• WordNet 3.6
    • adj female being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop "a female heir","female holly trees bear the berries"
    • adj female for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls "the female lead in the play","a female chorus"
    • adj female characteristic of or peculiar to a woman "female sensitiveness","female suffrage"
    • n female an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa)
    • n female a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The female rose-scale The female rose-scale
A female running spider A female running spider
Apple Aphid (Aphis pomi), winged and wingless females Apple Aphid (Aphis pomi), winged and wingless females

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Male owls weigh less and are smaller than female owls
    • Female (Bot) A plant which produces only that kind of reproductive organs which are capable of developing into fruit after impregnation or fertilization; a pistillate plant.
    • Female An individual of the sex which conceives and brings forth young, or (in a wider sense) which has an ovary and produces ova. "The male and female of each living thing."
    • Female Belonging to an individual of the female sex; characteristic of woman; feminine; as, female tenderness. "Female usurpation.""To the generous decision of a female mind, we owe the discovery of America."
    • Female Belonging to the sex which conceives and gives birth to young, or (in a wider sense) which produces ova; not male. "As patient as the female dove
      When that her golden couplets are disclosed."
    • Female (Bot) Having pistils and no stamens; pistillate; or, in cryptogamous plants, capable of receiving fertilization.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: One female mouse can produce up to 100 babies a year
    • n female A woman; a human being of the sex which conceives and brings forth young.
    • n female By extension
    • n female Any animal of the sex which conceives and brings forth young.
    • n female In botany, a plant which produces fruit; that plant which bears the pistil and receives the pollen or fertilizing element of the male plant, or the analogous organ in cryptogams.
    • female Pertaining to or concerned with woman or women; belonging to or concerning the human sex which brings forth young.
    • female By extension
    • female Pertaining to the sex, of any animal, which brings forth young.
    • female In botany, pertaining to the kind of plants which produces fruit; pistil-bearing; pistillate; producing pistillate flowers, or, in the case of cryptogams, producing the organ analogous to the pistil, the organ which receives the fertilizing element of the male plant and produces the sexual spores.
    • female Pertaining to or noting some inanimate object associated or contrasted with another as its complement or opposite.
    • female Characteristic of a woman; feminine; hence, weak, womanly, tender, etc.
    • female Synonyms and . Effeminate, Womanish, etc. See feminine.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: 27% of female lottery winners hid their winning ticket in their bras
    • adj Female fē′māl of the sex that produces young: pertaining to females:
    • n Female one of the female sex, a woman
    • adj Female fē′māl (bot.) having a pistil or fruit-bearing organ
    • ***


  • John Updike
    “For male and female alike, the bodies of the other sex are messages signaling what we must do -- they are glowing signifiers of our own necessities.”
  • Alison Gomme
    Alison Gomme
    “Being the boss anywhere is lonely. Being a female boss in a world of mostly men is especially so.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Nothing recommends a man to the female mind than courage.”
  • Angela Carter
    “The notion of a universality of human experience is a confidence trick and the notion of a universality of female experience is a clever confidence trick.”
  • Germaine Greer
    “What we ought to see in the agonies of puberty is the result of the conditioning that maims the female personality in creating the feminine.”
  • Cyril Connolly
    “In the sex war, thoughtlessness is the weapon of the male, vindictiveness of the female.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. femel, femal, F. femelle, fr. L. femella, dim. of femina, woman. See Feminine
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. femelle—L. femella, dim. of femina, a woman.


In literature:

The female prostituted herself, and the male presented his generative powers to the deity.
"The Sex Worship and Symbolism of Primitive Races" by Sanger Brown, II
No female was pregnant although 35 females more than 144 mm.
"Mammals of Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado" by Sydney Anderson
He thought her a most extraordinary young woman; in her temper, manners, mind, a model of female excellence.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
I have frequently seen the male woodpecker drive the female away from the bone upon the tree.
"A Year in the Fields" by John Burroughs
Are there any reasonable causes to explain the rise of female dominance?
"The Position of Woman in Primitive Society" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
Males therefore arrive before females.
"Territory in Bird Life" by H. Eliot Howard
The females are sexually mature at a month, but, of course, should not be bred at that age.
"The Raising and Care of Guinea Pigs" by A. C. Smith
During this characteristic female performance, our musical trio had not been idle.
"The History and Records of the Elephant Club" by Knight Russ Ockside and Q. K. Philander Doesticks
This was a step toward the right of the female in the selection of a husband.
"Women of England, Volume 9 (of 10)" by Burleigh James Bartlett
Two females taken 5 mi S Managua on 13 March each carried a single embryo (crown-rump length 27 and 32 mm).
"Noteworthy Records of Bats From Nicaragua, with a Checklist of the Chiropteran Fauna of the Country" by J. Knox Jones

In poetry:

Proud, imperious female person
That presideth o'er my 'phone,
Hearken while I do some verse on
Thee, and thee alone.
"Christmas Cards" by Franklin Pierce Adams
Oh those tears! I pray that never
May I see the like again;
Female lips began to quiver,
Children sad and still remain.
"A True Story: To Young Abstainers" by Janet Hamilton
But, male for female is a trope,
Or rather bold misnomer,
That would have startled even Pope,
When he translated Homer.
"On A Mistake In His Translation Of Homer" by William Cowper
Why among laws was one forgot,
That would have tied the marriage knot;
Uniting in one happy hour
The gentle male and female flower?
"The Pleasures Of Matrimony" by William Hutton
Such treatment to a female, though
A perfect stranger she might be,
From you would most unmanly show;
In you to her 'tis worse to see.
"The Duty Of A Brother" by Charles Lamb
Whole months I'd rather gaily spend
In taverns with a female friend,
Than to my God with Christians pray,
Or in his temple pass a day.
"The Unhappy State Of The Ungodly, After Death" by Rees Prichard

In news:

The global marketplace finds more females being sent on international assignment than ever before.
Fawzia Koofi says she copes with the pressure of being a female politician in Afghanistan by spending time with her daughters.
There was an altercation between the suspect and a female victim, causing the suspect to flee the residence on foot.
Teen star reached breaking point after dustup with female dancer on tour.
Iowa Air Guard gets 1st female brig .
JOHNSTON, Iowa — The Iowa Air National Guard has its first female brigadier general.
Iowa Air Guard Promotes First Female Brigadier General.
The proud new parent is a female rabbit, and she has given birth to what could be the largest litter ever.
Today's polar bears all descended from single female brown bear , scientists say.
A look at Augusta National's first two female members.
A Snohomish County wildlife center is treating an injured female trumpeter swan found wandering outside the pharmacy drive-thru at an Everett, Wash.-area grocery store.
(AP) — A Snohomish County wildlife center is treating an injured female trumpeter swan found wandering outside the pharmacy drive-thru at an Everett, Wash.-area grocery store.
They were the personal records of 5,124 male and female subjects from the Framingham Heart Study.
Maybe he thinks Pearl Harbor was a female vaudeville star in the 1940s.
L-com's USB 3.0 cable assemblies have added a type A female bulkhead .

In science:

Now the population consists of males and females.
Applications and Sexual Version of a Simple Model for Biological Ageing
These two multiple alignments— shown in Figure 3—identify all the female staff in branch B003, as required.
Towards an Intelligent Database System Founded on the SP Theory of Computing and Cognition
If the person is female, her probability of being pregnant (our data) is about 3%, i.e. P (pregnant|female) = 0.03.
Comment on `Tainted evidence: cosmological model selection versus fitting', by Eric V. Linder and Ramon Miquel (astro-ph/0702542v2)
However, if the person is pregnant, her probability of being female is much larger than that, i.e. P (female|pregnant) ≫ 0.03.
Comment on `Tainted evidence: cosmological model selection versus fitting', by Eric V. Linder and Ramon Miquel (astro-ph/0702542v2)
The profiles of males and females look similar.
Accounting for self-protective responses in randomized response data from a social security survey using the zero-inflated Poisson model