extreme

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj extreme most distant in any direction "the extreme edge of town"
    • adj extreme of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity "extreme cold","extreme caution","extreme pleasure","utmost contempt","to the utmost degree","in the uttermost distress"
    • adj extreme far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree "an extreme example","extreme temperatures","extreme danger"
    • adj extreme beyond a norm in views or actions "an extreme conservative","an extreme liberal","extreme views on integration","extreme opinions"
    • n extreme the furthest or highest degree of something "he carried it to extremes"
    • n extreme the point located farthest from the middle of something
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Nutmeg is extremely poisonous if injected intravenously
    • Extreme An extreme state or condition; hence, calamity, danger, distress, etc. "Resolute in most extremes ."
    • Extreme At the utmost point, edge, or border; outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit.
    • Extreme (Logic) Either of the extreme terms of a syllogism, the middle term being interposed between them.
    • Extreme (Mus) Extended or contracted as much as possible; -- said of intervals; as, an extreme sharp second; an extreme flat forth.
    • Extreme Last; final; conclusive; -- said of time; as, the extreme hour of life.
    • Extreme Radical; ultra; as, extreme opinions. "The Puritans or extreme Protestants."
    • Extreme The best of worst; most urgent; greatest; highest; immoderate; excessive; most violent; as, an extreme case; extreme folly. "The extremest remedy.""Extreme rapidity.""Yet extreme gusts will blow out fire."
    • Extreme (Math) The first or the last term of a proportion or series.
    • Extreme The utmost point or verge; that part which terminates a body; extremity.
    • Extreme Utmost limit or degree that is supposable or tolerable; hence, furthest degree; any undue departure from the mean; -- often in the plural: things at an extreme distance from each other, the most widely different states, etc.; as, extremes of heat and cold, of virtue and vice; extremes meet. "His parsimony went to the extreme of meanness."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Approximately 40% of the states in the U.S. have severe, or extreme pollution problems
    • extreme Outermost; situated at the utmost limit, point, or border; furthest of all; largest or smallest or last: as, the extreme verge or edge of a roof or a precipice; the extreme limit or hour of life. [Although the word is superlative in itself, the superlative suffix is sometimes added for emphasis: as, “the extremest shore,” Southey.]
    • extreme Utmost or greatest in degree; the most, greatest, best, or worst that can exist or be supposed; such as cannot be exceeded: as, extreme pain or grief; extreme joy or pleasure; an extreme case.
    • extreme Exacting or severe to the utmost.
    • extreme In music, superfluous or augmented: thus, the extreme sharp sixth is the augmented sixth.
    • extreme Synonyms Uttermost, most distant, most remote, terminal.
    • extreme Final, ultimate, utter.
    • n extreme The utmost point or verge of a thing; that part which terminates a body; an extremity; the end or one of the ends, especially of correlated parts, of a body.
    • n extreme The utmost limit or degree that can be supposed or tolerated; either of two states, qualities, or feelings as different from each other as possible; the highest or the lowest degree: as, the extremes of heat and cold; avoid extremes.
    • n extreme Extremity; utmost need or distress.
    • n extreme In logic, the subject or the predicate of a categorical proposition; specifically, the subject or the predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism; either of two terms which are separated in the premises and brought together in the conclusion. The major extreme is the predicate of the conclusion; the minor extreme, the subject of the conclusion. The major is also called the first extreme; the minor, the second extreme.
    • n extreme In mathematics: Either of the first and last terms of a proportion, or of any other related sequence or series of terms: as, when three magnitudes are proportional, the rectangle contained by the extremes is equal to the square of the mean.
    • n extreme The largest or the smallest of three or more magnitudes.
    • n extreme Any part of a right-angled or quadrantal spherical triangle other than the part assumed as mean. The two extremes nearest the mean are called the conjunct extremes, the other two the disjunct extremes.
    • n extreme Synonyms See extremity.
    • extreme Extremely; excessively; exceedingly.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Cephalacaudal recapitulation is the reason our extremities develop faster than the rest of us.
    • adj Extreme eks-trēm′ outermost: most remote: last: highest in degree: greatest: excessive: most violent: most urgent: stringent
    • n Extreme the utmost point or verge: end: utmost or highest limit or degree: great necessity
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Flavel
    John Flavel
    “Man's extremity is God's opportunity.”
  • Bishop Hall
    Bishop Hall
    “Nothing fools people as much as extreme passion.”
  • Reinhold Niebuhr
    Reinhold%20Niebuhr
    “Our age knows nothing but reaction, and leaps from one extreme to another.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    Bertrand%20Russell
    “Extreme hopes are born from extreme misery.”
  • Suzanne Moarny
    Suzanne Moarny
    “In our extreme youth, in our most humiliating sorrow, we think we are alone. When we are older we find that others have suffered too.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Who can be patient in extremes? [Henry Vi]”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. extremus, superl. of exter, extrus, on the outside, outward: cf. F. extrême,. See Exterior

Usage

In literature:

The extremities become cold.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
The country was everywhere beautiful and fertile in the extreme.
"Notable Voyagers" by W.H.G. Kingston and Henry Frith
I became extremely frightened.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
Brockhurst House had always been extremely congenial to him.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
Miss Young was touched, and extremely pleased with Mr Hope's attention.
"Deerbrook" by Harriet Martineau
We find it existent and in control at the extreme reach of our investigations.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
Marcia seems to shrivel up beside her, and Gertrude looks extremely faded, washed out.
"Floyd Grandon's Honor" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
His memory is good; and when aroused, his imagination is vivid, though wild in the extreme.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
EXTREMITY OF THE FURCULA OF FOWLS, VIEWED LATERALLY ... 268 39.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
He then followed the coast of New Ireland to its southern extremity.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
As little did he dare to show this, either; though he thought it, himself, extremely clever.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
It was an extreme and curious instance, if you liked, Tanqueray himself being curious and extreme.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
He was extremely fond of botany and gardening.
"Diaries of Sir Moses and Lady Montefiore, Volume I" by Sir Moses Montefiore
The extremity remains slender, while the first two rings next the thorax are uncommonly swoln.
"New observations on the natural history of bees" by Francis Huber
No one could tell to what extremes of violence they might proceed.
"Louis XIV., Makers of History Series" by John S. C. Abbott
Extreme hunger and want are less frequent in the country than in the city.
"Prof. Koch's Method to Cure Tuberculosis Popularly Treated" by Max Birnbaum
And it's extremely amusing and does no harm to anybody.
"Woman on Her Own, False Gods & The Red Robe" by Eugène Brieux
On the extreme right, north of Stuff Redoubt, to reach that trench meant an advance of only a score or so of yards.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
Capillitium of slender tubules, issuing from the interior of the stipe, the network without any free extremities.
"The Myxomycetes of the Miami Valley, Ohio" by A. P. Morgan
She spoke under extreme physical difficulty, but with melting pathos.
"The Last Voyage" by Lady (Annie Allnutt) Brassey
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In poetry:

He feeds our hopes with airy dreams,
Or kills with slavish fear;
And holds us still in wide extremes,
Presumption or despair.
"Hymn 156" by Isaac Watts
Our cries from the hills shall resound
To the extremes of the Poles
If our friend goes underground
At Newcastle to wheel coals.
"A Petition From The A.A.Co. Flocks At Peels River In Behalf Of The Irish Bard" by Francis McNamara
That child, which till his fatal dream
Was from base slander bred;
The happy sire, with joy extreme,
Had fondled, blest, and fed.
"The Serpents" by William Hayley
Nay, very powerful are they,
Who seek my guiltless soul to slay ;
More than their due I did restore,
Though I was then extremely poor.
"Part Of The Sixty-Ninth Psalm" by Rees Prichard
Some hands fold where other hands
Are lifted bravely in the strife;
And so thro' ages and thro' lands
Move on the two extremes of life.
"I Often Wonder Why 'Tis So" by Abram Joseph Ryan
Lo! here upon the world's extreme
We stand with lifted arms and dare
By thine eternal name to swear
Our country, which so fair we deem—
"Invocation" by Ambrose Bierce

In news:

This year I am trying very hard to embrace the joy of the season, which has become extremely fragile over the past few years.
Every office has co-workers with extreme personalities.
Troy Case sent in this photo of extreme-sports athlete Dean O'Malley setting a world record Saturday after successfully 'jet-packing' from Newport Beach to Catalina Island .
Because of the extreme heat and drought this summer, nature seems out of kilter.
The new ultimate Stampede takes care of all of that, by offering an extremely low mana cost, low cooldown solution to Centaur 's gap closing needs – and it offers it to the rest of the team as well.
While it's still extremely early to read too much into the move, it did seem to pay off.
Resort known for extreme skiing in Upper Peninsula.
A ski area known for extreme skiing in Michigan's Upper Peninsula has lost the use of a three-person lift.
It is ironic that Chardonnay is an extremely popular wine while it is also among the most scorned.
We love to feed the birds and squirrels and one particular squirrel we call chippy will go to extremes for a good meal.
This frittata recipe is extremely flexible and any number of ingredients on hand can be used.
Like most nutritionists, Faye Mitchell isn't a fan of cleanses or extreme diets.
Circle the date of Oct 16 because it is an extremely significant date in this year's elections.
ALL IN A DAY'S WORK Despite a government-imposed media blackout, journalists in Pakistan are taking more extreme measures to make sure the news gets out.
Mark sat out the second half of Saturday's 23-20 victory at Michigan State with what was announced as an upper extremity injury, while Colter was shaken up in the second half.
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In science:

In particular, in the extreme case with 9Λm2 = 1, in which the black hole and cosmological horizons coincide, the Robinson-Trautman spacetimes can be extended smoothly through H+ to the extreme Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime with the same values of Λ and m.
Radiative spacetimes
Since M (s) n is linear in each local observable (fixing the value of the other 2n − 1 local observables), M (s) n will take its extremal values when local observables take their extremal values, −s or s.
Bell's inequality for n spin-s particles
First choosing an extremal measure µ0 from an extremal decomposition measure.
Random Surfaces
Lemma 8.3.1 If a gradient measure µ on triplets is extremal, then its three marginals are also extremal.
Random Surfaces
Proof If µ is extremal, then it is clear that its marginals must be extremal, since otherwise there would be a tail event (an event involving only one of the three components) with non-trivial µ probability.
Random Surfaces
To prove that the product of extremal measures is extremal suppose otherwise, i.e., that that there exists a tail-measurable set A ⊂ F with 0 < µ1 ⊗ µ2 ⊗ ρ(A) < 1.
Random Surfaces
In this case, µ = µu may not be extremal, and we will determine its extremal components.
Random Surfaces
Finally, we would like to describe precisely the way in which µu decomposes into extremal measures—one extremal measure for each “height offset” value modulo 1.
Random Surfaces
Extremality: For al l a ∈ R, µu,a is extremal.
Random Surfaces
Next, if the µu,a were not extremal for almost all a, then for some ǫ, δ > 0, there would be an ǫ fraction of a values in [0, 1) for which the probability that two extremal measures independently sampled from wµu,a are different is at least δ .
Random Surfaces
Extremality: For al l a ∈ c + 1 Z, µu,a is extremal.
Random Surfaces
To do this, we show that if either µ is a non-extremal minimal gradient phase of slope u ∈ UΦ or µ1 and µ2 are distinct extremal minimal gradient phases of slope u ∈ Uφ , then we can construct a measure ρ which violates Theorem 9.3.1.
Random Surfaces
Also, as these methods are founded on perturbative approaches, the solution in the case of the extreme breakdown of RWA - which is extremely simple (although maybe not very useful) - is seldom mentioned.
Rabi spectra - a simple tool for analyzing the limitations of RWA in modelling of the selective population transfer in many-level quantum systems
Also, when trying to reproduce the Ca underabundance with chemoevolutionary models, extremely short formation timescales (∼ 107 yr), extremely flat IMFs (x ∼ 0.3) (Moll´a & Garc´ıa-Vargas 2000) or metallicitydependent supernova yields (Worthey 1998) are required.
The puzzlingly large Ca II triplet absorption in dwarf elliptical galaxies
The theory of extreme statistics [2–4] is a powerful tool for describing the extremes of a set of independent random variables; however, much less is known about extremes of correlated variables [5–7].
Extremal Properties of Random Structures
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