• WordNet 3.6
    • n fender a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to an impact
    • n fender a barrier that surrounds the wheels of a vehicle to block splashing water or mud "in Britain they call a fender a wing"
    • n fender a low metal guard to confine falling coals to a hearth
    • n fender an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first safety feature for an automobile was invented in 1908 by John O'Leary. He patented a large net, to be installed on the front fender, to scoop pedestrians out of the way before they could be run over.
    • n Fender One who or that which defends or protects by warding off harm
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n fender One who or that which fends, guards, or wards off.
    • n fender Specifically— A guard placed before an open fire to keep live coals from falling on the floor. It usually consists of an upright fence or parapet of sheet-metal or wire gauze, or a light skeleton of wire, set along the front and sides of a hearth, frequently made ornamental and often having a top bar. Fenders are also made to cover the whole front of a fireplace, and are sometimes fitted with a sort of wicket which can be opened without removing the fender.
    • n fender Nautical, a piece of timber, bundle of rope, or the like, hung over the side of a vessel to prevent it from being injured by rubbing against a pier, another vessel, or other body.
    • n fender A guard-post placed on the edge of a pier.
    • n fender An attachment to a cultivator for preventing the clods of earth turned up by it from injuríng the plants.
    • n fender The rubbing-plate of a carriage, placed where the forward wheels turn under the body of the carriage.
    • n fender A kind of terrapin. See red-fender.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Fender fend′ėr a metal guard before a fire to confine the ashes: a protection for a ship's side against piers, &c., consisting of a bundle of rope, &c
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Fend (v. t. & i.), cf. Defender
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

He was a queer figure, that old man, in the high-backed, high-fender sleigh.
"The Rainy Day Railroad War" by Holman Day
Stand by with the fender, Teddy!
"The Story of the Rock" by R.M. Ballantyne
Milford Taylor, of North Sunderland, and Mr. Fender, Surgeon, Bamborough.
"Grace Darling" by Eva Hope
Phyllis put her feet on the low, brass fender, and tucked in her skirt.
"Old Valentines" by Munson Aldrich Havens
When I got tired of waving it I propped it up against the fender and let the heat of the fire play on it.
"Lalage's Lovers" by George A. Birmingham
Rupert knocked his pipe against the fender.
"Moor Fires" by E. H. (Emily Hilda) Young
Danny, the family dog, had his seat outside on the fender, against the hood.
"Maw's Vacation" by Emerson Hough
The Fender told me one night I was the vainest creature he ever knew.
"Andiron Tales" by John Kendrick Bangs
He picked them out of the fender and resumed his theme.
"Once a Week" by Alan Alexander Milne
Let me put the book back, and don't be like children who hit the fender against which they've knocked their heads.
"St. Winifred's" by Frederic W. Farrar
A well-known amateur goal-keeper has the appropriate name Fender, for defender.
"The Romance of Names" by Ernest Weekley
If there's an inch-long scratch on one fender, I want to know about it.
"Out Like a Light" by Gordon Randall Garrett
We put out our fenders, and the mate heaved a line into the waist of the wreck.
"Up the River" by Oliver Optic
She was tied up alongside the wreck, chafing her fenders against the ice-sheathed hull.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
A burning coal fell on the hearth, and Rose hastily withdrew her foot from the fender and looked up.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Edouard, hat in hand, was on deck before our fenders touched the wharf, laughing and grasping my hands and looking up at my flag.
"The Lady and the Pirate" by Emerson Hough
Just then, a rush horse-collar, which had served as a fender to the boat, floated by.
"A Yacht Voyage Round England" by W.H.G. Kingston
Two big tears splashed into the fender.
"A Patriotic Schoolgirl" by Angela Brazil
The men shipped their oars with precision, and Toffy caught hold one of the fender-ropes.
"Peter and Jane" by S. (Sarah) Macnaughtan
A big fire burned in an open grate on a hearth without a fender.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine

In poetry:

Grandpas sitting by the fender,
Reading by the faggots' blaze,
What knew they of modern splendor
Found in incandescent rays?
"The Boys' And Girls' Thanksgiving of 1892" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
Reading the "Times" in his easy chair,
With his slippered feet on the fender bright,
Little, I wot, he dreams how fair
Are the pictures I see in the fire to night.
"Pictures in the Fire" by Kate Seymour Maclean
Young Sally had nivver been used to a farm,
An shoo seem'd to know nowt abaat wark;
Shoo set wi' her tooas up o'th' fender to warm,
Readin novels throo mornin to dark.
"What It Comes To" by John Hartley
'I claim you, old friend,' yawned the arm-chair,
'This corner, you know, is your seat;'
'Best your slippers on me,' beamed the fender,
'I brighten at touch of your feet.'
"The Dead House" by James Russell Lowell
Tak thi booits off that fender! Tha's made it fair black;
Just see ha tha's scratched it! Aw'm sewer it's a sin!
Jump into theas clooas an fly hooam in a crack,
Or aw'll braik ivvery booan 'at tha has i' thi skin!
"Come Thi Ways In" by John Hartley
But lay the tangs across his legs, or sic unhandy tool,
Or let him grup the poker, or the kettle by the bool,
Then hoo he gurrs an' kicks until he raises sic a drouth,
That for ae hoor he fechts to get the fender in his mouth.
"Oor Johnnie" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Fender & Focal to Collaborate, Where the Spirit of Rock-and-Roll Meets the Spirit of Sound.
Serenko- Fender wedding will be October event.
GLASGOW — Andy and The Rockers, a local band, will take the Plaza stage Saturday, performing with The Fender Benders, a Bowling Green-based rythym and blues band.
That's the poster for the Fender Center's "Woodie's Big Event" carnival to benefit the "Kids Rock Free" program through the Fender Center.
And although Fender reduced what it expected to raise via an IPO, as has CKE, Fender 's bankers seemed to see support fading, whereas CKE has only seen it weaken a bit since June.
Fender decides against taking the public stage.
NEW YORK – The guitar-maker Fender , finding itself playing before a hostile crowd, is reversing course on becoming a publicly traded company.
Only yesterday, Seeking Alpha published a preview to Fender 's IPO and stated that much of Fender 's appeal comes from the quality of the brand and the loyalty of its fans.
The news came amid a handful of successful IPOs, prompting speculation about the reasoning behind Fender 's decision.
History Detectives Bob Dylan's Fender Stratocaster PBS.
Fender 's initial public offering documents read like the 12-bar blues.
While Fender 's revenue increased by 53 percent, to $700 million, between 2007 and 2011, the cost of goods sold and operating expenses grew at an even faster clip.
Founder Leo Fender 's sale of the company to a division of CBS in 1965 was a sad watershed for many rock purists, but two company insiders bought it back in 1985.
Kayak and Palo Alto Networks—founded in 2004 and 2005, respectively—each had less than half of Fender 's annual sales.
Fender IPO set at $13 to $15, values guitar maker at $395 million.

In science:

Such relativistic outflows occur in GRB afterglows and in jets from compact ob jects (Fender et al., 2004).
Gamma-Ray Bursts, Collisionless Shocks and Synthetic Spectra
Historically, the key observational aspect of X-ray binary jets lies in their synchrotron radio emission (Hjellming & Han 1995; Mirabel & Rodr´ıguez 1999; Fender 2005).
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
These kind of events have proved to be rather common among BHXBs. X-ray state transitions appear to be associated with arcsec-scale (thousands of A.U.) synchrotron-emitting plasmons moving away from the binary core with highly relativistic velocities (Mirabel & Rodr´ıguez 1994, 1999; Fender et al. 1999).
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
Based upon a collection of quasi-simultaneous radio/X-ray observations of BHXBs undergoing X-ray state transitions, Fender, Belloni & Gallo (2004) have attempted to construct a unified, semi-quantitative, model for the disc-jet coupling in BHXBs.
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
Fender R. P., 2005, to appear in Compact Stellar X-ray Sources, eds. W.H.G.
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
GRS 1915+105 is a very bright BHC that appeared in the X-ray sky in 1992 (Castro-Tirado et al. 1992) and has been bright in the sky ever since (see Fender & Belloni 2004 for a review).
High-frequency Quasi-Periodic Oscillations from GRS 1915+105 in its C state
Miller,Present evidence for intermediate mass black holes in ULXs and future Prospects, to appear inFrom X-ray Binaries to Quasars: Black Hole Accretion on Al l Mass Scales, ed T J Maccarone, R P Fender and L C Ho (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2006). 8. L. M.
A Robust Test of General Relativity in Space
Miller, J M 2006 Present evidence for intermediate mass black holes in ULXs and future Prospects, From X-ray Binaries to Quasars: Black Hole Accretion on Al l Mass Scales, ed T J Maccarone, R P Fender and L C Ho ( Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2003). 33. H.
A Robust Test of General Relativity in Space
This is in agreement with the suggested association of radio-quiet AGN with ‘high/soft’ states (Maccarone, Gallo & Fender 2003), but it conflicts with the association (Falcke, K¨ording & Markoff 2004) of FR I radio sources with low-hard states (small accretion rate and steady radio emission).
Radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars: one population, different epochs of observation
Fender, R. 2003, "Jets from X-ray binaries", in ’Compact Stellar X-Ray Sources’, eds. W.H.G.
Future science issues for Galactic very-high-energy gamma-ray astronomy
Mauche 2005), and the connection between coronae and jets were proposed in the past (e.g., Fender et al. 1999; Markoff et al. 2005).
Interpreting a Dwarf Nova Eruption as Magnetic Flare Activity
Fender et al. (1999; also Markoff et al. 2005) proposed that the base of the jet and the corona are the same region.
Interpreting a Dwarf Nova Eruption as Magnetic Flare Activity
We do note that Fender et al. (1999) and Markoff et al. (2005) proposed that the base of the jet and the corona are the same region.
Interpreting a Dwarf Nova Eruption as Magnetic Flare Activity
Fender, R.P., Belloni, T.M. and Gallo, E., “Towards a unified model for black hole X-ray binary jets”, Mon.
Foundations of Black Hole Accretion Disk Theory
Fender, R.P., Homan, J. and Belloni, T.M., “Jets from black hole X-ray binaries: testing, refining and extending empirical models for the coupling to X-rays”, Mon.
Foundations of Black Hole Accretion Disk Theory