• WordNet 3.6
    • n fennel fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture
    • n fennel leaves used for seasoning
    • n fennel aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads
    • n fennel any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Fennel fĕn"nĕl (Bot) A perennial plant of the genus Fæniculum Fæniculum vulgare), having very finely divided leaves. It is cultivated in gardens for the agreeable aromatic flavor of its seeds. "Smell of sweetest fennel .""A sprig of fennel was in fact the theological smelling bottle of the tender sex."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n fennel An aromatic umbelliferous plant, Fœniculum vulgare, a native of southern Europe and common in cultivation. It is a tall, glaucous herb with decompound leaves, yellow flowers, an agreeable odor, and sweet aromatic taste. Several varieties are extensively cultivated in Europe, America, and India for their seeds, which are used in medicine as a carminative and stimulant. The chief consumption, however, is in veterinary practice. The oil distilled from the seeds is used in the manufacture of cordials.
    • n fennel A name of certain plants of other genera. See below.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fennel fen′el a genus of umbelliferous plants, allied to Dill, but distinguished by the cylindrical, strongly-ribbed fruit, the flower yellow
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. fenol, finol, from L. feniculum, faeniculum, dim. of fenum, faenum, hay: cf. F. fenouil,. Cf. Fenugreek. Finochio
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. finul—L. fœniculum, fennel—fenum, hay.


In literature:

He had eaten two or three heads of fennel in vain, and a piece of orange peel.
"Little Masterpieces of American Wit and Humor" by Various
What does the fennel mean?
"Browning's Heroines" by Ethel Colburn Mayne
The plant resembles Fennel in its general character, though smaller and less vigorous.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
You may add to the former Broth, Fennel-roots and Parsley roots tied up in a bundle.
"The accomplisht cook" by Robert May
That which they took from the bodies of the goats, tasted like fennel, and had a very agreeable flavour.
"Perils and Captivity" by Charlotte-Adélaïde [née Picard] Dard
Address, JAMES H. FENNELL, 1.
"Notes and Queries, Number 203, September 17, 1853" by Various
Address, JAMES H. FENNELL, 1.
"Notes and Queries, Number 207, October 15, 1853" by Various
Old Mrs. Clapp, from behind, reached over and gave her a bunch of fennel.
"Nine Little Goslings" by Susan Coolidge
Here's the seed and the fennel, and here's the dew.
"The Children's Book of Christmas Stories" by Various
In this order they move along the crowded streets, which are strewn with fennel, green branches, and leaves.
"Le Morvan, [A District of France,] Its Wild Sports, Vineyards and Forests; with Legends, Antiquities, Rural and Local Sketches" by Henri de Crignelle
And there was fennel.
"A Little Girl in Old Philadelphia" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
Some sprigs of fresh-gathered young fennel are the accompaniments.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
Fennel means 'Worthy of all praise,' and she is the most worthy of all maids.
"Robin Hood" by Paul Creswick
I pledge you in this cup of grief, Where floats the fennel's bitter leaf!
"Wee Wifie" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
FENNEL, Italian variety of, i.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
A little honey is good: but if you want, Fennell will serue to rub your Hiue withall.
"A New Orchard And Garden" by William Lawson
Drain and boil the liquor, put it on when cold, and serve with fennel.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
I'm calling it 'The Fennels.
"Changing Winds" by St. John G. Ervine
Mingled with the rosemary of our remembrance for such, must be the fennel and the rue.
"Home Life of Great Authors" by Hattie Tyng Griswold
For sauce, cold butter is all that is necessary, but you may mix with it, chopped parsley, or minced fennel.
"Miss Leslie's New Cookery Book" by Eliza Leslie

In poetry:

The trail dips--dwindles--broadens then, and lifts
Itself astride a cross-road dubiously,
And, from the fennel marge beyond it, drifts
Still onward, beckoning me.
"A Country Pathway" by James Whitcomb Riley
It gave new strength, and fearless mood;
And gladiators, fierce and rude,
Mingled it in their daily food;
And he who battled and subdued,
A wreath of fennel wore.
"The Goblet Of Life" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Above the lowly plants it towers,
The fennel, with its yellow flowers,
And in an earlier age than ours
Was gifted with the wondrous powers,
Lost vision to restore.
"The Goblet Of Life" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
I pledge you in this cup of grief,
Where floats the fennel's bitter leaf! The Battle of our Life is brief
The alarm,--the struggle,--the relief,
Then sleep we side by side.
"The Goblet Of Life" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
And as it mantling passes round,
With fennel is it wreathed and crowned,
Whose seed and foliage sun-imbrowned
Are in its waters steeped and drowned,
And give a bitter taste.
"The Goblet Of Life" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

In news:

The apples and fennel go well with a Gruyere cheese sandwich.
Grilled pork steaks with fennel .
Fennel and Celery Salad.
1 Tbsp red wine vinegar 1 tsp fennel seeds ½ tsp oregano 1 clove garlic, minced ½ tsp salt.
On my first visit, we ordered the steamed mussels in fennel broth ($9.59).
Fennell follows I Dream of Genies (Jan 2011) with the charming story of heiress Samantha Blaine, whose life changes abruptly when she discovers a genie 's lamp inside her deceased father's safe.
Grapefruit & Fennel Salad.
Green Salad with Grapefruit , Fennel and Olives.
It's perfect with the creamy leeks and fennel.
Chef/owner Al Paris pairs fennel sausage with creamy polenta for one of Bar Amalfi's strongest dishes.
a layer of noodles, a layer of ricotta, a layer of red sauce, a layer of fennel and then a layer of mozzarella.
Candy Cane Beet Salad with Orange and Fennel.
Chef Daniel Holzman's big secret: ground fennel, which makes these meatballs so tasty, many converts never go back to beef.
Guided by Voices (Robert Pollard, Tobin Sprout, Greg Demos, Mitch Mitchell, and Kevin Fennell), June 18, 2011, New York, New York.
Dinner-party friendly and impressive, Fennel and Rosemary-Crusted Roasted Rack of Lamb proves quick cooking isn't just for weeknights.