expurgate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v expurgate edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate "bowdlerize a novel"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • v. t Expurgate ĕks"pŭr*gāt or ĕks*pûr"gāt To purify; to clear from anything noxious, offensive, or erroneous; to cleanse; to purge; as, to expurgate a book.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • expurgate To purge; cleanse; remove anything obnoxious, offensive, or erroneous from; specifically, to free from what is objectionable on moral or religious grounds: as, to expurgate a book; an expurgated edition of Shakspere.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Expurgate eks′pur-gāt or eks-pur′- to purge out or render pure: to purify from anything noxious or erroneous
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. expurgatus, p. p. of expurgare, to purge, purify; ex, out, from + purgare, to cleanse, purify, purge. See Purge, and cf. Spurge
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. expurgāre, -ātumex, out, purgāre, to purge.

Usage

In literature:

I'll fix the expurgated unprintability!
"Space Viking" by Henry Beam Piper
The plays denounced by Collier continued to hold the stage, though more or less expurgated, throughout the century.
"English Literature and Society in the Eighteenth Century" by Leslie Stephen
The plays of Shakespeare are expurgated only where necessary for school use.
"The Short-story" by William Patterson Atkinson
It was reprinted (by H. S. Nichols) in 1894, in twelve volumes, only slightly expurgated, the present price being about twelve pounds.
"The Book-Hunter at Home" by P. B. M. Allan
I can hear the upbringers cry "expurgated"!
"Working With the Working Woman" by Cornelia Stratton Parker
Expurgated books are always unsatisfactory mutilations.
"Notes and Queries, Number 33, June 15, 1850" by Various
There is not the slightest reason to regret this thing or to expurgate it.
"Visions and Revisions" by John Cowper Powys
In our own age it is not regulated at all; it is neglected by ignorance and expurgated by stupidity.
"Suspended Judgments" by John Cowper Powys
After all, why not tell her an expurgated edition of the truth.
"Captain Desmond, V.C." by Maud Diver
The text, from Jacob's blessing, was ingeniously expurgated to meet the case.
"Ghetto Comedies" by Israel Zangwill
Shakespeare, with all his wonderful genius, needs expurgating if one would read him aloud comfortably to a mixed audience.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
She was warned to expurgate Prue or lose the others.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
Cotton (Archdeacon) on expurgated Quaker Bible, 158.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
Were it not that from 1829 onwards the Diary has been a good deal expurgated by its editor, we should probably hear more of this note.
"Thomas Moore" by Stephen Gwynn
Though it was very much expurgated, all engaged in it were excommunicated by the pope in 1759.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
He was then employed as expurgator of Hebrew books.
"Some Jewish Witnesses For Christ" by Rev. A. Bernstein, B.D.
Ernestine's showing him a properly expurgated edition of the Village.
"Out of the Air" by Inez Haynes Irwin
But perhaps it would have to be an expurgated edition.
"Oscar Wilde" by Leonard Cresswell Ingleby
At noon the expurgated assembly set to work.
"The Rise of the Dutch Kingdom" by Hendrik Willem van Loon
Marcion's 'Gospel' consisted of our Luke, expurgated according to his own ideas.
"The Making of the New Testament" by Benjamin W. Bacon
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In news:

A new expurgated edition of ' Huckleberry Finn ' has got some Twain scholars up in arms.
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In science:

This is the first bound of its type that explicitly uses the method of expurgation in a multi-user transmission system.
Error Exponent for Multiple-Access Channels:Lower Bounds
We showed that the exponent of the typical random coding and expurgated bounds are greater than or equal to the exponent of the known random coding bounds for all rate pairs.
Error Exponent for Multiple-Access Channels:Lower Bounds
By numerical evaluation of the random coding and the expurgated bounds for a simple symmetric MAC, we showed that, at low rates, the expurgated bound is strictly larger.
Error Exponent for Multiple-Access Channels:Lower Bounds
Here, by method of expurgation, we end up with a code with a similar average bound as we had for the original code.
Error Exponent for Multiple-Access Channels:Lower Bounds
This paper focuses on an approach inspired by a common idea in Lov ´asz’s construction and in the expurgated lower bound of Gallager .
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
Furthermore, this approach reveals interesting connections between the Lov ´asz theta function, the cut-off rate of classical channels, the expurgated bound of Gallager and the rate R∞ of classical-quantum channels.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
Upper bounds to the probability of error of optimal codes for pure-state channels were obtained Burnashev and Holevo that are the equivalent of the so called random coding bound obtained by Fano and Gallager and of the expurgated bound of Gallager for classic channels.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
The expurgated bound was then extended to general quantum channels by Holevo .
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
The mentioned generalization of the Chernoff bound, furthermore, allows to adapt the technique used in to find an upper bound to the reliability at R = 0, which leads to an exact expression when combined with the expurgated bound proved by Holevo .
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
This section also prepares the reader to the interpretation of Lov ´asz’s representations as auxiliary channels, and it points out an interesting connections between the Lov ´asz theta function, the cut-off rate and the expurgated bound.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
In and in , non-standard names are used for the functions involved in the random coding and in the expurgated bounds.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
Lower bounds to the reliability function of a pure-state channel where obtained by Burnashev and Holevo who extended the random, the expurgated and the zero-rate bounds to this case.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
This construction is related to the construction of Gallager’s expurgated lower bound to E (R), but is used precisely in the opposite direction.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
There, the authors proved the equivalent of the zero-rate upper bound to E (R) derived in for the case of pure-state channels with no zero-error capacity, thus proving that even in this case the expurgated bound is tight at zero rate.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
For general classicalquantum channels, a similar result was attempted in , but the obtained lower bound to the probability of error at zerorate does not coincide with the limiting value of the expurgated bound in this case.
Lower bounds to the Probability of Error for Classical and Classical-Quantum Channels
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