fire

Definitions

  • FIRE-HOLE RIVER
    FIRE-HOLE RIVER
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v fire bake in a kiln so as to harden "fire pottery"
    • v fire destroy by fire "They burned the house and his diaries"
    • v fire cause to go off "fire a gun","fire a bullet"
    • v fire go off or discharge "The gun fired"
    • v fire start firing a weapon
    • v fire call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses) "arouse pity","raise a smile","evoke sympathy"
    • v fire drive out or away by or as if by fire "The soldiers were fired","Surrender fires the cold skepticism"
    • v fire provide with fuel "Oil fires the furnace"
    • v fire terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position "The boss fired his secretary today","The company terminated 25% of its workers"
    • n fire the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy "hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes","they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire"
    • n fire a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning "they sat by the fire and talked"
    • n fire intense adverse criticism "Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party","the government has come under attack","don't give me any flak"
    • n fire the event of something burning (often destructive) "they lost everything in the fire"
    • n fire a severe trial "he went through fire and damnation"
    • n fire feelings of great warmth and intensity "he spoke with great ardor"
    • n fire the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke "fire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries"
    • n fire fuel that is burning and is used as a means for cooking "put the kettle on the fire","barbecue over an open fire"
    • n fire once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

"'What is it?—a fire? Speak, boy!'" "'What is it?—a fire? Speak, boy!'"
"Fred took aim and fired." "Fred took aim and fired."
Fire. Mexican pictograph Fire. Mexican pictograph
His nose wuz as red as fire His nose wuz as red as fire
TWO MEN SAT BY A SMALL WOOD FIRE TWO MEN SAT BY A SMALL WOOD FIRE
TRYING TO START A FIRE WITH KEROSENE TRYING TO START A FIRE WITH KEROSENE
TRIED BY FIRE TRIED BY FIRE
At the fire At the fire

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the Great Fire of London in 1666, only six people were killed
    • Fire Anything which destroys or affects like fire.
    • Fire Ardor of passion, whether love or hate; excessive warmth; consuming violence of temper. "he had fire in his temper."
    • Fire Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth, or in a stove or a furnace.
    • Fire Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal. "And bless their critic with a poet's fire ."
    • Fire Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star. "Stars, hide your fires .""As in a zodiac
      representing the heavenly fires ."
    • Fire The burning of a house or town; a conflagration.
    • Fire The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the troops were exposed to a heavy fire .
    • Fire The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of bodies; combustion; state of ignition.
    • Fire To animate; to give life or spirit to; as, to fire the genius of a young man.
    • Fire To be irritated or inflamed with passion.
    • Fire To cause to explode; as, to fire a torpedo; to disharge; as, to fire a rifle, pistol, or cannon; to fire cannon balls, rockets, etc.
    • Fire (Far) To cauterize.
    • Fire To discharge artillery or firearms; as, they fired on the town.
    • Fire to dismiss from employment, a post, or other job; to cause (a person) to cease being an employee; -- of a person. The act of firing is usually performed by that person's supervisor or employer. "You can't fire me! I quit!"
    • Fire To drive by fire. "Till my bad angel fire my good one out."
    • Fire To feed or serve the fire of; as, to fire a boiler.
    • Fire To inflame; to irritate, as the passions; as, to fire the soul with anger, pride, or revenge. "Love had fired my mind."
    • Fire To light up as if by fire; to illuminate. "The sun fires the proud tops of the eastern pines."
    • Fire To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile.
    • Fire To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to fire pottery.
    • Fire To take fire; to be kindled; to kindle.
    • Fire Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On May 9, 1999 approximately 600,000 gallons of whiskey flowed into the Kentucky River during a fire at Wild Turkey Distillery in Lawrenceburg
    • n fire The visible heat, or light, evolved by the action of a high temperature on certain bodies, which are in consequence styled inflammable or combustible; combustion, or the heat and light evolved during the process of combustion. Anciently, fire, air, earth, and water were regarded as the four elements of which all things are composed; and fire continued until comparatively recent times to be considered a distinct imponderable substance, existing throughout the universe in the supposed form of caloric. See combustion, flame.
    • n fire Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth or the ground, or in a grate, stove, or furnace; a burning mass of material lighted for the sake of warmth or for the utilization of the heat or light from it.
    • n fire The burning of any large collection of material, as a building, town, forest, etc.; a conflagration: as, the great fire of London or of Chicago; a forest or a prairie fire.
    • n fire A spark or sparks; specifically, a spark, as from red-hot iron, or from flint or other stones when struck.
    • n fire Flashing light; vivid luster; splendor.
    • n fire In precious stones, the quality of refracting and dispersing light, and the brilliancy of effect that comes from this quality.
    • n fire A luminous body; a star.
    • n fire A sensation of internal heat arising from either a physical or a mental cause; an inflammatory process or effect.
    • n fire Ardor; burning desire; passionate love for something.
    • n fire Consuming violence, as of temper; fierceness; vehemence: as, the fire of love or of enmity.
    • n fire Liveliness of imagination; vigor of fancy; force of sentiment or expression; capacity for ardor and zeal; animation; vivacity.
    • n fire Subjection to evil effects of any kind; especially, overwhelming trouble; severe trial: used with reference to the old or savage practice of trial or torture by fire, and especially to the passing through the fire to Moloch mentioned in the Bible: as, to pass through or be subjected to the fires of affliction.
    • n fire [⟨ fire, v. t., 6.] The firing or discharge of firearms; the discharge of a number of firearms, as rifles, muskets, or cannon, from a body of troops, a battery, or the like: as, to be under fire; to silence the enemy's fire; enfilade and ricochet fire, etc. Artillery fire is said to be direct when the line of fire is perpendicular to the line aimed at, and the projectile does not touch the intermediate ground; oblique when the line of fire makes an angle less than 90° with the front of the object; enfilading when the line of fire is nearly parallel to the parapet or line of troops to be swept; reverse when the line of fire forms a horizontal angle greater than 30° with the interior slope of the parapet or the line of troops exposed to its effects; slant when the angle made with the interior slope is less than 30°; horizontal when the piece has but a small angle of elevation and the projectile strikes the object without striking the intermediate ground; vertical when the piece has a great angle of elevation, as in the case of mortars; ricochet when the elevation is slight and the projectile strikes the earth or water and rebounds one or more times (used chiefly with reduced charges for enfilading purposes); rolling when the axis of the piece is parallel to the ground, or nearly so, and the projectile makes a series of ricochets; plunging when the piece is situated above the plane of the object fired at.
    • n fire A fire kindled with the object of leading a ship to destruction; a false or misleading beacon.
    • n fire A fire burning chiefly in the interior of the mass of fuel, so as to avoid waste of the coal by combustion on the outside, where it is not in contact with the metal. For the common blacksmith's fire semi-bituminous coal is preferred.
    • n fire Figuratively, to make fiery; inflame; excite violently.
    • n fire Figuratively, to become inflamed; be violently excited or aroused.
    • fire To set on fire; enkindle: as, to fire a house or a chimney; to fire a pile.
    • fire To expose to the action of fire; prepare by the application of heat; bake: as, to fire pottery; to fire a slack of bricks.
    • fire To inflame; irritate the feelings or passions of: as, to fire one with anger or revenge.
    • fire To animate; give life or spirit to.
    • fire To drive out or away by fire.
    • fire To subject to explosion or explosive force by the application of fire (usually in the form of a spark, variously produced); discharge, send forth, or break up by explosion: as, to fire a gun or pistol; to fire a cannon-ball or a shell; to fire a blast or a mine.
    • fire To throw as a missile.
    • fire In veterinary surgery, to cauterize.
    • fire To illuminate strongly; make to shine as if on fire.
    • fire To eject, dismiss, or expel forcibly or peremptorily: commonly with out. See to fire out
    • fire below.
    • fire To eject, expel, or dismiss forcibly or peremptorily; discharge from employment; bounce: in allusion to the discharge of a cannon-ball.
    • fire To take fire; be kindled.
    • fire To be or become heated, irritated, or inflamed: as, his feet fire easily in walking.
    • fire To become excited; become irritated or inflamed with passion. See to fire up , below.
    • fire To discharge artillery or firearms: as, they fired on the town.
    • fire To discharge or throw a missile or missiles.
    • fire To ring all the bells in a peal at once.
    • fire To become irritated or angry; fly into a passion.
    • fire In geology, to break out in flames or incandescent gases: said of volcanoes.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Fires onland generally move faster uphill than downhill
    • n Fire fīr the heat and light caused by burning: flame: anything burning, as fuel in a grate, &c.: a conflagration: torture or death by burning: severe trial: anything inflaming or provoking: ardour of passion: vigour: brightness of fancy: enthusiasm: sexual passion
    • v.t Fire to set on fire: to inflame: to irritate: to animate: to cause the explosion of: to discharge
    • v.i Fire to take fire: to be or become irritated or inflamed: to discharge firearms
    • adj Fire homely, intimate
    • ***

Quotations

  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “The proof of gold is fire...”
  • Richard M. Nixon
    Richard%20M.%20Nixon
    “The finest steel has to go through the hottest fire.”
  • Louisa May Alcott
    Louisa May Alcott
    “It takes two flints to make a fire.”
  • George Holbrook Jackson
    George Holbrook Jackson
    “Genius is initiative on fire.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Fire is never a gentle master”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “You may poke a man's fire after you've known him for seven years.”

Idioms

Add fuel to the fire - If people add fuel to the fire, they make a bad situation worse.
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As much use as a chocolate fire-guard - A fire-guard is used in front of a fireplace for safety. A chocolate fire-guard is of no use. An alternative to 'As much use as a chocolate teapot'.
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Baptism of fire - A baptism of fire was a soldier's first experience of shooting. Any unpleasant experience undergone, usually where it is also a learning experience, is a baptism of fire.
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Fat hits the fire - When the fat hits the fire, trouble breaks out.
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Fire away - If you want to ask someone a question and they tell you to fire away, they mean that you are free to ask what you want.
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Fire in the hole! - This is used as a warning when a planned explosion is about to happen.
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Fire on all cylinders - If something is firing on all cylinders, it is going as well as it could.
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Get on like a house on fire - If people get on like a house on fire, they have a very close and good relationship.
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Hair on fire - If something sets your hair on fire, it excites you or catches your attention urgently.
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Irons in the fire - A person who has a few irons in the fire has a number of things working to their advantage at the same time.
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Mud in the fire - The things that cannot be changed in the past that we usually forget about are mud in the fire.
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No smoke without fire - This idiom means that when people suspect something, there is normally a good reason for the suspicion, even if there is no concrete evidence. ('Where's there's smoke, there's fire' is also used.)
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On fire - If you're on fire, you're doing really well at something.
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Out of the frying pan, into the fire - If you get out of one problem, but find yourself in a worse situation, you are out of the frying pan, into the fire.
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Play with fire - If people take foolish risks, they are playing with fire.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. fir, fyr, fur, AS. fȳr,; akin to D. vuur, OS. & OHG. fiur, G. feuer, Icel. fȳri, fūrr, Gr. py^r, and perh. to L. purus, pure, E. pure, Cf. Empyrean Pyre

Usage

In literature:

A vast red sun hanging low over the western wilderness tinged the forest, as if with fire.
"The Keepers of the Trail" by Joseph A. Altsheler
A slow fire will answer the purpose nearly as well; and in the absence of sunshine, the fire is often resorted to.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Seizing a fire hose, he flooded the compartment and extinguished the fire.
"World's War Events, Vol. I" by Various
Who cares what street the fire was on until he knows more about the fire?
"Newspaper Reporting and Correspondence" by Grant Milnor Hyde
Then he went forward swiftly, and in another minute the forest shut out camp fire and comrades.
"The Riflemen of the Ohio" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Long spars swung out from a ship's side to prevent the approach of fire-ships, fire-stages, or vessels accidentally on fire.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Moch we talk by the fire.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
Some fires started after the quake, but the fire department soon had them under control.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
With the first fire, both commanders fell.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Previous to the organization of the Fire-engine Establishment there were no official annual reports of the fires in the metropolis.
"Fire Prevention and Fire Extinction" by James Braidwood
The fire smoldered in his small narrow eyes.
"The Boy Scouts Book of Campfire Stories" by Various
I perched a turkey in the gloaming and roasted him over a small fire.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
Fire control implies the ability to stop firing, change the sight setting and target, and resume a well directed fire.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
Will and I fired, and he rose and turned to us, and Ben fired.
"Ben Comee" by M. J. (Michael Joseph) Canavan
They're standing well under fire, when they're not able to fire back.
"The Great Sioux Trail" by Joseph Altsheler
Our man was firing and missing, and every time he fired the German waved a miss, as they do on the rifle butts with his shovel.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
The fire of the boats increases while the fire of the fort diminishes.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
My first thought was that it was the camp-fire of some mover on the fire-brake.
"Track's End" by Hayden Carruth
We would dodge their shells as they fired, and then rise and fire till they were ready again.
"In The Ranks" by R. E. McBride
We joined a circle of Britishers who were seated in front of a coal fire in an open hearth.
""And they thought we wouldn't fight"" by Floyd Gibbons
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In poetry:

Leave me you cannot,
Nor can I remove me
From the sevenfold dark fire
You have lit here since you love me.
"The Dark Fire" by John Freeman
One hymn more, O my lyre!
Praise to the God above,
Of joy and life and love,
Sweeping its strings of fire!
"Hymns From The French Of Lamartine" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Give me a song to sing,
Poet, sound the lyre,
Strike from the rock the spring,
Smite from the flint the fire.
"Impromptu" by Frances Anne Kemble
O moth, that yearns for me,
The whole world pities thee,
Foredoomed on heedless wing,
By mad fire-worshipping.
"The Flame" by Charles Hanson Towne
The sun is but a spark of fire,
A transient meteor in the sky;
The soul, immortal as its Sire,
Shall never die!
"There is a calm for those who weep - 2" by James Montgomery
In the garden the fire-flies
Quench and kindle their soft glow:
I am one separated,
But from whom I do not know.
"Young Girl: Annam" by Padraic Colum

In news:

Fire captain recalls fire conditions on fourth floor during initial fire attack.
Horry County Fire Rescue and Conway Fire Department responded to a fire at University Place apartments near the campus Coastal Carolina University.
CAL FIRE and Five Cities Fire Authority are en route to a structure fire off Cherry Lane near Branch Mill Road in Arroyo Grande.
Fire officials believe other recent fires in the area have also likely been arson related and may be connected to the same suspects who started the Karlstad Fire.
Panama City Beach Fire Rescue and Bay County Fire Control are still investigating what caused a fire in a Panama City Beach home Saturday morning.
Shortly before 4pm, on June 18th, the Bellingham , Washington Fire Department was dispatched to a report of a vehicle fire with exposures in the 800 block of W. Vehicle Fire in Bellingham , Washington.
MAGALIA — A fire reported just after 5 am today destroyed a home at 6630 Woodland Dr. A press release issued by the Cal Fire-Butte County Fire Department said the first engine crew at the location said the structure was engulfed in flames.
West Manatee Fire Rescue and a state fire marshal have closed the investigation into a June 11 fire at a Holmes Beach boathouse .
The San Luis Obispo City Fire Department and CAL FIRE are on the scene of a fire near Tank Farm Road and Broad Street.
Tulare County Fire fighters responded to a report of a power pole fire near Avenue 416 and Road 92 just before 2:30 pm Thursday but when they got there Dinuba City firefighters already had the fire out.
Fire officials says a fire in Condon Park was likely caused by a transient allowing the fire to escape from a temporary fire ring.
POULSBO — Poulsbo Fire, North Kitsap Fire and Rescue, Central Kitsap Fire and Rescue and Navy Region NW responded to a residential structure fire at 3:30 am Saturday on the 26000 block of Circle Drive, south of the Hood Canal Bridge.
Pasadena Fire Department holding safety tips and tree burning demo demonstrating how quickly a live tree catch fire and spreak to a home endangering residents Tuesday, at Fire station 33, on No.
The City-wide FIRE DRILL is part of the Monroe Fire Department 2012 FIRE PREVENTION WEEK activities.
Cal Fire map Cal Fire's map shows the progression of the Robbers Fire from its start July 11, where the white dot appears, to the red edges that signify the end of its outward spread on Wednesday.
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In science:

Fire spread prediction in shrub fuels in Portugal.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Fire Research Bulletin No. 1, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research and Fire Offices’ Committee, London.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Fire front width effects on fire spread across a laboratory scale sloping fuel bed.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Forest Fire Research & Wild land Fire Safety, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
More recently, the CSIRO Grassland Fire Spread Meter (GSFM) (CSIRO, 1997; Cheney and Sullivan, 1997) based on the empirical modelling of Cheney et al. (1998) has replaced the McArthur Grassland FDRS as the preferred tool for predicting fire behaviour in grasslands.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fire spread was measured using metal markers placed near the flame front at intervals of 1-4 mins and later surveyed.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fires were found to spread freely when the FMC of the dead shallow litter layer beneath the low shrubs was < 8%.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fire propagation in vertical stick arrays: The effects of wind.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fire in semiarid, mallee shrublands - size of flames from discrete fuel arrays and their role in the spread of fire.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fire in Forestry 1: Forest Fire Behaviour and Effects.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Grassfires: Fuel, Weather and Fire Behaviour.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
The National Fire-Danger Rating System - 1978.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fire spread modelling in Portuguese shrubland.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Fire spread prediction in shrub fuels in Portugal.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Development and structure of the Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
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