exarch

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n exarch a viceroy who governed a large province in the Roman Empire
    • n exarch a bishop in eastern Christendom who holds a place below a patriarch but above a metropolitan
    • n exarch a bishop in one of several Eastern Orthodox Churches in North America
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Exarch A viceroy; in Ravenna, the title of the viceroys of the Byzantine emperors; in the Eastern Church, the superior over several monasteries; in the modern Greek Church, a deputy of the patriarch , who visits the clergy, investigates ecclesiastical cases, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n exarch The ruler of a province in the Byzantine empire. The most important was the exarch of Ravenna. See exarchate.
    • n exarch In the early church, a prelate presiding over a diocese: as, the exarch of Ephesus. The title is often used as synonymous with patriarch; but strictly the exarch was inferior in rank and power to the patriarch, and superior to the metropolitan.
    • n exarch In the Gr. Ch., a legate of a patriarch, whose duty it is to sustain the authority of the patriarch, and to obtain accurate information concerning the lives of the clergy, ecclesiastical observances, monastic discipline, etc., in the provinces assigned to him. The power of the exarchs is very great. They can absolve, depose, or excommunicate in the name of the patriarch.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Exarch eks′ärk name formerly given to the vicegerent of the Byzantine empire in Italy: a bishop:
    • n Exarch eks′ärk (Gr. Church) an ecclesiastical inspector
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. exarchus, Gr. commander; ,, out + to lead, rule: cf. F. exarque,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. exarchosex, and archein, to lead.

Usage

In literature:

Under the exarchs of Ravenna, Rome was degraded to the second rank.
"The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 4" by Edward Gibbon
Had they a right to alienate his gift of the Exarchate?
"The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 5" by Edward Gibbon
Under the exarchs of Ravenna, Rome was degraded to the second rank.
"The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 4" by Edward Gibbon
Since the revolt of Italy and the loss of the Exarchate, the distress of the Romans had exacted some sacrifice of their independence.
"The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 5" by Edward Gibbon
There are two sorts of Greek church, Exarchic, Patriarchic, both teaching by threat and massacre.
"The Research Magnificent" by H. G. Wells
They dreamed of restoring Rome to the Eastern Empire, and of renewing the ancient office of Exarch for themselves.
"Ave Roma Immortalis, Vol. 2" by Francis Marion Crawford
The two supreme officials of the Italian province were the Exarch and the Prefect.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
It has been suggested that the design is of the date of the Exarchate.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
It was also the granary of the Exarchate, owing to the Lombard destruction in Italy, and had a population of some 25,000.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
A fleet, fitted out by him in support of the exarch, was lost in a storm.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
***