• WordNet 3.6
    • n firmament the apparent surface of the imaginary sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Firmament Fixed foundation; established basis. "Custom is the . . . firmament of the law."
    • Firmament (Old Astron) The orb of the fixed stars; the most rmote of the celestial spheres.
    • Firmament The region of the air; the sky or heavens. "And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.""And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n firmament Foundation; support; basis.
    • n firmament The sky or heavens; the vault of heaven, viewed as something solid and abiding; the region of the air. [The Hebrew word rakia, which is so rendered in Scripture, conveys chiefly the idea of expansion, although that of solidity is also suggested, inasmuch as the root signification of the word is ‘that which is expanded by beating out.’ The English firmament is adopted from the Latin firmamentum, which is the equivalent of the Greek στερέωμα (⟨στερεός, firm, solid), by which the writers of the Septuagint rendered rakia. Some old astronomers identified the firmament with the orb of the fixed stars; but the word never had any settled and exact meaning in astronomy.]
    • n firmament A piece of jewelry, as a star or the like, meant to be worn in a head-dress, such as the commode or tower of the seventeenth century.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Firmament fėr′ma-ment the solid sphere in which the stars were thought to be fixed: the sky
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  • Bible
    “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. firmamentum, fr. firmare, to make firm: cf. F. firmament,. See Firm (v. & a.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. firmamentumfirmus, firm.


In literature:

Night then came over the scene; a night dark upon the earth, brilliant in the firmament.
"The Vicomte de Bragelonne" by Alexandre Dumas
A new star was shining in their firmament.
"Steve Yeager" by William MacLeod Raine
The firmament blazed with its vivid glories; the Sun behind us was a ball of yellow-red leaping flames.
"Brigands of the Moon" by Ray Cummings
The word "firmament" means a solid dome or roof.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 12" by Elbert Hubbard
How under the everlasting firmament could I help knowing him?
"Joyce of the North Woods" by Harriet T. Comstock
The world has seldom seen a literary venture more remarkable in contents or in history than this meteor across the firmament of German theology.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
Koit and Aemarik, to your watch and ward I intrust the light of day beneath the firmament.
"The Hero of Esthonia and Other Studies in the Romantic Literature of That Country" by William Forsell Kirby
The Judge will be a fixed star in the firmament of fictional characters as surely as David Harum or Col.
"The Price" by Francis Lynde
The flowers they browze are mantles spread o'er pastures wide and far, As mantle o'er the firmament the stars, each flower a star!
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volume IV." by Various
When such an artist does appear it is like a new star in the firmament, the wonder of the age.
"Sixty Years of California Song" by Margaret Blake-Alverson
Gradually the musical firmament has been reconstellating itself.
"Musical Portraits" by Paul Rosenfeld
Only one star ever rose on my troubled firmament, and that was you, Louisa.
"Napoleon and the Queen of Prussia" by L. Mühlbach,
The whole firmament above seemed to be shimmering with a subtle, spiritual light.
"Dixie Hart" by Will N. Harben
The ancients believed the stars to be fixed in the solid firmament: comp.
"Milton's Comus" by John Milton
But when the face of Sextus was seen among the foes, A yell that rent the firmament from all the town arose.
"The Ontario Readers: The High School Reader, 1886" by Ministry of Education
Yet life had not then nearly reached its meridian, journeying up the sunbright firmament.
"Recreations of Christopher North, Volume 2" by John Wilson
One seemed to hear its breathing up there, across the deep calm of the firmament.
"The Blue Pavilions" by Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
Night came on, and a beautiful night it was; up rose the moon, and innumerable stars decked the firmament of heaven.
"Lavengro the Scholar - the Gypsy - the Priest" by George Borrow
The firmament breaks up.
"Fragments of Two Centuries" by Alfred Kingston
It was rapidly succeeded by other flashes till the whole firmament seemed to glow with a bright, ruddy light.
"Hurricane Hurry" by W.H.G. Kingston

In poetry:

An odour lives where once was air,
A strange, unearthly scent,
From the burning of the four great stars
Within the firmament.
"Night" by Duncan Campbell Scott
IF truly a people dearly love
The tongue to them by Heaven sent,
They'll surely yearn for liberty
Like a bird above in the firmament.
"Our Mother Tongue" by Jose Rizal
For who his untrod realm could share
Of us that breathe this mortal air,
Or camp in that celestial tent
Whose fringes gild our firmament?
"Benjamin Peirce" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
A myriad songs, together thrown
Across old gulfs of hate, are blent
Like starlight in the firmament,
And round the world in triumph blown.
"Our Legend" by Maurice Thompson
Let's see the architect divine,
Who made the sun and planets shine,
And form'd the firmament's vast plain,
Let's see him in a stable lain!
"Let Us Go To Bethlehem " by Rees Prichard
And greaved with light of worlds destroyed,
And girt with firmamental gloom,
Abides his far, portended doom
And menace of the warring void.
"The Testimony of the Suns" by George Sterling

In news:

But something considerably rarer will also adorn the August firmament: a series of beautiful conjunctions featuring every member of the solar system that can be seen by the naked eye.
Demetrius Oliver's Firmament II, 2007-2008.
Well, a shooting star in the black cultural firmament is gone.
With tweets and clips and - oh, yeah - songs, Kanye West shines brightest in a fragmented firmament .
Kids' Channel a Star In Disney Firmament .
A New Star In Chadbourne's Firmament .
With tweets and clips and - oh, yeah - songs, Kanye West shines brightest in a fragmented firmament.
(Jan 27, 2011) When Rolling Stone magazine revised their list of the 100 top guitarists of all time a few years back, they added 20 "New Guitar Gods" to the firmament.
Circa 1550, An old man penetrating the earth's firmament to see the workings of the universe beyond.
This year, client Emma Stone rose to the top of the Hollywood firmament with "The Help" and "The Amazing Spider-Man".
Demetrius Oliver's Firmament II, 2007-2008.
Tucked beneath the firmament of Wallace and Olive Street, there is a surreptitiously unique art experience.
' Moonrise Kingdom' Adds Two Young Stars To Wes Anderson's Firmament.

In science:

As if the finding of any terrestrial sheet of waters , however large, could be compared for a moment as a source of joy with the first glimpse of a new glory in the already glorious firmament".
John Ellard Gore: of immensity and minuteness