eruptive

Definitions

  • Native Refugees from Katmai Eruption
    Native Refugees from Katmai Eruption
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj eruptive actively spewing out lava "a geyser is an intermittently eruptive hot spring"
    • adj eruptive produced by the action of fire or intense heat "rocks formed by igneous agents"
    • adj eruptive producing or characterized by eruptions "an eruptive disease"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: After the Krakatoa volcano eruption in 1883 in Indonesia, many people reported that, because of the dust, the sunset appeared green and the moon blue. The moon was said to appear blue for almost two years.
    • n Eruptive (Geol) An eruptive rock.
    • Eruptive (Med) Attended with eruption or efflorescence, or producing it; as, an eruptive fever.
    • Eruptive Breaking out or bursting forth. "The sudden glance
      Appears far south eruptive through the cloud."
    • Eruptive (Geol) Produced by eruption; as, eruptive rocks, such as the igneous or volcanic.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The permanent teeth that erupt to replace their primary predecessors (baby teeth) are called succedaneous teeth.
    • eruptive Bursting forth; of the nature of or like an eruption.
    • eruptive In pathology, attended with a breaking out or eruption; accompanied with an eruption or rash: as, an eruptive fever.
    • eruptive In geology, produced by eruption: as, eruptive rocks, such as the igneous or volcanic.
    • n eruptive In geology, a rock or mineral produced by eruption.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When Mount Vesuvius erupted in in the year 79, over 2,000 citizens of Pompeii ran into their cellars to wait until everything had ended. Excavators found them still there 1,800 years later.
    • Eruptive breaking forth: attended by or producing eruption: produced by eruption
    • ***

Quotations

  • Eldridge Cleaver
    Eldridge Cleaver
    “Americans think of themselves collectively as a huge rescue squad on twenty-four-hour call to any spot on the globe where dispute and conflict may erupt.”
  • Raoul Vaneigem
    Raoul%20Vaneigem
    “The eruption of lived pleasure is such that in losing myself I find myself; forgetting that I exist, I realize myself.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. éruptif,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. erumpĕre, eruptum.—e, out, rumpĕre, to break.

Usage

In literature:

Notwithstanding all that remains of them, the walls of Pompeii were no longer of service at the time of the eruption.
"The Wonders of Pompeii" by Marc Monnier
Other types of eruption are less common, and are met with from the third month onwards.
"Manual of Surgery" by Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
There is no danger of infection from the dry, unbroken skin, even over the eruption itself.
"The Third Great Plague" by John H. Stokes
The stage of eruption reaches its maximum of intensity on the third day, and it is important that it does not recede.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
They are excellent for sufferers from gout and skin eruptions.
"Food Remedies" by Florence Daniel
For many years there had been no eruption about the Bay of Naples.
"Outlines of the Earth's History" by Nathaniel Southgate Shaler
Eruption of Vesuvius 261 51.
"The Letters of Cassiodorus" by Cassiodorus (AKA Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator)
What proof have we that an eruption is not shortly about to take place?
"A Journey to the Centre of the Earth" by Jules Verne
Externally applied, it produces an eruption not unlike that of smallpox.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
Their out-going would be as violent and eruptive as that of lava from a crater.
"A Pagan of the Hills" by Charles Neville Buck
The chief city of Silacena was Sile or Sele, where were eruptions of fire.
"A New System; or, an Analysis of Antient Mythology. Volume I." by Jacob Bryant
There have been five eruptions of Pichincha since the Conquest.
"The Andes and the Amazon" by James Orton
We should have to admit that we were near land, and in that case we should hear the eruption.
"The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Hatteras" by Jules Verne
Characteristic eruption of measles.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
An eruption was evidently about to take place.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
Such was the beginning of the eruption of Skaptar.
"The Bondman" by Hall Caine
My periodical tendency to a species of eruptive disease closely resembling measles, was mentioned in Chapter IV.
"Forty Years in the Wilderness of Pills and Powders" by William A. Alcott
Instantly the place burst into an eruption of confused and frenzied tumult.
"When 'Bear Cat' Went Dry" by Charles Neville Buck
The eruption immediately took place.
""Pip"" by Ian Hay
Weak Eyes and Eruption on the Head.
"Every Man his own Doctor" by R. T. Claridge
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In poetry:

At times the moon, erupting, streaks
Some long cloud; like Andean peaks
That double
Horizon-vast volcano chains,
The earthquake scars with lava veins
That bubble.
"Clearing" by Madison Julius Cawein
How then to set her free or come to terms
With the volcano itself, the fierce power
Erupting injuries, shrieking alarms?
Kali among her skulls must have her hour.
"(From) The Invocation to Kali " by May Sarton
"Older than the beasts, the oldest Palaeotherium;
Older than the trees, the oldest Cryptogami;
Older than the hills, those infantile eruptions
Of earth's epidermis!
"To The Pliocene Skull" by Francis Bret Harte
Hot-shooting pains, eruptions, tumours, boils,
Agues and fevers, quinsies, gout, and stone,
Plague, pestilence, consumptions, fits, and piles,
(Nay, ev'ry ail,) proceed from God alone.
"Advice To The Sick" by Rees Prichard
Heart that was big as the bowels of Vesuvius,
Words that were wing'd as her sparks in eruption,
Eagled and thundered as Jupiter Pluvius,
Sound in your wind past all signs o' corruption.
"Mesmerism" by Ezra Pound

In news:

A GANGLAND WAR nearly erupted over pizza — but luckily, cooler heads prevailed during a sitdown at a Panera Bread cafe, a mob turncoat told Brooklyn jurors Wednesday.
An explosion erupted Tuesday at a propane gas company in Montgomery County, injuring eight people.
In 1985, the Nevado del Ruiz volcano had one of the deadliest eruptions of the 20th century.
Scientists figure out how eons of eruptions contribute to Io's atmosphere.
Scientists suggest the planet remains capable of volcanic eruptions.
The tension between Philpot's public life and his private sexual life erupted in his work.
The island of Grenada has erupted in celebration over the small Caribbean nation's first-ever Olympic medal.
Scientists have known for decades that hidden under those impressive vistas at sites such as Death Valley and Yellowstone National Park are magma pools that under the right conditions can trigger explosive eruptions.
With dense rain forests, continuous eruptions, and new lava flows, things get pretty primal in the Big Island's Hawaii Volcanoes National Park .
A boathouse on the ancient seafront of Herculaneum , Italy, which was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius.
But when a firestorm over privacy breaches erupted, he decided against using it.
Any of us with teenagers know the emotions that likely erupt when a child finally achieves that momentous goal.
Since October, more than 300 people have been killed by volatile volcano Mount Merapi's eruptions.
A lot has changed at Mount St Helens since it erupted on May 18, 1980, and you can see just how much in decades' worth of images captured by Landsat satellites.
Many historical events define the Pacific Northwest including Mount St Helens' eruption in 1980.
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In science:

If the knot ejection happened during the last eruption (in 1967), then a small problem with this model is that the required initial velocity must be & 2700 km s−1 for the radial distance to match the observations in 1995.8.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
Our second scenario is that the deceleration is caused by relatively slow-moving gas ejected by the previous nova eruption.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
Within the second scenario, the knots seen around T Pyx could not have come from the 1967 eruption.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
As such, within this model, we can disprove the idea that the observed knots are from the 1967 eruption.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
The same problem holds for earlier eruptions.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
In the plot of Figure 7, this will always look like a steeply sloped line rising for one of the eruptions between 1890 and 1944, which will then make a fairly sharp turn so as to parallel the topmost straight line in the figure.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
We can see that the deceleration must occur at a relatively large radial distance, and this can only occur if the minimum velocity of the previous eruption is large.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
With this, the knot velocity drops to 1000 km s−1 in a quarter of a year after it hits the inner edge of the shell of the previous eruption.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
In all, there is no reasonable solution for any eruption date within this model.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
We simulate a number of knots (30 is reasonable to compare with the data) from two different eruptions.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
The ejecta from any given eruption always fall exactly on a straight line pointing back to the origin.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
The slope of that line will immediately give the date of the nova eruption.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
With this, we have a simple means of determining whether the knots come from multiple eruptions and have since intermingled together.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
An examination of Figure 6 does not show evidence of multiple eruptions.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
If all the knots decelerate by a consistent amount, they will still follow a straight line in the figure, with the indicated eruption date corresponding to the extrapolated date based on the velocity from 1995.8 to 2007.5.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
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