extract

Definitions

  • Extract from Sentries' Orders
    Extract from Sentries' Orders
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v extract extract by the process of distillation "distill the essence of this compound"
    • v extract calculate the root of a number
    • v extract take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy
    • v extract remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense "pull weeds","extract a bad tooth","take out a splinter","extract information from the telegram"
    • v extract obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action "Italians express coffee rather than filter it"
    • v extract separate (a metal) from an ore
    • v extract deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning) "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"
    • v extract get despite difficulties or obstacles "I extracted a promise from the Dean for two new positions"
    • n extract a passage selected from a larger work "he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"
    • n extract a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
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Additional illustrations & photos:

The Hand-cradle Method of extracting Gold The Hand-cradle Method of extracting Gold

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Musk is extracted from the bottom of a civet, and is used as an ingredient to make perfumes.
    • Extract A decoction, solution, or infusion made by dissolving out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
    • Extract (Scots Law) A draught or copy of writing; certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein, with an order for execution.
    • Extract (Old Chem) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called also the extractive principle.
    • Extract A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a citation; a quotation.
    • Extract (Med) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract n., 4.
    • Extract Extraction; descent.
    • Extract That which is extracted or drawn out.
    • Extract To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a splinter from the finger. "The bee
      Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet."
    • Extract To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book. "I have extracted out of that pamphlet a few notorious falsehoods."
    • Extract To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence. Cf. Abstract v. t., 6. "Sunbeams may be extracted from cucumbers, but the process is tedious."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The desert tortoise can live without having to drink any water. It extracts the water it needs from the vegetation it eats
    • extract To draw out; withdraw; take or get out; pull out or remove from a fixed position, literally or figuratively.
    • extract To separate or eliminate, as a constituent part from the whole, as by distillation or heat, or other chemical or physical means: as, to extract spirit from cane-juice, or salt from sea-water.
    • extract Hence Figuratively, to obtain as if by distillation or chemical action; draw or bring out by some process: as, to extract pleasure from a quiet life; to extract instruction from adversity.
    • extract To pick out or select; segregate, as from a collection, or from a book or writing.
    • n extract That which is extracted or drawn out.
    • n extract Anything drawn from a substance by distillation, heat, solution, or other chemical or physical process, as an essence or tincture. A pharmaceutical extract consists of the active principles of a drug, obtained by maceration, percolation, or decoction with a suitable menstruum, or by using the expressed juice of the fresh plant, and reducing the solution thus obtained to a proper consistency and strength by evaporation. The menstrua used are water, alcohol, and ether, or two of these combined, and in some cases aqua ammoniæ, glycerin, or hydrochloric or acetic acid is added. Hard, soft, and fluid extracts are distinguished. Soft extracts are of pilular consistence; fluid extracts are (U. S. P., 1880) brought to such bulk that one cubic centimeter represents one gram of the crude drug.
    • n extract Hence A concentration of the principles or elements of anything; a condensed embodiment or representation.
    • n extract In chem., a peculiar principle once supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts. Also called the extractive principle.
    • n extract In lit., a passage taken from a book or writing; an excerpt; a citation; a quotation.
    • n extract Extraction; descent; origin.
    • n extract In Scots law, a copy, authenticated by the proper officer, of a deed, writing, or other entry, the principal of which is in a public record, or a transcript of which taken from the principal has been preserved in a public record.
    • n extract Shoddy or loose wool fiber, obtained by tearing apart old cloth, from which the cotton or other vegetable fiber has been removed by means of acids and heat.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Coca-Cola was so named back in 1885 for its two 'medicinal' ingredients: extract of coca leaves and kola nuts. As for how much cocaine was originally in the formulation, it's hard to know.
    • v.t Extract eks-trakt′ to draw out by force or otherwise: to choose out or select: to find out: to distil
    • n Extract anything drawn from a substance by heat, distillation, &c., as an essence: a passage taken from a book or writing
    • n Extract an extract
    • ***

Quotations

  • Benjamin Haydon
    Benjamin Haydon
    “There surely is in human nature an inherent propensity to extract all the good out of all the evil.”
  • Sir Arthur Helps
    Sir Arthur Helps
    “Experience is the extract of suffering.”
  • Helen Rowland
    Helen%20Rowland
    “A husband is what's left of the lover after the nerve has been extracted.”
  • Sri Anandamayi Ma
    Sri Anandamayi Ma
    “Precious gems are profoundly buried in the earth and can only be extracted at the expense of great labor.”
  • Robert Stone
    Robert Stone
    “Life is a means of extracting fiction.”
  • Helen Rowland
    Helen%20Rowland
    “Marriage is the operation by which a woman's vanity and a man's egotism are extracted without an anaesthetic.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. extractus, p. p. of extrahere, to extract; ex, out + trahere, to draw. See Trace, and cf. Estreat

Usage

In literature:

A few extracts from the papers will suffice to show how the matter was regarded.
"History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Washington Williams
A few extracts from one of her letters will show what brave work it gave her to do.
"Woman's Work in the Civil War" by Linus Pierpont Brockett
Some extracts from contemporary writers, relating to Patrick Hamilton, may here be quoted.
"The Works of John Knox, Vol. 1 (of 6)" by John Knox
I had, first of all scientists, extracted the colouring matter from quartz!
"Memoirs" by Charles Godfrey Leland
Extract of a Letter from the Rev.
"Apologia Pro Vita Sua" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
Now please to open your lips, and disclose the cause of all your sorrows, while kind Mr. Piscator extracts it.
"The Knickerbocker, or New-York Monthly Magazine, May 1844" by Various
At Prague it was extracted, but, being barbed, it tore the eye out with it.
"Fox's Book of Martyrs" by John Foxe
The cost of extracting the latex was prohibitive.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
It is impossible to extract juglone from these dried husks without first reoxidizing them.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943" by Various
See the extract from Sir Archibald Alison.
"How to Write Clearly" by Edwin A. Abbott
The hydrolysed extract was neutralised and fermented.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
The following extract is from a sermon on Matt.
"A Middle High German Primer" by Joseph Wright
Extraction of Tuba (beverage).
"The Philippine Islands" by John Foreman
We shall better represent its character by giving a few specimen extracts.
"Classic French Course in English" by William Cleaver Wilkinson
Presently Hedgeby came back to them, and Ormsby tried once more to extract some real information.
"Dave Darrin After The Mine Layers" by H. Irving Hancock
Extracts from letters sent by Mr. Foley to the Foreman of the Works of the Company, and other extracts and letters.
"The Samuel Butler Collection at Saint John's College Cambridge" by Henry Festing Jones
Good dentists, in the present state of the science, extract very few teeth, but save them.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
An extract from this speech, as given in Wirt's "Life of Henry," follows.
"Southern Literature From 1579-1895" by Louise Manly
To extract the knife one has to twist the handle slightly, when it comes out immediately.
"Indian Conjuring" by L. H. Branson
The following extract from it, contains every part of it except a few paragraphs that have no relation to our affairs here.
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Vol. VIII" by Various
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In poetry:

Said she, "Behold the clouds, and when
From them fall down the drops of rain,
Fly by extraction from the main,
Up in the air;
And to the sea return again,
From whence they were.
"Art And Nature" by Susannah Hawkins
Permit thy Saviour to extract the sting —
The serpent's deadly sting, that galls thy heel,
Lest to thy heart the venom thence shou'd spring,
And thy poor soul the smart forever feel.
"A Letter From Sir Lewis Mansel Of Margam, In Glamorganshire, As 'Tis Suppos'd, To The Vicar Prichard" by Rees Prichard
I. Come, Sleep, thou transient , but thou sure relief,
Shed o'er my aching eyes thy soothing pow'r,
And mingle with their ceaseless tear of grief
One drop, extracted from thy opiate flow'r.
"Sleep" by Sydney Owenson
Besides there was extracted honey in a show glass
And for quality twas said non could it surpass
Likewise In a glass a variety of busy little bees
All working away in their cells at their ease.
"The Dundee Flower Show:Dedicated to the Right Honourable Earl of Dalhousie" by William Topaz McGonagall
THES. Don't be a confounded fool. This can be arranged. We can't
give over the wine this year, but at least we can improve the
ginger beer. Let all the ginger beer be extracted from it
immediately.
"Thespis: Act II" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Oh! think of them living on brawn extracted from horse hides,
While the inhuman Boers their sufferings deride,
Knowing that the women's hearts with grief were torn
As they looked on their children's faces that looked sad and forlorn.
"The Relief of Mafeking" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

You know you can only eat so much fiber, and juicers rock because they extract the best part of fresh produce, namely the flavors and vitamins, actually allowing you to consume more (God bless America.).
However White Kidney Bean Extract is lastly getting the attention it's credited.
Mike Judge began writing the screenplay for Extract not long after Office Space opened and closed in a matter of weeks in the late winter of 1999.
Hot-Water Extraction Full restoration includes one or more hot-water extractions, which for this project were actually high-pressure rinses.
Poplar Tree Leaf Bud Extract Could Fight Skin Aging.
Where It Stands Today Learn the specifics behind the tower's lean and the soil extraction method being used to reduce the tower's inclination in this interview with soil expert John Burland.
The idea is to extract a protein containing human genes that could then be used in lieu of actual blood to help burn victims and those who've suffered massive blood loss.
While extraction plans for the Spirit rover are developed and tested during the coming weeks, the team plans to have the craft analyze the soil from different depths.
This paper presents a novel extractive approach based on manifold -ranking of sentences to this summarization task.
Few questions and fewer answers (extracts from a monastic notebook).
What are the most efficient methods to extract microbial DNA that accurately represents the community it is isolated from.
Olive Leaf Extract Regains Interest as a Superb Anti- microbial Agent.
1 (4/5-quart) bottle of bourbon or brandy 3 quarts half-and-half 4 tablespoons vanilla extract Simple syrup (recipe follows) Grated nutmeg Combine the bourbon, half-and-half, and vanilla in a 1-gallon container.
Pittsburgh councilman Dowd proposes city ' mineral extraction districts'.
ClearForest's Modeler Enables Text Extraction.
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In science:

Based on a first-order approximation he extracted from experimental proton-208Pb scattering data at EL = 800 MeV the pseudospin-symmetry breaking part of the scattering amplitude.
Violation of pseudospin symmetry in nucleon-nucleus scattering: exact relations
Hence the problem of extracting the scattering amplitudes from nucleon-nucleus scattering data becomes mathematically similar to that for spinless particles.
Violation of pseudospin symmetry in nucleon-nucleus scattering: exact relations
One should really assume it has, and extract some information.
AdS/CFT Correspondence and Type 0 String Theory
The partition function for a given topological charge can be extracted from its θ -dependence.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Solution to WDVV By theorem 7.3 we can extract a solution to WDVV from bi Hamiltonian structure (8.5).
Solutions to WDVV from generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies
Thus, the averaged equilibrium properties of the polymer can be extracted from an n-body problem by taking the n → 0 limit at the end.
Solvable model of a polymer in random media with long ranged disorder correlations
The mean and σ values of these distributions are extracted with Gaussian fits over ±2σ range.
Hadron Energy Reconstruction for the ATLAS Barrel Prototype Combined Calorimeter in the Framework of the Non-parametrical Method
The extraction of the velocities is described in Section 3 after which we discuss the summed spectra and new ephemeris (Sections 4 and 5).
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
The photometry was then extracted using an optimal extraction method (Naylor 1998).
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
The velocity extraction process is run iteratively.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
Let us try to extract physical significance from these.
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
The value of nonlinearity coefficients for PSN and PST was extracted from observed Tc values with the help of formulas (11), (12) at x = 0 (PSN) and x = 1 (PST).
Phase diagram of mixed system of ferroelectric relaxors in the random field theory framework
Here we show that their results are identical ly reproduced if one extracts linear in the fluctuations of external fields terms from the Lagrangian derived from the full action (7), while our construction appears to generalize the De Wit - Freedman results to all orders in fluctuations.
Point particle in general background fields and generalized equivalence principle
The tensor property, i.e. an extraction or nullification of internal loop momenta associated with the gravitational couplings in the pattern 4(1 + L), implies that N = 8 supergravity with all moduli tuned to zero except for the dilaton coupling is finite in four through six dimensions.
On the finiteness of N=8 quantum supergravity
We would like to extract from this expression a decoupling of all w ≤ 0 states in the NCOS limit: ǫ → 0 with α′ = ǫα′ e , h = ǫ (α′ e , k⊥ fixed).
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
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