• Scotch Pine. Scotch Fir
    Scotch Pine. Scotch Fir
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n fir any of various evergreen trees of the genus Abies; chiefly of upland areas
    • n fir nonresinous wood of a fir tree
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Balsam Fir Balsam Fir
magpie in fir branches magpie in fir branches

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Fir fẽr (Bot) A genus (Abies) of coniferous trees, often of large size and elegant shape, some of them valued for their timber and others for their resin. The species are distinguished as the balsam fir, the silver fir, the red fir, etc. The Scotch fir is a Pinus.Fir in the Bible means any one of several coniferous trees, including, cedar, cypress, and probably three species of pine.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n fir A coniferous tree, properly of the genus Abies, in distinction from the spruce (Picea): a term also applied, more loosely, to trees of other genera, as Picea and Pinus. See Abies. Among the true firs are the silver firs, Abies pectinata of Europe and A. Numidica of the Atlas mountains; the balsam-fir or balm-of-Gilead fir of the Alleghanies, A. balsamea; the balsam-fir or white fir of the Rocky Mountains, A. concolor; the red firs of the Pacific coast, A. nobilis and A. magnifica; the white fir of the same region, A. grandis; and the sacred fir of Mexico, A. religiosa. Of other genera are the Scotch fir, Pinus sylvestris, and the spruce-fir or Norway spruce. Picea excelsa; the red, yellow, or Douglas fir of western America, Pseudotsuga Douglasii; the parasol-fir of Japan, Sciadopitys verticillata; and the plum-fir of Chili, Podocarpus Andina. The gnetaceous genera Ephedra and Gnetum are known as joint-firs.
    • n fir The she-balsam or Fraser fir, Abies Fraseri, of the more southern Appalachian Mountains.
    • n fir Same as alpine fir.
    • n fir Same as Shasta fir.
    • n fir The Douglas spruce.
    • n fir Same as Algerian fir.
    • n fir Same as bristle-cone fir.
    • n fir Same as grand fir.
    • n fir Same as Fraser fir.
    • n fir Same as white fir.
    • n fir Same as Shasta fir.
    • n fir Abies amabilis, distinguished as red silver fir.
    • n fir Abies Pichta, sometimes called Siberian silver fir.
    • n fir The king-pine, Abies Webbiana, often called Webb's silver fir. See king-pine, under pine.
    • n fir Same as grand fir.
    • n fir Same as lovely fir.
    • n fir An abbreviation of firkin.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fir fėr the name of several species of cone-bearing, resinous trees, valuable for their timber
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Dan. fyr, fyrr,; akin to Sw. furu, Icel. fura, AS. furh, in furh,wudu fir wood, G. föhre, OHG. forha, pine, vereh,eih a sort of oak, L. quercus, oak
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. furh (wudu); cf. Ger. föhre.


In literature:

It looks very wild here, the fir-trees are so shaggy.
"Life at Puget Sound: With Sketches of Travel in Washington Territory, British Columbia, Oregon and California" by Caroline C. Leighton
Even on dark and stormy days the park has its own strange charm as one walks up the gloomy avenue on the soft fir-needles glistening with rain.
"Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 26, August, 1880" by Various
Do you see the face in the fir tree?
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 10" by Charles Herbert Sylvester
I was behind the fir hedge and you didn't see me.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1896 to 1901" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
We have come down to spend a few weeks at Fir Cottage.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1902 to 1903" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Only the sturdy firs and spruces could hold their own against it.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1904" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
From where he sat he saw the new house that Stephen had built beyond the fir grove, with a cheerful light shining from its window.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1905 to 1906" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
To right and left fir-fringed points ran out into the lake, shaping a little cove with the house in its curve.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1907 to 1908" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Behind it rose the seven dark firs which had given to the place its name.
"Allison Bain" by Margaret Murray Robertson
They were glad that they were safe in the fir tree.
"The Tree-Dwellers" by Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
Soft or evergreen wood, such as pine, fir, larch, and others of the species, are considered decisive of a very light soil.
"The Conquest of Canada (Vol. 1 of 2)" by George Warburton
To M. Bremontier came the happy idea of planting the waste land with fir trees.
"Faces and Places" by Henry William Lucy
The only solid, substantial colouring was that of the enduring hemlocks and the sombre, serried firs.
"The Watchers of the Trails" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Between the firs he stopped and held his lantern high so that it touched a moving radius of flakes to silver stars.
"The Branding Iron" by Katharine Newlin Burt
And many a separate oak tree that stands near a group of firs has been thoroughly investigated.
"Patty's Friends" by Carolyn Wells
In spite of this, he was beginning to get drowsy when a faint and yet strangely melodious chiming broke through the whispering of the firs.
"The Long Portage" by Harold Bindloss
A limitless expanse of sea lay revealed, pierced by points of fir-crowned land that drove rock ledges into the liquid blue.
"The Opened Shutters" by Clara Louise Burnham
Through the shadow of the firs two young women watched him with curiosity.
"Thurston of Orchard Valley" by Harold Bindloss
Though it cost him an effort, he rose, and stood a minute or two shivering in the bitter wind, which now set the dark firs sighing.
"The Greater Power" by Harold Bindloss
Cephalonian Silver Fir, 185.
"Trees of the Northern United States" by Austin C. Apgar

In poetry:

Swiftly I thrust away
This thought of the Woods of Truagh,
My poplar, my fir are you,
My larch a-sway–
"On An Island" by Anna Johnston MacManus
No fir-crown'd hills could give delight,
No palace please mine eye;
No pyramid's aerial height,
Where mould'ring monarchs lie.
"Song XII. - O'er desert plains, and rushy meres" by William Shenstone
From the clefts of mountain rocks,
Through the dark of lowland firs,
Flash the eyes and flow the locks
Of the mystic Vanishers!
"The Vanishers" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Beneath yon fir trees in the west,
The sunset round it glowing,
A cottage lies like bird on nest,
With thatch roof hardly showing.
"The House In The Heath" by Annette Von Droste-Hulshoff
"Still, here it stood! yes, here," he said,
"Its very foot was set!
I saw this fir-tree through the red,
This through the violet!"
"The Golden Key" by George MacDonald
And as I gazed there blew a wind,
Loosed where the sylvan shadows stir,
Bringing delight to soul and sense
The breath of dying fir.
"For Little Things" by Lucy Maud Montgomery

In news:

Studying Fraser fir in the Smokies.
Friends of Music presents "An Afternoon of Opera and Musical Theater" at 3 pm Sunday, Nov 13, at Calvary Assembly of God, 518 Fir St, Brookings.
View full size Randy L. Rasmussen/The Oregonian Lone Fir Cemetery's first burial in 1846 was of Emmor Stephens, father of landowner James Stephens.
RIDE INFORMATION Distance - 1.5 miles to the Munch Connector;4 miles from Fir Canyon to top of connector;75 miles to East Pinery .
The Alki Homestead/Fir Lodge built in 1905 is getting closer to a clear decision on its fate.
Pliny for Parks and our first visit to The Noble Fir.
Ten Photos from Blonde Redhead 's Doug Fir Show.
Logging town of Darrington reluctantly parts with cemetery's Doug firs.
KINGSTON — A powerful lightning bolt sliced a big fir tree in half Friday morning, threatening a house that stood next to it and the occupant in it.
The pleasant fir aroma is formulated to block a rodent's sense of smell so the pest vacates any area where a pouch is placed, the company adds.
PICTURE ROCKS — A working smoke alarm is credited with saving the life of a man and a woman who were awakened by the alarm early Tuesday morning and found their home on Roaring Run Road on fir.
Softwoods like pine and fir catch easily and burn fast.
Milwaukee's Faux Fir and Fatty Acids Release Spilt EP For A Free Download.
Two of Milwaukee's most interesting bands, Faux Fir and The Fatty Acids, released a spilt EP a few days ago on bandcamp.
Join us on Saturday, October 6th at the Science Museum of Virginia for an exciting competition and hands-on family fun at Virginia FIRS T's Robot Rumble .

In science:

FIRBACK sources: the FIR-mm SEDs tentatively indicate, for plausible far-IR spectra, redshifts in the range from 0 to 0.4 for the ma jority of the sources, while a few may be at z > 1.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
ALMA – are particulalry needed, in addition to space FIR observatories).
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Far-infrared (FIR) and radio luminosities imply a high star-formation rate and at a distance of 3.2 Mpc (Burbidge, Burbudge & Rubin 1964) it lends itself well to study with radio interferometry on a parsec scale.
Global VLBI Observations of Compact Radio Sources in M82
Various different indicators of galaxy SFR exist at different wavelengths, and include Hα and [Oii] emission line luminosities, ultraviolet continuum luminosity, far-infrared (FIR) luminosity and radio luminosities (see reviews by Kennicutt 1998; Condon 1992).
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Here we use this technique to estimate SFRs using Hα, [Oii], u-band, 1.4 GHz and FIR luminosities.
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
There are several calibrations of FIR luminosity to SFR in the literature, (for a summary see Kennicutt 1998).
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
It is plausible, however, that galaxies with high FIR luminosities in the current sample have similar relative contributions (to FIR luminosity) from old stellar populations as the lower luminosity systems.
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Using this sub-sample we have investigated five SFR indicators based on Hα, [Oii], u-band, FIR and 1.4 GHz luminosities.
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
For completeness, the SFR calibrations from 1.4 GHz and FIR luminosities that give consistent SFR estimates with the above formulae are also given here (from Bell 2003).
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Observations in the FIR and submm bands include the results by RowanRobinson et al. (1997), Hughes et al. (1998) and Flores et al. (1999).
The cosmic evolution of the galaxy luminosity density
The luminosity estimated from FIR data and the centimeter(radio) emission agree well, within a factor of 100 L⊙ , and indicate a spectral type of B0.3B0.6 (MacLeod et al. 1998).
The structure of Onsala 1 star forming region
The star symbol represents the position of the FIR sources and the UCHII region.
The structure of Onsala 1 star forming region
The star symbol represents the position of the FIR sources and the UCHII region as in Fig. 1.
The structure of Onsala 1 star forming region
The first outflow is seen close to the central FIR source.
The structure of Onsala 1 star forming region
The FIR fluxes are obtained from the CD-edition of the published IRAS PSC catalogue and only those fluxes with good quality (Q ≥ 2) are used.
On the difference between type E and A OH/IR stars