feudal

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj feudal of or relating to or characteristic of feudalism
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Sheriff came from Shire Reeve. During early years of feudal rule in England, each shire had a reeve who was the law for that shire. When the term was brought to the United States it was shortened to Sheriff.
    • feudal Consisting of, or founded upon, feuds or fiefs; embracing tenures by military services; as, the feudal system.
    • feudal Of or pertaining to feuds, fiefs, or fees; as, feudal rights or services; feudal tenures.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • feudal Pertaining to or in the nature of a feud or partizan conflict.
    • feudal Pertaining to feuds, fiefs, or fees; relating to or dependent upon the method of landholding called feud, fief, or fee: as, feudal tenure; feudal rights or services; a feudal lord or vassal.
    • feudal Pertaining to the state of society under this system of tenure; characteristic of the relations of lord and vassal.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Feudal pertaining to feuds or fiefs: belonging to feudalism
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Quotations

  • Timothy Leary
    Timothy Leary
    “In the information age, you don't teach philosophy as they did after feudalism. You perform it. If Aristotle were alive today he'd have a talk show.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. féodal, or LL. feudalis,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. feudum, from root of fee.

Usage

In literature:

The government under which they lived was a peculiar form of the feudal system.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
The feudal privileges of nobles?
"The Unconstitutionality of Slavery" by Lysander Spooner
As mentioned, the appearance of the church is that of a fortress rather than of a temple, or better still, is that of a feudal castle.
"The Cathedrals of Northern Spain" by Charles Rudy
Now, first, a feudal army rarely manoeuvred.
"Poitiers" by Hilaire Belloc
The feudal system found its expression in various forms of homage and of fealty, upon which it was founded.
"Women of England, Volume 9 (of 10)" by Burleigh James Bartlett
Feudal loyalty and the strong tie of family, bound them not only to their local homes, but to their native land.
"Calvert and Penn" by Brantz Mayer
From these feudalism and serfdom erupted.
"Historia Amoris: A History of Love, Ancient and Modern" by Edgar Saltus
Several ages before this period the feudal system had degenerated into the most absolute tyranny.
"The Lusiad" by Luís de Camões
According to that plan the entire system of courts and titles that derive from ancient feudal practice is abolished.
"The Irish Constitution" by Darrell Figgis
Bulgarian feudalism was replaced by Byzantine feudalism.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Why may these men not realise the dream of the poet of what Irish farmers, free from feudal bonds, might become?
"The Revival of Irish Literature" by Charles Gavan Duffy
We thus see that the feudal society arose not more from choice than from the necessity and circumstances of the time.
"Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards" by Evan Evans
Caste, a military and feudal, 50.
"Above the Battle" by Romain Rolland
In early times the feudal lords were themselves the chief priests of the local temples.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
The feudal system of tenure was prevalent almost everywhere.
"Revolution and Counter-Revolution" by Karl Marx
The gilds were one sign of the new temper and wants of burghers freed from feudalism.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 8" by Various
You will pardon my reminding you, madam, that the days of feudalism are over.
"The Missioner" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
They had now to satisfy the imperial tax-farmers and excisemen, as well as their feudal lords.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
The good landlord, generally speaking, is the one who knows by inheritance how a feudal system should be operated.
"Following the Color Line" by Ray Stannard Baker
Every feudal lord and vassal answered to the summons, and before Edward reached the banks of the Seine a formidable army had assembled.
"St. George for England" by G. A. Henty
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In poetry:

He sung of feudal halls and towers,
Of knights and chiefs, in olden story;
Of beauteous dames in tapestried bowers;
High chivalry and deeds of glory.
"The Seven Stars: A Constellation of Scottish Poets" by Janet Hamilton
The race in semi-Feudal State appears--
Their Knightly figures glow in tender mist,
With ghostly pennons flung from ghostly spears
And ghostly hawks on wrist.
"Arms And The Man - The Southern Colonies" by James Barron Hope
To friends a friend; how kind to all
The vassals of this ancient hall
And feudal fief!
To foes how stern a foe was he!
And to the valiant and the free
How brave a chief!
"Coplas De Manrique (From The Spanish)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
How long, and yet how long,
Our leaders will we hail from over seas,
Master and kings from feudal monarchies,
And mock their ancient song
With echoes weak of foreign melodies?
"How Long?" by Emma Lazarus
But whether among Tuscan flowers
You dwell, fair English flower, or where
Saint Fagan lifts its feudal towers,
Or Hewell from ancestral bowers
Riseth afresh, and yet more fair;
"Dedication To Lady Windsor" by Alfred Austin
Stuffy & lazy, shaky, making roar
overseas presses, he quit wondering:
the mystery is full.
Sire, damp me down. Me feudal O, me yore
(male Muse) serf, if anyfing;
which rank I pull.
"Dream Song 58: Industrious, affable, having brain on fire" by John Berryman

In news:

An erstwhile fight to end rural feudalism is becoming a political campaign against agribusiness.
Mobile technology is turning us all into feudal serfs.
Feudal pillage masking as humanitarian aid.
A Homeless Veteran's Sad Plight in Near- Feudal Croatia.
Fifteen Steps to Corporate Feudalism .
From Freedom to Feudalism 09 Aug 2011 12:58.
Wu-Tang Clan co-founder RZA has convinced his old friend Russell Crowe to take the title role in his directorial debut, a kung fu film set in feudal China.
Feudal pillage masking as humanitarian aid.
On a muddy field outside Kagoshima on September 25, 1877, the feudal system that had dominated Japan for 700 years died, not with a whimper but with a defiant roar.
Similar to the feudal system of Medieval Europe, there are at least three classes of states within the United States of America.
In a feudal society that long picked leaders according to religion and tradition, the winner of today's election may be seen as illegitimate – simply because he is elected.
Rick Perry's Flat Tax: Texas Feudalism Writ Large.
Rick Perry's Flat Tax: Texas Feudalism Writ Large .
Chinese archaeologists say they have unearthed the palace of China's first feudal emperor, best known for the terracotta warrior army guarding his tomb.
Fifteen Steps to Corporate Feudalism.
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In science:

Its adjoint subrule is trivial; it is its own simple current group and universal grading group. • A Tambara-Yamagami fusion rule A ∪ {m} is feudal with serfs A and lord It is properly feudal iff |A| > 1 iff A is the simple current group.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
The adjoint subrule is A; the universal grading group is {A, m} ∼= Z2 . A properly feudal fusion rule with a lone lord is Tambara-Yamagami. • The fermionic Moore-Read fusion rule is feudal with serfs {±1, ±i} and lords {±i′}.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Let L be a feudal fusion rule with serfs S .
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Proposition 2.4. A properly feudal fusion rule is uniquely feudal. A feudal fusion rule is properly feudal or a Z2 -graded group.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Let L be properly feudal with simple currents S .
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Suppose γ : L → Z2 is a different feudal grading.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Let L be the category of feudal fusion rules and graded homomorphisms.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
The category of feudal fusion rules and graded homomorphisms is isomorphic to the category H of Definition 2.5, via the functors therein.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Up to isomorphism, properly feudal fusion rules are in 1-1 correspondence with group homomorphisms whose cokernels have order 2 and whose kernels are nontrivial and finite.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
For notational simplicity we only treat the multiplicity-free case, since feudal fusion rules are multiplicity-free.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Let L be a feudal fusion rule with serfs S and lords M .
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Let Y be the category of fusion systems on a feudal fusion rule with lords M , and X the category of ¨uberderivations on serfs over FM; in each category morphisms are gauge transformations, composed via multiplication in F.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Let L be a properly feudal fusion rule, or a Z2 -graded group al l of whose automorphisms are graded, with serfs S and lords M .
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
If there is a fusion category on a feudal fusion rule with adjoint subrule A and lords M , then • A is abelian. • The characteristic of F does not divide |A|. • If |M | is odd or m = ¯m for some m ∈ M , then p|A| ∈ F.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
Consider a feudal fusion rule with two lords M = {m1 , m2}.
Generalized Tambara-Yamagami categories
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