# estimation

## Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• n estimation a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody "many factors are involved in any estimate of human life","in my estimation the boy is innocent"
• n estimation an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth "an estimate of what it would cost","a rough idea how long it would take"
• n estimation the respect with which a person is held "they had a high estimation of his ability"
• n estimation a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: An estimated 690 million people live in Africa
• Estimation An opinion or judgment of the worth, extent, or quantity of anything, formed without using precise data; valuation; as, estimations of distance, magnitude, amount, or moral qualities. "If he be poorer that thy estimation , then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest, and the priest shall value him."
• Estimation Favorable opinion; esteem; regard; honor. "I shall have estimation among multitude, and honor with the elders."
• Estimation Supposition; conjecture. "I speak not this in estimation ,
As what I think might be, but what I know."
• Estimation The act of estimating.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: On average, it is estimated that females injure themselves ten time more than males do while playing sports
• n estimation The act of estimating; the act of judging something with respect to value, degree, quantity, etc.
• n estimation Calculation; computation; especially, an approximate calculation of the worth, extent, quantity, etc., of something; an estimate: as, an estimation of distance, magnitude, or amount, of moral qualities, etc.
• n estimation In chem., the process of ascertaining by analysis the quantity of a given substance contained in a compound or mixture.
• n estimation Opinion or judgment in general; especially, favorable opinion held concerning one by others; esteem; regard; honor.
• n estimation Conjecture; supposition; surmise.
• n estimation Synonyms Appraisement, valuation.
• n estimation Estimate, Regard, etc. (see esteem); admiration, reverence, veneration.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: In July 1874, a swarm of Rocky Mountain locusts flew over Nebraska covering an area estimated at 198,600 square miles. It is estimated that the swarm contained about 12.5 trillion insects. These insects became extinct thirty years later
• n Estimation act of estimating: a reckoning of value: esteem, honour: importance: conjecture
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## Quotations

• Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
“The average estimate themselves by what they do, the above average by what they are.”
• George William Curtis
“The test of civilization is its estimate of women.”
• Blaise Pascal
“Ugly deeds are most estimable when hidden.”
• Henry Ford
“The best we can do is size up the chances, calculate the risks involved, estimate our ability to deal with them, and then make our plans with confidence.”
• Ralph Waldo Emerson
“We estimate the wisdom of nations by seeing what they did with their surplus capital.”
• Fred A. Allen
“Life, in my estimation, is a biological misadventure that we terminate on the shoulders of six strange men whose only objective is to make a hole in one with you.”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. aestimatio, fr. aestimare,: cf. F. estimation,. See Esteem (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. estimer—L. æstimāre.

## Usage

### In literature:

Of his own character as a man of letters, he had evidently formed a high estimate.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
Nor are the fisheries to be neglected, in any right estimate of the natural resources of that region.
"Old Mackinaw" by W. P. Strickland
Estimate of this Distinguished Statesman.
"Memoirs of the Court of George IV. 1820-1830 (Vol 1)" by Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Southern Estimate of McClellan.
"Four Years in Rebel Capitals" by T. C. DeLeon
Ten miles will be completely finished this season, and all within the estimate.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
Some have estimated the yield still higher.
"Cattle and Their Diseases" by Robert Jennings
Estimate of Loss to Seal Herd.
"History of the United States, Volume 5" by E. Benjamin Andrews
The seal of disapprobation must for ever rest upon him in the estimation of the honest, well-meaning portion of the community.
"Diary in America, Series Two" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
Money comes slowly to farmers, and a cash estimate looks larger to them than an estimate in labor.
"Farm drainage" by Henry Flagg French
Thus Shakespeare drew from the Globe Theatre, at the lowest estimate, more than 500 pounds a year in all.
"A Life of William Shakespeare with portraits and facsimiles" by Sidney Lee
Far larger than might have been supposed; and Steve estimated it at something like thirty feet long by twenty wide.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
Estimates and examples to show the folly of credit.
"The Young Man's Guide" by William A. Alcott
His matrimonial unhappiness and estimate of women.
"Woman's Club Work and Programs" by Caroline French Benton
This village was large; Font estimated the population as 400 persons and Anza as 500.
"The Aboriginal Population of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, California" by S. F. Cook
The Government had estimated that the reduction would involve a loss to the revenue of some 15 millions for the first year.
"The Development of Rates of Postage" by A. D. Smith
The Turks suffered heavily in killed and wounded, the killed alone being estimated at about 1,000.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VII (of VIII)" by Various
In 1669 the lava spread over the country for forty days, and 10,000 persons are estimated to have perished.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
The economic importance of soil conservation is so great that it can scarcely be estimated.
"Proceedings of the Second National Conservation Congress" by Various
The first estimate of expenditures for the county was for 1842, and amounted to $482. "Fifty Years In The Northwest" by William Henry Carman Folsom Various estimates have been made from time to time, ranging from 25,000 to 100,000. "Commercialized Prostitution in New York City" by George Jackson Kneeland *** ### In poetry: In short, to be exact and blunt, In his own estimation He's "out and out" the head and front Top-sawyer of creation! "Billy Vickers" by Henry Kendall Thought is the mind's swift messenger, Affection gives it birth; She only values such a gift, And estimates its worth. "Address To Emma, On Her Departure For The Country" by Elizabeth Bath Was he not just? Was any wronged By that assured self-estimate? He took but what to him belonged, Unenvious of another's state. "Sumner" by John Greenleaf Whittier You know, I try, when darkness falls, to estimate to some degree — by marking off the grief in miles — the distance now from you to me. "For Schoolchildren" by Joseph Brodsky "I feel for you, poor boy, acutely; I would not wish to give you pain; Your pangs I estimate minutely, - I, too, have loved, and loved in vain. "Little Oliver" by William Schwenck Gilbert Then by the rule that made the horsetail bare, I pluck out year by year, as hair by hair, And melt down ancients like a heap of snow: While you, to measure merits, look in Stowe, And estimating authors by the year, Bestow a garland only on a bier. "Imitations of Horace: The First Epistle of the Second Book" by Alexander Pope ### In news: NEW YORK (AP) — JPMorgan Chase said Friday that a bad trade had cost the bank$5.8 billion this year, almost triple its original estimate, and raised the prospect that traders had improperly tried to conceal the blunder.
An estimated crowd of 100,000.
That estimate is in a required report to the state Department of Environmental Quality about the spill of naphtha, which contains benzene .
The parade before an estimated 400,000 fans.
This Sunday there will be an estimated $75 million wagered on the Super Bowl via legal sports books in Nevada. The UN estimates the world's population will reach 8 billion by 2025 and 10 billion by 2083. Recent estimates say it costs upwards of a quarter of a million dollars to raise a child to adulthood, and it seems many people have taken those numbers to heart: a new survey indicates the American birthrate is at is lowest point since 1987. The council voted to purchase 120 feet of angle line bleacher frames, estimated to seat 1,000 people, from Craighead County Fairgrounds at a cost of$3,500.
The candidate's estimated 250 million dollars will be administered by federal officials on his behalf if he becomes President.
Friday estimates put fifth 'Twilight' on pace to $135 million weekend. In the United States, an estimated 1.1 million people are HIV positive or have AIDS, yet one-fifth of them don't know it. An estimated 7 million Americans experience delirium at the hospital every year. He was left with a broken gate, and a hefty repair estimate, after a FedEx truck backed into it. He has the estimates, but tells us, he's having trouble getting it fixed. In your Barclays guide, according to Hil Easy, an estimated 30,000 people visiting the tournament will generate 10,000 guests a night in Jersey City hotels and 3.5 million to the city's private sector. *** ### In science: Estimating the model parameters using a different numbers of basis functions in the approximation can possibly give biased estimates, as the parameters are estimated to maximize the likelihood for the approximate model instead of the exact SPDE. Spatial Mat\'ern fields driven by non-Gaussian noise Variance of the naive simulation estimator is estimated to equal ˆγ (1 − ˆγ ), where ˆγ denotes the estimate of the probability P{Sn > na} obtained using the proposed importance sampling algorithm. State-independent importance sampling for regularly varying random walks If J progressively increases, → under(over)estimates and ← over(under)-estimates the size of the positive slope, whereas if J progressively decreases, → under(over)-estimates and ← over(under)-estimates the size of the negative slope. Radiation Energy-Balance Method for Calculating the Time Evolution of Type Ia Supernovae During the Post-Explosion Phase As a matter of fact, since the upper estimates (4.3) also hold for the complex case (because these estimates are clearly bigger than the best known estimates for the complex case (see )) our whole procedure encompasses both the real and complex cases. There exist multilinear Bohnenblust-Hille constants$(C_{n})_{n=1}^{\infty}$with$\displaystyle \lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}(C_{n+1}-C_{n}) =0.\$
Formal Definition The use of context information can help increase the estimation accuracy of MAP estimation . MAP estimation works as follows. Assumes g takes value from a finite set {g1, g2, …, gk}.
Practical Context Awareness: Measuring and Utilizing the Context Dependency of Mobile Usage
Given a particular estimation task and a noise model, the Bayesian estimator is the best estimator for the task, minimizing a well-deﬁned cost function (see ).
Dynamic State Estimation Based on Poisson Spike Trains: Towards a Theory of Optimal Encoding
Figure 2 shows the boxplots of our estimator and Adelman and Enriquez’s estimator obtained from 1 000 iterations of the procedures in the two Examples I and III, while Figure 3 only displays these boxplots for our estimator in Example II.
Maximum likelihood estimator consistency for ballistic random walk in a parametric random environment
Although our analysis has clear extensions to Bayesian estimation, we proceed mainly in the context of maximum likelihood estimation and of generalized method of moments. estimator, denoted bθ(g), is the θ that maximizes Pθ (g).
Tractable and Consistent Random Graph Models
We ﬁt a simple model using a standard ERGM estimation software (statnet via R) and estimate the following over 25 different runs on the same ﬁxed network: Figure 1 illustrates the potential instability associated with ERGM estimation using MCMC techniques.
Tractable and Consistent Random Graph Models
Even if an estimate provides for nontrivial standard errors on the estimates, a reliable algorithm should reproduce nearly the same estimates off of identical data when replicated.
Tractable and Consistent Random Graph Models
The next issue that we address is the consistency of estimation of SERGMs: Under what conditions does an estimator of a SERGM converge to the correct estimate in probability? To our knowledge there are no results on consistency of ERGM estimators.
Tractable and Consistent Random Graph Models
First, this method does not require knowing or estimating the ﬁxed effects vector β , so it is easy to implement, and the estimation error of β has no impact on the estimation of γ .
Variable selection in linear mixed effects models
The estimation results are listed in Table 3 with rows “Fixed” showing the estimated βj ’s for ﬁxed effects, and rows “Random” showing the estimates γ·k /√N .
Variable selection in linear mixed effects models
This is because in frequentist estimation the minimal property for estimators is not admissibility but consistency, on the basis of which both of these estimators will be excluded from consideration.
Why the Decision Theoretic Perspective Misrepresents Frequentist Inference: 'Nuts and Bolts' vs. Learning from Data
This is the estimator that overall best conforms with the supposedly most accurate estimation (II:KG.b). (III:α.b: +) The dimension can be obtained also by ﬁrst estimating the uncertainty exponent by ﬁtting the scaling line Nb (ε)/N0 (ε) and then applying relation (19).
Stochastic perturbations in open chaotic systems: random versus noisy maps
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