• WordNet 3.6
    • v exacerbate make worse "This drug aggravates the pain"
    • v exacerbate exasperate or irritate
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • v. t Exacerbate ĕgz*ăs"ẽr*bāt To render more violent or bitter; to irritate; to exasperate; to imbitter, as passions or disease.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • exacerbate To increase the bitterness or virulence of; make more violent, as a disease, or angry, hostile, or malignant feelings; aggravate; exasperate.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Exacerbate egz-as′ėr-bāt or eks- to embitter: to provoke: to render more violent or severe, as a disease
    • ***


  • Norman Mailer
    “The final purpose of art is to intensify, even, if necessary, to exacerbate, the moral consciousness of people.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. exacerbatus, p. p. of exacerbare,; ex, out (intens.) + acerbare,. See Acerbate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. exacerbāre, -ātumex, and acerbāre, from acerbus, bitter.


In literature:

Salicylates are only of service during the exacerbations attended with pyrexia.
"Manual of Surgery" by Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
I could hardly believe that such cheerful fellows should be at heart so morbidly exacerbated!
"She and I, Volume 2" by John Conroy Hutcheson
But when, more than ordinarily exacerbated, she sang out that he was `exactly like his father,' he felt wounded.
"Clayhanger" by Arnold Bennett
It is a time of self-searching and self-exacerbation.
"Nights in London" by Thomas Burke
We have also seen how it exacerbated Moslem fear and hatred of the West.
"The New World of Islam" by Lothrop Stoddard
In many cases it is persistently chronic, with exacerbations and remissions.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
How horrible was the way he pumped, exacerbating, so cruel!
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
The negro's competition for jobs and homes will probably exacerbate relations.
"Negro Migration during the War" by Emmett J. Scott
They put in the time public speaking; so wear out their energy, develop points of difference and exacerbate internal ill-feeling.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 25 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Colossal waste of time, impossible to contemplate without exacerbation...!
"The Destroying Angel" by Louis Joseph Vance
This dialogue further exacerbated the tensions between Byzantium and Rome.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Such an economic extension exacerbates national antagonisms and leads to war.
"American World Policies" by Walter E. Weyl
There was a slight intermission of symptoms and then an exacerbation.
"Psychotherapy" by James J. Walsh
The culmination of the long series of conflicts, threats, and exacerbations came before the year was out.
"Queen Victoria" by Lytton Strachey
His longing for the only child he knew, the marble child, exacerbated by denial, drove him to rebellion.
"Atlantic Narratives"
Exacerbated tempers and prejudiced minds judge everything awry, while partisans and flatterers add fuel to the fire.
"The Memoirs of Count Carlo Gozzi; Volume the first" by Count Carlo Gozzi
It fritters away the attention and exacerbates their natural frivolity.
"Wings and the Child" by E. [Edith] Nesbit
She had the featherbed temperament, and soothed masculine nerves exacerbated by the cruel exigencies of art.
"Unicorns" by James Huneker
Smith has observed two exacerbations in the day.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
Just prior to the onset of an exacerbation the leucocytosis is low.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 5" by Various

In news:

Water is precious in Jordan, where shortages have prompted decades of rationing and exacerbated tensions with Israel.
This is a 43 year old female who presented complaining of symptoms similar to her usual asthma exacerbation.
Most treatments for this common neck injury are ineffective, a study finds, and many actually exacerbate the condition.
High Commissioner for Refugees, Sadaka Ogata, discusses the terrible plight of Rwandans in Zaire and how internal struggles to overthrow the government are exacerbating relief efforts.
It only exacerbates the problem.
But the issue might be exacerbated by the airport 's $100 million construction project, which began in June and will finish next summer.
Seasonal high tide and rain systems exacerbated by windy conditions and wave action may increase tides one to two feet.
That shortage will be exacerbated by the aging of the population and the federal expansion of health coverage to the uninsured.
A rare combination of pipeline and refinery problems has exacerbated already rising gas prices in the Great Lakes region, leading to surges of around 35 cents per gallon in just one week, officials said Friday.
As Europe deals with a debt crisis exacerbated by its shared currency, the East Africa n Community is forging ahead with discussions on a monetary union – and how to avoid Europe's mistakes.
Ethanol Weakens Against Gasoline as Imports Exacerbate Glut.
The stolid stance of the drama is further exacerbated by the repetitive nature of the conversations.
LAX expects union march to exacerbate traffic on Thanksgiving eve.
Developmental disabilities exacerbate mental illness .
David Brener, Dunn's lead attorney, asked the jury to spare Dunn's life and ticked through a list of stressors he said exacerbated Dunn's mental illness and contributed to Dunn's decision to kill.

In science:

The problem is exacerbated if the initial cusp pro file is shallower than r−2 .
The Final Parsec Problem
The shorter lifetimes of these stars exacerbate the problems of their interpretation in terms of the standard picture of star formation and galactic evolution.
Young stars at large distances from the galactic plane: mechanisms of formation
The same problem arises in the case of elastic stresses where the problem is exacerbated by the fact that the particles near the edge of a solid have densities similar to the interior and the particles do not have neighbours exterior to the solid.
Smoothed Particle Magnetohydrodynamics II. Variational principles and variable smoothing length terms
The birth rate problem is much exacerbated if the few pulsars with very low radio luminosity (such as PSR J0108−1431, Taur is et al. 1994) represent a numerous, hitherto undetected population.
Radio Pulsars
However, such large values for M1 exacerbate the gravitino problem- a problem we already mentioned in the context of Leptogenesis.
Theory Summary of the Electroweak Session for Moriond 2005
This radiative decay branching fraction has a 7% uncertainty , which seriously exacerbates the effects on νe appearance oscillation analyses.
Bringing the SciBar Detector to the Booster Neutrino Beam
That an increasing α exacerbates the stabilization of the background field is also shown by the fact, that for α = 90◦ an extremely fast rotation with P = 0.6 ms would be necessary to stabilize the dipolar magnetostatic equilibrium field.
Turning Points in the Evolution of Isolated Neutron Stars' Magnetic Fields
Assuming an echo-dominated Xray emission would exacerbate the situation.
Echo Emission From Dust Scattering and X-Ray Afterglows of Gamma-Ray Bursts
Also, the problem of decoupling the equations to find a master equation for linearized gravitational perturbations, already present for the Myers-Perry solutions, is if anything exacerbated for black rings.
Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
These problems are exacerbated at the loop level since the loop integrals can also develop singularities. A prominent example is the occurrence of vanishing inverse Gram determinants: see for example the contribution of Denner and Dittmaier.
The NLO multileg working group: summary report
This problem could be further exacerbated by renormalization group effects, which in principle could strongly suppress the low-energy values of the LV coefficients even if they are O(1) at high energies.
Lorentz Violation: Motivation and new constraints
In low-SFR regions, this sampling noise can be exacerbated by the short lifetimes of the ionizing stars, producing large temporal fluctuations in Hα emission even for a fixed longer-term SFR.
Star Formation in the Milky Way and Nearby Galaxies
First, sample allele frequencies are noisy estimates of the population allele frequency, and this issue is exacerbated when sample sizes differ across populations.
Robust identification of local adaptation from allele frequencies
However, it may exacerbate the differences between the linearized and real modulator model.
Output Filter Aware Optimization of the Noise Shaping Properties of {\Delta}{\Sigma} Modulators via Semi-Definite Programming
The problem is exacerbated in higher orders. “Monte Karli” (MK) integration provides a solution to both these problems .
A sensitive test for models of Bose-Einstein correlations