• WordNet 3.6
    • n faction a clique (often secret) that seeks power usually through intrigue
    • n faction a dissenting clique
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Faction A party, in political society, combined or acting in union, in opposition to the government, or state; -- usually applied to a minority, but it may be applied to a majority; a combination or clique of partisans of any kind, acting for their own interests, especially if greedy, clamorous, and reckless of the common good.
    • Faction (Anc. Hist) One of the divisions or parties of charioteers (distinguished by their colors) in the games of the circus.
    • Faction Tumult; discord; dissension. "They remained at Newbury in great faction among themselves."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n faction A party of persons having a common end in view; usually, such a party seeking by irregular means to bring about changes in government or in the existing state of affairs, or in any association of which they form part; a combination of persons using subversive or perverse methods of promoting their own selfish or partizan views or interests, especially in matters of state.
    • n faction Combined disorderly opposition to established authority; turbulence; tumult; dissension.
    • n faction In Roman antiquity, one of the classes into which the charioteers in the circensian games were divided, one of each contending in a race. The four regular factions, distinguished by their dresses as the green, red, blue, and white, represented spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Domitian added purple and yellow factions, making six contestants in every race; but these new divisions were not permanent. A dispute in Constantinople, in 532, between the green and blue factions and their partizans, the emperor Justinian favoring the latter, led to a civil war of five days, which cost 30,000 lives and nearly overthrew the government.
    • n faction Synonyms Combination, Party, etc. See cabal.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Faction fak′shun a company of persons associated or acting together, mostly used in a bad sense: a contentious party in a state or society: dissension
    • ***


  • Alexis De Tocqueville
    “In countries where associations are free, secret societies are unknown. In America there are factions, but no conspiracies.”
  • Bertolt Brecht
    “Society cannot share a common communication system so long as it is split into warring factions.”
  • William Butler Yeats
    “Englishmen are babes in philosophy and so prefer faction-fighting to the labor of its unfamiliar thought.”
  • Virgil
    “The wavering multitude is divided into opposite factions.”
  • John Adams
    “Abuse of words has been the great instrument of sophistry and chicanery, of party, faction, and division of society.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. factio, a doing, a company of persons acting together, a faction: cf. F. faction, See Fashion
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. factionemfacĕre, to do.


In literature:

It must be remembered that the Black faction was still but a faction.
"Dante: His Times and His Work" by Arthur John Butler
He was no fomenter of factions, but studious of the public tranquillity.
"Biographia Scoticana (Scots Worthies)" by John Howie
He at least has not fought for the Chili faction against the Anwhei faction.
"China, Japan and the U.S.A." by John Dewey
They undertake now this and now that; they cannot be quiet nor refrain from factional strife.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
Men saw factions arise that grouped themselves round the King's uncles, who were not fully disposed to defend his authority.
"A History of England Principally in the Seventeenth Century, Volume I (of 6)" by Leopold von Ranke
This same policy exists throughout the whole of Gaul; for all the States are divided into two factions.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 7" by Various
Last's was th' only head th' weaker faction had, its master their only leader.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
There were two factions in the town, an' only one of them was riprisinted, the others stood aloof.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
The French are partisans even in science; the Academy itself has its factions.
"Graham's Magazine Vol XXXIII No. 1 July 1848" by Various
The women refused to acknowledge either faction.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various

In poetry:

She lived… I, afar in the city
Of frenzy-led factions,
Had squandered green years and maturer
In bowing the knee
"My Cicely" by Thomas Hardy
When pride by guilt to greatness climbs,
Or raging factions rush to war,
Here let me learn to shun the crimes
I can't prevent and will not share.
"Spring" by Samuel Johnson
And still we trust the years to be
Shall prove his hope was destiny,
Leaving our flag, with all its added stars,
Unrent by faction and unstained by wars.
"The Vow Of Washington" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Tell potentates, they live
Acting by others' action;
Not loved unless they give,
Not strong but by a faction.
If potentates reply,
Give potentates the lie.
"The Lie" by Sir Walter Raleigh
No moment drooped between his thought and action,
No morrow died between his dream and deed.
Within his soul there was no fatal faction
That could betray him in his hour of need.
"The Man Of Might" by Cale Young Rice
A Health to the Patriot, whoever he be,
From Taxes and Debts who his Country would free;
May so noble a Scheme ev'ry where meet Applause;
No Party, or Faction, t'obstruct the good Cause.
"An Antigallican Song" by Cornelius Arnold

In news:

The newly formed Syrian opposition coalition received backing from the European Union on Monday in a significant vote of confidence for a movement struggling to prove its credibility and gain the trust of the country's factions.
Angry anti-Muslim factions threaten United Nations, Doctors Without Borders.
Among those fueling this argument were conservative factions, helped along by publishing giant Robert McCormick of the Chicago Tribune.
New York City authorities say they have taken down a violent street gang whose female factions went by names including "Bad Barbies".
Factions Grapple Over Meaning of Loss.
Hamas political leader Khaled Meshaal called for reconciliation among Palestinian factions but offered a singular vision that does not recognize Israel and remains committed to armed struggle.
Isaac Herzog , head of the Labor faction in the Knesset, spoke to Hadassah Members at Centennial Convention.
Gay marriage factions pin hopes on high court win.
A faction of Huron school board members are firing back at fellow board member Kevin Asher's claim about a grand conspiracy against embattled superintendent Fred Fox.
In this essay for Tip Sheet, Beevor tackles the perils of "faction".
Speaker- in-waiting Boehner balances GOP factions.
He was President Hu Jintao's preferred successor, but the need to balance party factions meant that the post went to consensus candidate Xi Jinping.
A faction of fans celebrate athletes' commitments louder than fast-break dunks.
Factional differences continue to threaten Iraq's fragile government.
KUWAIT CITY (AP) — The message from Kuwait 's emir is blunt heading into this week's parliamentary elections: Opposition factions should express dissent in the legislature, and not in the streets.

In science:

P ′ = 1.3 log(days) ≈ hlog P i) and mean factional isophotal radius (ρ′ = 0.2 ≈ hρi) for the characteristic period and radius, respectively.
A New Cepheid Distance to the Giant Spiral M101 Based On Image Subtraction of HST/ACS Observations
We thought that by convening in the same room advocates from the various factions we could perhaps agree on an answer.
Issues in Blazar Research
Scattering with large momentum transfer either results in the production of high mass particles, like charm quarks of which a small faction bind in J/ψ charmonium states, or in high momentum quarks or gluons which fragment into jets of hadrons.
First Hints of Jet Quenching at RHIC
On these scales, mass-to-light ratios are typically >∼ 100h0 and detailed studies have shown that the baryon faction in these systems is rather small.
TASI Lectures on Dark Matter
Here the rms factional mass density variation averaged over 8h−1 Mpc spheres σ8 = σ8trace /btrace , where σ8trace is the corresponding rms number density variation and btrace is the bias factor for the tracer used.
Median Statistics and the Mass Density of the Universe