estimate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v estimate judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time) "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
    • v estimate judge to be probable
    • n estimate a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody "many factors are involved in any estimate of human life","in my estimation the boy is innocent"
    • n estimate an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth "an estimate of what it would cost","a rough idea how long it would take"
    • n estimate the respect with which a person is held "they had a high estimation of his ability"
    • n estimate a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
    • n estimate a statement indicating the likely cost of some job "he got an estimate from the car repair shop"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Before the fur trade had started in Canada, it was estimated that there were over 6 million beavers
    • n Estimate A valuing or rating by the mind, without actually measuring, weighing, or the like; rough or approximate calculation; as, an estimate of the cost of a building, or of the quantity of water in a pond. "Weigh success in a moral balance, and our whole estimate is changed."
    • Estimate To from an opinion of, as to amount,, number, etc., from imperfect data, comparison, or experience; to make an estimate of; to calculate roughly; to rate; as, to estimate the cost of a trip, the number of feet in a piece of land.
    • Estimate To judge and form an opinion of the value of, from imperfect data, -- either the extrinsic (money), or intrinsic (moral), value; to fix the worth of roughly or in a general way; as, to estimate the value of goods or land; to estimate the worth or talents of a person. "It is by the weight of silver, and not the name of the piece, that men estimate commodities and exchange them.""It is always very difficult to estimate the age in which you are living."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: It is estimated that 93% of American children will go out trick or treating for Halloween
    • estimate To form a judgment or opinion regarding the value, size, weight, degree, extent, quantity, etc., of; compute, appraise, or value by judgment, opinion, or approximate calculation; fix the worth of; judge; reckon.
    • estimate To esteem; honor.
    • estimate Synonyms Value, Prize, Esteem, etc. (see appreciate); to count, judge, appraise.
    • n estimate A judgment or opinion as to the value, degree, extent, quantity, etc., of something; especially, a valuing determined by judgment, where exactness is not sought or is not attainable.
    • n estimate Estimation; reputation.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: It is estimated that over fifty-four million people died in World War II, which was the bloodiest war in history
    • v.t Estimate to judge of the worth of a thing: to calculate
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Quotations

  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “The average estimate themselves by what they do, the above average by what they are.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “To arrive at a just estimate of a renowned man's character one must judge it by the standards of his time, not ours.”
  • George William Curtis
    George William Curtis
    “The test of civilization is its estimate of women.”
  • Blaise Pascal
    Blaise%20Pascal
    “Ugly deeds are most estimable when hidden.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “We estimate the wisdom of nations by seeing what they did with their surplus capital.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Good luck is a lazy man's estimate of a worker's success.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. aestimatus, p. p. of aestimare,. See Esteem (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. estimer—L. æstimāre.

Usage

In literature:

It was estimated that, in the year named, $80,000,000 of American money was invested in Cuba.
"History of the United States, Volume 6 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
It may be examined, tested by critical laws, and its worth estimated in the class to which it belongs.
"Elementary Guide to Literary Criticism" by F. V. N. Painter
The total amount of quit-rent is estimated at L15,000 a-year, including the towns.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
Pillow estimated the number of men at about twenty-five hundred.
"From Fort Henry to Corinth" by Manning Ferguson Force
It is said that General Sheaffe suffered severely in the public estimation, because he retreated.
"The Rise of Canada, from Barbarism to Wealth and Civilisation" by Charles Roger
Estimated profits of bee-culture.
"Langstroth on the Hive and the Honey-Bee" by L. L. Langstroth
Figures for same area, outside of Manhattan and Brooklyn, are estimates of censuses 1790-1890.
"The Negro at Work in New York City" by George Edmund Haynes
The debate on the Army Estimates on 15th February 1792 is of interest in more respects than one.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
The lowest estimate makes the number of the dead 20,000, the highest 30,000.
"Famous Sea Fights" by John Richard Hale
It is difficult to estimate the exact value of suggestion in connection with other forms of treatment.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
It is estimated that the salt spring lands will produce, on the same valuation as the school lands, the sum of $300,000.
"The History of Minnesota and Tales of the Frontier" by Charles E. Flandrau
An oak standing on the top has been estimated to be five hundred years old.
"History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia" by Charles Campbell
Estimated reserves total in excess of 10 million tons.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
The population, estimated at more than 20.6 million in 1971, was growing at the second highest rate in Europe.
"Area Handbook for Romania" by Eugene K. Keefe, Donald W. Bernier, Lyle E. Brenneman, William Giloane, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Over-estimation of gold and precious stones.
"The Century of Columbus" by James J. Walsh
A detailed consideration of the elements that enter the problem would seem to warrant a reduction of the estimates given to $791,000,000.
"Readings in Money and Banking" by Chester Arthur Phillips
It has been roughly estimated to contain upwards of eleven and one-half millions of square miles.
"The World and Its People: Book VII" by Anna B. Badlam
It is estimated that the grading and paving of this section will cost completed $236,000.00.
"Third Biennial Report of the Oregon State Highway Commission" by S. Benson, W. L. Thompson, R. A. Booth, Herbert Nunn
Such dunes have been estimated to cover 20,000 square miles of Europe.
"Wood and Forest" by William Noyes
Its estimated cost is over two millions of dollars.
"Peculiarities of American Cities" by Willard Glazier
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In poetry:

I am unworthy, love, to touch
Ground you have glorified.
Your estimation takes no blot;
I urge not honour's pride.
"Immortal Eve - IV" by Manmohan Ghose
A fly a little thing you rate,
But, Robert, do not estimate
A creature's pain by small or great;
The greatest being
"Thoughtless Cruelty" by Charles Lamb
Which is, that this of all the men on earth
Doth love me well enough to count me great—
To think my soul and his of equal girth—
O liberal estimate!
"Honours -- Part I" by Jean Ingelow
There in the churchyard underneath the trees,
Like some surveyor from the government
Death gazed on my pale face to estimate
How large a grave would suit my measurement.
"August" by Boris Pasternak
Our Mr. Jiggs was certainly an estimable youth,
A pillar of propriety, a champion of truth;
He had a good position in a warehouse in the town;
A staunch church-worker, he became a layman of renown.
"William And Bill" by Edward Dyson
Belgium, where dwelleth reverence for right
Enthroned above all ideals; where your fate
And your supernal patience and your might
Most sacred grow in human estimate,
You shine a star above this stormy night
Little no more, but infinitely great.
"To Belgium" by Eden Phillpotts

In news:

Winnebago City Council members were shocked Tuesday with the cost estimate of a bathhouse in the city's new campground.
The Bon -Ton Stores Inc, which has dual headquarters in Milwaukee and York, Pa. Retail Metrics had estimated a 2% gain for the month for Bon -Ton .
URBANA — After receiving bids much higher than their estimates, administrators are asking the city council to scale back a major project to open the Boneyard Creek to pedestrians and make the storm water ditch an amenity in downtown Urbana.
A 57-year-old Bartlett man was arrested recently after Cook County authorities said they found an estimated 90,000 DVDs illegally imported from Asia in his residence.
An estimated 100,000 people died in the conflict, says U.N.
Given an average 10% of traffic is bot traffic (according to our own internal system), the resulting loss is estimated to be in excess of $1.5B in 2012 alone.
Along with launching a major expansion of its Tremonton plant, West Liberty Foods is estimating it will add some 50 new jobs at the facility over the next two years.
Ruby was nine years old when the IAAN virus struck, killing an estimated 98% of adolescents across the US Many of those who survived developed psychic abilities and face a perilous future, locked in brutal work camps.
Savings estimated at $25,000 for first year.
That was in line with the average estimate of 2.69 billion reais in a Bloomberg survey of nine analysts.
Tesco Pushes Back Break-Even Estimate for Fresh & Easy.
City Hall investigator estimates the damage to be at least $80,000.
It was the annual Lions Club Capital City Chili Cook-off, and an estimated 1,500 people walked around the inside of the stadium to taste a wide variety of recipes.
Analyst Ashok Kumar says the results were in line with estimates.
In Illinois, pollsters estimate they make up just about four to eight percent of the electorate.
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In science:

There we see that ADM compares favorably with the James–Stein estimator, is uniformly dominated in risk by the admissible estimator, but not by the positive-part estimator, whose risk crosses that of ADM for large |θ |.
Discussion of "Estimating Random Effects via Adjustment for Density Maximization" by C. Morris and R. Tang
The right panel shows the risk of the ADM estimator with m∗ = (k − 2)/2 (solid), the James–Stein estimator (dashed), the positive-part estimator (dotted), and the admissible estimator with B of (32) (dash-dot).
Discussion of "Estimating Random Effects via Adjustment for Density Maximization" by C. Morris and R. Tang
The Bayes estimator of θi = x′ iβ + ui , as approximated by the ADM method, is identical to an EBLUP of θi when the ALM estimator of A is used in place of REML, ML or other standard variance component estimators.
Discussion of "Estimating Random Effects via Adjustment for Density Maximization" by C. Morris and R. Tang
Dashed horizonal lines correspond to realistic estimate (upper-left), optimistic and realistic estimates (lower-left), and pessimistic estimate (lower-right).
Accessibility of the Gravitational-Wave Background due to Binary Coalescences to Second and Third Generation Gravitational-Wave Detectors
In these cases, the closed form solution shows that the estimator based on misspecified random intercepts is identical to the standard conditional likelihood estimator, an estimator unaffected by the random effects distribution.
Misspecifying the Shape of a Random Effects Distribution: Why Getting It Wrong May Not Matter
Maximum Likelihood Estimator We adapt the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) as our model of local estimates.
Randomization Resilient To Sensitive Reconstruction
The next lemma shows that, for the MLE model of local estimates, all global estimates are equal to the local estimate.
Randomization Resilient To Sensitive Reconstruction
I. Estimation of Hurst Parameter Details of other class of Hurst estimators are described in -. Table 1 and Fig. 3 compares the fractional order (α), Hurst parameter ( H ) and the corresponding fractal dimension ( D ) of the network induced stochastic delay with different types of estimators.
Estimation, Analysis and Smoothing of Self-Similar Network Induced Delays in Feedback Control of Nuclear Reactors
It is worth mentioning that corresponding upper functions can be used for constructing of estimation procedures in different areas of mathematical statistics: M -estimation with locally polynomial fitting (non-parametric regression), kernel density estimation and many others.
Upper functions for positive random functionals
Since the estimate on |a2 | for f ∈ Rs(0) is improved over the conjectured estimate |a2| ≤ √2 ≈ 1.414 for f ∈ s, the functions in Rs(0) are not the candidate for the sharpness of the estimate in the class s.
Estimates for the Initial Coefficients of Bi-univalent Functions
Risk analysis is achieved by making use of a conditional risk decomposition and we obtain in particular sufficient conditions for an estimator to dominate either the unbiased estimator δU B (X ) = X , or the maximum likelihood estimator δmle (X, S 2 ), or both of these benchmark procedures.
Estimation of a multivariate normal mean with a bounded signal to noise ratio
Section 2 contains key features and properties of the invariance structure and the risk function of equivariant estimators, as well as various expressions and key properties relative to the Bayes estimators δBU, l and the maximum likelihood estimator δmle (X, S 2 ).
Estimation of a multivariate normal mean with a bounded signal to noise ratio
The class of such estimators include δU B (h ≡ 1), affine linear estimators aX (h ≡ a), δmle (see Lemma 2.6), generalized Bayes estimators δBU, l (see Lemma 2.1), and more generally Bayes estimators with a spherically symmetric structure which includes δU, l (see Lemma 3.8).
Estimation of a multivariate normal mean with a bounded signal to noise ratio
The estimators δm (X, S 2 ) and δBU, l necessarily coincide by virtue of general relationships between best equivariant estimators and Bayes estimators with respect to Haar right invariant priors (e.g., Eaton, 1989).
Estimation of a multivariate normal mean with a bounded signal to noise ratio
Key applications are explicited in Corol lary 3.1, leading to improvements on the unbiased estimator, the maximum likelihood estimator, and the generalized Bayes estimators δBU,l with 0 < l < p + k .
Estimation of a multivariate normal mean with a bounded signal to noise ratio
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