extremity

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n extremity an external body part that projects from the body "it is important to keep the extremities warm"
    • n extremity that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso
    • n extremity the outermost or farthest region or point
    • n extremity the greatest or utmost degree "the extremity of despair"
    • n extremity an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Nutmeg is extremely poisonous if injected intravenously
    • Extremity (Zoöl) One of locomotive appendages of an animal; a limb; a leg or an arm of man.
    • Extremity The extreme part; the utmost limit; the farthest or remotest point or part; as, the extremities of a country. "They sent fleets . . . to the extremities of Ethiopia."
    • Extremity The highest degree of inconvenience, pain, or suffering; greatest need or peril; extreme need; necessity. "Divers evils and extremities that follow upon such a compulsion shall here be set in view.""Upon mere extremity he summoned this last Parliament."
    • Extremity The utmost point; highest degree; most aggravated or intense form. "The extremity of bodily pain."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The sap of a banana plant leaves serious stains on hands and clothes that is extremely hard to remove
    • n extremity The utmost point or side; the end or the verge; the point or border that terminates a thing: as, the extremities of a bridge; the extremities of a lake.
    • n extremity In anatomy and zoology, a limb or an organ of locomotion; an appendage or appendicular part of the body. The extremities of the vertebrate body are four in number, viz., the arms and legs, divided in man into upper and lower, and in other animals into anterior and posterior extremities.
    • n extremity The highest degree; the most intense form: as, to suffer the extremity of pain or cruelty.
    • n extremity Extreme or utmost need, distress, or difficulty; the greatest degree of destitution or helplessness; specifically, death: as, a city besieged and reduced to extremity; man's extremity is God's opportunity.
    • n extremity plural Extreme measures: as, the commander was compelled to proceed to extremities.
    • n extremity Synonyms Extremity, End, Extreme, border, termination. Extremity is opposed to middle, end to beginning, and extreme to mean or moderate degree. Extreme is now used only in figurative senses; the others are literal or figurative. Extreme generally indicates that which is excessive, exaggerated, or extravagant: as, he was dressed in the extreme of the fashion; “avoid extremes,” Pope, Essay on Criticism, l. 385. For the direct expression of a great distress, etc., extremity is used, and extreme is rare or obsolete.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The snow leopard protects itself from extreme cold when it sleeps by wrapping its 3-foot-long tail around its nose
    • n Extremity the utmost limit: the highest degree: greatest necessity or distress:
    • n Extremity (pl.) the hands and feet
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Quotations

  • Quentin Crisp
    Quentin%20Crisp
    “This woman did not fly to extremes; she lived there.”
  • John Dryden
    John%20Dryden
    “Railing and praising were his usual themes; and both showed his judgment in extremes. Either over violent or over civil, so everyone to him was either god or devil.”
  • Bishop Hall
    Bishop Hall
    “Nothing fools people as much as extreme passion.”
  • Reinhold Niebuhr
    Reinhold%20Niebuhr
    “Our age knows nothing but reaction, and leaps from one extreme to another.”
  • Jennifer Capriati
    Jennifer Capriati
    “You have to block everything out and be extremely focused and be relaxed and mellow too.”
  • Mark Van Doren
    Mark Van Doren
    “To be what no one ever was, to be what everyone has been: Freedom is the mean of those extremes that fence all effort in.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. extremitas,: cf. F. extrémité,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. extreme—L. extremus, superl. of exter, on the outside.

Usage

In literature:

Extreme Rigour of the Climate.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 17" by Robert Kerr
Of eyes like lotus-petals and of faultless features endued with youth and intelligence, she is extremely beautiful.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 1"
And both of them were exceedingly powerful and extremely delighted at each other's strength.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2"
These are the two extremes.
"Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official" by William Sleeman
The author of that book is supposed to have passed from extreme to extreme; but he has always kept himself in a medium.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. IV. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
This romantic abode was situated in the extreme south-west of Ireland.
"The Rebel of the School" by Mrs. L. T. Meade
Van Buren had supported Crawford to the last extremity, and was greatly respected by him.
"The Memories of Fifty Years" by William H. Sparks
There are circular towers at the extremities, and a square citadel or donjon within.
"A Bibliographical, Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour in France and Germany, Volume One" by Thomas Frognall Dibdin
Thin from time to time until the plants stand nine, ten, or in an extreme case twelve, inches apart.
"The Culture of Vegetables and Flowers From Seeds and Roots, 16th Edition" by Sutton and Sons
I assure you, he is extremely worthy.
"The History of Emily Montague" by Frances Brooke
Rome, thus deprived of succour, prepared for every extremity.
"Pinnock's Improved Edition of Dr. Goldsmith's History of Rome" by Oliver Goldsmith
Cape Prince of Wales, the Western Extreme of America.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 16" by Robert Kerr
But neither he nor Langton was disposed to push matters to extremities.
"The History of England" by T.F. Tout
The force of the surf is extremely great.
"The History of Sumatra" by William Marsden
Don Manuel, who up to this time had shown extreme obsequiousness towards me, had now no words but those of rudeness and distrust.
"Biographies of Distinguished Scientific Men" by Francois Arago
When the frequency is extremely high, nodes are found to exist on such a bar, and it is easy to locate them by means of a lamp.
"The inventions, researches and writings of Nikola Tesla" by Thomas Commerford Martin
I owed him a compliment, too, at which he seemed extremely gratified.
"The Memoirs of Jacques Casanova de Seingalt, Vol. IV (of VI), "Adventures In The South" The First Complete and Unabridged English Translation, Illustrated with Old Engravings" by Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
This calumnious report vexed me extremely, although I knew that most gamesters would consider it an honour.
"The Memoirs of Jacques Casanova de Seingalt, Vol. V (of VI), "In London and Moscow" The First Complete and Unabridged English Translation, Illustrated with Old Engravings" by Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
Some of his remarks upon this subject are extremely delicate and ingenious.
"The Catholic World; Volume I, Issues 1-6" by E. Rameur
This is, however, only an extreme case of a change which is general.
"The Cambridge Natural History, Vol X., Mammalia" by Frank Evers Beddard
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In poetry:

The wish made known for some will do,
And some a gentle frown would rue
And feel extremely sad;
While others need a sterner look,
A reprimand, or sharp rebuke,
And sometimes e'en the rod.
"The Teacher's Soliloquy" by Jared Barhite
For the utter earth and the utter air of heaven
And the extreme depth is thine and the extreme height;
Shadows of things and veils of ages riven
Are as men's kings unkingdomed in thy sight.
"Mater Triumphalis" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
Like leafless forests, on its verge extreme
Rise the tall masts;--or spreading wide their sails,
Silvering, and shining in the solar beam,
Stand on that last blue line, and court the gales.
"Hoyle Lake" by Anna Seward
Reared between night and noon and truth and error,
Each twilight-travelling bird that trills and screams
Sickens at midday, nor can face for terror
The imperious heaven's inevitable extremes.
"Mater Triumphalis" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
Give me more love or more disdain; The torrid, or the frozen zone,
Bring equal ease unto my pain;
The temperate affords me none;
Either extreme, of love, or hate,
Is sweeter than a calm estate.
"Mediocrity In Love Rejected" by Thomas Carew
Lysander talks extremely well;
On any subject let him dwell
His tropes and figures will content ye
He should possess to all degrees
The art of talk; he practises
Full fourteen hours in four-and-twenty.
"The Pedant" by Matthew Prior

In news:

Back from Philippines, Bob Arum 'extremely confident' Mayweather-Pacquiao will be March 13.
Long streaks like Dan Uggla's are weird little statistical anomalies that require an immense amount of luck to achieve, but they are still extremely interesting to follow.
(AP) — Extreme athlete begins ascent to 23 miles above Earth in bid for supersonic skydive.
Backlash against the REAL ID act, which sets national standards for state-issued drivers' licenses and ID cards, has resulted in some extreme prohibitions being introduced in state legislatures.
Michael Shainblum's short film of time-lapse photography called Existence is a study of time and progression, but also of the extremes of life: the urban metropolis and pristine nature.
Primary lymphomas of the skull are extremely rare, as fewer than 20 cases have been reported in the literature.
A compact country with relaxed beaches, spectacular scenery and a reputation for extreme fun, New Zealand has everything a backpacker wants.
Extreme Midget Wrestling Federation comes to Terre Haute Aug 8.
For anyone who has seen her in "Red Corner" or "Three Extremes.
The horrors committed by Cambodia's Khmer Rouge, as experienced by one extremely resilient girl.
I wish we had more American movies like this — entertainments that mix low farce and high political satire , reminding us that extreme silliness does not preclude extreme seriousness.
Shaun White booking photo after the extreme athlete was allegedly involved in some extreme drinking that led to vandalism charges.
I suppose it shouldn't shock me any more, but it is nonetheless extremely grating, and more than a little strange, to see Vladimir Putin's cautiously realist foreign policy portrayed as some sort of extreme revanchism.
The illness affects almost six million Americans, and its mood swings from extreme happiness to extreme depression has ruined lives.
Losing the election was decidedly not due to being "extreme" unless extreme is radically redefined.
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In science:

As already mentioned, Example 3.3 does not fit into the framework of Corollary 3.6 if the underlying df belongs to the domain of attraction of an extreme value distribution with nonnegative extreme value index, because then the support is not bounded.
Limit theorems for empirical processes of cluster functionals
Note that in case of a two-qubit channel extremality implies r ≤ 2: for r = 1 this is just unitary dynamics, so that r = 2 gives the only possibility of an extremal, nonunitary phase damping channel, implying the |an i to be single-qubit states.
Quantum Decoherence of Two Qubits
Further, if one perturbs the state slightly away from the BPS limit, to get a near extremal black hole and construct a thermal ensemble, one obtains the standard Hawking radiation from the corresponding near extremal black hole .
Thermodynamical Aspects of Gravity: New insights
While these results are encouraging, there are several issues which are intriguing: First, the extremality (or near extremality) was used crucially in obtaining these results.
Thermodynamical Aspects of Gravity: New insights
We find that for c/a <∼ 0.5 the ferromagnet and the (π , π , 0) antiferromagnet become extremely close in energy while for c/a >∼ 2.2 the state preferred within mean field theory is the (π , π , 0) antiferromagnet, with the (π , π , π) antiferromagnet becoming extremely close in energy as c/a is further increased.
Pure and Random-Field Quantum Criticality in the Dipolar Ising Model: Theory of $Mn_{12}$ acetates
These are, according to eq. 17, extreme events in the series, whose degree is truncated by other extreme data (statistically speaking).
Horizontal visibility graphs: exact results for random time series
This survey is mainly focused on the non-asymptotic theory of the extreme singular values of random matrices (equivalently, the extreme eigenvalues of sample covariance matrices) where significant progress was made recently.
Non-asymptotic theory of random matrices: extreme singular values
The geometric meaning of the extreme singular values can be clear by considering the best possible factors m and M in the two-sided inequality for all x ∈ Rn . mkxk2 ≤ kAxk2 ≤ M kxk2 The largest m and the smallest M are precisely the extreme singular values smin (A) and smax(A) respectively.
Non-asymptotic theory of random matrices: extreme singular values
Asymptotic behavior of extreme singular values We first turn to the asymptotic theory for the extreme singular values of random matrices with independent entries (and with zero mean and unit variance for normalization purposes).
Non-asymptotic theory of random matrices: extreme singular values
It is not entirely Non-asymptotic behavior of extreme singular values clear to what extent the limiting behavior of the extreme singular values such as asymptotics (2.1) manifests itself in fixed dimensions.
Non-asymptotic theory of random matrices: extreme singular values
Additionally, the relation between the two measures can be easily understood for the two extreme regimes of very good or extremely poor mixing.
Measures of mixing quality in open flows with chaotic advection
It is quite clear that the uniform, non-negative prior distribution of data points discussed above is at one extreme (of simplicity, or of ignorance.) However, this extreme is also rather inclusive.
Sigma One
The extremal integral Re S f dMα can be defined for all f ∈ Lα (S, µ), f ≥ 0, as the limit in probability of extremal integrals of simple functions.
Conditional Sampling for Spectrally Discrete Max-Stable Random Fields
At the ends of the array, two different boundary conditions are possible: nul l automata when cells with permanent null contents are supposed adjacent to the extreme cells or periodic automata when extreme cells are supposed adjacent.
On the Use of Cellular Automata in Symmetric Cryptography
At the ends of the array, two different boundary conditions are possible: nul l automata when cells with permanent null contents are supposed adjacent to the extreme cells or periodic automata when extreme cells are supposed adjacent.
Cellular Automata in Stream Ciphers
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