et al

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adv et al and elsewhere (used when referring to other occurrences in a text)
    • adv et al and others ('et al.' is used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia' (neuter plural) when referring to a number of people) "the data reported by Smith et al."
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Usage

In literature:

Secret Service Special Agents (there are about 1,900 of them) are bodyguards for the President et al, but they all work for the Treasury.
"Hacker Crackdown" by Bruce Sterling
For action on the book by Convocation, see Dublin Review, May, 1861, citing Jelf et al.
"History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom" by Andrew Dickson White
D. Chaddon vs. J. D. Beasley et al.
"Lincoln's Yarns and Stories" by Alexander K. McClure
Charles G., 425; in Mass., 707 et al., 712.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
We al-ways live ve-ry qui-etly.
"Small Souls" by Louis Couperus
They reminded her of Jack Sprat, et al.
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
Sasaki et al., Recorded Sayings of Layman P'ang, p. 46.
"The Zen Experience" by Thomas Hoover
Le M{al} de Grouchy du 16 au 19 juin, 1815, avec documents historiques inedits et refutation de M. Thiers.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
BERTRAND, LOUIS, et al.
"Socialism and Democracy in Europe" by Samuel P. Orth
Confederate States vs. Matthew Leeper, Indian Agt, Comanche, et al.
"The American Indian as Slaveholder and Seccessionist" by Annie Heloise Abel
G. Smith et al., New York city.
"Scientific American, Vol. XXXVII.--No. 2. [New Series.], July 14, 1877" by Various
Greeley's and other sheets that laud Douglas, Harris, et al., want them sustained, and will try to do it.
"Abraham Lincoln, Volume 2 (of 2) The True Story of a Great Life" by William H. Herndon Jesse W. Weik
Some talk with Lady H. about Mrs. Fawcett, et al.
"Julia Ward Howe" by Laura E. Richards
Now, in this case of the United States vs. Chaffee et al.
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 10 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Legal" by Robert G. Ingersoll
Azam, Bourru, and Burot, et al.
"Mysterious Psychic Forces" by Camille Flammarion
Davis, Captain Semmes, et al.
"Blazing The Way" by Emily Inez Denny
THE LOGICAL APPROACH TO CHESS, Dr. Max Euwe, et al.
"Life Histories of North American Wood Warblers Part One and Part Two" by Arthur Bent
The opinion of the court is fully reported in the case of Johnson et al.
"Autobiography of Charles Clinton Nourse" by Charles Clinton Nourse
Thene Magy heth fuel rikdom, men hi heth sjan that Frya weldiger is as al vsa gaston et semine.
"The Oera Linda Book" by Anonymous
One of these, told of Fink et al., is sufficiently typical to represent the other ninety-nine.
"Historic Highways of America (Vol. 9)" by Archer Butler Hulbert
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In news:

Today, Rebranding Becomes Him (Petraeus, Et Al ).
Erwin v HSBC Mortgage Services, Inc, et al .
National Football League, et al .
City of Hercules vs Nelson Oliva, NEO Consulting Inc et al .
(Weil & Brown et al .
Nov 9-15 starring DSES, John Connolly, Elizabeth Tenney, Chair 23, et al .
Explosive Documentary vs Holder et al .
County to pay $600k per year to defend Lester et al .
'Alive at the Vanguard' et al .
TXU Teeters as KKR et al .
Columbus's Three Voyages, et al .
Clark Griswold, et al .
No batteries needed, just bones et al .
Sept 21-27, starring Yosemite Steve, Outdoor Writers, Dan Wright et al .
Minnie Mouse, et al get an unhealthy Barneys look.
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In science:

This classification has been extensively studied using infrared data by Hatchell et al. (2007b) and the Spitzer teams (Jørgensen et al. 2007; Rebull et al. 2007; Gutermuth et al. 2008).
Star formation in Perseus - V. Outflows detected by HARP
Later, HST has allowed one to map the spatial distribution of Lyα emission and absorption, of the stellar sources, nebular emission, and dust (see Kunth et al. 2003; Mas-Hesse et al. 2003; Hayes et al. 2005, 2008; Atek et al. 2008).
On The Origin of Lyman-alpha Absorption in Nearby Starbursts and Implications for Other Galaxies
Outside of active regions, the quiet Sun has proved to be full of magnetic fields with strengths roughly in equipartition with the photospheric convective flows (Lites 2002; Khomenko et al. 2003; Dom´ınguez Cerde ˜na et al. 2006; Orozco Su ´arez et al. 2007; Mart´ınez Gonz ´alez et al. 2008b ).
Emergence of small-scale magnetic loops through the quiet solar atmosphere
This characteristic shape for the entropy profile is similar to that found in recent observations of X-ray bright galaxy groups (Jetha et al. 2007; Finoguenov et al. 2007; Gastaldello et al. 2007a; Sun et al. 2008), but sbrk is at a comparatively smaller scale.
Hydrostatic Gas Constraints on Supermassive Black Hole Masses: Implications for Hydrostatic Equilibrium and Dynamical Modelling in a Sample of Early-Type Galaxies
Other geometries remain however viable, among them an accretion disk evaporating into a hot inner flow (Shapiro et al. 1976; Zdziarski et al. 1999), or combinations of a hot inner flow and the patchy corona (Poutanen et al. 1997; Sobolewska et al.
Probing the Balance of AGN and Star-Forming Activity in the Local Universe with ChaMP
Another important difference between our study and those of O’Neill et al. (2009) and Megevand et al. (2009) is that we perform two–dimensional simulations, whereas O’Neill et al. (2009) and Megevand et al. (2009) both utilized 3D simulations.
Hydrodynamical Response of a Circumbinary Gas Disk to Black Hole Recoil and Mass Loss
Millimeter line observations are the traditional way to search for collapsing cores (e.g., Walker et al. 1986); however, there are ambiguities in the interpretation of such measurements (e.g., Walker et al. 1988; Menten et al. 1987; Mundy et al. 1990; Narayanan et al. 1998).
Spitzer and HHT observations of starless cores: masses and environments
Balogh et al. 2001; Baldry et al. 2006; but see also von der Linden et al. 2009), and since galaxy properties are strongly correlated with stellar mass (Kauffmann et al. 2003).
Cluster Galaxies Die Hard
Recently, several observational and theoretical studies have shown that the removal of the gas reservoir in satellite galaxies is overly efficient in most current SAMs (McCarthy et al. 2008; Simha et al. 2008; Font et al. 2008; Weinmann et al.
Cluster Galaxies Die Hard
France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey (CFHTLS) wide survey (Van Waerbeke et al. 2002; Hoekstra et al. 2006), the GaBoDS field (Hetterscheidt et al. 2007), the VIRMOS-DESCART proje ct (Van Waerbeke et al. 2001; McCracken et al. 2003; Le F `evre et al. 2004), and the RCS survey (Hoekstra et al. 2002).
Cosmic shear statistics in cosmologies with non-Gaussian initial conditions
Class I sources (e.g., Acosta-Pulido et al. 2007; K´osp´al et al. 2007; Fedele et al. 2007) and Class 0 sources with strong outflows implying higher average mass accretion rates than expected from currently observed low luminosities (e.g., Dunham et al. 2006; Andr´e et al. 1999; M. M.
Evolutionary Signatures in the Formation of Low-Mass Protostars. II. Towards Reconciling Models and Observations
Several recent studies (Robertson et al. 2006; Mayer et al. 2008; Hopkins et al. 2009a,b; Koda et al. 2009; Weinzirl et al. 2009) targeted this challenge and found that low-mass and gas-rich disk galaxies—such as simple disks—in combination with feedback processes can prevent substantial damage during mergers.
The Edge-On Perspective of Bulgeless, Simple Disk Galaxies
The continuum ranges from massive, stellar disk galaxies with substantial bulges and with high surface brightnesses to the bulgeless galaxies with lower masses and surface brightnesses (e.g., Schombert et al. 1992; Karachentsev et al. 1993; Matthews et al. 1999; Dutton 2009; Ganda et al. 2009).
The Edge-On Perspective of Bulgeless, Simple Disk Galaxies
The rotation curves of edge-on simple disk galaxies are generally flat and slowly rising throughout their stellar disk (Matthews et al. 1999; Mendelowitz et al. 2000; Makarov et al. 2001; van der Kruit et al. 2001; Zackrisson et al. 2006), see also Zasov & Khoperskov (2003).
The Edge-On Perspective of Bulgeless, Simple Disk Galaxies
Using NAOSCONICA (NACO) (Rousset et al. 2003; Lenzen et al. 1998) at the ESO VLT, H¨aring-Neumayer et al. (2006) (hereafter HN+06) followed the approach of Marconi et al. (2001) and used long-slit spectra at the same position angles to probe the kinematics of the ionised gas.
The Supermassive Black Hole at the Heart of Centaurus A: Revealed by Gas- and Stellar Kinematics
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