which when attached to a note or to a staff'-degree lowers its significance two half-steps.
    • flat To make flat; level or bring to a level; lay even; make smooth; flatten.
    • flat To level with the ground; overthrow.
    • flat To make vapid or tasteless.
    • flat In music, to depress (a tone); specifically, to apply a flat to (a note or staff-degree)—that is, to depress it a half-step. Also flatten.
    • flat To decorate or paint with colors ground in linseed-oil, and thinned for use with turpentine. The turpentine kills the gloss of the oil, and the resulting surface appears dull or flat.
    • flat To become flat; fall to an even surface.
    • flat To become insipid, or dull and unanimated.
    • flat In music, to sing or play below the true pitch. Also flatten.
    • flat Flatly; so as to be flat or level.
    • flat Plainly; positively.
    • flat In music, below the true pitch.
    • n flat A floor or story of a building. Hence, in recent general use
    • n flat A floor, or separate division of a floor, fitted for housekeeping and designed to be occupied by a single family; an apartment. Compare apartment-house.
    • n flat A building the various floors of which are fitted up as flats.
    • flat To dash or throw.
    • flat To dash; rush.
    • n flat A blow.
    • flat To flatter.
    • flat In cotton-shipping, not compressed; not hard packed. Cotton which is to be shipped any great distance, by rail or ship, is usually compressed in very powerful presses to reduce the bulk as much as possible. Cotton which has not been through such a press is said to be flat.
    • flat In printing, said of the proof or print of a plate or engraving in relief which has received the flat impression of the press without the overlay used to develop light, shade, and perspective.
    • flat In golf, said of the lie of a club, when the head is at a very obtuse angle to the shaft.
    • flat Not distinguished by a characteristic termination: as, a flat adjective (a noun that occupies an adjectival position before another noun and becomes an adjective without inflection or modification of form: as, a stone wall; garden flowers); a flat adverb (see adverb).
    • n flat In ship-building: A platform, deck, or floor which is of restricted area and does not form an important part of the vessel's structure.
    • n flat A narrow bar of iron or wood, covered with card-clothing, surmounting the main cylinder of a cotton-carding machine.
    • n flat In horticulture, a shallow box, usually 2 to 4 inches deep, used by gardeners to start seeds and cuttings, and also to serve as a tray on which to carry pots.
    • flat In leather manufacturing, to shave or smooth on the flesh side.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Raindrops aren't actually tear-drop shaped. They are rounded at the top and flat on the bottom.
    • adj Flat flat smooth: level: wanting points of prominence and interest: monotonous: vapid, insipid: dejected: unqualified, positive:
    • n Flat a level plain: a tract covered by shallow water: something broad: a story or floor of a house, esp. when fitted up as a separate residence for a family: a simpleton, a gull:
    • v.i Flat to become flat
    • adj Flat flat (mus.) opposite of sharp
    • n Flat (mus.) a character (♭) which lowers a note a semitone
    • ***

Quotations

  • Logan Pearsall Smith
    Logan%20Pearsall%20Smith
    “A slight touch of friendly malice and amusement towards those we love keeps our affections for them from turning flat.”
  • Jean De La Bruyere
    Jean%20De%20La%20Bruyere
    “A bachelor's life is a fine breakfast, a flat lunch, and a miserable dinner.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Some folks won't look up until they are flat on their backs”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Common sense is what tells us the Earth is flat and the Sun goes around it.”
  • Miguel De Cervantes
    Miguel%20De%20Cervantes
    “Well, there's a remedy for all things but death, which will be sure to lay us flat one time or other.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “O God, O God, how weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable seem to me all the uses of this world!”

Idioms

Flat as a pancake - It is so flat that it is like a pancake- there is no head on that beer it is as flat as a pancake.
***
Flat out - If you work flat out, you work as hard and fast as you possibly can.
***
Flat out like a lizard drinking - (AU) An Australian idiom meaning extremely busy, which is a word play which humorously mixes two meanings of the term flat out.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Akin to Icel. flatr, Sw. flat, Dan. flad, OHG. flaz, and AS. flet, floor, G. flötz, stratum, layer

Usage

In literature:

And not the brains of the people working on the several other Earth-limited projects at Yucca Flats.
"That Sweet Little Old Lady" by Gordon Randall Garrett (AKA Mark Phillips)
Another press, which is still employed to a small extent for book-work, is the flat-bed perfecting press.
"The Building of a Book" by Various
He ben too late fu' kotch de flat's mornin' An' he holla an' holla.
"At Fault" by Kate Chopin
Or they came to the flat in the friendliest way.
"The Rich Little Poor Boy" by Eleanor Gates
It has a broad, flat head, blunt nose, and eyes situated near the muzzle.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
A merry little dinner party was assembled that night in a luxurious flat in Albemarle House.
"Jack O' Judgment" by Edgar Wallace
By the way, I have never asked you did you get your flat changed?
"The Green Rust" by Edgar Wallace
Fish is carried in spreading flat baskets by girls.
"A Tramp's Notebook" by Morley Roberts
Sonata in E-flat (first and second movements only).
"The Masters and their Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
They lived in a flat and went to theaters.
"The Job" by Sinclair Lewis
The flat contained an Indian village.
"The Woman from Outside" by Hulbert Footner
I ought to have a flat piece to put on the seat.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
If there's any shooting, throw yourselves flat.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
I've called half a dozen times at her flat, and she won't see me.
"Anna the Adventuress" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
The wind soon got up, blowing W.N.W., but rather flat.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
As Mr. Hall proceeded on his journey, he found the country thickly settled, but dull and uniform in feature; being an entire flat.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
The professors live in flats like other people, and the students live in lodgings or board with private families.
"Home Life in Germany" by Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick
Did you rent the flat from a friend of his?
"Jan and Her Job" by L. Allen Harker
Over each joint flat iron bands were placed.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
They understood the principle, but they did not carry it into flat decorative art.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
***

In poetry:

Flat on the surface
Of the land,
There is a river
Sinks through sand
"Blue Marl " by Norman MacLeod
In twenty days the silver ship
Had passed the Isle of Serendip,
And made the flat Araunian coasts
Inhabited, at noon, by Ghosts.
"The Ballad of Iskander" by James Elroy Flecker
The tenant of the topmost flat
Looks down on earth over the railings,
As if he held it in his hand,
Its lawful ruler, never failing.
"Music" by Boris Pasternak
And does it not seem hard to you
That I should have these things to do?
Is it not hard for us Manhat-
Tan children in a stuffy flat?
"A New York Child's Garden Of Verses" by Franklin Pierce Adams
After the dry and sticking tongue
After our incivility
Who will inflate the poet's lung
Gone flat of this indignity
Till the Day of Jubilo?
"Jubilo" by Allen Tate
"The nineteenth dawned. Down street and Platz
The wasted French sank back,
Stretching long lines across the Flats
And on the bridge-way track;
"Leipzig" by Thomas Hardy

In news:

6 whole cloves 2 garlic cloves 6 allspice berries 2 sprigs Italian flat leaf parsley 2 quarts chicken stock 1 lb.
12 servings SAUCE: 6 whole cloves 2 garlic cloves 6 allspice berries 2 sprigs Italian flat leaf parsley 2 quarts chicken stock 1 lb.
She's bright, she's bubbly, she wears 5-inch heels like they're ballet flats.
Ulbrich Stainless Steels & Special Metals, Inc. Ulbrich Stainless Steels and Special Metals, North Haven, CT, will showcase its stainless steel and special metals in strip and foil, as well as flat, fine and shaped wire.
The film is bookended by shots that look in, covetously, on a spacious chrome, glass, and marble luxury flat that might be anywhere in prosperous Western Europe.
Jessica Prouty Band and Flat Swamp are aloso on the bill.
The HOME2 premium-grade, nontensioned screen from Elite Screens offers a flat surface provided by its Fiberglass-backed, multilayer-weave screen material.
Having campaigned hard on a tax proposal that called for $5 trillion in tax cuts, he said flatly that he was not offering a $5 trillion tax cut.
Construction Industry to Remain Flat in 2012.
Conveyors for beginner skiers and snowboarders travel on a flat surface at a slower speed than those you find in airports.
That leaves the Apple iPad the flat-screen machine to beat.
A new study attacking genetically modified crops falls flat.
The Sprint 750 boasts the flat-out performance of a racing multihull and a huge cockpit made for whizzing around the cans and the after-race barbeque.
Now we do, and the data say we have a flat universe.
How to maintain your stick-and-rudder skills in a flat-panel world.
***

In science:

Hitchin, Flat connections and geometric quantization.
Hamiltonian symplectomorphisms and the Berry phase
Alet, Flat histogram methods for quantum systems : algorithms to overcome tunneling problems and calculate the free energy, Phys.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Binder and M. M¨uller, Flat histogram method of Wang - Landau and n-fold way, Int. J.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Flat-field images were made using a tungsten filament lamp internal to Phoenix.
Detections of Ro-Vibrational H$_2$ Emission from the Disks of T Tauri Stars
El Kaoutit and G´omez Torrecillas proved the following generalization of the Faithfully Flat Descent Theorem.
Galois corings from the descent theory point of view
Flatness and parallel transport on simplices.
Holonomy and parallel transport in the differential geometry of the space of loops and the groupoid of generalized gauge transformations
Flatness of Hecke algebras of polygonal Fuchsian groups.
New deformations of group algebras of Coxeter groups
By the Flat Plane Theorem (see ) this space is δ –hyperbolic if and only if it contains no isometrically embedded flat plane E2 .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Thus, by the Flat Plane Theorem, DW is δ –hyperbolic if D is, and so (2) implies (1).
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Remark 3 Flatness is not necessary, but ensures non triviality.
Categorical Groups, Knots and Knotted Surfaces
These new experimental, theoretical, and observational results motivate us to re-investigate solar observations from the Flat Crystal Spectrometer on the Solar Maximum Mission.
The Transparency of Solar Coronal Active Regions
Thiemann, “The LQG string: Loop quantum gravity quantization of string theory. I: Flat target space,” Class.
Polymer state approximations of Schroedinger wave functions
Flat bundle over a manifold N is determined by a representation of the fundamental group of N which defines the holonomy.
CRyptography and non commutative cohomology
For these Gaussian random SU(2) polynomials we will be computing the hole probability in a manner based on that used by Sodin and Tsirelson to solve the similar problem for Flat random holomorphic functions on C1 , .
The hole probability for Gaussian random SU(2) polynomials
Such a property is usually called Flat Base Change Theorem.
Automorphisms and autoequivalences of generic analytic K3 surfaces
***