• WordNet 3.6
    • n examination the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
    • n examination the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned
    • n examination a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits)
    • n examination formal systematic questioning
    • n examination a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge "when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A little girl with an armful of flowers examines a butterfly perched on her hand A little girl with an armful of flowers examines a butterfly perched on her hand
Three men examine a locket Three men examine a locket
Joan Examined in Prison——128 Joan Examined in Prison——128
The king examines the old woman's bread The king examines the old woman's bread

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: German chemist Hennig Brand discovered phosphorus while he was examining urine for a way to turn baser metals into gold.
    • Examination A process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; as, the examination of a student, or of a candidate for admission to the bar or the ministry. "He neglected the studies, . . . stood low at the examinations ."
    • Examination The act of examining, or state of being examined; a careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by study or experiment.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Rudyard Kipling was fired as a reporter for the San Francisco Examiner. His dismissal letter was reported to have said, "I'm sorry, Mr. Kipling, but you just don't know how to use the English language. This isn't a kindergarten for amateur writers."
    • n examination The act of examining, or the state of being examined; scrutiny by inquiry, study, or experiment; careful search and investigation into parts, qualities, conditions, and relations, for the purpose of ascertaining the truth and the real state of things; inspection by observation, interrogation, or trial: as, examination of a ship or a machine; examination of the books of a firm; examination of one's mental condition; examination of a wound, or of a theory or thesis.
    • n examination In legal proceedings: An inquiry into facts by evidence; an attempt to ascertain truth by questioning: as, the examination of a witness. The steps in the examination of a witness are the examination in chief, or direct examination by the party calling him, and the cross-examination by the opposite party; after which may follow a reexamination or redirect examination by the former, a re-cross-examination by the latter, etc.
    • n examination In criminal law, in particular, an inquiry conducted by a magistrate before whom a prisoner is brought charged with crime, to ascertain whether he should be held, bailed, or discharged. It is conducted by questioning the witnesses offered, and receiving the voluntary statement, if any, of the prisoner.
    • n examination The result of judicial inquiries; testimony taken and duly reduced to writing.
    • n examination A process prescribed or assigned for testing the qualifications, capabilities, knowledge, experience, or progress of a person who is a candidate for some position or rank in a profession, occupation, school or other organization, etc.: as, the examination of a candidate for admission to the ministry or bar; the periodical examination of a school.
    • n examination Trial or assay by the appropriate methods or tests, as of minerals or chemical compounds.
    • n examination Synonyms Examínation, Inquiry, Investigation, Inquisition, Scrutiny, Search, Research, Inspection; overhauling, probing, canvassing. Examination is the general word; where it is applied to any work of severity, thoroughness, etc., the fact is expressed by a strong adjective or other modifier: as, a superficial, thorough, brief, protracted, or searching examination into facts, into a question, of a candidate, or of a locality or premises. Inquiry is made by asking questions, but figuratively by study or investigation: as, an inquiry into the value of circumstantial evidence. An investigation is an examination long enough, systematic enough, and minute enough to be thorough. An inquisition is something still more thorough and searching than an investigation, implying vigor with severity; in modern times it generally implies a somewhat hostile spirit, or that from which the person concerned would shrink. Scrutiny is primarily a close examination with the eye: as, the scrutiny of one's features, of a manuscript, of a field of vision; but it is also a critical examination by the mind: as, the careful scrutiny of evidence. Search is the effort to find primarily that which may be seen, but secondarily that which may be apprehended by the mind: as, the search for a lost coin, or for a clue to a mystery. Research is search only of the second class above, and in out-of-the-way fields of knowledge: as, archæological research. Inspection, literally a looking into, is sometimes a rather general word and equivalent to examination; but more often it implies an official examination: as, an inspection of work done under contract; the sanitary inspection of a jail, or of a ship just come into port.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: German chemist Hennig Brand discovered phosphorus while he was examining urine.
    • Examination careful search or inquiry: trial: testing of capacity of pupils, also contracted to Exam.
    • ***


  • Tom Morris
    Tom Morris
    “The unlived life is not worth examining.”
  • Arabian Proverb
    Arabian Proverb
    “Examine what is said, not him who speaks.”
  • James Baldwin
    “The paradox of education is precisely this -- that as one begins to become conscious one begins to examine the society in which he is being educated.”
  • William Shakespeare
    “Time is the justice that examines all offenders. [As You Like It]”
  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    “Before we set our hearts too much on anything, let us examine how happy are those who already possess it.”
  • Margaret Atwood
    Margaret Atwood
    “Popular art is the dream of society; it does not examine itself.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. examinatio,: cf. F. examination,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. examināreexamen (=exagmen), the tongue of a balance.


In literature:

Following the bedrock as a floor, the western side of the deposit was first examined.
"Archeological Investigations" by Gerard Fowke
The third is the 're-examination' by his own side.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
Several persons were seized, and some witnesses examined: but nothing appeared to justify the information.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
On this string the examiners were constantly harping.
"The Life of Joan of Arc, Vol. 1 and 2 (of 2)" by Anatole France
We shall therefore examine the first of them in this chapter, and the second in Chapter II.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
They often cause bleeding from the mouth and nostrils, and may be seen by close examination.
"The Veterinarian" by Chas. J. Korinek
It is considered impossible to pass a perfect examination in every subject.
"Grace Harlowe's Plebe Year at High School" by Jessie Graham Flower
Queensmead examined the footprints, and, with the assistance of the men, recovered the body.
"The Shrieking Pit" by Arthur J. Rees
I examined the quartz attentively.
"The Hand in the Dark" by Arthur J. Rees
Examinations, and the prizes which reward success in examinations, are for the young.
"What Is and What Might Be" by Edmond Holmes
Every child who fails in his school work or is in danger of failing should be given a mental examination.
"The Measurement of Intelligence" by Lewis Madison Terman
He examined the documents in the victim's portfolio.
"A Nest of Spies" by Pierre Souvestre
Mr. Stapleton examined the two letters carefully then he shook his head.
"The Film of Fear" by Arnold Fredericks
First of all we examine the handwriting of the document.
"Introduction to the Study of History" by Charles V. Langlois
In each case, he holds, all the circumstances of the case must be examined and considered.
"Custom and Myth" by Andrew Lang
The little white bathroom was equally immaculate, and Kennedy passed next to an examination of the little room of the French maid.
"The Social Gangster" by Arthur B. Reeve
As no ordinary examination building will accommodate so many at once, they are examined in relays.
"Village Life in China" by Arthur H. Smith
He examined the blooming dwarf fruit-trees and ornamental plants.
"The Progressionists, and Angela." by Conrad von Bolanden
His mother examined her swollen hands.
"The Guarded Heights" by Wadsworth Camp
Everything had been thoroughly tested and put aside for a final examination.
"My Attainment of the Pole" by Frederick A. Cook

In poetry:

Invitation, mere invitation to perceptivity
Gradually led him to the isolation
Which these presents place
Under a more tolerant, perhaps, examination.
"'The Age Demanded'" by Ezra Pound
"Examinations, cram and pressure high,
Are daily kept before my anxious mind;
What tho' for higher aims I daily sigh,
This is my work, and this my daily grind.
"The Teacher" by Thomas Frederick Young
There was a Young Lady of Portugal,
Whose ideas were excessively nautical:
She climbed up a tree,
To examine the sea,
But declared she would never leave Portugal.
"Limerick: There was a Young Lady of Portugal" by Edward Lear
Lastly, his heart he must examine well,
Whether, in charity with all he lives,
And can so far his rebel passions quell,
That he their trespasses to all forgives.
"The Lord's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
Descended to the shore, odd how we left
the young girl with us to herself, and went
straight to examine the stratified cliffs,
forgot her entirely in our interest.
"Porth Ceiriad Bay" by Ben Jonson
When Pilate had examin'd him a while,
And found in him no fault, nor any guile,
His hands he wash'd before them — and, at last,
Tho' with regret, the fatal sentence past.
"The Life And Death Of Christ" by Rees Prichard

In news:

IRONY was presumably not what George F Will intended when he came up with a title for his new book, which examines the intricacies of major league baseball.
We examined the relation of such abnormalities to incident stroke.
Nearly every bag examined for bacteria by researchers at the University of Arizona and Loma Linda University found whopping amounts of bugs.
In a recent report, Beacon Hill Roll Call examined the percentage of times that Democratic representatives voted with Democratic House Speaker Robert DeLeo on key roll call votes in 2012.
But not all games are shoot-'em-ups, and what is less examined is whether those that reward more constructive behaviour also have lingering impacts.
Nagy, who helped organize what has become Indian River Soccer Association, died Tuesday of a heart attack, according to the state Medical Examiners Office in Fort Pierce.
The book also broadens its scope by examining prayer experiences, Pentecostalism, and a general typology for the benevolent , classified by types of spirituality and types of benevolence .
A 59-year-old cyclist found dead on the side of state Highway 9 in Santa Clara County on Sunday afternoon has been identified by the medical examiner's office as Jan Lipson.
People examined the damage to the Quechee Covered Bridge in September.
Pregnancy examinations pay off for cattlemen.
The first long-term study examining the effects of cranberry juice on cholesterol found that 2 glasses a day raise levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
The Ohio Livestock Coalition's annual meeting and industry symposium in April 2011 examined legal, regulatory and public relations issues facing farmers.
There's an unofficial ritual to examining the fish anglers have been fortunate to land.
Peter Chen/The Post-Standard Investigators examine the area around the bus driver at the scene of a fatal Megabus accident on Onondaga Lake Parkway after the bus was pulled upright.
Medical examiner revises suspect's death ruling to homicide.

In science:

We shall now examine the operators Θm and Nm in the limit m → ∞.
The quantum phase problem: steps toward a resolution
Examining √−gJ α V ad tells one that 2 ˙m/r2 is the flow across u = const null three-surfaces and 2 ¨m/r is the flow across r = const timelike three-surfaces.
A Conserved Bach Current
We shall examine only the notion of identifiability.
Structure of large random hypergraphs
Depending on the c.m. energy available for this process, the propagators which yield the singular behavior, are examined for each channel.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
Therefore a loop over all Zfuncs is performed and the arguments of every function are examined.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
Accordingly, a loop over all Cfuncs is performed and every delta function (i.e. type equals 10) is examined.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
According to the priorities of the different operators (+,∗, etc.) the summations and subtractions are examined first.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
This transformation becomes mandatory, if one easily wants to change the sequence of multiplications or wants to examine the different factors in a prescribed way.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
To lower bound P r n,q , we begin by examining the first term in square brackets.
GL(n,q) and Increasing Subsequences in Nonuniform Random Permutations
The specially designed protein-like sequences used in the simulations and SF calculations are prepared with a coloring procedure: we collapse a homopolymer chain into a dense globule state and then examine a given snapshot.
Coil-Globule Transition for Regular, Random and Specially Designed Copolymers: Monte Carlo Simulation and Self-Consistent Field Theory
In order to have a more complete examination on the three suggested experiments in [3-6], we have presented a summary of each experiment separately, as well as our reasons against the ob jections raised in [7,8].
On the Experimental Incompatibility Between Standard and Bohmian Quantum Mechanics
At first, we examine the applied condition Y ≪ σ0 , in a double-slit experiment with two unentangled particles.
On the Experimental Incompatibility Between Standard and Bohmian Quantum Mechanics
Instead of examining each case, let us develop from this simple example a general idea.
An algorithm to generate exactly once every tiling with lozenges of a domain
Let us examine the basic properties of a seed s of order 1.
An algorithm to generate exactly once every tiling with lozenges of a domain
In this letter, we examine configurations created by quenching systems from high temperature to T = 0 (and also σ = 0) near the onset of jamming (point J in the jamming diagram).
Random Packings of Frictionless Particles