• WordNet 3.6
    • v externalize make external or objective, or give reality to "language externalizes our thoughts"
    • v externalize regard as objective
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The external tank on space shuttles is not painted. It is the only part of the shuttle that is lost after launch, so it is not necessary to worry about metal corrosion.
    • v. t Externalize To make external; to manifest by outward form. "Thought externalizes itself in language."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Chameleons change their color by dispersing the concentration of pigment in their skin. This is controlled by the autonomic nervous system. Color changes are determined by external factors such as light and temperature as well as emotions. They do not change color to match their background.
    • externalize To embody in an outward form; give shape and form to.
    • externalize To confer the quality of externality or external reality upon; invest with actual objectivity: a word used in modern psychology to indicate a mental operation whereby, for instance, one's name arising in the mind as a subjective concept is heard as a word spoken from without, and therefore as a sense-percept.
    • externalize Also spelled externalise.
    • ***


  • William James
    “Men's activities are occupied into ways -- in grappling with external circumstances and in striving to set things at one in their own topsy-turvy mind.”
  • W. Clement Stone
    “The natural law of inertia: Matter will remain at rest or continue in uniform motion in the same straight line unless acted upon by some external force.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    “Knowledge always demands increase; it is like fire, which must first be kindled by some external agent, but will afterwards always propagate itself.”
  • James A. Froude
    “Our human laws are more or less imperfect copies of the external laws as we see them.”
  • Herbert Spencer
    “Life is the continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations.”
  • Robertson Davies
    “What we call luck is the inner man externalized. We make things happen to us.”


In literature:

In looking over any state to form a judgment on it, it presents itself in two lights; the external, and the internal.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. I. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
The cuticle moreover is by no means wholly external.
"The Life-Story of Insects" by Geo. H. Carpenter
Sensations are excited by certain external forms of motion.
"The Story of the Living Machine" by H. W. Conn
The conclave was practically uncontrolled in its choice by any external force of the first magnitude.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volumes 1 and 2" by John Addington Symonds
The Mahayana applied it to the external world and proved by ingenious arguments that nothing at all exists.
"Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
In literature, these forces are called external conflicts.
"Sequential Problem Solving" by Fredric Lozo
Having destroyed every external object of delusion, let us now see what makes the supposition necessary that the people will mislead themselves.
"The Prose Works of William Wordsworth" by William Wordsworth
Jewish worship was all an outward, external thing.
"Life and Labors of Elder John Kline, the Martyr Missionary" by John Kline
Invention is external and imagination is internal.
"Inquiries and Opinions" by Brander Matthews
But the principal monument here, is an amphitheatre, the external portico of which is tolerably complete.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
A poverty in the "inward parts" will still exist in the midst of external plenty.
"An Interpretation of Rudolf Eucken's Philosophy" by W. Tudor Jones
Sarthia was humble externally, a Vestal of the Temple, but in her mind and soul as imperious as a Queen of the realm of Heaven.
"Within the Temple of Isis" by Belle M. Wagner
This doctrine of the relativity of all knowledge is not only applied to things external but to our very selves.
"The Relations Between Religion and Science" by Frederick, Lord Bishop of Exeter
I do not lay our failures to external causes alone.
"Twentieth Century Negro Literature" by Various
The tie of kinship at once marks a group off externally and gives it distinction, and internally holds all its members together.
"Reconstruction in Philosophy" by John Dewey
External measurements were therefore quite variable.
"Life Histories of North American Wood Warblers Part One and Part Two" by Arthur Bent
Everywhere we find, though the external forms are most different, the same bones, and among them the same number, position, and connection.
"The History of Creation, Vol. II (of 2)" by Ernst Haeckel
It is almost square, and consists of a simple vallum and external fosse.
"British Castles" by Charles H. Ashdown
The ultimate material antecedents of thought are found in impressions which are due to external objects as stimuli.
"Essays in Experimental Logic" by John Dewey
The Church considered as external, has characteristics different from those which distinguish her as the Church invisible.
"History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century (Volume 1)" by J. H. Merle D'Aubigné

In poetry:

There's wet snow on your lashes
And in your eyes, distress,
And your external image
Is all, all of apiece.
"Meeting" by Boris Pasternak
Q. What is the visible, external part
Of that blest feast, or Sacrament divine,
That seals the promis'd grace? tell me by heart —
Tell me, I say, what is its outward sign?
"The Lord's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
External and innate dimensions hold
The living forms, but not the force of life;
For that interior and holy tree
That in the heart of hearts outlives the world
Spreads earthly shade into eternity.
"Seed" by Kathleen Raine
What fields are as fragrant as your hands?
You feel how external fragrance stands
upon your stronger resistance.
Stars stand in images above.
Give me your mouth to soften, love;
ah, your hair is all in idleness.
"What Fields Are As Fragrant As Your Hands?" by Rainer Maria Rilke
"And that one is I; and I am projected from thee,
One that out of thy brain and heart thou causest to be -
Extern to thee nothing. Grieve not, nor thyself becall,
Woo where thou wilt; and rejoice thou canst love at all!
"Rome: The Vatican-Sala Delle Muse." by Thomas Hardy
"Pure art is here, that has no reference
To anything external does not tie
Itself to apron-strings of moral sense,
Or flatter bourgeois minds with mimicry
Of actual objects, or give weak assent
To fussy vanity or sentiment.
"The Idol" by George Rostrevor Hamilton

In news:

An add-on system for minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) combines an external pump with repeatable control over nozzle position.
An optional battery backup preserves calibration data even when external power is lost or the tester is shut down.
A conventional conveyor system uses an externally mounted electric or hydraulic motor to drive the conveyor 's head pulley.
Both external and internal opposition make that impossible.
Many DAWs now provide a way to treat external audio gear as "plugins" within tracks or buses.
Looking at an external object, other than roadway 3.7.
It includes an HDMI transmitter and receiver and an external 12V power supply adapter.
The board features a native PCIExpress (PCIe) x4 -to-Ethernet controller, providing 10Gbs/sec throughput without the necessity of an external bridge, thus reducing latency and increasing throughput.
When Shirley Marshall was hired as executive director of Good Shepherd Housing and Family Services, she was concerned with internal as well as external issues.
AcomData Samurai External Hard Drive Review.
In a typical avionics system, there are thousands of internal and external circuit conduction paths moving electrons t...
Beamex's intrinsically safe calibrators MC5-IS and MC2-IS and external pressure modules have received CSA certification for both the USA ("US" certification) and Canada ("C" certification).
As local governments roll back employee pensions and benefits, the nation's largest public labor union is preparing for an internal leadership battle that could shape its external mission.
There are 27 people on the external advisory committee charged with addressing quality and equity in student assignments .
Still, Wilkinson is on the external committee because she supports the effort to improve Boston's student assignments .

In science:

Every external line carrying the label k (k = 1, 2) gives the factor kk or g µk ; the line carrying the label ”+” gives the factor k+ , where k is a linear combination of the external momenta of the subdiagram, i.e., the momenta of the set lines.
Constructing the light-front QCD Hamiltonian
If the atom is in its intermediate state before it enters to the cavity, the AC Stark shift between the intermediate and upper-most states brings about the resonant coupling of the cavity with the external field so that the external field can be fed into the cavity.
Test of quantum nonlocality for cavity fields
External Interface - standard interface channels are provided to connect the compute node to external devices and networks.
Cluster Computing White Paper
In the absence of sufficient external pressure, these regions expand until the internal pressure is balanced by that of the external medium.
The Equilibrium State of Molecular Regions in the Outer Galaxy
It characterizes the motion of the charged particles in the external potential by two arbitrary functions T (U ) and H (U ), and characterizes the response of electromagnetic fields to the external potential (gravitationally modified Maxwell equations) by two functions ǫ(U ) and µ(U ).
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
An energy budget of 1–2 keV per particle (3–10 times higher than that in the external scenario) seems to be required to reproduce the entropy floor (see also Wu, Fabian & Nulsen 1999, Valageas & Silk 1999) and entropy profiles similar to the ones predicted in the external heating scenario (see Figure 2, left).
The Heating of the ICM: Energy Crisis and viable solutions
Notice that all the dependence on the external quark/gluon state in the functions F (qi ) and F ′ (qi ) cancels. r1 removes the scheme dependence and ˜r1 changes to the X -boson current scheme. gX is now scale, scheme and external quark-gluon state independent.
QCD and Weak Interactions of Light Quarks
Thus, it follows from above that the “one quark” Lagrangian and equation must be the QED Lagrangian (equation) for external field, but inside the hadron this “external field” describes the quark-quark interaction.
Electromagnetic structure of hadrons
Here n is the loop order, λ is the cubic coupling constant, E is the number of external lines, F = 1 2 (3n − E ) is the number of internal lines, and γ is a constant depending on the external momenta.
Perturbative--nonperturbative connection in quantum mechanics and field theory
However, when FUV photoevaporation by external massive stars is included the disk is removed in 106 − 107yr; and when EUV photoevaporation by external massive stars is included the disk is removed in 105 − 106yr.
Viscous diffusion and photoevaporation of stellar disks
In other words, there is no input of mass or external torques at the inner or external boundaries.
Viscous diffusion and photoevaporation of stellar disks
It is generally believed that the burst proper is produced by the internal shocks and that the afterglow is produced by an external shock (), although a model of gamma-ray production via external shocks also exists ().
Physics of Gamma-Ray Bursts: Turbulence, Energy Transfer and Reconnection
In each panel, the dashed and the dotted lines indicate the results obtained from the ellipsoidal collapse model with linear external tide and nonlinear external tide, respectively.
Evolution of Cosmological Density Distribution Function from the Local Collapse Model
Fig. 25(a) shows the current-voltage characteristics in the region of low bias voltages (without and with external irradiation) for fixed external frequency fac = 1.5T H z and different field intensities F .
Photon-assisted transport in semiconductor nanostructures
It is worth modeling the prompt GRB emission as well as the afterglow emission within the external shock model in a unified manner, and to make use of any statistical correlations between the GRB variability and afterglow irregularity, so as to validate or falsify the external shock GRB model.
Gamma-Ray Bursts: Progress, Problems & Prospects