existence

Definitions

  • The pewter spoon handle at the top, unearthed at Jamestown, is the oldest dated piece of American pewter in existence. It was made by Joseph Copeland of Chuckatuck, Va., in 1675. The spoon on the bottom is a conjectural restoration of Copeland’s specimen
    The pewter spoon handle at the top, unearthed at Jamestown, is the oldest dated piece of American pewter in existence. It was made by Joseph Copeland of Chuckatuck, Va., in 1675. The spoon on the bottom is a conjectural restoration of Copeland’s specimen
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n existence everything that exists anywhere "they study the evolution of the universe","the biggest tree in existence"
    • n existence the state or fact of existing "a point of view gradually coming into being","laws in existence for centuries"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1894 the first big Coke sign was found on the side of a building located in Cartersville, Georgia, and still exists today
    • Existence Continued or repeated manifestation; occurrence, as of events of any kind; as, the existence of a calamity or of a state of war. "The existence therefore, of a phenomenon, is but another word for its being perceived, or for the inferred possibility of perceiving it."
    • Existence That which exists; a being; a creature; an entity; as, living existences .
    • Existence The state of existing or being; actual possession of being; continuance in being; as, the existence of body and of soul in union; the separate existence of the soul; immortal existence. "The main object of our existence ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Of all known forms of animals life ever to inhabit the Earth, only about 10 percent still exist today.
    • n existence Actual being; being at a certain moment or throughout a certain period of time; being such as ordinary objects possess. See being.
    • n existence Hence Life; vital or sentient being; state of life.
    • n existence That which exists; that which actually is an individual thing; an actuality.
    • n existence Reality; fact; truth.
    • n existence In logic, presence in the universe, system, or total collection of individual objects considered. A class is said to exist when an individual of the class occurs in the universe considered; a relation is said to exist when a set of individuals in the universe is in that relation. Consequently such relations as incompossibility, refuting the existence of, and the like, although they are in a sense relations (better called pseudorelations), do not possess existence. On the other hand the relation of adjectives to corresponding abstract nouns, and other similar relations, refer at once to two different universes, the one of actually existing things, the other of possible symbols, and may thus be admitted to possess existence relatively to a second universe.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Studebaker still exists, but is now called Worthington.
    • n Existence state of existing or being: continued being: life: anything that exists: a being
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Quotations

  • Bertrand Russell
    Bertrand%20Russell
    “Freedom of opinion can only exist when the government thinks itself secure.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “Freedom exists only with power.”
  • Baltasar Gracian
    Baltasar%20Gracian
    “Have friends. 'Tis a second existence.”
  • Sydney Smith
    Sydney%20Smith
    “Life is to be fortified by many friendships. To love and to be loved is the greatest happiness of existence.”
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer
    Dietrich Bonhoeffer
    “A god who let us prove his existence would be an idol.”
  • Blaise Pascal
    Blaise%20Pascal
    “If you gain, you gain all; if you lose, you lose nothing. Wager then without hesitation, that He exists.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. existence,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. existĕre, exsistĕreex, out, sistĕre, to make to stand.

Usage

In literature:

Every existing evil is due solely to the capitalistic system, and every existing evil can be abolished only by Socialism.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
The existing anthropoid apes may justly be compared in condition with the existing low savages.
"Man And His Ancestor" by Charles Morris
This struggle for existence, in some form or other, is in fact essential to the existence of society.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
This, we know, is equivalent to the Proposition of Existence "Some xy exist".
"Symbolic Logic" by Lewis Carroll
Such a temple, if one existed, was more probably Saxon than Roman.
"Memorials of Old London" by Various
She dwelt, in imagination, upon the possibilities of a new and fascinating existence.
"Jennie Gerhardt" by Theodore Dreiser
There exist stimuli to inquiry in the one case which do not exist in the other.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
Here also we must cherish the conviction that an order does exist amid the apparent disorder, if we could but find it.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
They seemed to question or deny the existence of God.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
Whatever can be clearly conceived as non-existent does not, in its essence, involve existence.
"Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers" by Charles Bradlaugh, A. Collins, and J. Watts
Like everything else in civilised existence, fire was a human discovery.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
Value, hence, is a specific kind of natural existence among other existences.
"Creative Intelligence" by John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode, Henry Waldgrave, Stuart James, Hayden Tufts, Horace M. Kallen
Perfection is affirmed of existing or of imaginary subjects, but existence is not a perfection in itself.
"History of Modern Philosophy" by Alfred William Benn
The antithesis of this exists in the United States of America.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
The rest are parasites, who have no right to exist.
"Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist" by Alexander Berkman
A federation of local forces exists in Canada and in the Australian Commonwealth; a union of the imperial forces exists in South Africa.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
The fact of their existence, their coming or going, had very little real interest for him.
"The Way of the Strong" by Ridgwell Cullum
In Japan, also, there existed an almost identical class.
"A Fantasy of Far Japan" by Baron Kencho Suyematsu
The passive impression exists in the sensibility; the volition exists in the will.
"An Examination of President Edwards' Inquiry into the Freedom of the Will" by Albert Bledsoe
All Existence is Spiritual LIII.
"The Gospel of Buddha" by Paul Carus
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In poetry:

And the ocean of man's existence,—
The surges of toil and care,
Shall break and die in the distance,
But never reach me there.
"Summer Rain" by Kate Seymour Maclean
Though earth and man were gone,
And suns and universes cease to be,
And Thou were left alone,
Every existence would exist in Thee.
"Last Lines" by Emily Jane Bronte
Yes, sunk within oblivion's waves,
They'll partly live in memory;
To youth, who will their secrets crave,
Mostly exist in history.
"Gone" by Nancy Rebecca Campbell Glass
Cheer up, brother; in the distance
May be seen a single star,
All throughout life's poor existence,
See it, brightly beaming there.
"Cheer Up" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
A passionate existence which we scan;
But first must lay aside
The rougher thinking that belongs to man,
And take the unsettled pride
"John Keats" by Alexander Anderson
It was thus in that past existence,
With its purposeless unrest,
When the infinite nature of Sorrow
Was clasping me breast to breast.
"The Worship of Sorrow" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

WASHINGTON (May 22, 2012) – Existing-home sales rose in April and remain above a year ago, while home prices continued to rise, according to the National Association of Realtors.
The third annual exhibit of 50 non-traditional Portland artists showcasing works that exist outside traditional fine art categories.
Save time by using your existing account to sign in to Natural Home and Garden.
BUCHAREST , Romania — Ever since he first visited Romania 12 years ago, a man named Paul has been fighting to be recognized as the heir to a throne that no longer exists.
Many folks probably don't even know that it exists.
How do these models help support the idea that other fullerenes might exist.
A palpable feeling exists in the audience of a Bruce Graham play: the tingling sense of people eagerly awaiting reasons to laugh.
This flavored cola does exist, along with several others – just in time for your summer cook outs.
A lyric video to justify the existence of lyric videos.
The CX-15 platform, called the world's first such structure, was installed in 175 ft of water 1 mile from the existing CX-11 platform, reports Horton Shallow Water Developments, the designer.
Tuscaloosa's Hotel Capstone will undergo a renovation that will remake guest bathrooms and add a lounge to its existing restaurant.
Had events gone as planned, Peter Sturtevant's car wouldn't exist.
Thyroid hematoma secondary to blunt trauma is uncommon, and no consensus exists for its management.
The American Petroleum Institute filed a lawsuit against the EPA this week, arguing that refiners should not have to pay a penalty for failing to use biofuels "that don't even exist".
Controversy exists as to what may be the oldest baseball in existence.
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In science:

These exist because the obstructions are stable (the same at all sufficiently small scales), and the initial nice neighborhood is chosen to have size in the stable range so it’s existence shows the obstructions are trivial.
Lectures on controlled topology: mapping cylinder neighborhoods
The component structure of a directed graph is more complex than that of an undirected graph also, because a directed path may exist through the network from vertex A to vertex B, but that does not guarantee that one exists from B to A.
Random graphs as models of networks
When there is no giant component, connecting paths exist only within small isolated groups of vertices, but no long-range connectivity exists.
Random graphs as models of networks
As mentioned above no solutions exists for a genric [ρn ]q , therefore no C.S exists; at least in the form (25) and in the sense of Klauder; for the corresponding deformed bosons.
On The Construction of Generalized Coherent States for Generalized Harmonic Oscillators
Does it exist a method to know if a non local structure, that is a coassociative coproduct can be put on its vertex set, and how many such non local structures exist? Is the matrix product the only way to obtain such coassociative coproduct ? In the following we do not address these questions.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
For convenience we also require that for all x, y ∈ V there exists at most one edge from x to y , and will write x → y when there exists an edge from x to y .
Permutation graphs, fast forward permutations, and sampling the cycle structure of a permutation
Then 1) the limit mean of matrices UN as N → ∞ exists and lim N→∞hUN i = P0 ; 2) the limit mean of matrices U (z ) as z → ∞ exists and lim z→∞hU (z )i = P0 .
Random groups in the optical waveguides theory
R such that Nn (λ) = 0 for al l λ ≤ c and n ∈ N, b) there exists a C1 : R+ → R such that ˜Nn (t) := R e−λtdNn (λ) ≤ C1 (t) for al l n ∈ N, t > 0, c) limn→∞ ˜Nn (t) =: ψ(t) exists for al l t > 0.
Integrated density of states for ergodic random Schr\"odinger operators on manifolds
The question of the existence of such a sequence, as well as the questions of the existence of sequences avoiding other kinds of repetitions, were studied in algebra [Adian, Justin, Kol], discrete analysis [Carpi, Dekk, Evdok, Ker, Pleas] and in dynamical systems [MorseHedl].
Counting the occurrences of generalized patterns in words generated by a morphism
It is a very special case of the existence theorem [HAG-I, §4.6], which extends the existence of the local model structure on simplicial presheaves (see [Ja1]) to the case of model sites.
From HAG to DAG: derived moduli spaces
The existence of the model structure D − Af f ∼ also implies the existence of homotopy limits and homotopy colimits, as defined in [Hi, §19].
From HAG to DAG: derived moduli spaces
What about the existence or uniqueness of a derived extension RM ? First of all, extensions always exists, as one can use the trivial one given by the functor i of §3.2.
From HAG to DAG: derived moduli spaces
Under Condition B , there exists ¯cK > 0 such that for al l c > ¯cK , there exists δ(c) > 0 for which E[LP (n, c)] ≥ δ(c)n.
Linear Phase Transition in Random Linear Constraint Satisfaction Problem
Obviously, necessary conditions on N that yields the existence of XN with M(X f ) = N are: (H) If A ∈ N and B ∈ H (A) then B ∈ N. (A0 ) If A, B ∈ N then there exists C ∈ N such that A ∈ H (C ) and B ∈ H (C ). (C) N is closed in M.
Classification of Banach Spaces --its Topological and Cardinality Properties
Therefore (see Remark 2.8) if it exists on Y for the divisor DY , where D ∈ BCDivR (K (Y )), then there exists a b-divisor N(D) ∈ BCDivR (K (Y )) such that N(D)Y ′ is a decomposition in Fujita sense for any model Y ′ of the field K (Y ) dominating Y .
On Zariski decomposition problem
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