extraction

Definitions

  • Extract from Sentries' Orders
    Extract from Sentries' Orders
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n extraction the action of taking out something (especially using effort or force) "the dentist gave her a local anesthetic prior to the extraction"
    • n extraction properties attributable to your ancestry "he comes from good origins"
    • n extraction the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means
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Additional illustrations & photos:

The Hand-cradle Method of extracting Gold The Hand-cradle Method of extracting Gold

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Musk is extracted from the bottom of a civet, and is used as an ingredient to make perfumes.
    • Extraction Derivation from a stock or family; lineage; descent; birth; the stock from which one has descended. "A family of ancient extraction ."
    • Extraction That which is extracted; extract; essence. "They [books] do preserve as in a vial the purest efficacy and extraction of that living intellect that bred them."
    • Extraction The act of extracting, or drawing out; as, the extraction of a tooth, of a bone or an arrow from the body, of a stump from earth, of a passage from a book, of an essence or tincture.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The desert tortoise can live without having to drink any water. It extracts the water it needs from the vegetation it eats
    • n extraction The act of extracting. The act of drawing out: as, the extraction of a tooth.
    • n extraction The operation of drawing anything from a substance, as an essence, tincture, or the like.
    • n extraction The act of taking out or copying a part, as a passage from a book.
    • n extraction In arithmetic and algebra, the rule or operation of finding the root of a given number or quantity. See root.
    • n extraction That which is extracted; extract; essence.
    • n extraction Descent; lineage; birth; derivation of persons from a stock or family.
    • n extraction The production of segregated descendants by Mendelian hybrids.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Heroin is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seedpod of the Asian poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder. Street names for heroin include "smack," "H," "skag," and "junk." Other names may refer to types of heroin produced in a specific geographical area, such as "Mexican black tar."
    • n Extraction act of extracting: derivation from a stock or family: birth: lineage: that which is extracted
    • ***

Quotations

  • Benjamin Haydon
    Benjamin Haydon
    “There surely is in human nature an inherent propensity to extract all the good out of all the evil.”
  • Sir Arthur Helps
    Sir Arthur Helps
    “Experience is the extract of suffering.”
  • Helen Rowland
    Helen%20Rowland
    “A husband is what's left of the lover after the nerve has been extracted.”
  • Sri Anandamayi Ma
    Sri Anandamayi Ma
    “Precious gems are profoundly buried in the earth and can only be extracted at the expense of great labor.”
  • Robert Stone
    Robert Stone
    “Life is a means of extracting fiction.”
  • Helen Rowland
    Helen%20Rowland
    “Marriage is the operation by which a woman's vanity and a man's egotism are extracted without an anaesthetic.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. extraction,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. extrahĕre, extractumex, out, trahĕre, to draw.

Usage

In literature:

Salicylic acid is a rheumatism remedy and had previously been extracted from willow bark.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
Meynell had nothing more to tell, and, hopeless of extracting any thing more, now took leave.
"The Actress in High Life" by Sue Petigru Bowen
At last we extracted all our spare clothes from the knapsack and put them on.
"The Luck of Thirteen" by Jan Gordon
Why was the style of the extract below especially good for the evident purpose and audience?
"Public Speaking" by Clarence Stratton
The following extracts from our town records will show in what manner the Sabbath was observed by our pious ancestors.
"The Olden Time Series, Vol. 3: New-England Sunday" by Henry M. Brooks
EXTRACT FROM LETTER TO HIS MOTHER.
"Letters from Mesopotamia" by Robert Palmer
Common salt rubbed on fruit stains before they become dry will extract them.
"Our Deportment" by John H. Young
In some instances in ancient times resin was extracted from wood and burned in vessels.
"Artificial Light" by M. Luckiesh
Citations and extracts from documents on file will justify all I have said of this man.
"Salem Witchcraft, Volumes I and II" by Charles Upham
They should always be placed in cold water and heated gradually in order to extract the salt.
"Public School Domestic Science" by Mrs. J. Hoodless
When raising extracted honey on a large scale two extracting supers may suffice for each colony.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
I will now read to your Lordships a short extract from his own narrative of his own proceedings.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. XII. (of XII.)" by Edmund Burke
Take extract of hyoscyamus, thirty grains; extract stramonium, ten grains; quinine, twenty grains; morphine, two grains.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
There are four extracts: the first {153} three are perfectly well printed.
"A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume II (of II)" by Augustus de Morgan
They can be extracted in endless variety from the combinations of the kaleidoscope.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
I expect it was a device to extract an answer; and, as you see, it has succeeded.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 25 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Fold in stiffly beaten whites of the eggs and add extract of vanilla.
"Stevenson Memorial Cook Book" by Various
This fat is extracted from the carefully ground nibs by employing great hydraulic pressure in heated presses.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 6" by Various
Extract of gentian One to four drachms.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
Having boiled a large lobster, extract all the meat from the shell.
"Domestic French Cookery, 4th ed." by Sulpice Barué
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In poetry:

Do not break my skull:
all you find is slime.
To extract the words
stroke my hair
and stand clear.
"The Snail" by Raymond Queneau
Permit thy Saviour to extract the sting —
The serpent's deadly sting, that galls thy heel,
Lest to thy heart the venom thence shou'd spring,
And thy poor soul the smart forever feel.
"A Letter From Sir Lewis Mansel Of Margam, In Glamorganshire, As 'Tis Suppos'd, To The Vicar Prichard" by Rees Prichard
I. Come, Sleep, thou transient , but thou sure relief,
Shed o'er my aching eyes thy soothing pow'r,
And mingle with their ceaseless tear of grief
One drop, extracted from thy opiate flow'r.
"Sleep" by Sydney Owenson
THES. Don't be a confounded fool. This can be arranged. We can't
give over the wine this year, but at least we can improve the
ginger beer. Let all the ginger beer be extracted from it
immediately.
"Thespis: Act II" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Black beamy hairs, which so seem to arise
From the extraction of those eyes,
That into you she destin-like doth spin
The beams she spares, what time her soul retires,
And by those hallowed fires,
Keeps house all night within.
"To Her Hair" by Lord Edward Herbert of Cherbury
Oh! think of them living on brawn extracted from horse hides,
While the inhuman Boers their sufferings deride,
Knowing that the women's hearts with grief were torn
As they looked on their children's faces that looked sad and forlorn.
"The Relief of Mafeking" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

How Much Influence Should Extractive Industries Have Over Public Art.
Financial repression and China's extractive elite.
Our Extractive Elites Public unions might bankrupt our cities.
Zoning as an Extractive Institution.
Extractive systems for oxygen measurement in inerting/blanketing applications require a great deal of maintenance.
Deep extraction in a portable tool.
Prochem has released its Aqua Helix High Extraction Tool with its patented Systolic Vector Performance (SVP) Technology.
Aqua helix extraction tool systolic vector performance.
The advantage of this system is that it can extract mandrels from larger-diameter tubes than the mechanical extractor can.
It should follow then that the best wine gifts at this time of year should be ones from which we must extract corks.
Artichoke Extract for Menopausal Skin.
Morphine is a narcotic that's extracted from the opium poppy.
David Emslie, 32, demonstrates at his Fort Collins home how he refines gold that others have extracted from computers.
Coconut extract 4 sprigs Mint.
Fleming recommends using Boyajian peppermint extract, which is $5 for a 1-ounce bottle at Amazon.com.
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In science:

Thus, gp(i, X ) := left(left(seq(i, X ))) extracts the positive part of the integer numerator of the ith rational number in X , and gn(i, X ) := right(left(seq(i, X ))) extracts the negative part of the integer numerator of the ith rational number in X .
Short Propositional Refutations for Dense Random 3CNF Formulas
In Section 3 we discuss Kolmogorov complexity extraction from finite strings (setting 2), and in Section 4 we discuss Kolmogorov complexity extraction from infinite sequences (setting 3).
Possibilities and impossibilities in Kolmogorov complexity extraction
Since the size of E−1 (z ) ∩ ({x} × {0, 1}n ) is at least 2n−m , we see that at least 2n−m pairs (x, y) are bad-for-extraction. A pair of strings (x, y) is bad-for-extraction if either y has Kolmogorov complexity below k (and it is easy to find an upper bound on the number of such strings), or if y ∈ Bx,α .
Possibilities and impossibilities in Kolmogorov complexity extraction
The ERCSC flux densities should not contain significant amounts of CMB contamination as the extraction methods used will filter out emission on scales larger than the source extraction aperture.
Radio to infrared spectra of late-type galaxies with Planck and WMAP data
If this is the case, we will obtain statistically similar distributions of matrix elements on the diagonal (extracting the timecourses of each ROI from the same trials) and off-diagonal (extracting the time courses of each ROI from different trials).
Asymmetric random matrices: What do we need them for?
Extracting values from the histogram by hand and fitting the values above pedestal with a Gaussian distribution, the width of the single photoelectron peak was extracted.
A 1 mm Scintillating Fibre Tracker Readout by a Multi-anode Photomultiplier
A Webcam is placed in front of the user, focusing on the user ’s face. A motion extraction algorithm based on RGB, which is user independent, is used to extract the facial motion from the video.
A Prototype System for Controlling a Computer by Head Movements and Voice Commands
Te (extracted from Tab.2 in K02) and I (extracted from table of photo ionisation potentials) is enough to know the energy of the feature.
IVOA Recommendation: Simple Spectral Lines Data Model Version 1.0
Feature extraction: The feature extraction is identical to the process described in the offline stage.
Discriminative Local Sparse Representations for Robust Face Recognition
As in the purely classical setting, it is known that this measure of conditional min-entropy is the appropriate one from the point of view of extracting uniform bits [Ren05]: if H ε ∞(X |E ) = K then K − O(log 1/ε) bits can be extracted from X that are ε-close to uniform, even from the point of view of E .
Certifiable Quantum Dice - Or, testable exponential randomness expansion
Instead of extracting only K samples from each element using the complicated analog kernels, we now extract a larger number of samples, Km .
Compressed Beamforming Applied to B-Mode Ultrasound Imaging
The features of the convex hull are extracted and stored in a feature list. The tracking algorithm works based on the extracted features. The features are tracked for different kinds of interactions. The input to the tracking algorithm is the Binary mask produced by the segmentation algorithm.
Personalised product design using virtual interactive techniques
We use a Gaussian extraction method to extract the spectra, fitting the trace with a variable FWHM in cases where the separation was greater than 7 pixels and a fixed FWHM if less than 7 pixels.
Rotational Velocities of Individual Components in Very Low Mass Binaries
Having extracted 2L frequency samples of the signal, spectral analysis techniques (e.g. annihilating filter , matrix pencil ) may be applied, in order to extract the unknown signal parameters.
Compressed Beamforming in Ultrasound Imaging
The circles within the lobes mark the hotspot regions: in the case of the S lobe the larger circle marks the excluded region for extracting lobe counts, and the smaller circle is used to extract the peak of the hotspot emission.
The jet-cloud interacting radio galaxy PKS B2152-699. I. Structures revealed in new deep radio and X-ray observations
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