final cause

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n final cause (philosophy) the end or purpose of a thing or process
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Three chemicals are used to execute criminals by lethal injection. First, Sodium Thiopental is injected, causing the inmate to fall into a deep sleep. The second chemical agent, Pancuronium Bromide, a muscle relaxer, follows. This causes the inmate to stop breathing due to paralyses of the diaphragm and lungs. Finally, Potassium Chloride is injected, stopping the heart.
    • Final cause See under Cause.
    • Final cause the end, design, or object, for which anything is done.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Final cause the end or object for which a thing is done, esp. the design of the universe
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. causa.

Usage

In literature:

The final conflagration was caused by Owen Glendower in 1401, after which quieter times came until the Civil War.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
Now these parallelisms are inexplicable by the theory of final causes.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
It was this activity which had finally aroused my department and caused Hanley to send me to Nareda.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
Finally, eversion of the womb (casting the withers) is an occasional cause of flooding.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
The only thing that caused him fear was the possibility that when the instant came, Ogilvie would not take the final leap.
"Daddy's Girl" by L. T. Meade
A final cause was in management.
"The Railway Builders" by Oscar D. Skelton
Finally he kicked at the door, causing some of neighbors to look out and see what was going on.
"Sovereign Grace" by Dwight Moody
Finally, this emotion, in so far as it is related to a number of external causes, is therefore less towards each.
"The Philosophy of Spinoza" by Baruch de Spinoza
Finally, some lucky shots by a British observer cause one of them to land in a damaged condition, whereupon the rest retire.
"Cavalry of the Clouds" by Alan Bott
Then he studied the cause of the disaster, and finally stepped out again, cautiously now, having learned his lesson.
"Bred of the Desert" by Marcus Horton
What was the cause of their final disaster?
"Training the Teacher" by A. F. Schauffler
We finally got started again, and after going a short distance another halt was made, caused by the road being blockaded by the wagons.
"Our Battery" by Orlando P. Cutter
This of course caused more trouble in finding her, and she was finally discovered in furnished rooms.
"The Spiritualists and the Detectives" by Allan Pinkerton
A faint breath finally came out of the north, causing Grant and the guide to study the sky anxiously.
"The Crimson Gardenia and Other Tales of Adventure" by Rex Beach
It seemed that his tread must surely cause the whale to make a final effort to get rid of his enemies.
"The Frontier Boys in the Sierras" by Wyn Roosevelt
They finally asked for redress of several grievances caused by the misrule of Rudolph.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 2" by Various
Heart failure was the final cause of his death.
"Pioneering in Cuba" by James Meade Adams
The unwitting cause of all this turmoil was in a cold perspiration when things finally quieted down.
"Unexplored!" by Allen Chaffee
Finally we will indicate the one true inner cause of the difficulty in getting the number 1 as a response.
"Clever Hans" by Oskar Pfungst
Equally futile is it to point to the weight of the taxes as the main cause of the long decline and final overthrow of Rome.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 368, June 1846" by Various
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In poetry:

Christ is our Advocate,— 'tis he alone
Can plead our cause, before th' Almighty's throne,
When Satan, ever our accusing foe,
Wou'd fain obtain our final overthrow.
"Christ Is All In All" by Rees Prichard
XIV. Yet still those laws immutable and true
To nature's void, attraction 's sacred laws,
Each spirit to its kindred spirit drew ,
Of sweet effects , the fond and final cause .
"The Minstrel Boy" by Sydney Owenson
XXIII.
Thus, only, man through imperfection gains
Perfection, try'd in dreadful scenes. To bring
Good out of ill is God's prerogative;
To manifest himself the final cause,
Wherefore to human lot such woes befell.
"Moral Evil No Accident" by Thomas Odiorne

In news:

Scientists believe they have finally figured out how the mutation that causes sickle cell anemia also protects against fatal malaria.
A potential hike in McAllen's hotel occupancy rate has caused quite a controversy and now the final decision is just one day away.
Hymns , Blues & Rock at the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is an exhibition with broad appeal, something that will likely cause a lot of potential visitors previously on the fence to finally visit the riverfront museum.
The Army Corps of Engineers finally has the go-ahead to choose a contractor to build permanent pump stations at the mouths of New Orleans' three outfall canals after a 13-month delay caused by legal wrangling.
Finally, hormonal surges can cause joint laxity and decreased joint support.
Damages from the case of an Illinois state trooper who caused a 2007 crash that killed two Collinsville sisters and injured a Fayetteville couple may finally be settled.
NTSB released their final report on last summers crash, but the investigators say it is difficult to know the exact cause.
The usually stoic Sandra Bullock is finally opening up about the pain caused by her marriage split from cheating husband Jesse James .
This is the story of Malcolm X – a man who was in turns hustler, criminal, convict, convert, and finally, a martyr for his cause.
PRAGUE—Petra Kvitova says she is well enough to compete in the Fed Cup final this weekend, even though she has been taking antibiotics for an illness that has caused her stomach and breathing problems for the past 10 days.
"Bagelhead" is a form of extreme body modification that sees saline injected into the forehead causing swelling, after finally being pushed in the middle to form the shape of a bagel.
The baby that caused such a stir on Clint and Lisa Hartman Black's website finally has a name.
Watch Kathy and her daughter, Kristina, finally resolve twenty years of distance cause by clutter.
Kathy and her daughter, Kristina, finally resolve twenty years of distance cause by clutter.
We've learned that Eduard Khil, aka Mr Trololo, whose 1976 Soviet TV performance of the song 'I Am Glad, 'Cause I'm Finally Returning Back Home' became a unlikely viral video hit in late 2009, has died at age 77.
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In science:

Finally, we also took into account that the presence of the fourquadrant mask causes an attenuation of the off-axis objects due to the 4QPM transition, decreasing our sensitivity close to the axis (see Boccaletti et al. 2004).
Searching for sub-stellar companion into the LkCa15 proto-planetary disk
Finally, I will summarize the link between post-starbursts and the growth of supermassive black holes, and will suggest that the lag in black hole growth is caused by feedback from supernovae during the starburst phase.
Extreme Starbursts in the Local Universe
Finally, assertions have been made that ”fluctuations”, ”instabilities” and perhaps other ill defined, similar effects cause the polarization of masers to be quite different from the description in this Appendix.
Theory and Extragalactic Masers
Finally, we note that J couplings with spins > 1/2 average to zero, because such nuclei have a quadrupole moment which interacts with electric field fluct uations and causes the nucleus to rapidly oscillate between the spin-up and spin-down states.
Experimental Quantum Computation with Nuclear Spins in Liquid Solution
Finally, the spacings between the ellipses deviate from expectation. A major cause of experimental errors was RF field inhomogenei ty, which causes gate imperfections.
Experimental Quantum Computation with Nuclear Spins in Liquid Solution
Finally, return the system back to its superconducting state, and, quite remarkably, the vison will cause the magnetic flux to reappear.
Order and quantum phase transitions in the cuprate superconductors
Finally I thank Yinfan Yang , whose pullback caused the writing of this paper.
Calabi-Yau differential equations of degree 2 and 3 and Yifan Yang's pullback
Finally we compare the solution on the smaller domain with the reference solution, measuring the reflections and constraint violations caused by the boundary treatment.
Testing outer boundary treatments for the Einstein equations
Finally, in analogy with the 11-year solar cycle, magnetic fields associated with the secondary star in a LMXB could show activity cycles (Lanza et al. 1998), and may also cause observable transient phenomena.
Possible Magnetic Activity in the Low Mass X-ray Binary EXO 0748-676
The rate of med iumstimulated gluon emission is expected to be sligh tly greater than that which occurs in vacuum, causing an increase of the w idth of the transverse momen tum d istr ibu tion of the final state hadron (“transverse momen tum broadening”) compared to the w idth seen for the same process in vacuum.
Studies of Parton Propagation and Hadron Formation in the Space-Time Domain
Finally, notice that in addition to the clustering anisotropies caused by the peculiar velocity of galaxies, the observed galaxy power spectrum defined in comoving space further exhibits anisotropies induced by the Alcock-Paczynski effect.
Forecasting the Cosmological Constraints with Anisotropic Baryon Acoustic Oscillations from Multipole Expansion
Finally, if the SEP violating interaction is only of limited range, like in the massive Brans-Dicke theory of gravity (see ), then Galactic binary pulsars are insensitive to the corresponding violation of the UFF, since the masses that cause the external gravitational field are at large distances.
Tests of the universality of free fall for strongly self-gravitating bodies with radio pulsars
Finally, thermal broadening will cause some smoothing of the Gunn-Peterson optical depth, and this will reduce the (cid:13)uctuations.
THE GUNN-PETERSON EFFECT FROM UNDERDENSE REGIONS IN A PHOTOIONIZED INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM
Finally, it is possible that there is a generic distortion caused by effects which have not been anticipated, calculated, or otherwise expected.
The Cosmic Microwave Background Spectrum
Finally, to determine whether the superconductivity and ferromagnetism originate from the same place in the sample, we decided to compare the granular structures caused by the ferromagnetism and superconductivity, respectively, at a higher magnification with more enhanced brightness and contrast.
Direct Observation of Coexistence of Ferromagnetism and Superconductivity in RuSr2(Gd0.7Ce0.3)2Cu2O10
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