fallacious

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj fallacious based on an incorrect or misleading notion or information "fallacious hope"
    • adj fallacious intended to deceive "deceitful advertising","fallacious testimony","smooth, shining, and deceitful as thin ice" - S.T.Coleridge","a fraudulent scheme to escape paying taxes"
    • adj fallacious containing or based on a fallacy "fallacious reasoning","an unsound argument"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Fallacious Embodying or pertaining to a fallacy; illogical; fitted to deceive; misleading; delusive; as, fallacious arguments or reasoning.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • fallacious Pertaining to, of the nature of, or embodying fallacy; deceptively erroneous or misleading.
    • fallacious Of a deceptive quality; having a misleading appearance.
    • fallacious Synonyms Fallacious, Delusive, Deceptive; deceiving, deceitful, misleading, sophistical, elusory, illusive, false, disappointing. Deceptive may be used where there is or is not an attempt to deceive; in delusive and fallacious the intent to deceive is only figurative: as, a fallacious argument; a delusive hope. See deceptive.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Fallacious calculated to deceive or mislead: not well founded: causing disappointment: delusive
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Quotations

  • Steven Weinberg
    Steven Weinberg
    “An expert is a person who avoids the small errors while sweeping on to the grand fallacy.”
  • Sydney Smith
    Sydney%20Smith
    “Oh, don't tell me of facts -- I never believe facts: you know Canning said nothing was so fallacious as facts, except figures.”
  • Edward Gibbon
    Edward%20Gibbon
    “The laws of probability, so true in general, so fallacious in particular.”
  • Thomas H. Huxley
    Thomas%20H.%20Huxley
    “Science is simply common sense at its best--that is, rigidly accurate in observation, and merciless to fallacy in logic.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fallaciosus, fr. fallacia,: cf. F. fallacieux,. See Fallacy
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. fallace, deceit—L. fallacia, from fallax, deceptive—fallĕre, to deceive.

Usage

In literature:

The real fallacy of Paley's presentation pointed out.
"A Candid Examination of Theism" by George John Romanes
There are many fallacies in the application of any of these tests, and the whole subject bristles with difficulties.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
The intent of Porta was to expose the frauds and fallacies of Galileo.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 12" by Elbert Hubbard
Plato in particular saw the fallacy of their claim, he confesses it more than once: yet in this article nobody was more infatuated.
"A New System; or, an Analysis of Antient Mythology. Volume I." by Jacob Bryant
But such a judgment is based on numerous fallacies, and can not be indorsed in the sweeping way it is uttered.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
High School, system fallacious, I, 29.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume I. (of IV.)" by W. Grant Hague, M.D.
It is a transparent fallacy.
"Modern Atheism under its forms of Pantheism, Materialism, Secularism, Development, and Natural Laws" by James Buchanan
The fact is, that Hawthorne had succeeded only too well in misleading himself by a common fallacy.
"Hours in a Library, Volume I. (of III.)" by Leslie Stephen
Was there ever stated a more palpable fallacy?
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 2, No 3, September, 1862" by Various
Understanding is a fallacy and a vice in most people.
"Fantasia of the Unconscious" by D. H. Lawrence
Our experience in testing children for segregation in special classes has time and again brought this fallacy of teachers to our attention.
"The Measurement of Intelligence" by Lewis Madison Terman
Yet such is the theory, or fallacy, of some Puritan writers.
"The Loyalists of America and Their Times, Vol. 1 of 2" by Egerton Ryerson
I won't share the fallacy that to call a thing conservative sanctifies it.
"The Tyranny of Weakness" by Charles Neville Buck
Thus graphically presented, the fallacy of the "opposed-muscular" theory is clearly exposed.
"The Psychology of Singing" by David C. Taylor
It is a common fallacy to suppose that men's actions are inspired mainly by reason.
"The Evolution of the Dragon" by G. Elliot Smith
It was a fallacy that traveling Americans had any desire to witness American productions in Italy.
"The Lure of the Mask" by Harold MacGrath
In the first place, I wish to mention some popular fallacies concerning the blind.
"Five Lectures on Blindness" by Kate M. Foley
Several of these sources of fallacy may be illustrated by a ludicrous example.
"The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings" by John Abercrombie
He's very popular here, especially with all Fallacy Street people.
"The Wooden Horse" by Hugh Walpole
But apart from this fallacy about the facts, I feel, as I say, a strong abstract anger against the idea, or what some would call the ideal.
"What I Saw in America" by G. K. Chesterton
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In poetry:

"A fallacy in your reply
Our intellect descries,
Although we don't pretend to spy
Exactly where it lies.
"The Two Ogres" by William Schwenck Gilbert
But, ah! by sudden turns I see
My lying heart's fallacious guilt,
And that my faith, not firm in me,
On sinking sand was partly built;
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. IV." by Ralph Erskine
“Wound up in the heart of his error
He must sweep through the silences dire,
Like one in the dark of a desert
Allured by fallacious fire.”
"Safi" by Henry Kendall
No more the Muse obtrudes her thin disguise,
No more with awkward fallacy complains
How every fervour from my bosom flies,
And Reason in her lonesome palace reigns.
"Elegy XII. His Recantation" by William Shenstone
A third indulges these fallacious thoughts,
"Suppose my faults the highest hills transcend,
"Yet greater are God's mercies than my faults,
"And he'll forgive me at my latter end."
"The Pastor's Complaint" by Rees Prichard
Faith, unaccompany'd by works, is dead —
A formless faith — a trunk without a head —
A faith, that blinds — a false, fallacious faith —
A faith, that leads the ready way to death!
"Advice To Believe In Christ, And An Exhibition Or Display Of The Wonderful Change That Is Wrought In" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Legitimate Rape'—a Dangerous Fallacy .
Is the coaches' poll a fallacy .
Federal Reserve a Fallacy , Flawed System.
The fallacy of Ma's 'one ROC, two areas' idea.
What's the biggest fallacy about the Thunder.
The Thunder exposed another fallacy about them in Game 1.
The Fallacy of Raising the Bar, Part 2.
The fallacy of blaming oil 'speculators.
The millionaire tax fallacy .
Freedom of info is an Internet fallacy .
It is a fallacy often reinforced by the mainstream media, because it gives the populace the illusion of control.
Fallacy kills Calhoun's plans.
The fallacy of post-industrial prosperity.
The fallacy of who creates jobs and the 2012 presidential election.
Many people say they don't plan to get the flu vaccine this season, and common excuses for not getting a flu shot are "a mix of facts and fallacies ," according to a survey by Consumer Reports.
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In science:

The above conjecture simply can be regarded as the following propositions came from the major question on meta-social-theory. As noted by Merton (1945), the paradigm of "proof through prediction" is categorized to be fallacious in social theorem.
How Far Can We Go Through Social System?: Algorithmic Information Social Theories
So to claim that one convex decomposition of ρatoms is preferred is indeed a fallacy.
Dialogue Concerning Two Views on Quantum Coherence: Factist and Fictionist
In view of the above, the ‘background smooth spacetime manifold less half-order formalism’ of ADG-gravity may shed light on the outstanding problem of treating gravity as a gauge theory proper —a problem which is largely due to our persistently fallacious viewing of Ω as a gauge group proper .
`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity
The gross error models entirely fallacious measurements, such as when a router reports 0 but the traffic is non-zero.
Certainty Closure: Reliable Constraint Reasoning with Incomplete or Erroneous Data
Further, the equal upper and lower bounds fallaciously suggest a definite value.
Certainty Closure: Reliable Constraint Reasoning with Incomplete or Erroneous Data
In this case, and other instances, due to cancellation of mistakes, a correct result is obtained in a fallacious manner.
The physics of space and time II: A reassessment of Einstein's 1905 special relativity paper
Einstein’s ‘derivation’ of the LT is therefore fallacious, both with respect to the initial assumptions concerning the transformed events, and with respect to the correct physical interpretation of the space-time coordinates appearing in the final result.
The physics of space and time II: A reassessment of Einstein's 1905 special relativity paper
To complement the list of wrong formulae presented at the end of the previous section the present one starts with a list of the correct formulae from Ref. , leaving aside the question whether the derivations given were physically valid or, as discussed above, in some cases, fallacious.
The physics of space and time II: A reassessment of Einstein's 1905 special relativity paper
Although, as shown in Section 6 above, the ‘derivation’ of Ref. was actually fallacious, the essential idea was taken up by many later authors, so that, at the present time, the literature devoted to the derivation of the LT on the basis of various initial postulates is vast.
The physics of space and time II: A reassessment of Einstein's 1905 special relativity paper
Misunderstandings among experimentalists and observationalists: Balance test fallacies in causal inference. J.
Covariate Balance in Simple, Stratified and Clustered Comparative Studies
Anything goes: The intentional fallacy revisited.
Collecting and Preserving Videogames and Their Related Materials: A Review of Current Practice, Game-Related Archives and Research Projects
The end of Section 4 pointed out the logical fallacy of identifying (27) with the expectation of A in the initial state s conditional on postselection to f , as equation (26) tempts.
What do quantum "weak" measurements actually measure?
This analogy is fallacious : the Pound-Rebka experiment is based on a resonance between atoms sitting at the top and bottom of a tower.
Reply to the comment on: "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?"
Naur believes that calling computing "computer science" is misguided and suffers from the fallacy of proof by naming (Naur[2005], 208). Naur invented the better term dataology that I use in this paper (Naur[2007], 86).
Adding Methodological Testing to Naur's Anti-formalism
An effort is made to liberate the physical world from this innate fallacy.
Quantum Mechanics and the Cookie Cutter Paradigm
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