et al.

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adv et al. and elsewhere (used when referring to other occurrences in a text)
    • adv et al. and others ('et al.' is used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia' (neuter plural) when referring to a number of people) "the data reported by Smith et al."
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Usage

In literature:

If the train robber gets away they swear out a warrant against John Doe et al.
"Sixes and Sevens" by O. Henry
Later ancestors of mine were the Quakers William Robinson, Marmaduke Stevenson, et al.
"Mark Twain's Speeches" by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
Fitzpatrick vs. Brady et al.
"The Papers And Writings Of Abraham Lincoln, Complete" by Abraham Lincoln
We hear that Mr. Smith or Mr. Morgan, etc., et al.
"Essays Before a Sonata" by Charles Ives
And, in his role as peacekeeper, he effectively extricated Russia from the war psychosis that Messrs. Primakov et al.
"After the Rain" by Sam Vaknin
Down the column his eye caught John Hale et al.
"The Trail of the Lonesome Pine" by John Fox, Jr.
The results claimed by Oppenheim, Debove, et al.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 821, Sep. 26, 1891" by Various
Narode, Ronald et al.
"Sequential Problem Solving" by Fredric Lozo
Finns 17,012 Lutheran Letts, et al.
"Aliens or Americans?" by Howard B. Grose
Francis, Paterson, N.J., et al.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
Drenched through slicker, et al.
"The Delta of the Triple Elevens" by William Elmer Bachman
Publications for 1874 contain Fleay's tests as originally proposed with discussions by Furnivall, Ingram, et al.
"The Facts About Shakespeare" by William Allan Nielson
The first decision, at January term, 1842, is in the case of Campbell et al.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 4, No. 2, August, 1863" by Various
G. Smith et al., New York city.
"Scientific American, Vol. XXXVII.--No. 2. [New Series.], July 14, 1877" by Various
Greeley's and other sheets that laud Douglas, Harris, et al., want them sustained, and will try to do it.
"Abraham Lincoln, Volume 2 (of 2) The True Story of a Great Life" by William H. Herndon Jesse W. Weik
Some talk with Lady H. about Mrs. Fawcett, et al.
"Julia Ward Howe" by Laura E. Richards
Now, in this case of the United States vs. Chaffee et al.
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 10 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Legal" by Robert G. Ingersoll
Azam, Bourru, and Burot, et al.
"Mysterious Psychic Forces" by Camille Flammarion
Davis, Captain Semmes, et al.
"Blazing The Way" by Emily Inez Denny
THE LOGICAL APPROACH TO CHESS, Dr. Max Euwe, et al.
"Life Histories of North American Wood Warblers Part One and Part Two" by Arthur Bent
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In news:

Response to Greyson et al.
Columbiana County Treasurer vs William D Reynolds, et al.
Columbiana County Treasurer vs Bruce Newlin, et al.
Nov 9-15 starring DSES, John Connolly , Elizabeth Tenney, Chair 23, et al.
Whether this is a proper function of ministers et al is an open question.
Quest Diagnostics , et al.
Harris v World Financial Network National Bank et al.
Gao Y, Haapasalo M, Shen Y, et al.
Pitsch Recycling & Disposal , et al.
Thiele et al Sit Down With Stony Brook Over College's Future.
Van Dyke Public Schools, et al.
Cranbrook Education Community, et al .
Open letter to Bruce Springsteen et al .
What Skrillex, Deadmau5, David Guetta, et al .
So say Gingrich et al .
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In science:

Optical and IR surveys to identify the YSOs in the region have been carried out by Aspin et al. (1994), Wilking et al. (2004), Lada et al. (1996), Gutermuth et al. (2008b) and Gutermuth et al. (2009).
The Properties of X-ray Luminous Young Stellar Objects in the NGC 1333 and Serpens Embedded Clusters
The Serpens data are taken from Winston et al. (2007) and Winston et al. (2009), while the NGC 1333 IR and spectroscopic data are taken from Gutermuth et al. (2008a) and Winston et al. (2009), and the NGC 1333 X-ray data from this work.
The Properties of X-ray Luminous Young Stellar Objects in the NGC 1333 and Serpens Embedded Clusters
The apparent isochronal ages and the inferred age spreads, in particular, are controversial (Chabrier et al. 2000; Hartmann et al. 2005; Peterson et al. 2008; Winston et al. 2009).
The Properties of X-ray Luminous Young Stellar Objects in the NGC 1333 and Serpens Embedded Clusters
Stochastic blockmodels (Daudin et al., 2008; Frank and Harary, 1982; Holland et al., 1983; Snijders and Nowicki, 1997) were introduced in various forms, primarily in the social sciences (White et al., 1976) to study relational data, and more recently in biology (Picard et al., 2009).
Parameter identifiability in a class of random graph mixture models
Some variations that we shall not discuss here include models with covariates (Tallberg, 2005), mixed membership models (Airoldi et al., 2008; Latouche et al., 2009), and models with continuous latent variables (Daudin et al., 2010; Handcock et al., 2007).
Parameter identifiability in a class of random graph mixture models
The dispersion between the derived values of N (H I) is a consequence of the differing beam sizes, and reflects the small-scale structure known to exist in HVCs on scales below 10′ (Savage et al. 2000; Wakker et al. 2001; Sembach et al. 2004; Brown et al. 2010).
Exploring the Origin and Fate of the Magellanic Stream with Ultraviolet and Optical Absorption
Results included the fir st detection of [CI] emission from the Magellanic Clouds (Stark et al. 1997), the first larg e-scale maps of [CI] and warm CO from galactic star forming complexes such as Carina (Zhang et al. 2001), NGC 6334 (Kim et al. 2006) and Rho Ophiuchi (Kulesa et al. 2005).
Astronomy in Antarctica
Fig. 11.— Bolometric correction as a function of near-IR spectral type for the MKO J , H , and K -band filters, based on data from Golimowski et al. (2004a), Luhman et al. (2007b), Liu et al. (2007), Leggett et al. (2008), Smart et al. (2010), and Leggett et al. (2010a).
Discovery of a Highly Unequal-Mass Binary T Dwarf with Keck Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics: A Coevality Test of Substellar Theoretical Models and Effective Temperatures
This quantization is commonly applied in radio interferometers such as ALMA (Okumura et al. 2002) and CARMA (Rauch et al. 2006), and VLBI such as VERA (Kobayashi et al. 2003), JVN (Doi et al. 2006), VSOP (Hirabayashi et al. 1998), and VLBA (Romney 1988).
A New System Noise Measurement Method Using a 2-bit Analog-To-Digital Converter
Highresolution imaging is available from the HST Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) observations via the GEMS (Rix et al. 2004; Caldwell et al. 2008), GOODS (Giavalisco et al. 2004) and HST Ultra Deep field (UDF; Beckwith et al. 2006) pro jects.
The Extended Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: Optical spectroscopy of faint X-ray sources with the VLT and Keck
Although, deeply embedded (i.e., Compton-thick) QSOs continue to be found (Alexander et al. 2008) that may elevate the known space density of galaxies having significant obscured accretion (e.g., Polletta et al. 2006; Tozzi et al. 2006; Daddi et al. 2007; Fiore et al. 2009; Treister et al. 2009b).
The Extended Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: Optical spectroscopy of faint X-ray sources with the VLT and Keck
For almost three decades, it has been known that Xray observations are able to identify AGNs that lack optical signs, including narrow emission lines, of an active nucleus (e.g., Elvis et al. 1981; Maiolino et al. 2003; Severgnini et al. 2003; Caccianiga et al. 2007).
The Extended Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: Optical spectroscopy of faint X-ray sources with the VLT and Keck
XL type algorithms by Courtois et al. (Courtois et al., 2000) and Ding et al. (Ding et al., 2008).
A Generalized Criterion for Signature-based Algorithms to Compute Gr\"obner Bases
If baryons can collect, they may not be able to cool efficiently due to a lack of H I as a result of photoionization (Haiman et al. 1997, 2000) or intrinsically low metallicities (Kravtsov et al. 2004; Kaufmann et al. 2007; Tassis et al. 2008; Robertson & Kravtsov 2008; Gnedin et al. 2009).
The Cosmological Impact of Luminous TeV Blazars III: Implications for Galaxy Clusters and the Formation of Dwarf Galaxies
Their findings are in good agreement with recent work by other groups (Koposov et al. 2009; Muñoz et al. 2009; Guo et al. 2010; Busha et al. 2010; Font et al. 2011) and thus can be regarded as representative for this model class.
The Cosmological Impact of Luminous TeV Blazars III: Implications for Galaxy Clusters and the Formation of Dwarf Galaxies
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