evasion

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n evasion the act of physically escaping from something (an opponent or a pursuer or an unpleasant situation) by some adroit maneuver
    • n evasion nonperformance of something distasteful (as by deceit or trickery) that you are supposed to do "his evasion of his clear duty was reprehensible","that escape from the consequences is possible but unattractive"
    • n evasion the deliberate act of failing to pay money "his evasion of all his creditors","he was indicted for nonpayment"
    • n evasion a statement that is not literally false but that cleverly avoids an unpleasant truth
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n evasion The act of eluding or avoiding, particularly the pressure of an argument, accusation, charge, or interrogation; artful means of eluding. "Thou . . . by evasions thy crime uncoverest more."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n evasion The act of evading or eluding; a getting away or out of the way; avoidance by artifice or strategy; artful escape or flight.
    • n evasion A means of avoidance or escape; an evasive or elusive contrivance; a subterfuge; a shift.
    • n evasion In fencing, the avoiding of a thrust by moving the body without changing the position of the feet. Rolando (ed. Forsyth). Synonyms Evasion, Equivocation, Prevarication, Shift, Subterfuge, quibble, all express artful or dishonorable modes of escaping from being frustrated or found out. The first three imply the use of language; shift and subterfuge may be by words or actions. Evasion in speech may be simply avoiding, as by turning the conversation or meeting one question with another. Equivocation is using words in double and deceptive senses. Prevarication may be in action, but is properly understood to be in words; it includes all tricks of language that fall short of downright falsehood; it is, literally, a stepping on both sides of the truth; the word is a strong one. All these words convey opprobrium in proportion to the amount of insincerity implied. Shift and subterfuge may be modes of evasion; shift, a thing turned to as a mean expedient, a trick; subterfuge, a place of hiding, hence an artifice. Shift does not necessarily express a dishonorable course, and evasion and subterfuge are often lightly used. See artifice, and expedient, n.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Evasion e-vā-′zhun act of evading or eluding: an attempt to escape the force of an argument or accusation: an excuse
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Quotations

  • Margaret Thatcher
    Margaret%20Thatcher
    “You don't tell deliberate lies, but sometimes you have to be evasive.”
  • Denis Healey
    Denis Healey
    “The difference between tax avoidance and tax evasion is the thickness of a prison wall.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. evasio,: cf. F. évasion,. See Evade

Usage

In literature:

I could not lie, and evasion was not my forte.
"The Sketches of Seymour (Illustrated), Complete" by Robert Seymour
The manager's language was civilly evasive; but his resolution was inflexible.
"The Diary and Letters of Madame D'Arblay, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Fanny Burney
Scott had apparently taken Sheller's disclaimer as an innocent evasion; it was an age of literary superscheries.
"Waverley, Or 'Tis Sixty Years Hence, Complete" by Sir Walter Scott
I never make any inquiries in such cases, because I know if I did I should be met with evasions.
"Catharine Furze" by Mark Rutherford
Secrecy means evasion, and evasion means a problem to the moral mind.
"The Right of Way, Complete" by Gilbert Parker
Evasive, cautious, secretive, creator of her own policy, she had sacrificed her womanhood to the power she held and the State she served.
"Michel and Angele [A Ladder of Swords], Complete" by Gilbert Parker
True, he had always returned evasive answers; but the kind old man must have divined the truth.
"Hypatia" by Charles Kingsley
They gleamed, mobile and languidly evasive.
"Victory" by Joseph Conrad
His letters had been triumphs of diplomatic evasion, so he considered.
"Cap'n Dan's Daughter" by Joseph C. Lincoln
The man certainly had an evasive manner and a smile which would have justified any jury in returning a verdict without leaving the box.
"The Man Upstairs" by P. G. Wodehouse
It was in vain to have recourse now to the old system of evasion.
"The Thirty Years War, Complete" by Friedrich Schiller
The possibility of this line of thought having suggested itself to him appears in his evasions on the witness-stand at his trial.
"Lineage, Life and Labors of Jose Rizal: Philippine Patriot" by Austin Craig
It was no time for evasions.
"The Power and the Glory" by Grace MacGowan Cooke
At length a message came which admitted of no evasion.
"The Twilight of the Gods, and Other Tales" by Richard Garnett
His effort at evasion did not deceive Lenore.
"The Desert of Wheat" by Zane Grey
Keith had not yet arrived at the point where the evasion of a parental decree seemed conceivable.
"The Soul of a Child" by Edwin Bjorkman
When the ranger began to question Charley about his recent work in the woods, Charley answered him evasively.
"The Young Wireless Operator--As a Fire Patrol" by Lewis E. Theiss
Annie was so intent with what she had to tell Alice that she did not realise the extreme evasiveness of the other's manner.
"The Butterfly House" by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
Evasion of taxes by the rich 184 26.
"The Letters of Cassiodorus" by Cassiodorus (AKA Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator)
Then he had recourse to the usual evasive measure of his profession.
"Woman Triumphant" by Vicente Blasco Ibañez
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In poetry:

With wild command or calm persuasion
This one may argue, that compel;
Vain are concealment and evasion--
For each he opens heaven and hell.
"Conscience" by Madison Julius Cawein
He lends his gaze evasively
Over the printed page that she
Recurs to, with a new-moon shoulder
Glimpsed from the lace-mists that infold her.
"Their Sweet Sorrow" by James Whitcomb Riley
Were they then vicious, the slender, tender-footed,
Long-nosed men of Etruria?
Or was their way only evasive and different, dark, like cypress-
trees in a wind?
"Cypresses" by D H Lawrence
O Spring, to seek, yet find you not!
To search, yet never win you!
To glimpse, to touch, but bind you not!
To lose, and still continue,
All sweet evasion in you!
"Deep In The Forest" by Madison Julius Cawein
Throughout the world's evasions, wiles, and shifts,
Thou only bidest stable as thy gifts--:
A grateful king re-ruleth from thy lap,
Crowned with a little tinselled soldier-cap:
"To Santa Claus" by James Whitcomb Riley
He knows nor let nor bar:
With ever-nearing stress, Like Juggernaut his car,
I see him onward press; He waves a huge MS.; He puts evasion by,
He stands—as one on guard, And reads—how volubly!—
Defend us from The Bard!
"The Ballad[e] Of The Bore" by Henry Austin Dobson

In news:

A number of European authorities are currently conducting investigations into alleged tax evasion related to the EU Emissions Trading System.
The agency hamstrings a program designed to bring in tips on tax evasion.
Chinese Court Hears Artist's Tax Evasion Case.
Several other drivers had to take evasive action to avoid being struck.
The owners and managers of the Nifty Fifty's restaurant chain pleaded guilty in federal court to tax evasion and skimming cash from the business.
Obama reiterates he is "firm believer climate change is real" but remains evasive on what new initiatives he might pursue in second term.
Money laundering, tax evasion suck billions from Mexican economy.
He resigned from office upon being accused of tax evasion.
On accusations of tax evasion, a new super PAC is asking Arkansas Senator Mark Pryor to step down.
Former attorney general Alberto Gonzales was vilified for sanctioning torture, endorsing domestic spying, playing politics with the Department of Justice, and for giving one of the most evasive testimonies in Senate history.
Espada pleads guilty to tax evasion.
Tottenham manager Harry Redknapp has shouted at a policeman during his tax evasion trial after taking the stand.
Beanie Sigel Slapped With Two-Year Sentence for Tax Evasion.
Nations must close loopholes on tax evasion.
Auto shop owner to pay $185K for tax evasion.
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In science:

Figure 2.7: New class of connected quark line diagrams responsible for OZI “evasion” in ¯pp → φπ .
The Strange Spin of the Nucleon
The following are some possible tests of these ideas for OZI evasion that could be tested in future experiments.
The Strange Spin of the Nucleon
In the presence of higher curvature gravitational terms, such as the quadratic Gauss-Bonnet term, we demonstrate analytically the evasion of the existing “no-hair” theorems including the novel one by Bekenstein.
Black Holes in the Framework of the Four-Dimensional Effective Theory of Heterotic Superstrings at Low Energies
However, as was pointed out at by Braaten, the presence of dynamical gluons in the J/ψ wave function leads to the possibility of substantial evasion of the helicity selection rule due to the ¯QQ annihilation in the color octet state.
Summary
It is further argued that a similar evasion does not happen in the ψ ′ decay as a consequence of the larger weight of the ¯DD channel in the wave function, and the significant contribution of this channel depletes the role of the color-octet state at the distances ∼ 1/mQ at which the annihilation takes place.
Summary
The relation {(x, 0y) : x ∈ {0, 1}∗ , y ∈ {0, 1}ℓout (k)−1 } is not.) A function ensemble F (as above) is called correlation intractable if for every evasive relation, given the description of a uniformly selected function fs ∈ Fk it is infeasible to find an x such that (x, fs (x)) is in the relation.
The Random Oracle Methodology, Revisited
Using our terminology, Okamoto considers function ensembles for which it is infeasible to form input-output relations with respect to a specific evasive relation [25, Def. 19] (rather than all such relations).
The Random Oracle Methodology, Revisited
He uses the assumption that such function ensembles exists, for a specific evasive relation in [25, Thm. 20].
The Random Oracle Methodology, Revisited
This is done by using evasive relations as constructed in Theorem 3.4.
The Random Oracle Methodology, Revisited
The modified scheme starts by trying to find a preimage that together with its image yields a pair in the evasive relation.
The Random Oracle Methodology, Revisited
Also, let us fix some length function ℓout : N → N, which would be implicit in the discussions below (i.e., we assume that the random oracles are all ℓout -oracles, the relations are evasive w.r.t. ℓout , etc.).
The Random Oracle Methodology, Revisited
Then clearly, linkSusp1 (v,K ) (v′ ) = K is non-evasive by assumption.
One-Point Suspensions and Wreath Products of Polytopes and Spheres
Furthermore, delSusp1 (v,K ) (v′ ) is a cone with apex v′′ , and therefore it is also non-evasive.
One-Point Suspensions and Wreath Products of Polytopes and Spheres
If Susp1 (v, K ) is non-evasive, then there is a vertex w such that linkSusp1 (v,K ) (w) and delSusp1 (v,K ) (w) are nonevasive.
One-Point Suspensions and Wreath Products of Polytopes and Spheres
If w ∈ {v′ , v′′ }, then it follows that linkSusp1 (v,K ) (w) = K is non-evasive.
One-Point Suspensions and Wreath Products of Polytopes and Spheres
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